Drying and Calcination Division

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Drying and Calcination Division"

Transcription

1 Technical Information Drying and Calcination Division SHE-04

2 PARALLEL FLOW DIRECT DRYING Hot air and product are fed through the same end. In this way, wet product comes into close contact with hot gas at maximum temperature. The quick initial drying favours the handling of sticky or cohesive products. DOUBLE PASS DIRECT DRYER This system is capable of doubling the time of residence of the product for a determined length of the drum. This is obtained thanks to the two concentric cylinders through which product and hot gas are circulating, substantially reducing the necessary room for the installation of a Rotary Dryer. COUNTER-CURRENT FLOW DIRECT DRYING Hot air inlet is opposite to feed. In this way, maximum product temperature is achieved at the end of its stay inside the drum, reducing wetness as much as possible and increasing the temperature of the product. INDIRECT DRYING Dryer shell is externally heated by electrical resistances or by burners flame. A main feature at the time of choosing this system is the possibility of controlling the temperature of the dryer stage by stage. STEAM TUBES DRYER High pressure steam circulates through the tubes inside the drum, so heat is transmitted to the product. Ideal mean when drying of fine or sensitive products is involved. DISCS DRYER In this sytem, steam transfers its temperature through some discs of special fabrication, increasing to the maximum the interchange surface in the minimum lay-out space.

3 STATIC OR VIBRATING FLUID BED DRYED Once the product is inside the Dryer, it is fluidized by hot air introduced through the perforated bedplate. Water already evaporated is removed and separated from the product by different collecting systems. This system is generally used combined with the Dryer vibrating system, and obtaining by this way to make the heat available from the residence time of the product in the Dryer independent. DRYER PROVIDED WITH POST-COMBUSTION CHAMBER This system is used not only when drying of the products is required but also the evaporated liquid removal. This process lets us use two different temperatures. one of liquid evaporation without damaging the product to be dried, and the other of pollution removal complying with the rules in force. FLASH DRYER Flash drying is the ideal to treat dusty, granular or crystallin products difficult to treat by another means. Hot air generated in a combustion chamber dryes and conveys the product up to a system which separates the moisture as vapour from dried product. SIMULTANEOUS DRYING AND GRINDING Based upon te Flash drying technique and combining it with the action of a Mill (Hammer, Balls, Roller), we can dry products of bigger particle size than that required in a conventional Flash Dryer.

4 ROTARY KILN Rotary Kilns are basically used to evaporate water combined with hydrates and crystalline products, as well as to change the chemical or molecular conposition of different products, by means of heat. Temperature range is wide but always high, this is why the use of coolers as described below is becoming general. ROTARY COOLER This is the most widely used downstream a Rotary Kiln because of its versatility. SATELLITE COOLER Due to its performance reliability and minimum maintenance, it is generally used for cement clinker cooling. FLUID BED COOLER (COVER) It is basically used after drying, when treating not too fine products and not too extreme temperatures. VERTICAL COOLER This cooler can be fabricated in two different systems, with the dispersing plate as per sketch, or with pushers for larger productions. Both are used in limestone calcining. FLUID BED KILN High temperature fluid beds ( ºC) are used for thermal treatment of products with a particle size between 10 and mm., in so different processes such as calcination, oxidation, sintering, cokification, incineration, etc. An additional advantage of this Kiln is the lack of emission of smeells and gas to the atmosphere, due to the full combustion carried out in the fluid bed.

5 VERTICAL KILN It is the most up to date system to obtain lime by solid combustibles as well as liquid or gaseous. Besides, it is a way to obtain cement clinker with a minimum initial investment, as long as they are small productions. DUST COLLECTION SYSTEMS ANIVI has the widest range of equipment for dust collection with all types of products, fineness or temperatures, with or without gas coolers, explosion proof or inertization systems, by dry way as well as by wet way. ROTARY GRANULATORS Besides its main use in the production of complex fertilizers (NPK), together with Dryers and Coolers, they have many other applications, thanks to their feature to be adapted with small changes to meet a large number of needs.

6 TECHNICAL OFFICE ANIVI designs and manufactures according to the specific needs of every client, based upon their own technology and the experience from more than 60 years, with hundreds of machines sold all over the world. Las Arenas Aeropuerto Asúa de Bilbao Derio a San Sebastián a Madrid Barcelona Santander BILBAO ANIVI INGENIERIA, S.A. Postal Address: Apartado BILBAO (Spain) Tel.: (34) Fax: (34) Offices and factory: Avenida Chorierri, LUJUA (Vizcaya) - SPAIN -

Passion for Progress

Passion for Progress Fluidized-bed drying with superheated steam Jochen Gaßmann, Mirko Löhn, Hartmut Hafemann BMA Braunschweigische Maschinenbauanstalt AG Braunschweig, Germany ifood 2013, Hannover Without verbal explanation

More information

Process Systems www.metsominerals.com. Coke Calcining Systems

Process Systems www.metsominerals.com. Coke Calcining Systems Process Systems www.metsominerals.com Coke Calcining Systems 1 Two Coke Calciners in Bahrain Proven Experience Metso Minerals, Inc. is the world s leading supplier of coke calcining systems and equipment,

More information

What is Cement? History Overview of the Cement Manufacturing Process Brief Overview of Kiln Operations Why Burn Wastes?

