Category 6A UTP vs. FTP. Nathan Benton, RCDD/NTS/WD Technical Manager

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1 Category 6A UTP vs. FTP Nathan Benton, RCDD/NTS/WD Technical Manager

2 UTP vs. FTP Two copper solutions for 10Gb/s UTP and FTP Effects of Alien Crosstalk (ANEXT) ANEXT Mitigation Methods Standards Approach Victim

3 Comparison Chart Parameter TIA-568-C.1 Data Rate Max Distance Cable Size ANEXT Testing Shared Pathways Training 6A UTP 6A FTP

4 Standards Compliance TIA-568-C.1 Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard Ratified Feb 2008 Available Now on TIA Website cfm

5 TIA-568-C.1 Commercial Building Telecommunications Cabling Standard To incorporate ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.1-4, Addendum 4 Recognition of Category 6 and 850 nm Laser- Optimized 50/125 Multimode Optical Fiber Cabling ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-B.1-5, Addendum 5 Telecommunications Cabling for Telecommunications Enclosures Highlights of technical changes from the previous edition Removal of generic requirements which are now placed within ANSI/TIA-568-C.0 Removal of 150-Ohm STP cabling Removal of Category 5 cabling Incorporation of references to generic nomenclature found in ANSI/TIA-568-C.0 Inclusion of Category 6 and Augmented Category 6 balanced 100-ohm cabling Inclusion of 850 nm laser-optimized 50/125 um multimode optical fiber cabling Inclusion of Telecommunications Enclosures Removal of balanced twisted-pair cabling performance and test requirements which are now placed within ANSI/TIA-568-C.2 Centralized cabling incorporated into main body of document Removal of 50-ohm and 75-ohm coaxial cabling

6 UTP-vs-FTP Selection Matrix Must meet TIA-568-C.1 Customer Requirements X10D UTP X10D FTP Generic Cat 6A FTP Support 10GBASE-T to 100 meters (up to 4-connection channel) Meet or exceed ISO/IEC Class E A channel specifications (up to 4-connection channel) NO Meet or exceed TIA Category 6A channel specifications (up to 4-connection channel) Meet Class A Emission requirements Meet immunity requirements per IEC CISPR 24, EN and IEC/EN (Office environments) Meet immunity requirements per IEC/EN (Heavy Industrial environments) NO ( if in metal containment)

7 Comparison Chart 6A UTP 6A FTP Parameter TIA-568-C.1 Compliant Compliant Data Rate Max Distance Cable Size ANEXT Testing Shared Pathways Training

8 Data Rates Standard written around 10Gb/s Category 6A Added to Standard Backwards Compatible with Cat6 and Cat5e Category 5e removed from standard IEEE an Standard 10Gb/s over installed base of Category 6 May Require Mitigation

9 10GBASE-T Power Projection Technology Improvements Reduce Power Needs Teranetics TeraPHY 3W 5W TN nm 10W TN 2020 TN 1010 Source: Linley Group Conference May Intel Penryn Processor (45 nm technology) available November nm technology processors available in 2009 Each improvement reduces power 30-40%

10 Comparison Chart 6A UTP 6A FTP Parameter TIA-568-C.1 Compliant Compliant Data Rate 10 Gb/s 10Gb/s Max Distance Cable Size ANEXT Testing Shared Pathways Training

11 Maximum Distance 100 Meters Channel Specifies a 4 Connector Model IEEE an Standard 10Gb/s over installed base of Category 6 37 Meters May Require Mitigation

12 Lucent PATCHMAX Lucent PATCHMAX Performance of Channel vs. Components When comparing performance specifications it is important to view the entire channel Ensure manufacturer is warranting the entire channel not just the components they manufacture SYSTIMAX M3600 w/ MGS500 SYSTIMAX M3600 w/ MGS500 MGS500 MGS GS10E Cord GS10E Cord 91A Series Cable GS10E Cord GS10E Cord Be careful of Cable test measurements that exceed the TIA568.B MHz frequency sweep 600 MHz frequency is not achievable in a field channel

13 Verified Support of 10G 100m 4-conn Channel

14 Comparison Chart 6A UTP 6A FTP Parameter TIA-568-C.1 Compliant Compliant Data Rate 10 Gb/s 10Gb/s Max Distance 100 meters 100 meters Cable Size ANEXT Testing Shared Pathways Training

15 Cable Diameter TIA-568-C.1 Specifes maximum cable diameter of.354 inches O.D. Specified for both UTP and FTP Typical UTP O.D..30 in to.33 in New UTP introduction of.285 in Typical FTP O.D..290 in 6 around 1 configuration

