How long have you been running the. dogs home?

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1 7 UNIT 7 Skills and Culture UNIT How long have you been running the dogs home? 1 Rob s Dad, Jim, has just given a talk at Richmond Secondary School about his work at the dogs home. The students are asking questions after the talk :13 Listen and read. Rob Jim Rob Jim Rob Er Dad. Yes, Rob? That went pretty well, didn t it? Yes, it was fine. Listen, Dad. To tell the truth, I haven t been enjoying working at the home recently. I m not sure I want to work there anymore. Oh, Rob. That s bad news. I really depend on you. Well, let s talk it over when we get home. OK? OK. Boy How long have you been working as a vet, Mr White? Jim I ve been doing it since I left university, so that s about 20 years. Girl How long have you been running the dogs home? Jim We ve been running it for ten years. Girl What s your dog s name? Jim His name s Titan. My friend Tony, who s a policeman, found him in the park and we ve been trying to trace his owner, so he s been staying with us temporarily. Boy How long has Titan been living with you? Jim Er, let me see... probably about six weeks. Girl And how long has Rob been working with you at the home? Jim For about two years. Have you been enjoying it, Rob? Rob Er yes, I have. Teacher Well, I m afraid that s all we have time for. I d like to say a big thank you to Mr White and Rob. Oh, and to Titan, too! Let me see... That went pretty well... To tell the truth... Let s talk it over... Learn it! Use it! Translate it! Comprehension check 2 Complete the sentences with the correct names: Rob, Jim, Tony or Titan. 1 has been a vet since he started work. 2 started running the dogs home ten years ago. 3 found in a park. 4 came to live with the Whites about six weeks ago. 5 started working at the dogs home two years ago. 6 wants to stop working at the dogs home. 66

2 Talking about unfinished actions 7 Look! Guide Present perfect continuous for, since > have/has + been + -ing Affirmative I ve been doing it since I left university. He s been staying with us temporarily. We ve been running it for ten years. Negative I haven t been enjoying working at the home. Interrogative Have you been enjoying it, Rob? How long has Titan been living with you? Short answers Yes, I have./no, I haven t.! Look out! We use the Present perfect continuous to emphasise the duration of the action. It can t be used with verbs that don t take the -ing form. These include verbs of state (e.g. be), opinion (e.g. believe), sentiment (e.g. like) and perception (e.g. understand). Check! 3 Write sentences in the Present perfect continuous. 1 I/answer/ s/eight o clock. 2 they/live/berlin/ten years. 3 Robert/not sleep/well/two weeks. 4 how long/you study French? 5 I/play/football/six o clock. 6 she/surf/internet/hours. 7 you/watch TV/I left? 8 we/wait/for/bus/20 minutes. Damian Aspinall, from London, has been working for years to save animals that are in danger of extinction. His father, John Aspinall, collected animals including gorillas, tigers, elephants and rhinos, and founded Howletts and Port Lympne Wild Animal Parks. Damian has been running them since his father died in In Damian s opinion, staff in traditional zoos treat animals like prisoners. Since he took over, he s been training the staff to have close social contact with the animals and to treat them like friends. For the past few years, he s also been working to return gorillas from zoos to protected areas in their home countries. He s been saving animals 4 Read the text about Damian Aspinall above. You have three minutes to remember the information. Work in pairs. Test your memory! Cover the text and ask and answer the following questions. 1 What has Damian been doing for years? 2 What did John Aspinall collect? 3 How long has Damian been running zoos? 4 How are Damian Aspinall s zoos different from traditional ones? 5 How long has Damian been freeing gorillas? What have you been doing? 5 Invent a new identity as a famous person. Complete the chart. Name? Profession? Age? Hobbies? Languages? Town/city? Married? How long? How long? How long? How long? How long? Work in pairs. Interview your partner. Make a note of his/her answers. Already finished? Write a paragraph about somebody you look up to. Conor McMillan is a film director. He s been working as a director for eight years. Workbook pp Ex.4 9, p.37 Ex.12 67

