Vietnam Era Lesson Objectives

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1 Vietnam Era Lesson Unit 1: THE ORIGINS OF U.S. INVOLVEMENT IN VIETNAM Vietnam Locate Vietnam on a map. Identify Vietnam's geographic features. Early History Identify China's influence on Vietnam's development. Recall Vietnam's early history. French Indochina Identify French goals regarding the colonization of Indochina. Examine the history and start of French Indochina. Identify the effects of French colonization on the Vietnamese population. Nationalist Movement Describe Ho Chi Minh's efforts to free Vietnam from France. Describe Ho Chi Minh's early life and influences. Define communism. Identify the nationalist goals of Ho Chi Minh. Identify the principle of the self-determination of nations. World War II Identify the Vietminh's motives in working with U.S. intelligence officers. Recall the formation and purpose of the Vietminh. Describe conditions in Vietnam during World War II. The French Indochina War Explain the logic of the Bao Dai solution. Identify the origins of the French Indochina War. Falling Dominoes Identify the spread of communism after World War II and explain how it affected the United States' aid for the French in Vietnam. Identify the Marshall Plan and describe how it helped France's war in Indochina. Describe the domino theory and the fears behind it. Describe how events in the Cold War affected U.S. views of the Vietnam conflict. Dien Bien Phu Explain the significance of this battle for colonized people around the world. Discuss Vietminh and French tactics during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Identify the outcome of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. The Geneva Accords List the terms of the Geneva Accords. Identify the participants in the Geneva Conference. Explain the process by which the terms were reached. Essay: The U.S. Policy for Vietnam Explain the reasoning behind U.S. government decisions to support France in Indochina. Write a short essay. Evaluate U.S. foreign policy decisions to support France in Indochina. this unit's main ideas. unit vocabulary words.

2 Unit 2: FROM MILITARY ADVISORS TO COMBAT TROOPS Ngo Dinh Diem: The Miracle Man of Asia Vietnam Era Lesson Explain why American government officials favored Ngo Dinh Diem as the leader of South Vietnam. Identify the provisions of the Geneva Accords. Identify U.S. goals regarding South Vietnam. The National Liberation Front Identify the goals of the National Liberation Front. Identify the effects of the Buddhist Crisis. Identify the actions and policies of Ngo Dinh Diem that were disliked by the South Vietnamese population. The Diem Coup Recall the events leading up to the Diem coup. Identify the reasons why Ngo Dinh Diem's regime was so unpopular in South Vietnam. Identify the role of the United States in the Diem coup. Lyndon B. Johnson Identify the Johnson administration's early actions regarding Vietnam. Explore President Johnson's feelings regarding Vietnam. Identify conditions in South Vietnam following the Diem coup. Identify aspects that contributed to President Johnson's domestic reform. Describe Lyndon B. Johnson's early career in politics. The Gulf of Tonkin Incident Recall the sequence of events leading up to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. Explain the controversy surrounding the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. Identify Operation Plan (OPLAN) 34A. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Describe events leading up to the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Identify reasons behind President Johnson's election in Identify who voted against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. Identify the importance of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in increasing U.S. involvement in Vietnam. The Air War Explain the goals of the air war. Describe events leading up to the increase air war in North Vietnam. Identify the results of the air war. The Ground War Identify the goals of the ground war. Explain the U.S. decision to introduce American combat troops into Vietnam. Introduction to Combat: Chu Lai and Ia Drang Identify the significance and outcomes of early battles between American forces, the Vietcong, and the North Vietnamese army. Explain how Vietnam's geography affected how battles were fought. Project: The Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson Administrations Create a Venn diagram. Compare and contrast U.S. involvement in Vietnam during the Johnson administration with previous administrations. unit vocabulary words. this unit's main ideas.

3 Vietnam Era Lesson Unit 3: A NATION DIVIDED BY WAR Vietnamese Soldiers Describe the experiences of North Vietnamese, Vietcong, and South Vietnamese soldiers. Identify American attitudes regarding their South Vietnamese allies. Identify North Vietnamese and Vietcong tactics. The Ho Chi Minh Trail Describe the importance of the Ho Chi Minh Trail to the war in South Vietnam. Identify the location of the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Describe U.S. efforts to disrupt the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Vietcong Tunnels Identify the features of Vietcong tunnels. Describe the job of tunnel rats. Identify the role of the tunnels for the Vietcong. Identify Operation Cedar Falls. Tour of Duty Describe life on American bases. Describe the combat experiences of American soldiers. Explain how American troops were sent to Vietnam. Describe the situation to which American soldiers returned home. Identify the responsibilities of American support troops. Fighting the War Identify the effects of Agent Orange on the Vietnamese population and American soldiers. Explain why the United States used defoliants in Vietnam. Explain why the use of napalm was controversial. Identify the weapons used by the United States during the Vietnam War. Women and the Vietnam War Describe the experiences of the women who served in Vietnam. Identify the contributions of women during the Vietnam War. The Antiwar Movement Describe the development and characteristics of the antiwar movement. Describe the United States home front during the Vietnam War. The Governmental Debate Identify those who proposed a change in U.S. strategy in Vietnam. Identify the debate in the government over Vietnam. Describe President Johnson's efforts to win public support for the war. The Living Room War Identify ways television impacted Americans views of the Explain how the media coverage of the war influenced American public opinion. Describe the media coverage of the Vietnam War. Project: Vietnam Era Songs Write a song about your feelings regarding U.S. involvement in Vietnam. unit vocabulary words. this unit's main ideas.

