1 New Tools and Approaches to Promoting Healthy Communities WORLD CONGRESS ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Vancouver, BC, September 8, 2010
2 About Us Public health officials across Canada have taken notice of the links between health and the built environment, and have to started to take action. However, there have been few attempts to unite these efforts under a strategic, integrated network of analysis and action.
3 About Us In summer, 2009 we came together to address this gap:
4 Our goals Together, we are: 1) Piloting different approaches to translating the latest research in this field into state-ofthe-art tools to support policy-makers and practitioners in creating healthier built environments. 2) Exchanging knowledge, lessons learned and looking for opportunities to adapt practices from one city or region to another. 3) Cultivating the building of a cross-sectoral community of practice.
5 Description of Projects under our CLASP initiative
6 Heart and Stroke Foundation Activities Shaping Active, Healthy Communities Workshop Guide & Template Powerpoint Presentation
7 Heart and Stroke Foundation Activities Built Environment Research Synthesis & Dissemination
8 Activities in the Region of Peel Developing the content and criteria for a health background study to be implemented at the municipal and/or regional levels: The framework will be developed with input from: Municipal planners Regional planners Local developers Public health staff
9 Activities in the Region of Peel Working with municipal and regional planning departments to develop processes and policies that would facilitate the implementation of a Healthy Development Index tool: Potential areas for policy change include: Municipal and Regional Official Plans Municipal and Regional Master Plans Selected Secondary Plans Zoning bylaw standards Traffic bylaws Urban design guidelines
10 Activities in the Region of Peel Regional Official Plan amendment 24 (adopted April 2010): The Region will work with the area municipalities to: 1) Raise awareness of the public health issues related to planning through public and private partnerships; and 2) Prepare an assessment tool to evaluate the public health impacts of developments as part of the approval process Regional Official Plan amendment 25 (adopted February 2010): The Region may: 1) Require health impact studies as part of the development application process; and 2) Develop public health indicators to analyze the effectiveness of the Official Plan s policies and serve as a basis for policy adjustments.
11 Activities in Montreal Inventorying, mapping and evaluating community-based interventions to promote greener, more walkable neighbourhoods: Produce a map of the location of the different interventions Conduct a survey of citizen and community groups; Administrate environmental walkability audits of the different neighbourhoods; Conduct interviews with key informants; Examine the associations between the extent of implementation of different interventions and citizen and community mobilisation around green neighbourhoods.
12 Activities in Toronto Urban Environments & Health Inequalities Report The Toronto Specific Report will: Explore relationships between socio- economic status, health outcomes, and the urban built environment in the City of Toronto Complement initiative already being undertaken by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI) Provide new information about how socioeconomic and health relationships are modified by the urban physical environment
13 Activities in Toronto Software Tool Dr. Lawrence Frank of Urban Design 4 Health, LTD. (UD4H) will enhance a publicly accessible, already developed software tool (I-PLACE3S) Software tool can be used to evaluate the extent to which proposed land use and transportation options promote or hinder health Enhanced software tool will be built on Toronto-specific geo-coded data Pilot tests will take place in Greater Toronto and Metro Vancouver.
14 Activities in Toronto Residential Preferences Survey Purpose: to document demand for various types of residential community environments ranging from walkable to more auto - oriented environments in Greater Toronto and Vancouver regions.
15 Activities in BC Working with local governments to support them in integrating a health lens to their community planning projects and policies. Internal capacity building, organizational learning and strategic planning.
16 Fraser Health Authority Structure Responsibility for healthy built environment work shared between Health Protection and Primary Care (Healthy Living/Healthy Community) with the support of the Office of the Medical Health Officer Healthy Living/Health Protection Healthier Community Partnerships Population Health Focus Community Development Approach Health Protection Recent Healthy Built Environment core program review HBE strategy development Review of community plans, neighbourhood concept plans Healthy Canada by Design is supporting this transition
17 Fraser Health Authority 1) Building Internal Capacity Activities Create info briefs on key issues for health & built environment for municipalities & Fraser Health reference library for future HBE work Develop & implement an internal workshop to build Health Authorities s skills, capacity and roles in healthy built environment
18 Fraser Health Authority 2) Developing Capacity to work with Municipalities Develop a map that indicates which departments, when, and how Fraser Health can become involved in planning and decision-making processes, to contribute to policy development and decision making that supports positive health outcomes and rationale Participate in the current Official Community Plan and Neighbourhood Community Plan update process, (a) working relationship, (b) gain expertise, (c) inform development of the plans Activities
19 Fraser Health Authority Collaboration with Vancouver Coastal Health and Metro Vancouver knowledge exchange project that will link researchers, planners, health authorities and others Vision: To enable, support, and maintain the development of healthy, low-carbon, and equitable communities across British Columbia s Lower Mainland. Objectives: Encourage the development of multi-scale tools and policies around healthy, sustainable land use and transportation planning. Enable knowledge translation and exchange between cross-disciplinary stakeholders. Identify opportunities, constraints, and gaps within related and pertinent research, practice and resources and provide support for collaborative work and projects. Activities
20 Fraser Health Authority Sustainability Structure Healthy Community Partnerships Health Protection Expertise Content Process Core Program Ongoing programmatic development and review
21 Fraser Health Authority Barriers Municipalities Downloading of responsibility to municipalities Potentially increased costs of development Health Authorities Resources Unclear role of HA in HBE Facilitators Education/advocacy Supportive structures Human resources Tools Cross ministerial coordination and support Lessons Learned
22 Vancouver Coastal Health Structure Population Health Team: Reports to the Chief Medical Health Officer Works with a variety of partner organizations to influence the creation of healthy public policies that support the health and well-being of our communities.