3 7 Talking about skills Are you calm and understanding? 6 Jim White is interviewing people for Rob s old job at the dogs home. 2:14 Listen and read. Jim Well, Amy, I just want to ask you a few questions. Can you type? Amy Yes, I can. I can type quite well. Jim Can you use a computer? Amy Yes, I can. I m pretty good at using a computer, actually. Jim Good, because you need to use the database here. Are you interested in animals? Amy Yes, I am. We live in a flat, worse luck, so I can t have any pets. It s the main reason I want to work here. But I walk my grandma s three dogs before I go to school every day. Jim Excellent! And do you think you re good at dealing with people? Amy Yes, I think so. Last year I worked as a waitress on Saturdays, so I had a lot of contact with the public and I enjoyed it a lot. Jim What other qualities do you think make you suitable for the job? Amy I think I m quite calm and understanding. I think that s important if you re working with distressed animals and their owners. Jim Great! Why don t you come and work here for a day, and we ll see how you get on. How does that sound? Amy Thanks very much, Mr White. Jim Thank you. Learn it! Use it! worse luck We ll see how you get on. How does that sound? Translate it! Comprehension check 7 Make a note of five reasons for Jim to give Amy the job Culture Language Function Culture Function Some adjectives that describe ability or feelings are followed by a preposition + a noun/the -ing form of the verb. Examples: I m good at working to deadlines. I m not very keen on Maths. I m interested in working with other people. I m hopeless at French. 68

4 Talking about skills 7 jobs 8 Translate the underlined words and phrases into your language. Work in pairs. Compare answers with your partner. Skills and qualities be interested in......writing...working in an office...travelling...helping people... working with other people be good with your hands have good reflexes be physically fit have a degree have good communication skills be good at......using your initiative... 1 working to deadlines...maths...using a computer... 2 dealing with people...making decisions... 3 working under pressure... 4 sorting out problems... working as part of a team be caring... 6 inquisitive...ambitious... 7 dedicated... 8 reliable...creative...tolerant...calm... 9 understanding meticulous conscientious confident...patient What are you good at? 9 2:15 Listen to an interview at an employment agency. What job does the interviewer suggest? Tick the correct answer. 1 nurse 2 computer programmer Pronunciation u 1 2:16 Listen. Then listen and repeat. a /ju;/ Have you been to university? b /V/ I m good at working under pressure. 3 journalist 4 librarian Listen again and tick the words and phrases in exercise 8 that you hear in the dialogue. 2 2:17 /ju;/ or /V/? Write a or b next to each word (a= /ju;/, b= /V/). Listen and check. Then listen and repeat. 1 unemployed 5 usually 2 understanding 6 uniform 3 UK 7 use 4 ugly 8 umbrella Workbook p.34 Ex

5 7 Going for a job interview 3 Job interview 1 2 secondary school teacher 4 gym instructor car salesperson 10 Work in pairs. Student A is a candidate for a job. Student B is the interviewer. Student A: Tell Student B which job from the photos you are applying for. Use the vocabulary in exercise 8 on page 69 to prepare a personal profile that is right for the job, and think about what the interviewer might ask you. Student B: Prepare ten questions to ask Student A at the interview. When you re ready, act out the interview. Example: journalist Candidate s notes I ve got a degree in journalism. I m interested in travelling and meeting people. I like working with other people. I don t mind working in an office. I m good at working to deadlines. I ve got good communication skills. I m calm, reliable, ambitious and inquisitive. holiday rep Interviewer s notes Qualities interested in writing, travelling and working with other people have good communication skills physically fit inquisitive, creative, reliable Skills good at making decisions and good at working to deadlines good at using a computer Example: A Good morning. B Good morning. My name s Martin Williams. A Pleased to meet you. I m Anna Stewart. B Well, Anna, first I d like to ask you some questions. A Of course. B Are you good at using a computer? 70 Workbook p.36 Ex.10 11