What is Cement? History Overview of the Cement Manufacturing Process Brief Overview of Kiln Operations Why Burn Wastes? What is Cement? History Overview of the Cement Manufacturing Process Brief Overview of Kiln Operations Why Burn Wastes? A hydraulic cement made by finely pulverizing the clinker produced by calcining to

More information

Waste Incineration Plants

Waste Incineration Plants Waste Incineration Plants Modern Technology for a better Environmental Welcome at Hafner! We Manufacture Systems for Energy Recovery from Wastes and Biomass as well as for Treatment of Hazardous Wastes.

More information

Improving Energy Efficiency through Biomass Drying

Improving Energy Efficiency through Biomass Drying Improving Energy Efficiency through Biomass Drying Gilbert McCoy, Senior Energy Systems Engineer Northwest CHP Technical Assistance Partnership International District Energy Association Woody Biomass CHP

More information

Dryers Processes & Protection

Dryers Processes & Protection Dryers Processes & Protection Henry Febo, PE Senior Engineering Technical Specialist FM Global, Engineering Standards Department Prepared for presentation at the NFPA Dust Explosion Hazards Symposium September

More information

Thermal Coal Drying and Beneficiation Systems

Thermal Coal Drying and Beneficiation Systems Thermal Coal Drying and Beneficiation Systems We Make Your Work Flow Special Requirements of Thermal Coal Drying Systems Designing a thermal coal drying system is quite different than developing drying

More information

Lime Kiln Principles And Operations. Outline

Lime Kiln Principles And Operations. Outline Lime Kiln Principles And Operations Terry N. Adams Technical Consultant Seattle WA Outline Slide 2 Lime kiln equipment flames, chains, refractories product coolers, external mud dryers Lime kiln energy

More information

Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers

Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers Circulating Fluidized Bed Steam Boiler The Circulating Fluidized Bed Steam Boiler is an offering from Bosch Thermotechnology a member of the worldwide Bosch

More information

1.3 Properties of Coal

1.3 Properties of Coal 1.3 Properties of Classification is classified into three major types namely anthracite, bituminous, and lignite. However there is no clear demarcation between them and coal is also further classified

More information

Biomass Gasification Technology for producing Electricity,Thermal Heat and Gas

Biomass Gasification Technology for producing Electricity,Thermal Heat and Gas Biomass Gasification Technology for producing Electricity,Thermal Heat and Gas Content of Presentation Company Profile Gasification Process Gasification Technology Syn-Gas Types of Technologies Types of

More information

National Cement Company. P.S.C Dubai LOESCHE SYMPOSIUM:

National Cement Company. P.S.C Dubai LOESCHE SYMPOSIUM: National Cement Company. P.S.C Dubai LOESCHE SYMPOSIUM: Cost saving as result of conversion from HFO to pulverized coal Presented by: Eng. Radwan Mouakat Düsseldorf, 25.09.2014 National Cement Company

More information

Modern Sand Reclamation Technologies for Economy, Environment Friendliness and Energy Efficiency

Modern Sand Reclamation Technologies for Economy, Environment Friendliness and Energy Efficiency Modern Sand Reclamation Technologies for Economy, Environment Friendliness and Energy Efficiency Aniruddha Ghosh GM, The Wesman Engineering Co. Ltd, Kolkata ABSTRACT Unlike green sand, chemically-bonded

More information

Drying technologies for sewage sludge

Drying technologies for sewage sludge Drying technologies for sewage sludge www.andritz.com Sewage sludge treatment System solutions from a single sorce Reuse - Reduce - Recycle From waste to valuable substance by drying 1.000 kg 160 kg 44

More information

Estimated emissions and CO2 savings deriving from adoption of in-place recycling techniques for road pavements

Estimated emissions and CO2 savings deriving from adoption of in-place recycling techniques for road pavements Estimated emissions and CO2 savings deriving from adoption of in-place recycling techniques for road pavements Introduction Objective: to estimate the CO2 emissions produced by road surface construction

More information

Coal quality issues and options Dr Andrew Minchener OBE

Coal quality issues and options Dr Andrew Minchener OBE Coal quality issues and options Dr Andrew Minchener OBE General Manager IEA Clean Coal Centre January 2015 Coal quality issues Can have a significant impact on performance of coal fired plant Excessive

More information

Drying in Superheated Steam under Pressure

Drying in Superheated Steam under Pressure Fifth Nordic Drying Conference; NDC June 2011. Helsinki, Finland Drying in Superheated Steam under Pressure by Arne Sloth Jensen EnerDry ApS Kongevejen 157, 2830 Virum, Denmark. www.enerdry.com Keywords:

More information

VM - Vertical Grinding Mill

VM - Vertical Grinding Mill VM - Vertical Grinding Mill MACHINERY CO.,LTD Address:National HI-TECH Industry Development Zone, Zhengzhou, China E-mail:Sales@kefid.com Website:www.kefid.com Brief Introduction: VM-series vertical mill

More information

dryon Processing Technology Drying / cooling in outstanding quality we process the future

dryon Processing Technology Drying / cooling in outstanding quality we process the future dryon Drying / cooling in outstanding quality we process the future Processing Technology task The basic process of drying is a necessary step in all sectors of industry. Drying has to be performed for

More information

Municipal and Industrial Sludge

Municipal and Industrial Sludge E n g i n e e r i n g a n d P r o c e s s T e c h n o l o g y f o r Municipal and Industrial Sludge 3 Our focus is on customised processing solutions based on the know-how, technology and products merged

More information

TOPICS COVERED DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES OF CFBC BOILER. MAJOR PROBLEM FACED DURING O&M OF CFBC BOILER.