4 Vietnam Era Lesson Unit 4: ACHIEVING PEACE WITH HONOR The Tet Offensive Describe the events leading up to the Tet Offensive. Identify the goals and results of the Tet Offensive. Describe what happened during the Battle for Hue. Identify when and where the Tet Offensive took place. LBJ Shocks the Nation Describe the media coverage of the Tet Offensive. Explain how the Tet Offensive widened the credibility gap. Describe the American public's reaction to the Tet Offensive. Identify what Lyndon Johnson announced in his television address on March 31, Explain why the request for more troops was denied. Describe the outcome of the primary elections in The 1968 Election Identify the results of the 1968 presidential election. Identify the progress made at the Paris peace talks. Describe what happened at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Identify the major events that contributed to upheaval in Richard Nixon Identify Nixon's goals regarding Vietnam. Examine Henry Kissinger's relationship with President Nixon. Describe the political career of Richard Nixon. Vietnamization Identify President Nixon's 'silent majority speech.' Identify arguments against Vietnamization. Describe the peace moratorium demonstrations. Define Vietnamization. The Invasion of Cambodia Identify the results of the invasion of Cambodia. Identify the goals and results of the South Vietnamese invasion of Laos. Describe how Americans reacted to President Nixon's actions in Cambodia. Identify what actions President Nixon took in Cambodia and why. Crisis in Morale and Discipline Describe the American public's reaction to the My Lai massacre. Explain how Nixon's Vietnamization policy contributed to declining morale among American troops. Identify what happened in the village of My Lai on March 16, Secret Diplomacy Identify the significance of Nixon's trip to China. Identify what the Pentagon Papers revealed. Identify North Vietnamese and U.S. demands in the peace talks.

5 Vietnam Era Lesson Unit 4: ACHIEVING PEACE WITH HONOR (CONT.) The Paris Peace Accords Identify the purpose and results of the Easter Offensive. Identify the provisions of the October 1972 draft peace agreement. The Paris Peace Accords Explain why President Nixon ordered the Christmas bombing. Identify the provisions of the Paris Peace Accords. Essay: Vietnamization Analyze the U.S. policy of Vietnamization. Write an essay. this unit's main ideas. unit vocabulary words.

6 Vietnam Era Lesson Unit 5: THE LEGACY OF VIETNAM Nixon and Watergate Identify conditions in South Vietnam following the Paris Peace Accords. Describe the events leading up to the Paris Peace Accords. Identify Watergate. Prisoner of War Identify what happened at Son Tay prison. Describe the experiences of American POWs. Identify Operation Homecoming. The Fall of Saigon Describe the events surrounding the Ho Chi Minh Campaign. Describe the rapid collapse of South Vietnam. Describe the American evacuation from Saigon. Vietnam Veterans Identify Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Identify the contributions made by Vietnam veterans. Describe the post-war experiences of American veterans. Describe the outreach and welcoming offered to Vietnam veterans. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Describe the want and controversy over the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Visitor Center. Recognize reasons behind building the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Identify the criteria for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial design. Describe the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Identify why some people did not like the design of the memorial. Vietnam Syndrome Identify what caused the silence in America after the fall of South Vietnam's capital. Identify reasons given for the U.S. failure in Vietnam. Define Vietnam syndrome. Identify the Vietnam War's impact on U.S. foreign policy. Vietnamese in America Describe the experiences of Vietnamese Americans. Identify boat people. Explain why Vietnamese fled the country after the communist takeover. U.S.-Vietnamese Relations Identify steps toward improving relations in the 1990s. Identify the obstacles to better relations. Describe U.S.-Vietnamese relations since Vietnam Today Describe conditions in Vietnam today. Identify memories of the war among Vietnamese. Describe conditions in Vietnam after national unification. Essay: The Vietnam Era Write an essay. Reflect on the Vietnam Era. this unit's main ideas. unit vocabulary words.

7 Vietnam Era Lesson Unit 6: COURSE REVIEW AND EXAM vocabulary words. Prepare for the final exam. main ideas.

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