6 check 7 Present perfect continuous for, since Affirmative Negative Interrogative I ve been eating you ve been he s eating she s been eating it s been eating we been eating you been eating they ve eating I haven t been eating you been eating he hasn t eating she been eating it hasn t been eating we been eating you haven t been eating they been eating Have I been eating? Have you eating? he been eating? Has she been eating? Has it been eating? Have we eating? Have you been eating? Have they eating? affirmative Yes, I have. Yes, you. Yes, he has. Yes, she. Yes, it has. Yes, we. Yes, you have. Yes, they have. Short answers negative No, I haven t. No, you haven t. No, he. No, she hasn t. No, it hasn t. No, we haven t. No, you. No, they haven t. 1 Complete the table and the rule. We form the Present perfect continuous like this: subject + have/has + + -ing form 2 Read the sentences and choose the correct alternative in each rule. I ve had this bicycle for ten years. I ve been waiting for you for one hour. 1 We use the Present perfect simple/present perfect continuous to describe states and situations that started in the past and continue in the present. 2 We use the Present perfect simple/present perfect continuous to describe actions that started in the past and continue in the present. 3 Write sentences using the Present perfect continuous and for or since. 1 I started teaching ten years ago and I m still teaching. 2 I started reading Moby Dick one month ago and I m still reading it. 3 We moved to Scotland when my brother was born and we re still living there. 4 She started doing Aikido eight years ago and she s still doing it. 5 We had an appointment at 7 o clock. It s 7.30 and we re still waiting. 6 He started doing his homework two hours ago and he s still doing it. 4 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets. Use the Present perfect simple or the Present perfect continuous. 1 I (have) a cat for 15 years. 2 We (wait) for the train for three hours and it still isn t here. 3 I (not see) him for ages. 4 She (study) Spanish since she finished school. 5 My dad (want) to buy a new car since They (travel) for six weeks. 5 You meet a friend who you haven t seen for years. Write questions to find out more information, using How long and the Present perfect simple or the Present perfect continuous. 1 I ve got a girlfriend. How long have you had a girlfriend? 2 I live with my cousin. 3 I m still studying at university. 4 I play the saxophone in a jazz band. 5 I ve got a dog. 6 I work at the local library on Saturdays. Adjectives + prepositions 6 Read the sentences and complete the rule. I m keen on working with people. I m good at using a computer. She s not very interested in writing. adjective + preposition + noun/ 7 Complete the sentences with the correct preposition and the -ing form of the verb in brackets. 1 She s very good (deal) with the students. 2 I m very keen (travel). 3 He s great (play) basketball. 4 She s hopeless (ski). 5 He s very bad (work) with other people. 6 I m interested (study) Art. Workbook p.37 Revision 71