TOPICS COVERED DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES OF CFBC BOILER. MAJOR PROBLEM FACED DURING O&M OF CFBC BOILER. TOPICS COVERED DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION FEATURES OF CFBC BOILER. MAJOR PROBLEM FACED DURING O&M OF CFBC BOILER. CFBC BOILER AT KLTPS- KUTCH GUJARAT Type - Natural Circulation, Balance Draught, CFB Combustion,

More information

Research and Development Information

Research and Development Information Portland Cement Association Research and Development Information 5420 Old Orchard Road Skokie, IL U.S.A. 60077-1083 Fax (847) 966-9781 (847) 966-6200 PCA R&D Serial No. 2086 The Reduction of Resource Input

More information

Multi-pollutant control solutions for coal based power plants

Multi-pollutant control solutions for coal based power plants Multi-pollutant control solutions for coal based power plants By Luca Mancuso and Hans Janssen Content SOx control Wet Scrubbers Open towers Dual Flow Tray Technology Semi-Dry SDA CFB Scrubbers Dust control

More information

Antonio Jose Cumbane (PhD) Maputo, 31 st May 2011

Antonio Jose Cumbane (PhD) Maputo, 31 st May 2011 Environmental Health and Safety Aspects in the Cement Industry Antonio Jose Cumbane (PhD) Maputo, 31 st May 2011 Content The Mozambique Cement Industry Cement manufacturing Environmental Health and Safety

More information

CONTENTS. ZVU Engineering a.s., Member of ZVU Group, WASTE HEAT BOILERS Page 2

CONTENTS. ZVU Engineering a.s., Member of ZVU Group, WASTE HEAT BOILERS Page 2 WASTE HEAT BOILERS CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION... 3 2 CONCEPTION OF WASTE HEAT BOILERS... 4 2.1 Complex Solution...4 2.2 Kind of Heat Exchange...5 2.3 Heat Recovery Units and Their Usage...5 2.4 Materials

More information

Biomass Solid Fuel Production from Sewage Sludge with Pyrolysis and Co-firing in Coal Power Plant

Biomass Solid Fuel Production from Sewage Sludge with Pyrolysis and Co-firing in Coal Power Plant Biomass Solid Fuel Production from Sewage Sludge with Pyrolysis and Co-firing in Coal Power Plant YOUICHI KOGA* 1 HIROSHI OONUKI* 1 TAKESHI AMARI* 2 YUUKI ENDO* 1 KAZUAKI KAKURATA* 1 KIMITOSHI OSE* 2 MHI

More information

Pellet Process - Uses and Exposures

Pellet Process - Uses and Exposures Pellet Process - Uses and Exposures 1 PROCESS - MANUFACTURING & USES 1 1.1 Manufacturing of pellets 2 Pellets are formed from the raw materials fine ores and additives of < 0.05 mm - into 9-16 mm spheres

More information

BRAZED PLATE INSTALLATION MANUAL

BRAZED PLATE INSTALLATION MANUAL www.brazedplate.com BRAZED PLATE INSTALLATION MANUAL S.E.C. Heat Exchangers P.E.I. CANADA C0A 1A0 tel; 902-659-2424 fax; 902-659-2800 Table of Contents Description...2 Mounting position...3 Piping connections......3

More information

CEMENT INDUSTRIES. Exhibit 1 illustrates the stages of cement production at a portland cement plant:

CEMENT INDUSTRIES. Exhibit 1 illustrates the stages of cement production at a portland cement plant: CEMENT INDUSTRIES A. PROCESS DESCRIPTION Cement industries typically produce portland cement, although they also produce masonry cement (which is also manufactured at portland cement plants). Portland

More information

CONDENSERS AND CONDENSER COOLING SYSTEMS

CONDENSERS AND CONDENSER COOLING SYSTEMS CONDENSERS AND CONDENSER COOLING SYSTEMS INTRODUCTION Conventional cooling methods of thermal power plants are extremely water intensive processes. Once-through cooling needs large natural bodies of water

More information

Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso

Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso Finnish Swedish Flame days 17.4.2013 Jyväskylä Timo Honkola Product manager, gasification Metso CFB gasifier Industrial experience Götavärken - Atmospheric

More information

COAL DRYING IMPROVES PERFORMANCE AND REDUCES EMISSIONS 1

COAL DRYING IMPROVES PERFORMANCE AND REDUCES EMISSIONS 1 COAL DRYING IMPROVES PERFORMANCE AND REDUCES EMISSIONS 1 Charles Bullinger and Mark Ness Great River Energy Underwood, North Dakota 58576-9659 Nenad Sarunac and Edward K. Levy Energy Research Center Lehigh

More information

FURNACEPHOSPHORUS AND PHOSPHORICACID PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM. Report No. 52. July 1969. A private report by. the

FURNACEPHOSPHORUS AND PHOSPHORICACID PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM. Report No. 52. July 1969. A private report by. the Report No. 52 FURNACEPHOSPHORUS AND PHOSPHORICACID by GEORGE E. HADDELAND July 1969 A private report by. the PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE MENLO PARK, CALIFORNIA CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION........................

