History A (The Making of the Modern World)

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1 Write your name here Surname Other names Edexcel GCSE Centre Number Candidate Number History A (The Making of the Modern World) Unit 1: Peace and War: International Relations, Tuesday 15 June 2010 Afternoon Time: 1 hour 15 minutes You do not need any other materials. Paper Reference 5HA01/01 Total Marks Instructions Use black ink or ball-point pen. Fill in the boxes at the top of this page with your name, centre number and candidate number. Answer three sections. Answer the questions in the spaces provided there may be more space than you need. Information The total mark for this paper is 60. The marks for each question are shown in brackets use this as a guide as to how much time to spend on each question. Advice Read each question carefully before you start to answer it. Keep an eye on the time. Check your answers if you have time at the end. N37050A 2010 Edexcel Limited. 1/1/1/ *N37050A0140* Turn over

2 There are SIX sections in this question paper. You must choose THREE sections from the six. In EACH section answer Part (a), EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii) AND then Part (c). Contents Section 1: Why did war break out? International rivalry, Page 3 Section 2: The peace settlement, Page 9 Section 3: Why did war break out? International relations, Page 15 Section 4: How did the Cold War develop? Page 21 Section 5: Three Cold War crises: Berlin, Cuba, and Czechoslovakia, c Page 27 Section 6: Why did the Cold War end? The invasion of Afghanistan (1979) to the collapse of the Soviet Union (1991) Page 33 2 *N37050A0240*

3 If you answer Section 1 put a cross in this box. SECTION 1 Why did war break out? International rivalry, Answer Part (a), EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii) AND then Part (c). The map below shows the countries which formed the Triple Alliance. Question 1 Answer Part (a). (a) Describe one way in which the Triple Alliance would help Germany in the event of war. (2) *N37050A0340* 3 Turn over

4 Answer EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii). EITHER (b) (i) Briefly explain the key features of the arms race between Britain and Germany in the years (6) OR (b) (ii) Briefly explain the key features of Britain s ententes with France (1904) and Russia (1907). (6) Indicate which question you are answering by marking a cross in the box. If you change your mind put a line through the box and then indicate your new question with a cross. Chosen Question Number: Part (b)(i) Part (b)(ii) 4 *N37050A0440*

5 *N37050A0540* 5 Turn over

6 Answer Part (c). (c) Explain why there were several crises in the Balkans in the years (12) 6 *N37050A0640*

7 *N37050A0740* 7 Turn over

8 (Total for Section 1 = 20 marks) 8 *N37050A0840*

9 If you answer Section 2 put a cross in this box. SECTION 2 The peace settlement, Answer Part (a), EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii) AND then Part (c). The photograph below shows European leaders signing the Treaty of Sèvres in Question 2 Answer Part (a). (a) Describe one decision which was made about Turkey at the Treaty of Sèvres, (2) *N37050A0940* 9 Turn over

10 Answer EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii). EITHER (b) (i) Briefly explain the aims of Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France, at the Paris Peace Conference. (6) OR (b) (ii) Briefly explain the key features of the Assembly and Council of the League of Nations. (6) Indicate which question you are answering by marking a cross in the box. If you change your mind put a line through the box and then indicate your new question with a cross. Chosen Question Number: Part (b)(i) Part (b)(ii) 10 *N37050A01040*

11 *N37050A01140* 11 Turn over

12 Answer Part (c). (c) Explain why Germany disliked the Treaty of Versailles. (12) 12 *N37050A01240*

13 *N37050A01340* 13 Turn over

14 (Total for Section 2 = 20 marks) 14 *N37050A01440*

15 If you answer Section 3 put a cross in this box. SECTION 3 Why did war break out? International relations, Answer Part (a), EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii) AND then Part (c). The photograph below shows a German cavalry regiment in Question 3 Answer Part (a). (a) Describe one reason why Hitler introduced conscription in (2) *N37050A01540* 15 Turn over

16 Answer EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii). EITHER (b) (i) Briefly explain the key features of the Manchurian Crisis, (6) OR (b) (ii) Briefly explain the key features of the Abyssinian Crisis, (6) Indicate which question you are answering by marking a cross in the box. If you change your mind put a line through the box and then indicate your new question with a cross. Chosen Question Number: Part (b)(i) Part (b)(ii) 16 *N37050A01640*