7 7 Skills and culture Listening 1 3 Comprehension check Answer the The RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) sometimes gives awards to very brave animals. Listen. What kind of animal won the bravery award? questions. 2:18 Listen again and put the events in the correct order. Write a number in the space. a b c d e f Part of a tree fell on the farmer. Doctors treated him. The man s wife found him unconscious. The animal received an award from the RSPCA. A farmer was working outside on his farm. The animal found the farmer and made a noise until his wife came outside. 1 What happens in Pamplona every year? 2 What did the Pamplona protest succeed in doing? 3 How did Jo get interested in animal welfare? 4 What else has Jo done to try to help? 5 Why are demonstrations effective, in her opinion? 6 Why is Jo proud of what she s done? 4 Find six words in the text which you don t know. Look at the context and try to translate the words. Work in pairs. Compare your lists and your translations. Then check the words in the wordlist or in a dictionary. Reading Speaking Read the text quickly and write the headings above the correct paragraph. Some campaigns have been successful Formal letters exercise 2? Work in pairs. Discuss and put the following in order. (1 = most acceptable, 9 = least acceptable) eating meat keeping dogs in flats eating eggs and cheese wearing leather shoes wearing fur coats using animals in medical research testing cosmetics on animals keeping animals in zoos killing animals for sport Change partners and discuss your answers. 6 Read the Study Strategy and do the exercise. Look at the example of a formal letter below. 1 Notice the position of: your address the date the address of the person you are writing to 2 If you know the name of the person you re writing to, you begin with Dear Mr/Mrs/Ms (Smith), and end with Yours sincerely. 3 If you don t know the person s name, you begin with Dear Sir/Madam, and end with Yours faithfully. 4 Organise your letter in paragraphs. Group similar information or questions together, and start a new paragraph for each new point. 5 We don t usually use contracted forms in formal letters. Write a formal letter in words to the World Wide Fund for Nature asking for information. Use your own details and use the example below as a model. What I ve learnt How I first got interested Study Strategy 5 What do you think about the article in Writing 2 While you read Jo does a lot to help animals. 7 Skills and culture My first demonstration The Bull Run is cruel! I protested at Pamplona! address you re writing to your address 39 Morgan Road Guildford Surrey GU1 3TA A I was on holiday in Pamplona with my parents at the time of the annual Bull Run a couple of years ago. They ve been holding the Bull Run for hundreds of years. They chase the bulls through the city to the arena, where they are killed in bullfights. They treat the bulls really badly. They beat them and chase them down streets full of screaming people the bulls are terrified. B A lot of people were marching along the route to protest, and I suddenly felt like I had to do something too. Marching was a great experience because the protest made people all over the world think about how cruel this senseless tradition is. I think what we did really helped to make people aware of the issue. C I ve been interested in animal welfare for a long time. When I was ten years old, I read an article in a newspaper about battery chickens. They re kept inside in tiny cages, where they can t move around at all. I couldn t believe that civilised society could allow people to treat any animal in that way. Just because chickens aren t pets, people have been making them live in horrible conditions, and it s wrong. I ve been trying to help animals that are treated badly since that day. 72 3rd December, 2011 D First, I ed animal welfare organisations to ask them what I could do. I ve been writing to companies that test cosmetics on animals, and I ve been trying to get the government to change things, too. I ve been working on different campaigns for seven years now, and some of them have worked. Some companies have stopped testing products on animals and lots of people don t buy from companies that are cruel to animals. E I ve been taking part in demonstrations since I came back from Pamplona. You need them if you want people to think about what s right. A lot of people have never thought about this kind of thing before, so it can make them aware of what s happening. There s always a great atmosphere at the demonstrations. I ve been meeting a lot of cool people and I ve made some very good friends. I ve also learned a lot since I started all this. I now know that if you publicise your opinions peacefully and reasonably you can sometimes change people s attitudes. I m very proud of what I ve done. greeting WWF-UK Panda House Weyside Park Godalming Surrey GU7 1XR date introduce yourself Dear Sir/Madam, We are students at Guildford Comprehensive School and we are 17 years old. We have both been interested in animals since we were children, and we have been helping at a nature reserve in our area for the past two years. Since we saw a documentary about tigers a few weeks ago, we have been trying to find out more about what we can do to help save endangered species. say why you re writing We have always admired the work of the WWF and we would like to become active members of your organisation. We wondered if you could send us the address of our nearest WWF branch so that we can find out about local meetings and events. We would also be grateful if you could send us some information about any campaigns that are in progress and how we might be able to help. Thank you in advance for your help. close Yours faithfully, Luke Foreman Bethan Lee Mr Luke Foreman and Miss Bethan Lee signature Extra practice Language plus 7 p.98 73

