SUN-AREA Automatic solar potential roof cadastre Location analysis for solar power systems in existing buildings.

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1 SUN-AREA Automatic solar potential roof cadastre Location analysis for solar power systems in existing buildings

2 The answer to our power problems lies in the sun SUN-AREA takes us there WELCOME TO SUN-AREA I am very pleased to see your interest in our work. We are taking our world closer to the age of solar power with our ground-breaking project SUN-AREA solar roof analyses. This brochure shall show you the way. See how we stand out. Learn what is important to us and how you can benefi t from it. Best wishes, Prof. Dr. Martina Klärle 2

3 SUN-AREA THE FACTS SUN-AREA reliably calculates the solar power potential of each roof, each city and each county. All roof areas perfectly suitable for solar power are determined fully automatically with geographical information systems (GIS) by means of aerial survey. The following is then calculated for each subarea of the roofs: solar suitability suitable module type potential power output CO2 reduction and the investment volume resulting therefrom. Everybody can access all the data which is posted onto the net in a GIS map. A profi tability calculation shows property owners when an investment pays off. The research project SUN-AREA, which has been completed, provides the proof: In each municipality, the solar power suitability of all roof areas lies between 20% and 50%. These areas could cover about 100% of the domestic power requirement throughout Germany. This corresponds to more than 100 times of that used today. 3

4 HISTORY Prof. Dr. Martina Klärle makes the fi rst digital solar potential analyses First CAD comprehensive solar potential analysis is fi nalized Prof. Dr. Martina Klärle and her team create fi rst automated solar potential analysis from laser scan data SUN-AREA research project commences at the Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences under the direction of Prof. Dr. Martina Klärle In cooperation with the city of Osnabrück the first solar cadastre worldwide goes online for 70,000 buildings GIS Best Practice Awards by DVW (German association for surveying and mapping) at the Intergeo Trade Fair Successful completion of SUN-AREA research project Award of German Solar Prize by EURO- SOLAR, the European Association for Renewable Energy Award of Economics Medal for excellent service to the state of Baden-Württemberg First international Solar cadastres go online (Calama, Chile and Bristol, UK) SolarDachHessen, the biggest solar cadastre so far goes online (covering 650,000 roof tops). All calculations and further developments are conducted by Prof. Dr. Martina Klärle and Team in the Steinbeis-Transferzentrum in Weikersheim and at the University of Applied Sciences in Frankfurt am Main. In the meantime, a SUN-AREA solar cadaster has been created for approximately 200 municipalities including the cities of Osnabrück, Bonn, Wiesbaden, Mainz and Karlsruhe as well as the counties of Rhein-Sieg, Rottweil and Saarlouis. The fi rst solar roof cadastre abroad has been created for the city of Calama in Chile.

5 Decline and alignment Opacity January April July October THE METHOD Simulation of shadowing effects over one year. SUN-AREA calculates the solar power potential of each roof area in a city or county. With the aerial survey data SUN-AREA calculates the solar location factors of roofs such as: The analysis is based on high resolution sensors in remote sensing (laser or aerial photos). With a dot density of 2 dots or more per m² and a position and height accuracy of approximately 0.15 m it is possible to measure the smallest of structures on the roof areas (e.g. chimneys, dormer windows) and include them in the calculation. In order to localize the buildings, the outlines are also taken from the offi cial land survey register information system. pitch orientation shading and the local global solar radiation value The solar potential for every part of the roof is then calculated in kilowatt hours with these values. 5

6 click to show database THE SUN-AREA COMPONENTS Map The calculation of the global solar radiation value is the essential basis for the solar cadastre. The results of this calculation are charted. The suitability of each square metre of roof area is calculated and made visual by a colour-coded classifi cation. The solar analysis map for all roof areas is available in print or online. It is the basis for all other SUN-AREA components such as the data base or the calculation of profi tability. Even just the map itself provides signifi cant information on solar power. Data base In addition to the suitability of a roof, other results of the solar potential analysis can also be accessed via a data base - in effect the solar cadastre. The following information is available in the data base for each roof: suitable roof areas in m 2 possible output power CO 2 reduction investment volume the solar cadastre can be linked with other data sets in the municipality such as heritage, in order to increase the content of information. The data can be represented in a Web GIS. As an interactive map, it is available for everybody online. The internet map is linked with the data base. Just one click and the appropriate information can be retrieved in detail for every building. 6

7 Recommendation for module types The entire sun radiation hitting one area is referred to as global solar radiation. It is made up of direct and diffuse radiation. Diffuse radiation occurs particularly when cloudy or when areas are shaded. SUN-AREA calculates the direct and diffuse incident solar radiation in kwh for every square metre of a roof. Depending on the amount of direct or diffuse radiation a recommendation is made regarding the module type (crystalline or thin-fi lm module) with the greatest profi tability and therefore faster amoritisation of the plant. Profitability calculation (applies to man law, can be changed to any internagertional law) The SUN-AREA profi tability calculation tells us when the planned solar system plant will pay for itself regarding each building. The earnings for the subsequent 20 years are calculated on the basis of current module prices and credit terms as well as the feed-in tariff. Each citizen receives a funding calculation as when building a house or fl at. For reliable evaluations, both module prices and credit terms are checked and updated regularly. 7