More information

BOILER OPERATORS HANDBOOK

BOILER OPERATORS HANDBOOK BOILER OPERATORS HANDBOOK prepared by National Industrial Fuel Efficiency Service Ltd. Graham & Trotman First published in 1959 as the New Stoker's Manual and in 1969 as The Boiler Operators Handbook This

More information

FOSSIL FUEL FIRED BOILER PLANT CONFIGURATION R.A.

FOSSIL FUEL FIRED BOILER PLANT CONFIGURATION R.A. FOSSIL FUEL FIRED BOILER PLANT CONFIGURATION R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada Keywords: Steam, Boiler, Arrangement Contents 1. Introduction 1.1 Terminology

More information

Unit 3: States of Matter Practice Exam

Unit 3: States of Matter Practice Exam Page 1 Unit 3: States of Matter Practice Exam Multiple Choice. Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Two gases with unequal masses are injected into opposite

More information

Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping

Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernd Epple bernd.epple@est.tu-darmstadt.de www.est.tu-darmstadt.de Tel. +49 6151 16 4717 1 Carbonator: T 450 750 C CaO + CO 2 CaCO

More information

WASTES INCINERATION PLANTS

WASTES INCINERATION PLANTS WASTES INCINERATION PLANTS CRITERIA OF WASTE CLASSIFICATION FROM ENERGY UTILISATION STANDPOINT MAJOR TYPES OF WASTES 1. Municipal 2. Medical 3. Industrial 4. Sewage sladge 5. Agriculture wastes 6. Building

More information

Advantages of biomass gasification technologies

Advantages of biomass gasification technologies Biomass Gasification Biomass gasification, or producing gas from biomass, involves burning biomass under restricted air supply for the generation of producer gas. Producer gas is a mixture of gases: 18%

More information

Haldor Topsøe Catalysing Your Business

Haldor Topsøe Catalysing Your Business Haldor Topsøe Catalysing Your Business Haldor Topsøe A/S Established: 1940 Ownership: Haldor Topsøe Holding A/S (100%) Annual turnover: ~ 700 MM EUR Number of employees: ~ 2,050 Offices worldwide Copenhagen

More information

Description of Thermal Oxidizers

Description of Thermal Oxidizers Description of Thermal Oxidizers NESTEC, Inc. is a full service equipment supplier specializing in solutions for plant emission problems. The benefit in working with NESTEC, Inc. is we bring 25+ years

More information

Waste to Energy. Anders Damgaard. Thanks to Jiri Hyks and Thomas H Christensen DTU for some slides

Waste to Energy. Anders Damgaard. Thanks to Jiri Hyks and Thomas H Christensen DTU for some slides Denmark (Thomas Astrup) Denmark (COWI) Waste to Energy Anders Damgaard Austria (CEWEP) Thanks to Jiri Hyks and Thomas H Christensen DTU for some slides Copyright Anders Damgaard & Morton A. Barlaz, NC

More information

SINTERING AND PELLETISATION OF INDIAN IRON ORES

SINTERING AND PELLETISATION OF INDIAN IRON ORES SINTERING AND PELLETISATION OF INDIAN IRON ORES By SURESH KUMAR* & T.M. SRINIVASAN** 1 * Vice President, Mineral Enterprises Limited, Bangalore ** Managing Director, FerroGreen Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Bangalore

More information

1. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that all matter is composed of atoms and molecules that are in a constant state of constant random motion

1. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that all matter is composed of atoms and molecules that are in a constant state of constant random motion Physical Science Period: Name: ANSWER KEY Date: Practice Test for Unit 3: Ch. 3, and some of 15 and 16: Kinetic Theory of Matter, States of matter, and and thermodynamics, and gas laws. 1. The Kinetic

More information

ARP Food Industry, Portugal

ARP Food Industry, Portugal Food Industry, Portugal In a Portuguese food company colibri will install a twostage ammonia-water-absorption refrigeration system. The 1st refrigeration stage provides the customer with liquid ammonia

More information

Basics of Steam Generation

Basics of Steam Generation Helsinki University of Technology Department of Mechanical Engineering Energy Engineering and Environmental Protection Publications Steam Boiler Technology ebook Espoo 2002 Basics of Steam Generation Sebastian

More information

APCAC XVII TECHNICAL CONFERENCE FUEL CHANGES IN CEMENT KILN APPLICATIONS

APCAC XVII TECHNICAL CONFERENCE FUEL CHANGES IN CEMENT KILN APPLICATIONS APCAC XVII TECHNICAL CONFERENCE FUEL CHANGES IN CEMENT KILN APPLICATIONS VICTOR J. TURNELL, P.E. ST. LOUIS, MO U.S.A. October 20, 2000 Table of Contents 1. ABSTRACT 3 2. INTRODUCTION 3 3. FUEL PROPERTIES