8 7 Skills and culture Listening 1 3 Comprehension check Answer the The RSPCA (Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals) sometimes gives awards to very brave animals. Listen. What kind of animal won the bravery award? questions. 2:18 Listen again and put the events in the correct order. Write a number in the space. a b c d e f Part of a tree fell on the farmer. Doctors treated him. The man s wife found him unconscious. The animal received an award from the RSPCA. A farmer was working outside on his farm. The animal found the farmer and made a noise until his wife came outside. 1 What happens in Pamplona every year? 2 What did the Pamplona protest succeed in doing? 3 How did Jo get interested in animal welfare? 4 What else has Jo done to try to help? 5 Why are demonstrations effective, in her opinion? 6 Why is Jo proud of what she s done? 4 Find six words in the text which you don t know. Look at the context and try to translate the words. Work in pairs. Compare your lists and your translations. Then check the words in the wordlist or in a dictionary. Reading Speaking Read the text quickly and write the headings above the correct paragraph. Some campaigns have been successful Formal letters exercise 2? Work in pairs. Discuss and put the following in order. (1 = most acceptable, 9 = least acceptable) eating meat keeping dogs in flats eating eggs and cheese wearing leather shoes wearing fur coats using animals in medical research testing cosmetics on animals keeping animals in zoos killing animals for sport Change partners and discuss your answers. 6 Read the Study Strategy and do the exercise. Look at the example of a formal letter below. 1 Notice the position of: your address the date the address of the person you are writing to 2 If you know the name of the person you re writing to, you begin with Dear Mr/Mrs/Ms (Smith), and end with Yours sincerely. 3 If you don t know the person s name, you begin with Dear Sir/Madam, and end with Yours faithfully. 4 Organise your letter in paragraphs. Group similar information or questions together, and start a new paragraph for each new point. 5 We don t usually use contracted forms in formal letters. Write a formal letter in words to the World Wide Fund for Nature asking for information. Use your own details and use the example below as a model. What I ve learnt How I first got interested Study Strategy 5 What do you think about the article in Writing 2 While you read Jo does a lot to help animals. 7 Skills and culture My first demonstration The Bull Run is cruel! I protested at Pamplona! address you re writing to your address 39 Morgan Road Guildford Surrey GU1 3TA A I was on holiday in Pamplona with my parents at the time of the annual Bull Run a couple of years ago. They ve been holding the Bull Run for hundreds of years. They chase the bulls through the city to the arena, where they are killed in bullfights. They treat the bulls really badly. They beat them and chase them down streets full of screaming people the bulls are terrified. B A lot of people were marching along the route to protest, and I suddenly felt like I had to do something too. Marching was a great experience because the protest made people all over the world think about how cruel this senseless tradition is. I think what we did really helped to make people aware of the issue. C I ve been interested in animal welfare for a long time. When I was ten years old, I read an article in a newspaper about battery chickens. They re kept inside in tiny cages, where they can t move around at all. I couldn t believe that civilised society could allow people to treat any animal in that way. Just because chickens aren t pets, people have been making them live in horrible conditions, and it s wrong. I ve been trying to help animals that are treated badly since that day. 72 3rd December, 2011 D First, I ed animal welfare organisations to ask them what I could do. I ve been writing to companies that test cosmetics on animals, and I ve been trying to get the government to change things, too. I ve been working on different campaigns for seven years now, and some of them have worked. Some companies have stopped testing products on animals and lots of people don t buy from companies that are cruel to animals. E I ve been taking part in demonstrations since I came back from Pamplona. You need them if you want people to think about what s right. A lot of people have never thought about this kind of thing before, so it can make them aware of what s happening. There s always a great atmosphere at the demonstrations. I ve been meeting a lot of cool people and I ve made some very good friends. I ve also learned a lot since I started all this. I now know that if you publicise your opinions peacefully and reasonably you can sometimes change people s attitudes. I m very proud of what I ve done. greeting WWF-UK Panda House Weyside Park Godalming Surrey GU7 1XR date introduce yourself Dear Sir/Madam, We are students at Guildford Comprehensive School and we are 17 years old. We have both been interested in animals since we were children, and we have been helping at a nature reserve in our area for the past two years. Since we saw a documentary about tigers a few weeks ago, we have been trying to find out more about what we can do to help save endangered species. say why you re writing We have always admired the work of the WWF and we would like to become active members of your organisation. We wondered if you could send us the address of our nearest WWF branch so that we can find out about local meetings and events. We would also be grateful if you could send us some information about any campaigns that are in progress and how we might be able to help. Thank you in advance for your help. close Yours faithfully, Luke Foreman Bethan Lee Mr Luke Foreman and Miss Bethan Lee signature Extra practice Language plus 7 p.98 73