23 Vancouver Coastal Health VCH Population Health Team in context: Structure
24 Vancouver Coastal Health 1) District of North Vancouver Official Community Plan Memorandum of Understanding with District of North Vancouver Health input and influence in each step of the plan-making process Involvement with different audiences - municipal staff, community contributed health information - Medical Health Officer keynote speaker - participated in creating the vision Health info and relevance was included in planning context papers & discussions with stakeholder groups Activities Further involvement to come as the process unfolds!
25 Vancouver Coastal Health Activities 2) Supporting Richmond s review of the City s Official Community Plan Medical Health Officer call to participation in the planning process (news article, etc.) Public health perspective on public input and key issues in the plan - for reference on the City s website discussion forum for the plan: LetsTALKrichmond.ca Co facilitated a planning policy session with local social service agencies Our participation is evolving with the planning process
26 Joint Project VCH & FH Activities Vancouver Coastal Health and Fraser Health have provided advice on the Regional Growth Strategy land use health outcomes Knowledge exchange project that will link researchers, planners, health authorities and others (mentioned by Fraser Health earlier)
27 Vancouver Coastal Health Sustainability How to sustain over the longer-term? 4 strategies 1. Leadership 2. Partnership 3. Advocacy 4. Policy development
28 Vancouver Coastal Health Lessons Learned Different audiences: elected, public and professional staff (planners). We need to strategically determine the time for each. The scope of feedback is challenging. What are our most important key messages? Communities are using environmental lens. We are adding health and equity. The Public values health. How to best work with that?
29 Vancouver Island Health Authority Structure
30 Vancouver Island Health Authority Structure
31 Vancouver Island Health Authority Activities Meeting with Municipal Planners March 24, 2010: Planners already have a good understanding of healthy built environments Planners need help finding/interpreting scientific evidence Planners were interested in learning more about air quality and health Planners were interested in exploring opportunities to improve the built environment through the Hospital Campus Master Plan.
32 Main Objective: To document successes and challenges of the Patient Care Centre and Hospital Campus Master Plan. Method: Semi-structured interviews of stakeholders. Activities in BC : Vancouver Island Health Authority Activities Project #1: Putting health back into Health Care Facility Planning Outputs: A set of considerations for future health care facility and campus development. Strengthened relationships with municipal/regional government staff and community partners.
33 Vancouver Island Health Authority Activities Project #2: Incorporating Air Quality and Health into Transportation Planning & Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction Strategies Objectives: Teach planners how to incorporate air quality and health evidence into transportation planning and GHG management. Build and strengthen relationships with planners, air quality experts, and others. Method: Air Pollution, Greenhouse Gases, and Population Health: Local Planning Implications and Actions Workshop Propose a method for on-going collaboration between health and planning
34 Vancouver Island Health Authority Project #2 cont d Outputs: Workshop presentations and discussion notes Greater understanding and depth of knowledge about intersection between air quality, transportation planning, GHG reduction strategies, and health. Terms of reference for collaborative group of planners and health professionals.
35 Vancouver Island Health Authority Sustainability Build/strengthen relationships for ongoing collaboration with municipal and regional planning staff. Formalize mode/structure for collaborative work between planning and health. Continue to support regional government where necessary and when possible (e.g., Feedback on Regional Sustainability Strategy)
36 Vancouver Island Health Authority Lessons Learned Many planners understand healthy built environment principles. Health could help by providing the evidence to help them rationalize and strengthen their policy recommendations to politicians and the public. Planners have a strong interest in working with health on healthy built environment issues, but are unsure about how we can work together. External groups find it difficult to navigate the health authority, and don t know what services or expertise are available. Likewise, health doesn t always know how to navigate regional governments or what expertise is available. Provincial and federal government staff are interested in opportunities to work with the health authorities as well as local and regional governments on healthy built environment issues.
37 Vancouver Island Health Authority Lessons Learned The acute care culture, which drives the development of acute health care facilities, is not always respectful of the general community development approaches often used to create healthy built environments. Health has tended to approach healthy built environment issues as an expert instead of a participant we sometimes forget that we also help shape the built environment. In general, health authorities aren t used to mitigating the diverse demands of the many external groups which is a central part of healthy built environment.
38 Thanks to our funders! Production of this presentation has been made possible through a financial contribution from Health Canada, through the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer. The views expressed in this presentation represent the views of Healthy Canada by Design and do not necessarily represent the views of the project funder.
39 Keep in touch! Alice Miro Project Manager, CLASP Initiative, Built Environment and Health Responsable de projet, initiative CPAS, environnement bâti et santé Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada Fondation des maladies du cœur du Canada Cel: SEE WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU PUT YOUR HEART INTO IT TOUT EST POSSIBLE QUAND ON Y MET DU CŒUR
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