More information

Study tour in two cement plants, Enci and Lixhe and one sewage sludge treatment plant, Waterschapsbedrijf Limburg

Study tour in two cement plants, Enci and Lixhe and one sewage sludge treatment plant, Waterschapsbedrijf Limburg Study tour in two cement plants, Enci and Lixhe and one sewage sludge treatment plant, Waterschapsbedrijf Limburg The ALF-CEMIND study tour was held in the borders of Belgium and the Netherlands on the

More information

Thermal processing for drying, heating and cooling

Thermal processing for drying, heating and cooling Komline-Sanderson Paddle Dryer/Cooler Thermal processing for drying, heating and cooling Komline - Sanderson Thermal processing with the K-S Paddle Dryer/Cooler With the K-S Paddle Dryer/Cooler, powdered,

More information

INCINERATION PLANTS. Hazardous waste incineration Wastewater incineration Sewage sludge incineration. A Bayer and LANXESS company

INCINERATION PLANTS. Hazardous waste incineration Wastewater incineration Sewage sludge incineration. A Bayer and LANXESS company INCINERATION PLANTS Hazardous waste incineration Wastewater incineration Sewage sludge incineration A Bayer and LANXESS company HAZARDOUS WASTE INCINERATION Introduction INTRODUCTION The thermal treatment

More information

An Overview Of Lime Slaking And Factors That Affect The Process

An Overview Of Lime Slaking And Factors That Affect The Process An Overview Of Lime Slaking And Factors That Affect The Process By: Mohamad Hassibi Chemco Systems, L.P. November 1999 Revision 1 February 2009 ABSTRACT Since lime slaking is an integral part of treatment

More information

PROFESSIONAL CEMENT PLANT OPTIMIZATION, MODERNIZATION AND ENERGY CONSERVATION

PROFESSIONAL CEMENT PLANT OPTIMIZATION, MODERNIZATION AND ENERGY CONSERVATION PROFESSIONAL CEMENT PLANT OPTIMIZATION, MODERNIZATION AND ENERGY CONSERVATION Dr. Hans Wilhelm Meyer & Marc Lambert PEG S.A., Geneva, Switzerland ABSTRACT Optimization, modernization and energy conservation

More information

HEAT RECOVERY OPTIONS FOR DRYERS AND OXIDIZERS

HEAT RECOVERY OPTIONS FOR DRYERS AND OXIDIZERS HEAT RECOVERY OPTIONS FOR DRYERS AND OXIDIZERS William K. Scullion, Application Engineering Leader, MEGTEC Systems, De Pere, WI Introduction Competitive pressures continuously motivate us to examine our

More information

A Review on Power Generation in Thermal Power Plant for Maximum Efficiency

A Review on Power Generation in Thermal Power Plant for Maximum Efficiency International Journal of Advanced Mechanical Engineering. ISSN 2250-3234 Volume 4, Number 1 (2014), pp. 1-8 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/ijame.htm A Review on Power Generation

More information

THE FUTURE OF ENERGY STM PRODUCTS. Leading the Way. Heat Powered Units Waste Not. Generate More. Fuel Fired Units Electricity On-Site

THE FUTURE OF ENERGY STM PRODUCTS. Leading the Way. Heat Powered Units Waste Not. Generate More. Fuel Fired Units Electricity On-Site STM POWER THE FUTURE OF ENERGY WWW. STMPOWER.COM THE FUTURE OF ENERGY STM Power, the world s leading developer of external combustion engine technology, harnesses energy from virtually any heat source,

More information

Sulfur Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Systems By Peter Pickard

Sulfur Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Systems By Peter Pickard Sulfur Tail Gas Thermal Oxidizer Systems By Peter Pickard Introduction SRU s (Sulfur Recovery Units) are critical pieces of equipment in refineries and gas plants. SRUs remove sulfur compounds from certain

More information

DIRECT STEAM INJECTION HOT WATER SYSTEMS FOR JACKETED HEATING

DIRECT STEAM INJECTION HOT WATER SYSTEMS FOR JACKETED HEATING By Philip Sutter Pick Heaters, Inc. DIRECT STEAM INJECTION HOT WATER SYSTEMS FOR JACKETED HEATING INTRODUCTION Many process plants currently use steam or hot water to heat jacketed devices such as tanks,

More information

11.4 Calcium Carbide Manufacturing. 11.4.1 General

11.4 Calcium Carbide Manufacturing. 11.4.1 General 11.4 Calcium Carbide Manufacturing 11.4.1 General Calcium carbide (CaC 2 ) is manufactured by heating a lime and carbon mixture to 2000 to 2100 C (3632 to 3812 F) in an electric arc furnace. At those temperatures,

More information

It s time for H.E.R.O. Energy Saving Strategy for. Tunnel & Shuttle Kilns

It s time for H.E.R.O. Energy Saving Strategy for. Tunnel & Shuttle Kilns Energy Saving Strategy for Tunnel & Shuttle Kilns SANITARY WARE 1 Introduction The application of the Kyoto protocol and the effects of the recent energy crisis, have highlighted just how important it