9 2 Exam plus Unit 7 Culture Culture Listening Multiple choice 1 2:19 Listen to a radio programme about a modelling agency. What is the programme about? Choose a, b or c. a A student modelling agency achieved financial success. b A modelling agency won a business award. c Students started their own modelling agency. 2 2:19 Listen to the programme again carefully. Choose the best answer: a, b or c. 1 What will the photos in the calendar show? a The Boston Spa Comprehensive School. b 26 student models. c The best models working for Premier Snakers. 2 Why did the students start the agency? a As a school project. b Because they wanted to make some money. c Some of their friends worked as models before. 3 What was their teachers first reaction to their idea? a They saw it as just a game. b They thought it would be successful. c They didn t think the students would work hard enough. 4 What did Ross call a great opportunity? a Working with his friends. b When he became a portrait photographer. c A chance to work with lots of different models. 5 What did Ross find the most difficult about the portfolios? a The technical aspects of photography. b How to show the models characters. c Making the models look attractive. 6 Why does Alara think the agency is a good start for her? a It helps her to get into the modelling business. b Because she really enjoys modelling. c She wants to be rich and famous. 7 What does Alara think can make you rich? a Becoming a famous model. b Working a lot. c Enjoying the work that you do. 8 What does Jake say is the most important characteristic for a model? a Confidence. b Patience. 74 c Teamwork. Function Exam Function Read all the questions before you listen, and study the possible answers. The order of questions follows the order of information in the recording. When you listen for the first time, find the passage that contains the information for each question. When you listen more carefully for the second time, choose your answers. Check through your questions quickly at the end don t leave any questions unanswered! Writing Formal letter 3 Imagine that your local sports centre has summer jobs available for group leaders to organise sports days for children. Most of the children will be aged Write a letter of application in words to the manager of the sports centre. Include the following information: where you saw the job advertised, why you think you are suitable for the job, Culture what sports you could organise for Culture the kids, what experience you have working with children. Function Exam Function Check your letter. Have you used the correct formal language? Have you included all the points from the task? Have you written the correct amount? Are there any mistakes? Writing bank p.103 Speaking Picture-based discussion Oral exam plus p.110

10 3 Language plus 7 What have you been doing? 1 Work in pairs. Ask your partner about their parents. Find out about languages, sport and music. Add your own ideas to each topic. Make a note of your partner s answers. Example: A Can your father speak English? A How long has he been studying English? B Yes, he can. B He s been studying English for ten years. Languages speak English speak Italian speak Polish No Yes How long? Sport play volleyball play basketball play football swim ride a bicycle ski ice-skate go to the gym Music play the piano play the guitar play the recorder play the drums 2 Now write a short profile in words of your partner s parents. Begin like this: Anna s father speaks English and he s been studying it for 3 2:36 Listen to Derek. What does he do in his spare time? 4 2:36 Can you remember what Derek said? Complete the sentences below. Listen and check. 1 I in London for two years now. 2 I History for the past year. 3 I a part-time evening course. 4 I lots of new things. 5 I hard because I have exams at the end of the month. 98

11 Language plus Derek is a teacher. What essential qualities, skills and personal qualities do you think he needs for this job? Choose the best words and phrases from the three categories in the table to describe him. Essential qualities Skills Personal qualities has to be interested in: writing working in an office travelling helping people working with other people has to have good eyesight has to have good reflexes has to be physically fit good at teamwork good with your hands good at using your initiative good at dealing with people good at Maths good at using a computer good at working to deadlines good at making decisions good at working under pressure good at communicating good at solving problems needs to be: patient caring inquisitive creative dedicated reliable ambitious tolerant calm understanding independent conscientious self-confident 6 Work in pairs. Look at these four jobs. Choose suitable words and phrases from the table above to describe them. Example: A I think that a doctor has to be interested in helping people and good at making decisions. B Yes, I agree. (or) No, I think it s more important for him or her to be good at working under pressure. Communication What are you good at? 7 Look at the chart in exercise 5 again. What skills and qualities do you think you have? 8 Look at the the skills and interests in exercise 1. What are you good at? What are you interested in? 9 Write a short profile in words about yourself. Include information about qualities and skills from exercise 5 and skills and interests from exercise Work in groups. Compare your skills and qualities with each other. What are the other students in your group good at? How similar are you to other students in your group? 11 Work in groups. Try to give each other advice on what jobs to do in the future, based on your discussion in exercise 10. Choose any three jobs that you think would be suitable for each student in your group. 12 In your groups, discuss what your ideal job would be. Think about the following: Working with other people/working on your own. Working indoors/working outdoors. Speaking foreign languages. Travelling. Helping people. Giving presentations. Working with numbers. 99