16 Conduit Fill Ratio Size Acond FTP OD UTP OD A- FTP A- UTP 40% Fill UTP 40%Fill FTP * Plenum Cable used in this illustration

17 Cable Diameter Single gang boxes are not large enough to maintain proper bend radius. UTP 4x Outside Diameter of the Cable FTP 8x Outside Diameter of the Cable CAT6A UTP CAT6A FTP

18 Comparison Chart 6A UTP 6A FTP Parameter TIA-568-C.1 Compliant Compliant Data Rate 10 Gb/s 10Gb/s Max Distance 100 meters 100 meters Cable Size.285 in O.D..290 in O.D. ANEXT Testing Shared Pathways Training

19 Alien NEXT Large bundles common in Data Centers Cable geometry dictates the total number of cables with Alien Crosstalk effect on a single cable is SIX (6) The signal strength of non-adjacent cables is simply too weak to induce Alien Crosstalk

20 Measuring Alien Crosstalk Test Equipment Setup Example of 6 around 1 Configuration

21 FIELD TESTING Field Testing is NOT specified in the Standards for UTP or FTP it is an option. Most UTP manufacturers do not require ANEXT testing to warranty system To ensure meeting quality metrics both UTP and FTP should be tested. FTP Shield continuity testing

22 Comparison Chart 6A UTP 6A FTP Parameter TIA-568-C.1 Compliant Compliant Data Rate 10 Gb/s 10Gb/s Max Distance 100 meters 100 meters Cable Size.285 in O.D..290 in O.D. ANEXT Testing Not Required* Not Required* Shared Pathway Experience

23 Shared Cable Pathways TIA-568-B.2-10 E.4 Test Configurations Alien Cross-talk requirements for category 6A channels and permanent links are specified for bundled configurations containing only category 6A cabling requirements Manufacturers publish specific installation guidelines for various situations

24 Shared Cable Pathways Separation of Cat6A UTP cabling from lower categories is an issue if the lower categories are supporting 10G. For all other applications there is no issue. Typical Cabling Requirements Cable types are laid, routed, and/or bundled in separate groups Pull each cable type separately Cables can be layered but not intermingled If alternate pulling of each cable type is planned, then side by side positions in the tray must be allocated for each cable type

25 Comparison Chart Parameter 6A UTP 6A FTP TIA-568-C.1 Compliant Compliant Data Rate 10 Gb/s 10Gb/s Max Distance 100 meters 100 meters Cable Size.285 in O.D..290 in O.D. ANEXT Testing Not Required* Not Required* Shared Pathway Experience Std. Bundling/ Layering Std. Bundling

26 Installation Experience Structured Cabling Questionnaire Question Answer 1 What percentage of installations over the past 3 years have been FTP / STP (non-utp)? 2 What percentage of installations over the last 3 years have been UTP? 3 How many installation projects have you done in hospital environments in the last 3 years? 4 How many of these hospital projects utilized FTP / STP solutions? 5 Have your Technicians received independent training for FTP /STP Solutions (BICSI, Global Knowledge, NJATC, etc)? 6 If Yes, what percentage of technicians received training? 7 Have your Technicians received vendor specific training for FTP / STP solutions? 8 If Yes, what percentage of technicians received training? 9 Have your Technicians received independent training for UTP Solutions (BICSI, Global Knowledge, NJATC, etc)? 10 If Yes, what percentage of technicians received training? 11 Have your Technicians received vendor specific training for UTP solutions? 12 If Yes, what percentage of technicians received training? 13 What percentage of current inventory consists of FTP / STP components? 14 What percentage of current inventory consists of UTP components?

27 Installation Experience FTP v. UTP Installations Non-Vendor FTP Training 1% 6% 1 2 Received 99% 94% Vendor-Specific FTP Training Percentage of Inventory 9% 0% Received FTP 91% 100%

28 Comparison Chart Parameter 6A UTP 6A FTP TIA-568-C.1 Compliant Compliant Data Rate 10 Gb/s 10Gb/s Max Distance 100 meters 100 meters Cable Size.285 in O.D..290 in O.D. ANEXT Testing Not Required* Not Required* Shared Pathway Experience Std. Bundling/ Layering 84% Worldwide Std. Bundling 16% Worldwide

29 Thank you Nathan Benton, RCDD/NTS/WD Technical Manager, NAR Enterprise Solutions Brought to you by

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