1 30/ February 2015 First estimate for 2014 Euro area international trade in goods surplus bn 24.2 bn surplus for EU28 The first estimate for the euro area 1 (EA18) trade in goods balance with the rest of the world in December 2014 gave a 24.3 billion surplus, compared with bn in December The November balance was bn, compared with bn in November In December 2014 compared with November 2014, seasonally adjusted exports fell by 1.1% and imports by 2.4%. These data 3 are released by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. The first estimate for the December 2014 extra-eu28 1 trade balance was a 12.4 bn surplus, compared with bn in December In November the balance was bn, compared with bn in November In December 2014 compared with November 2014, seasonally adjusted exports fell by 1.8% and imports by 1.3%. During 2014, euro area trade in goods recorded a surplus of bn, compared with bn in The EU28 recorded a surplus of 24.2 bn in 2014, compared with bn in EU28 detailed results for January to November 2014 The EU28 deficit for energy decreased ( bn in January-November 2014 compared with bn in January-November 2013), as did the surplus for machinery and vehicles ( bn compared with bn). The highest increases in EU28 exports were registered with China (+11% in January-November 2014 compared with January-November 2013), South Korea (+8%) and the United States (+6%), and for EU28 imports with South Korea and China (both +8%) and Turkey (+7%). The most notable decreases were recorded for exports to Switzerland (-18%), Russia (-13%) and Brazil (-8%), and for imports from Russia (-10%), Norway (-7%) and Brazil (-6%). The EU28 trade surplus increased with the USA ( bn in January-November 2014 compared with bn in January-November 2013), but decreased with Switzerland ( bn compared with bn) and Turkey ( bn compared with bn). The EU28 trade deficit increased with China ( bn compared with bn), but fell with Russia ( bn compared with bn) and Norway ( bn compared with bn). Concerning the total trade of Member States, the largest surplus was observed in Germany ( bn in January-November 2014), followed by the Netherlands ( bn), Italy ( bn), Ireland ( bn), the Czech Republic ( bn) and Belgium ( bn). The United Kingdom ( bn) registered the largest deficit, followed by France ( bn), Spain ( bn) and Greece ( bn).
2 EA18 trade - non seasonally adjusted data bn Flows Dec 13 Dec 14 Growth Nov 13 Nov 14 Growth Jan-Dec 13 Jan-Dec 14 Growth Extra-EA18 exports % r 1% % Extra-EA18 imports % r -2% % Extra-EA18 trade balance r Intra-EA18 dispatches % r 0% % EU28 trade - non seasonally adjusted data bn Flows Dec 13 Dec 14 Growth Nov 13 Nov 14 Growth Jan-Dec 13 Jan-Dec 14 Growth Extra-EU28 exports % r 2% % Extra-EU28 imports % r -4% r % Extra-EU28 trade balance r Intra-EU28 dispatches % r 2% r % r: revised 1. Up to 31 December 2014, the euro area (EA18) included Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland. From 1 January 2015 the euro area (EA19) also includes Lithuania. The European Union (EU28) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. As part of Eurostat's guidelines for the dissemination of data when the euro area is enlarged, the aggregate data series commented on in this News Release refer to the official composition of the euro area in the most recent month for which data is available. Thus News Releases with data for months up to December 2014 comment on EA18 series, while Releases with data for January 2015 onwards will comment on EA19 series. Eurostat's guidelines can be found on the Eurostat website: 2. Compared with News Release 8/2015 of 15 January 2015, the trade balance for November 2014 has been revised from bn to bn for the EA18 and from bn to bn for the EU This News Release is based on data available on 10 February These are provisional figures based on information provided by Member States. They are subject to frequent revision for up to two years after the month in question. Furthermore, national concepts may differ from the harmonised methodology used by Eurostat, leading to differences between figures in this release and those published nationally, both for raw data and for seasonally adjusted series. More information regarding international trade in goods statistics can be found in a Statistics explained article on the Eurostat website: 4. Since the introduction of Intrastat for intra-eu trade on 1 January 1993, the value of dispatches has been consistently higher than that of arrivals. In theory, as dispatches are declared FOB and arrivals CIF, the value of arrivals should be slightly higher than that of dispatches. Eurostat uses dispatches as the more reliable measure of total intra-eu trade as, at aggregated levels, total dispatches has better coverage than total arrivals. Due to this divergence in intra-eu trade, and to the difficulties of interpreting figures in absolute terms at the level of individual Member States, trade balances for individual Member States must be interpreted with caution. The same caution applies to the trade balance of the euro area, which includes some intra-eu trade. Issued by: Eurostat Press Office Tim ALLEN Tel: For further information on data: Gilberto GAMBINI Tel: Media requests: Eurostat media support / Tel: /