12 Writing bank Formal letter Put your address (but not your name) in the top corner (left or right). Write the date under your address. Put the following information below this: the full name (and title) of the person you are writing to (if you know) the department within their company the name of the company the full postal address of the company If you want to address someone by name, write their title and surname (but not their full name): Dear Mr Jones Dear Ms Smith Dear Dr Preston If you want to address someone whose name you don t know, write one of these phrases: Dear Sir (if you know it s a man) Dear Madam (if you know it s a woman) Dear Sir/Madam or Dear Sir or Madam Dear Sirs To whom it may concern: Customer Service Doppelglazierung Ltd. 55 Western Road Gloucester GL8 3FA Dear Sir or Madam 23 Woodland Park Bristol BS2 9XY 10 February 2011 I am writing to complain about your telephone helpline and to try to book an appointment to fix the windows I bought from your company. I first tried to contact your telephone service on Friday 28 January 2005 to book an appointment. The automated message kept telling me I was the next person in the queue, but nobody answered the call after three hours on the line. I left a message on your answerphone the next day, then on the following Monday and Tuesday, but you never called me back. I finally got through to someone on the phone last week, but he gave me another number to ring, which unfortunately doesn t exist. I would appreciate it if you could get in touch with me as soon as possible on I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours faithfully, Tom Preston Tom Preston In the first paragraph, explain your reason for writing briefly. In the next paragraph, write the key details. Give more details if necessary. Suggest or request action if appropriate. Finish with a polite expression, like: Write I look forward to hearing from you soon. Yours sincerely (if you addressed the person by name) Yours faithfully (if you don t know the name of the person) Sign and print your full name. 103

13 Oral exam plus exam plus Exam plus 6: page 55 Situational role play 3 Work in pairs. Imagine you spent a week on holiday in Britain, and you each have 40 to spend on presents for your friends and family. Tell each other about the following: who you are going to buy presents for, and why, what you think the best presents would be for them, and why, how you can best spend the 40 to buy the things you want, what you would suggest Culture your partner should buy for his/her friends or family. Look at the following information about some typical prices. You can use these ideas, or your own ideas (you Function may want to look at prices for these on the Internet): Music CDs Paperback books Britain guide book with lots of colour pictures Tin of Scottish butter biscuits 8.99 Jar of English marmalade 3.00 Selection of English teas 3.95 Bar Culture of chocolate Silver jewellery T-shirts Function Exam The most important part of the task is explaining reasons for your decisions and giving advice to your partner. This Culture is more important than what objects you choose to buy. Functions bank Workbook p.45 Function Exam plus 7: page 74 Picture-based discussion 3 Look at the photos showing animals in the wild and in captivity. Discuss the subject. Include the following: Why people keep animals in captivity. The positive and negative aspects of keeping animals in captivity. Problems facing animals in the wild. Your opinion about keeping animals as pets, as laboratory animals, or in zoos. Culture Function Exam Think about the four key points in the task, and make sure you include all of them. Try to link your ideas effectively. Use examples to support your ideas whenever appropriate. Functions bank Workbook p.45 Exam plus 8: page 75 Guided conversation 3 Work in pairs. Discuss these questions about work. 1 What job would you like to do when you leave school? Why? 2 What are the most popular jobs among Culture teenagers? Why? 3 Why do you think having a good job is important? Function Exam Don t simply give basic answers to the questions. Add any relevant detail you can think of. The exam is about showing off your speaking skills so the more you talk the more you ll be able to show. Functions bank Workbook p

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