More information

Overview of Waste Heat Recovery for Power and Heat

Overview of Waste Heat Recovery for Power and Heat Overview of Waste Heat Recovery for Power and Heat Dave Sjoding Northwest Clean Energy Application Center Washington State University Extension Energy Program Waste Heat Recovery for Power and Heat Workshop

More information

Energy Efficient Air Drying of Biomass ( Woodchips, Bark, Saw Dust, Forest Waste, & Bagasee)"

Energy Efficient Air Drying of Biomass ( Woodchips, Bark, Saw Dust, Forest Waste, & Bagasee) Energy Efficient Air Drying of Biomass ( Woodchips, Bark, Saw Dust, Forest Waste, & Bagasee)" March 16 2011 By: Fred Bennett General Sales Manger Metso Wood Handling - North America Metso Paper USA Belt

More information

A guide to volume measurement solutions for the. Mining Industry. Changing the market from level to volume

A guide to volume measurement solutions for the. Mining Industry. Changing the market from level to volume A guide to volume measurement solutions for the Mining Industry 1 Changing the market from level to volume Potash Production 2 Changing the market from level to volume Potash Production Potash Production

More information

A GUIDE TO SELECTING YOUR INDUSTRIAL OVEN

A GUIDE TO SELECTING YOUR INDUSTRIAL OVEN A GUIDE TO SELECTING YOUR INDUSTRIAL OVEN Application 1 The first step in selecting an industrial oven is defining the required heat application that your oven will be used for. Heat processing is extensively

More information

DECANTER CENTRIFUGES FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

DECANTER CENTRIFUGES FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS DECANTER CENTRIFUGES FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS D E D I C A T E D I N N O V A T O R S The centrifugal force effective, reliable and innovative Over the years our group has developed a great experience

More information

Every mathematician knows it is impossible to understand an elementary course in thermodynamics. ~V.I. Arnold

Every mathematician knows it is impossible to understand an elementary course in thermodynamics. ~V.I. Arnold Every mathematician knows it is impossible to understand an elementary course in thermodynamics. ~V.I. Arnold Radiation Radiation: Heat energy transmitted by electromagnetic waves Q t = εσat 4 emissivity

More information

The biomass gasification plant to Vaskiluodon Voima in Vaasa and two more ongoing gasification projects

The biomass gasification plant to Vaskiluodon Voima in Vaasa and two more ongoing gasification projects The biomass gasification plant to Vaskiluodon Voima in Vaasa and two more ongoing gasification projects Claes Breitholtz Research engineer The pilot phase is over Technology has been available since the

More information

Brewing Beer efficient and sustainable technologies in regard to energy and raw material input

Brewing Beer efficient and sustainable technologies in regard to energy and raw material input Brewing Beer efficient and sustainable technologies in regard to energy and raw material input ERSCP workshop, Bregenz, 3 May 2012 Dr. Ludwig Scheller, Dr. Rudolf Michel Huppmann Tuchenhagen Agenda Efficient

More information

From Sulfur to Sulfuric Acid

From Sulfur to Sulfuric Acid From Sulfur to Sulfuric Acid www.mecsglobal.com/.../difficultapplications.asp The Contact Process History universe-review.ca/f13- atom.htm Process of burning sulfur with saltpeter was first described in

More information

Clinker grinding test in a laboratory ball mill using clinker burning with pet-coke and coal

Clinker grinding test in a laboratory ball mill using clinker burning with pet-coke and coal International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science (IRJES) ISSN (Online) 2319-183X, (Print) 2319-1821 Volume 3, Issue 9 (September 214), PP.3-34 Clinker grinding test in a laboratory ball mill using

More information

BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES (BAT) AND BEST ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES (BEP): THE CASE OF ARTICLE 8 OF THE MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY

BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES (BAT) AND BEST ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES (BEP): THE CASE OF ARTICLE 8 OF THE MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES (BAT) AND BEST ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES (BEP): THE CASE OF ARTICLE 8 OF THE MINAMATA CONVENTION ON MERCURY Okonkwo OJ Department of Environmental, Water & Earth Sciences, Faculty

More information

Spill Kit Safety Box 428 l Universal - absorbents

Spill Kit Safety Box 428 l Universal - absorbents Spill Kit Safety Box 428 l Universal - absorbents DENIOS AG Dehmer Straße 58-66 32549 Bad Oeynhausen Tel.: +49 (0)5731 7 53 0 Fax: +49 (0)5731 7 53 197 E-Mail: info@denios.com Please find your local partner

More information

2050 LOW CARBON ECONOMY Executive Summary THE EUROPEAN CEMENT ASSOCIATION

2050 LOW CARBON ECONOMY Executive Summary THE EUROPEAN CEMENT ASSOCIATION The role of CEMENT in the 2050 LOW CARBON ECONOMY Executive Summary THE EUROPEAN CEMENT ASSOCIATION Concrete is the third most used substance in the world after air and water, a staple of modern life and

More information

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK. Sub Code/Name: ME 1353 / Power Plant Engineering

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK. Sub Code/Name: ME 1353 / Power Plant Engineering KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK Sub Code/Name: ME 1353 / Power Plant Engineering UNIT-I INTRODUCTION TO POWER PLANTS AND BOILERS 1. What is the purpose of