8 BENEFITS OF A SUN-AREA SOLAR CADASTRE FOR Citizens Citizens have an immense need for serious, independent information. SUN-AREA provides information on the main issues: Solar analysis available online at all times - quick, easy, free, and for your own roof Calculation of the suitability of your roof areas by an independent source Information in detail: which type of solar module is suitable? What kind of profi tability can be expected? Calculation of rates of return for your solar roof Economy / Banks Solar power could be a great economic driver in regions. SUN-AREA contributes to this sector by: Investment impulses thanks to extensive and objective information Strengthening local industry and business Active marketing Objective basis of consultation for customers Area-wide and self-fi nancing client acquisition Solar analysis per roof Convincing arguments for the roof owner Low-risk fi nancing for local banks 8

9 Municipalities / Counties Local authorities in municipalities and counties have the job of promoting renewable energy and reducing the emission of CO 2. SUN-AREA acts as a tool for developing measures: Quick and complete calculation of solar suitability of all areas Fully-automated identifi cation of large roofs with a suitability area of 500 m² for example Targeted promotion of solar power Positive external effect Tool for business development Rise in business registrations in municipalities and as a result in business tax, too Supports data protection interests Solar energy as an additional economic foothold Financial benefi ts from joint projects in the districts Power suppliers Power suppliers have to convert the networks from centralized to decentralized structures. SUN-AREA provides valuable assistance when planning: Precise knowledge as to where and which power potentials are solar power Organised network planning Smart Grids support Sustainable investment planning support Basis for setting up solar thermal local heating plant 9

10 AWARDS SUN-AREA has received several awards: 2011 Prize for innovation of the Fachhochschule Frankfurt am Main 2010 Economics Medal by the state of Baden- Württemberg 2009 German Solar Prize by the European Association for Renewable Energy 2008 GIS Best Practice Award by the DVW (German association for surveying and mapping) 10

11 As early as 1994 when the city of Osnabrück joined the Climate Alliance, the decision to decrease the CO 2 emissions as much as possible was obvious. It also included the promotion of renewable energy such as wind power and solar heat and electricity. SUNAREA succeeded in awakening the interest of a large part of the population and in just one year the installed power grew by 40% in the city. The enormous feedback is also refl ected in the SUN- AREA website: within just 18 months over 17,000 have accessed the Internet portal: Detlef Gerdts Head of Department of the Environment in Osnabrück Detlef Gerdts with Prof. Dr. Martina Klärle REFERENCE The decision to implement SUN-AREA in Wiesbaden has turned out to be a complete success. The number Zof page views in the fi rst four months was 5,000. In addition, there were over 300 consulting talks in the same period. Dr. Helmut Müller, the Mayor, and Rita Thies, Head of Department of Environment, have since set up a solar initiative. Their aim is to increase the amount of photovoltaic systems on the roofs of Wiesbaden involving all local and regional forces. We have laid the foundation for this ecological development with SUN-AREA [...] Dr. Jutta Braun Office of the Environment Wiesbaden The county of Rhein-Sieg, the second largest county in Germany with 600,000 inhabitants, had the solar potential calculated for all roofs in a total area of 1,150 km 2. The purpose of analysing the solar potential was not just to contribute to environmental protection but for SUN-AREA solar cadastre to support the development of local business at the same time. Even within the fi rst few months we can see that the solar cadastre is being used as a source of information by an extraordinarily great number of citizens and businesses. A further step has been taken with SUN-AREA to increase the amount of solar systems in the district of Rhein- Sieg-Kreis. This development offers citizens, small trades, medium-sized companies and communities in the region concrete ecological benefi ts. Rolf Beyer Communal Business Development in Rhein-Sieg The solar cadastre in Mainz is a complete success. The internet offer was used by almost 3,000 in the fi rst month. The current campaign 500 roofs for Mainz with which Mainz hopes to increase the number of photovoltaic systems on its roofs has therefore received very helpful support. The plans are supported even more by the new SUN-AREA 2.0 method in particular, with which suitable roof sections can be presented in detail. Even shading by adjacent buildings or trees is taken into consideration. I am confi dent that this signifi cant presentation will motivate the people to use solar power and help Mainz to the top of the solar power league. Wolfgang Reichel Head of Department of the Environment in Mainz 11

12 He who does not know the goal cannot go the way Christian Morgenstern SUN-AREA COMPETENCE NETWORK: Ingenieurbüro Prof. Dr. Klärle Würzburger Straße 9 D Weikersheim Tel: Fax: Steinbeis-Transferzentrum Geoinformations- und Landmanagement Würzburger Straße 9 D Weikersheim Tel: Fax: Fachhochschule Frankfurt am Main Prof. Dr. Martina Klärle Fachbereich 1 Nibelungenplatz 1 D Frankfurt am Main Further information can be found on:

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