3 EA18 trade - previous 6 months - non seasonally adjusted data bn Flows May 14 Jun 14 Jul 14 Aug 14 Sep 14 Oct 14 Extra-EA18 exports r r Extra-EA18 imports r r r r Extra-EA18 trade balance r 8.5 r r Intra-EA18 dispatches r r r r r r EA19 trade - previous 6 months - non seasonally adjusted data bn Flows May 14 Jun 14 Jul 14 Aug 14 Sep 14 Oct 14 Extra-EA19 exports r r r r Extra-EA19 imports r r r r r Extra-EA19 trade balance r 20.9 r 8.6 r Intra-EA19 dispatches r r r r r EU28 trade - previous 6 months - non seasonally adjusted data bn Flows May 14 Jun 14 Jul 14 Aug 14 Sep 14 Oct 14 Extra-EU28 exports r Extra-EU28 imports r Extra-EU28 trade balance r Intra-EU28 dispatches r r r r r r r: revised Main products - EA18 - non seasonally adjusted data bn EA18 exports EA18 imports Trade balance Primary goods: % % Food & drink % % Raw materials % % Energy % % Manufactured goods: % % Chemicals % % Machinery & vehicles % % Other manuf d goods % % Other % % Total % % Main products - EA19 - non seasonally adjusted data bn EA19 exports EA19 imports Trade balance Primary goods: % % Food & drink % % Raw materials % % Energy % % Manufactured goods: % % Chemicals % % Machinery & vehicles % % Other manuf d goods % % Other % % Total % %
4 Main products - EU28 - non seasonally adjusted data bn EU28 exports EU28 imports Trade balance Primary goods: % % Food & drink % % Raw materials % % Energy % % Manufactured goods: % % Chemicals % % Machinery & vehicles % % Other manuf d goods % % Other % % Total % % Main trading partners - EA18 - non seasonally adjusted data bn EA18 exports to EA18 imports from Trade balance United Kingdom % % USA % % China % % Russia % % Switzerland % % Poland % % Czech Republic % % Sweden % % Turkey % % Hungary % % Main trading partners - EA19 - non seasonally adjusted data bn EA19 exports to EA19 imports from Trade balance United Kingdom % % USA % % China % % Russia % % Switzerland % % Poland % % Czech Republic % % Sweden % % Turkey % % Hungary % % Main trading partners - EU28 - non seasonally adjusted data bn EU28 exports to EU28 imports from Trade balance USA % % China % % Russia % % Switzerland % % Norway % % Turkey % % Japan % % South Korea % % India % % Brazil % %
5 Member States total trade (intra-eu + extra-eu) - non seasonally adjusted data bn Total exports Total imports Trade balance Belgium % % Bulgaria % % Czech Republic % % Denmark % % Germany % % Estonia % % Ireland % % Greece % % Spain % % France % % Croatia % % Italy % % Cyprus % % Latvia % % Lithuania % % Luxembourg % % Hungary % % Malta % % Netherlands % % Austria % % Poland % % Portugal % % Romania % % Slovenia % % Slovakia % % Finland % % Sweden % % United Kingdom % %
6 Annex - Seasonally adjusted data Seasonally adjusted series have been calculated using a harmonised methodology. The seasonally adjusted series give a complementary view of the monthly developments in trade. Seasonally adjusted figures may not match those published by Member States due to differences in the raw data 3, in the choice of seasonal adjustment model and to the use of series in national currency or in euro. EA18 trade - seasonally adjusted data bn Flows Jul 14 Aug 14 Sep 14 Oct 14 Nov 14 Dec 14 Growth: Aug/Jul Sep/Aug Oct/Sep Nov/Oct Dec/Nov Extra-EA18 exports % 4.3% -0.1% 0.5% -1.1% Extra-EA18 imports % 2.9% -1.4% -0.5% -2.4% Extra-EA18 trade balance Intra-EA18 dispatches % -0.4% 0.5% 0.2% -2.3% EU28 trade - seasonally adjusted data bn Flows Jul 14 Aug 14 Sep 14 Oct 14 Nov 14 Dec 14 Growth: Aug/Jul Sep/Aug Oct/Sep Nov/Oct Dec/Nov Extra-EU28 exports % 6.1% -0.5% 0.8% -1.8% Extra-EU28 imports % 3.0% -1.3% -1.4% -1.3% Extra-EU28 trade balance Intra-EU28 dispatches % 0.7% 0.5% 0.8% -2.0% Contribution of EU28 Member States to extra-eu28 trade - seasonally adjusted data bn Total exports Total imports Trade balance Nov 14 Dec 14 Growth Nov 14 Dec 14 Growth Nov 14 Dec 14 EU % % Belgium % % Bulgaria % % Czech Republic % % Denmark % % Germany % % Estonia % % Ireland % % Greece % % Spain % % France % % Croatia % % Italy % % Cyprus % % Latvia % % Lithuania % % Luxembourg % % Hungary % % Malta % % Netherlands % % Austria % % Poland % % Portugal % % Romania % % Slovenia % % Slovakia % % Finland % % Sweden % % United Kingdom % %
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