More information

THE OPTIMISATION OF BIOMASS COMBUSTION IN SMALL BOILERS

THE OPTIMISATION OF BIOMASS COMBUSTION IN SMALL BOILERS The optimisation of biomass INFRASTRUKTURA I EKOLOGIA TERENÓW WIEJSKICH INFRASTRUCTURE AND ECOLOGY OF RURAL AREAS Nr 6/28, POLSKA AKADEMIA NAUK, Oddział w Krakowie, s. 63 69 Komisja Technicznej Infrastruktury

More information

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 1 P age Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 2 P age Keywords: Coal preparation, purification, gasification, gasifier, syngas 2.6 Coal gasification Coal gasification technology

More information

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 9: Coal preparation and washing

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 9: Coal preparation and washing 1 P age Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 9: Coal preparation and washing 2 P age Keywords: run-of-mine coal, coal preparation, washing, Float and sink test 2.3 Coal preparation and washing The

More information

RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX

RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX RULE 414, WATER HEATERS, BOILERS AND PROCESS HEATERS RATED LESS THAN 1,000,000 BTU PER HOUR Adopted 08-01-96 (Amended 03-25-10) INDEX 100 GENERAL 101 PURPOSE 102 APPLICABILITY 110 EXEMPTION, WATER HEATERS

More information

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 34: Calculation of calorific value of fuels

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 34: Calculation of calorific value of fuels 1 P age Module 5: Combustion Technology Lecture 34: Calculation of calorific value of fuels 2 P age Keywords : Gross calorific value, Net calorific value, enthalpy change, bomb calorimeter 5.3 Calculation

More information

Drying of Woody Biomass. Process Engineering / GEA Barr-Rosin

Drying of Woody Biomass. Process Engineering / GEA Barr-Rosin Drying of Woody Biomass BioPro Expo & Marketplace / Atlanta, GA / March 14-16, 2011 Drying of Woody Biomass Conventional Direct Fired Dryer Technology Proprietary work of the Copyright Owner Issues with

More information

Torino Nord. Cogeneration Plant. The gas turbine. The steam generator. The Torino Nord cogeneration plant produces electricity and heat for district

Torino Nord. Cogeneration Plant. The gas turbine. The steam generator. The Torino Nord cogeneration plant produces electricity and heat for district PLANT TORINO NORD Iren Energia is the company in the Iren Group whose core businesses are the production and distribution of electricity, the production and distribution of thermal energy for district

More information

By K.K.Parthiban / Boiler specialist / Venus Energy Audit System

By K.K.Parthiban / Boiler specialist / Venus Energy Audit System FINE TUNING EXPERIENCE OF A CFBC BOILER By K.K.Parthiban / Boiler specialist / Venus Energy Audit System Introduction The Industrial boilers have been seeing a growth in capacity in the recent years. Current

More information

Refrigeration Air Dryers. Catalogue

Refrigeration Air Dryers. Catalogue Refrigeration Air Dryers Catalogue GB Using a dryer is worth it Humidity is a component of atmospheric air, which can be found in our compressed air distribution systems and the machines that use the compressed

More information

www.dirna.com www.bycool.com dirna is engaged with the environment developing and manufacturing air conditioning units, for industrial vehicles which are completely electrical, connected directly to the

More information

Wet Scrubbers for Gasifier Gas Cleaning

Wet Scrubbers for Gasifier Gas Cleaning Wet Scrubbers for Gasifier Gas Cleaning Paper # 49 Andrew C. Bartocci Envitech, Inc. 2924 Emerson Street- Suite 320 San Diego, CA 92106 Ph: 619-223-9925, ext. 203 ABSTRACT Concern for global climate change

More information

A.17. OXIDIZING PROPERTIES (SOLIDS)

A.17. OXIDIZING PROPERTIES (SOLIDS) A.17. OXIDIZING PROPERTIES (SOLIDS) 1. METHOD 1.1. INTRODUCTION It is useful to have preliminary information on any potentially explosive properties of the substance before performing this test. This test

More information

COIL INPUT SCREENS. ITEM NUMBER: Always use a 1 through? In this field you might also use a dash and place quantity of coils here.

COIL INPUT SCREENS. ITEM NUMBER: Always use a 1 through? In this field you might also use a dash and place quantity of coils here. COIL INPUT SCREENS Example of a Water Coil Input Screen: (*please see the appendix for an example of an Evaporator, Steam or Condenser Coil input screen) PHYSICAL DATA ITEM NUMBER: Always use a 1 through?

