GCS Earth Science Unit G Test Ecology

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1 1. How does the latitude of the tundra generally compare with that of the taiga? A. The tundra is in polar regions while the taiga is near the equator B. The taiga is in polar regions while the tundra is near the equator C. The tundra is in polar regions while the taiga is slightly closer to the equator D. The taiga is in polar regions while the tundra is slightly closer to the equator 2. Which of the following biomes is characterized by low rainfall, freezing temperature and the presence of polar bears and scarce vegetation? 4. Which description most accurately describes the biosphere? A. A group of organisms of the same species B. A group of organisms of different species C. A group of organisms of different species along with the abiotic factors that make up their environment D. All life on Earth and their physical surroundings 5. The diagram represents a food web for a community of organisms: A. Taiga B. Tundra C. Temperate forest D. Desert 3. The map below represents a particular Earth biome: A disease causes the rabbit population to decline drastically. How would this impact the community? This biomes conditions are favorable to organisms such as cacti and rattlesnakes. Which answer choice most closely describes the biomes environmental conditions? A. The mouse population would decrease B. The grasshopper population would decrease C. The fox population would decrease D. The snake population would decrease A. High temperature, high precipitation B. High temperature, low precipitation C. Low temperature, high precipitation D. Low temperature, low precipitation

2 6. The factor that has the biggest influence on biome classification is: 11. The following graph shows human population growth over the past 2000 years: A. Topography B. Magnetic fields C. Soil type D. Climate 7. Many of the biomes that exist on Earth can be found in the western part of North Carolina. What is the primary reason for the existence of such a wide range of biomes in this area? A. The rivers and lakes in the mountain areas B. The wide range of altitude of the mountains C. The rocks that make up the mountains D. The wind and water erosion of the mountains 8. Which of the following terms is defined as genetic variation within populations and variation of populations within ecosystems that makeup the biosphere? A. Biome B. Biodiversity C. Ecosystem D. Niche 9. How do warmer temperatures and higher rainfall generally influence biodiversity? A. Biodiversity increases B. Biodiversity decreases C. Biodiversity stabilizes D. Biodiversity increases then decreases 10. How can a global loss of biodiversity impact the Earth? A. It can increase ecosystem stability B. It can promote a wider variety of life within the biosphere C. It can lead to a global shortage of food D. It can increase the life expectancy of all species Based on the above data during which year was there more than likely the greatest biodiversity loss? A. 400 A.D. B. 800 A.D. C A.D. D A.D 12. Why can an invasive species be potentially threatening to an ecosystem? A. Organisms in the ecosystem may not know how to protect themselves B. They can add genetic variation C. They can mate with members of the community which leads to the evolution of a new species D. They can be used to synthesize new medicine for harmful diseases 13. Kudzu, a vine covering many acres of North Carolina was introduced to the United States in 1876 to control erosion. Over the years scientists have found that kudzu creates problems by growing rapidly and preventing other plants from getting sunlight. Which term best describes kudzu? A. A noncompetitive species B. An agent of erosion C. An invasive, exotic, non native species D. An abiotic factor

3 14. Over the past 100 years deforestation has caused the red cockaded woodpecker to become endangered in North Carolina. Which of the following most accurately describes this event? 18. The following graph represents a deer population: A. Habitat alteration B. Introduction of invasive species C. Air pollution D. Poaching 15. Which best describes the relationship between carrying capacity and Earth s resources? A. A population that is below the carrying capacity will have an increase in contagious diseases B. A population that is above the carrying capacity will have a decrease in natural resources C. A population that is below the carrying capacity will experience a decrease in freshwater resources D. A population that is above the carrying capacity will experience an increase in plant production 16. What is the general trend between population numbers and natural resources? A. As population increases the amount of natural resources decrease B. As population increases the amount of natural resources increase C. As population decreases the amount of natural resources decreases D. There is no relationship between population and natural resources 17. Why would citizens be advised to recycle plastic products? A. Because the products are not biodegradable and would therefore accumulate if thrown in the garbage B. Because this would increase the consumption of petroleum products C. Because this would decrease the amount of green industry jobs D. Because the products can be made into inexpensive public art A. Month 1 B. Month 5 C. Month 9 D. Month 12 During what month did the deer reach their carrying capacity? 19. Which of the following would increase a person s overall ecological footprint? A. Using public transportation to work B. Properly insulating houses to reduce the amount of heat necessary during winter months C. A school system turns on all the heat in the classrooms when it is 70 degrees outside D. Frequently recycling paper and plastic products 20. How have humans mitigated their impact on the biosphere? A. Reintroduction programs B. Clear cutting C. Habitat alteration D. Acid rain

4 21. Which of the following answer choices most accurately describes climate? A. The daily temperature and precipitation B. The average temperature and precipitation over a long period of time C. The amount of storms an area experiences D. The highest temperature an area experiences 24. Based on average global temperatures the graph below suggests that humans started using fossil fuels around: 22. The following map represents the Pacific Ocean: During an El Nino season how are the conditions at Point B likely to change? A. High temperatures, high rainfall B. High temperatures, low rainfall C. Low temperatures, high rainfall D. Low temperatures, low rainfall 23. How could deforestation affect the atmosphere? A B C D An increase in chlorofluorocarbons and aerosols are most likely to result in an increase in what? A. Acid rain B. Ozone depletion C. Global warming D. Ocean acidification A. It could lead to an increase in carbon dioxide causing an increase in global temperatures B. It could lead to a decrease in carbon dioxide causing a decrease in global temperatures C. It could lead to an increase in carbon dioxide causing a decrease in global temperatures D. It could lead to a decrease in carbon dioxide causing an increase in global temperatures

5 Question Correct Answer Standard 1 C B B D C D B B A C D A C A B A A B C A B D A A B 2.5.5

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