17 *N37050A01740* 17 Turn over

18 Answer Part (c). (c) Explain why Hitler made a series of international agreements in the years (12) 18 *N37050A01840*

19 *N37050A01940* 19 Turn over

20 (Total for Section 3 = 20 marks) 20 *N37050A02040*

21 If you answer Section 4 put a cross in this box. SECTION 4 How did the Cold War develop? Answer Part (a), EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii) AND then Part (c). The photograph below shows, from left to right, Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill at the Teheran Conference, December Question 4 Answer Part (a). (a) Describe one decision made by the Allies about the war against Germany at the Teheran Conference, (2) *N37050A02140* 21 Turn over

22 Answer EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii). EITHER (b) (i) Briefly explain the key features of the Berlin Blockade, (6) OR (b) (ii) Briefly explain the key features of Cominform (1947) and Comecon (1949). (6) Indicate which question you are answering by marking a cross in the box. If you change your mind put a line through the box and then indicate your new question with a cross. Chosen Question Number: Part (b)(i) Part (b)(ii) 22 *N37050A02240*

23 *N37050A02340* 23 Turn over

24 Answer Part (c). (c) Explain why there was an uprising in Hungary in (12) 24 *N37050A02440*

25 *N37050A02540* 25 Turn over

26 (Total for Section 4 = 20 marks) 26 *N37050A02640*

27 If you answer Section 5 put a cross in this box. SECTION 5 Three Cold War crises: Berlin, Cuba and Czechoslovakia, c Answer Part (a), EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii) AND then Part (c). The photograph below shows President Kennedy with his advisers during the Cuban Missiles Crisis. Question 5 Answer Part (a). (a) Describe one reason why the hot line between the USA and the Soviet Union was set up. (2) *N37050A02740* 27 Turn over

28 Answer EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii). EITHER (b) (i) Briefly explain the key features of the Bay of Pigs invasion, (6) OR (b) (ii) Briefly explain the key features of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, (6) Indicate which question you are answering by marking a cross in the box. If you change your mind put a line through the box and then indicate your new question with a cross. Chosen Question Number: Part (b)(i) Part (b)(ii) 28 *N37050A02840*

29 *N37050A02940* 29 Turn over

30 Answer Part (c). (c) Explain why Berlin was a Cold War flashpoint in the years (12) 30 *N37050A03040*

31 *N37050A03140* 31 Turn over

32 (Total for Section 5 = 20 marks) 32 *N37050A03240*

33 If you answer Section 6 put a cross in this box. SECTION 6 Why did the Cold War end? The invasion of Afghanistan (1979) to the collapse of the Soviet Union (1991) Answer Part (a), EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii) AND then Part (c). The photograph below shows the opening ceremony of the Moscow Olympic Games, Question 6 Answer Part (a). (a) Describe one reason why the USA boycotted the Moscow Olympic Games, (2) *N37050A03340* 33 Turn over

34 Answer EITHER Part (b)(i) OR Part (b)(ii). EITHER (b) (i) Briefly explain the key features of the Intermediate Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, (6) OR (b) (ii) Briefly explain the key features of the collapse of the Warsaw Pact in (6) Indicate which question you are answering by marking a cross in the box. If you change your mind put a line through the box and then indicate your new question with a cross. Chosen Question Number: Part (b)(i) Part (b)(ii) 34 *N37050A03440*

35 *N37050A03540* 35 Turn over

36 Answer Part (c). (c) Explain why relations between the USA and the Soviet Union changed in the years (12) 36 *N37050A03640*

37 *N37050A03740* 37 Turn over

38 (Total for Section 6 = 20 marks) TOTAL FOR PAPER = 60 MARKS 38 *N37050A03840*

39 BLANK PAGE *N37050A03940* 39

40 BLANK PAGE Every effort has been made to contact the copyright holders where possible. In some cases, every effort to contact copyright holders has been unsuccessful and Edexcel will be happy to rectify any omissions of acknowledgement at the first opportunity. 40 *N37050A04040*

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