More information

Nitrogen Inert Gas Systems based on Membrane technology by Iver Iversen Unitor ASA

Nitrogen Inert Gas Systems based on Membrane technology by Iver Iversen Unitor ASA Nitrogen Inert Gas Systems based on Membrane technology by Iver Iversen Unitor ASA. Introduction Separation of air in a nitrogen stream and an oxygen enriched air stream using hollow fibre membranes has

More information

THE MANUFACTURE OF SULFURIC ACID AND SUPERPHOSPHATE

THE MANUFACTURE OF SULFURIC ACID AND SUPERPHOSPHATE THE MANUFACTURE OF SULFURIC ACID AND SUPERPHOSPHATE Superphosphate is the fertiliser most commonly used in New Zealand to ensure that soil has a sufficiently high phosphorous content. It is manufactured

More information

Indirect Plate Heat Exchangers for Cooling Fertilizer offer long term operating performance

Indirect Plate Heat Exchangers for Cooling Fertilizer offer long term operating performance Indirect Plate Heat Exchangers for Cooling Fertilizer offer long term operating performance 6 th to 10 th of May 2013. AGADIR MOROCO Neville Jordison Solex Thermal Science Inc. Canada A Brief History o

More information

FXA 2008. Candidates should be able to : Describe solids, liquids and gases in terms of the spacing, ordering and motion of atoms or molecules.

FXA 2008. Candidates should be able to : Describe solids, liquids and gases in terms of the spacing, ordering and motion of atoms or molecules. UNIT G484 Module 3 4.3.1 Solid, liquid and gas 1 Candidates should be able to : DESCRIPTION OF SOLIDS, LIQUIDS AND GASES Describe solids, liquids and gases in terms of the spacing, ordering and motion

More information

Refrigerated Air Dryers. Catalogue

Refrigerated Air Dryers. Catalogue Refrigerated Air Dryers Catalogue GB Why use a refrigerated dryer? Humidity is a component of atmospheric air, which can be found in the compressed air distribution systems and the machines that use the

More information

COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK

COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to present the assumptions and calculations used to prepare Minergy Drawing 100-0204-PP00 (attached).

More information

A PROCESS ENGINEER S GUIDE TO THE PRESSURE EQUIPMENT DIRECTIVE

A PROCESS ENGINEER S GUIDE TO THE PRESSURE EQUIPMENT DIRECTIVE A PROCESS ENGINEER S GUIDE TO THE PRESSURE EQUIPMENT DIRECTIVE Simon Learman Blackmonk Engineering Ltd 22 nd April 2009 Copyright 2009 Blackmonk Engineering Ltd Contents Blackmonk Engineering Ltd Contents...

More information

LESSON 1. HEAT EXCHANGERS

LESSON 1. HEAT EXCHANGERS LESSON 1. HEAT EXCHANGERS 1 Contents (I) Definition. Classification. Regenerators. Mixers or direct contact heat exchangers. Packed bed heat exchangers (Intercambiadores de lecho compacto). Direct flame

More information

THERMODYNAMICS TUTORIAL 5 HEAT PUMPS AND REFRIGERATION. On completion of this tutorial you should be able to do the following.

THERMODYNAMICS TUTORIAL 5 HEAT PUMPS AND REFRIGERATION. On completion of this tutorial you should be able to do the following. THERMODYNAMICS TUTORIAL 5 HEAT PUMPS AND REFRIGERATION On completion of this tutorial you should be able to do the following. Discuss the merits of different refrigerants. Use thermodynamic tables for

More information

Drying Systems. Chapter. Crystallizers (CRY)... 12-3. Evaporators (E)... 12-5. Wiped Film Evaporators (WFE)... 12-7. Air Dryers (AD)...

Drying Systems. Chapter. Crystallizers (CRY)... 12-3. Evaporators (E)... 12-5. Wiped Film Evaporators (WFE)... 12-7. Air Dryers (AD)... Drying Systems Chapter 12 Crystallizers (CRY)... 12-3 Evaporators (E)... 12-5 Wiped Film Evaporators (WFE)... 12-7 Air Dryers (AD)... 12-8 Dryers (D)... 12-9 Drum Dryers (DD)... 12-10 Rotary Dryers (RD)...

More information

Factory owners must ensure the boiler is:

Factory owners must ensure the boiler is: Factory owners must ensure the boiler is: * Registered with the Boilers and Pressure Vessels Division, Labour Department * Examined by an appointed examiner and has a valid certificate of fitness * Supervised

More information

INDEX 9-7-100 GENERAL

INDEX 9-7-100 GENERAL REGULATION 9 INORGANIC GASEOUS POLLUTANTS RULE 7 NITROGEN OXIDES AND CARBON MONOXIDE FROM INDUSTRIAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND COMMERCIAL BOILERS, STEAM GENERATORS AND PROCESS HEATERS INDEX 9-7-100 GENERAL 9-7-101

More information

Brewer s Spent Grain (BSG) is the granular byproduct from beer brewing. It mainly consists of barley as this is the major raw material used in the

Brewer s Spent Grain (BSG) is the granular byproduct from beer brewing. It mainly consists of barley as this is the major raw material used in the Evaluation of Pilot Scale Drying of Brewer s Spent Grain in a Keith Rotary Superheated Steam Dryer - a Preliminary Investigation Lise-Lott Ström Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund Institute of Technology,

More information

DRY MECHANICAL BOOSTERS REPLACE STEAM EJECTOR

DRY MECHANICAL BOOSTERS REPLACE STEAM EJECTOR DRY MECHANICAL BOOSTERS REPLACE STEAM EJECTOR Steam ejectors find wide use in vacuum pumping applications so called dirty application such as in Vapour extraction, Chemical processing, Evaporative Cooling,

More information