TESTING METHODS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SOIL TESTING

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1 If forage quality is high, the The producer MILK per can ton feed fewer quality supplements, index has become resulting a in focal savings. point for corn silage hybridperformance Agri Analysis, Inc can provide Conversely, analytical if trials the testing forage and hybrid-breading for quality any forage is low, and diet programs feed, supplementation in the seedcorn including: can improve industry. animal performance, Corn silage and increase Hay profits. Haylage Alfalfa/grass Total Mixed Rations (TMRs) Grain mixes Shelled corn TESTING METHODS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF SOIL TESTING Soil amendments contain specific concentrations of essential elements. Plant materials need these elements to exist and produce. It is essential to evaluate and add the correct amounts of each to ensure proper growth occurs during each stage of plant development. Fertilizer and lime analysis measures all the essential elements to produce optimum yield and quality of a plant. 280 Tel Newport Road P.O. Box Fax Leola, PA 17540

2 AGRONOMY SOIL ANALYSIS NUTRIENT ANALYSIS AVAILABLE Note:This is a partial list. Please see our Fee Schedule for a full listing of testing services available for your soil needs Agri Analysis, Inc. can provide analytical testing for any type of soil profile in your area! Soil ph Buffer ph Soil Acidity Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) Base Saturation of minerals potassium, magnesium, and calcium Macro minerals: Phosphorus Potassium Magnesium Calcium Micro Minerals: Copper Iron Manganese Zinc Boron Sulfate Sodium

3 Example: Soil Report

4 ELEMENTS REPORTED IN A PLANT TISSUE ANALYSIS PLANT TISSUE ANALYSIS Healthy plants contain predictable concentrations of essential elements! Growers who submit plant tissue samples for analysis can monitor actual levels of these elements within a crop throughout the season. They can discover deficiencies or toxicities, even before visible symptoms are present! As a result, they can optimize fertilization in a timely manner, increasing the quality of a crop and its yield. o Nitrogen Involved in the structure of all amino acids, proteins, and many enzymes o Phosphorus Aids in proper root development and in enhancement of fruit production, seed production, and flower production o Potassium Involved in maintaining the plant water status, cell tugor pressure, and controlling the opening and closing of stomata o Magnesium Principle function is in stabilizing the ribosomes for adequate configuration of protein synthesis o Calcium o Sulfur o Iron o Copper o Zinc o Manganese o Boron Acts as a cement between cell walls and is involved in cell elongation in the shoot and growing tips of roots Associated with the formation of proteins and chlorophyll; essential for the formation of glucoside oils and volatile compounds; promotes legume nodule formation and stimulates seed production Aids in the carbon-dioxide assimilation needed for plant function Essential for carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism in plants Enzyme activity is highly dependent on zinc levels in the plant Pollen germination and growth of the pollen tube are highly dependent on manganese Directly involved in cell differentiation, maturation, division, and elongation Also effects the growth of the pollen tube and is related to the rate of germination in a seed o Molybdenum Aids in the conversion of nitrates (NO 3 ) into amino acids within the plant Essential to the symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacteria in legumes and is essential to the conversion of inorganic P into organic forms in the plant

5 Example: Plant Tissue Report

6 THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MANURE ANALYSIS Agri Analysis, Inc. recommends that manure samples be tested for their nutrient content, not averaged. Analyzing a sample of well-mixed manure is essential for good nutrient management. The benefits include accurate application, retaining dollar value, controlling pollution and ensuring maximum crop usage. PHOSPHORUS SOURCE COEFFICIENTS The Phosphorus Index is a screening tool used by soil conservation field staff and nutrient management planners. The Phosphorus Source Coefficient (PSC) represents the relative proportion of the total phosphorus applied to the field that is conceivably subject to loss with drainage water. Frequently, conservation or nutrient management planners do not wish to rely on the average or book value for the PSC of a specific nutrient amendment that is to be applied for agricultural use. In such cases, it is necessary to harvest a representative sample of the manure in question and send it to a laboratory for determining the PSC.

7 Example: Manure Analysis Report OUR MISSION TO PROVIDE OUR CUSTOMERS WITH UNSURPASSED SERVICE AND RELIABILITY. TO BE RESPONSIVE IN MEETING THE CUSTOMER NEEDS WITH NEW PRODUCTS AND SERVICES; AND ABOVE ALL, BE HONEST AND TRUSTWORTHY WITH ALL DAILY BUSINESS ACTIVITIES.

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