Chapter 29: Pronouns. Copyright 2012 Pearson Education Inc.

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2 Chapter Outline and Learning Objectives LO1 Pronoun Case LO2 Relative Pronouns LO3 Reflexive Pronouns LO4 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement LO5 Indefinite Pronouns LO6 Vague Pronouns LO7 Pronoun Shifts

3 Pronouns are words that replace nouns (people, places, or things), other pronouns, and phrases. Use pronouns to avoid repeating them. LO1 Pronoun Case

4 There are three pronoun cases. Subjective case Objective case Possessive case LO1 Pronoun Case

5 Avoid making errors in pronoun case when the pronoun follows than or as. If the pronoun is a subject, use the subjective case, and if the pronoun is an object, use the objective case. LO1 Pronoun Case

6 In a prepositional phrase, the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition is the object of the preposition. LO1 Pronoun Case

7 Use the correct case when nouns and pronouns are joined by and or or. LO1 Pronoun Case

8 Relative pronouns can join two short sentences. Here is a list of relative pronouns: who, whom, which, that, whose, whomever, whoever LO2 Relative Pronouns (who, whom, which, that, those)

9 Use reflexive pronouns when you want to emphasize that the subject does an action to him or herself. LO3 Reflexive Pronouns (-self /-selves)

10 Antecedents are words that pronouns have replaced, and they always come before the pronoun. LO4 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

11 Compound antecedents consist of two or more nouns joined by and or or. LO4 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

12 Collective nouns refer to a group of people or things. LO4 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

13 Use indefinite pronouns when you refer to people or things whose identity is not known or unimportant. LO5 Indefinite Pronouns

14 Avoid using pronouns that could refer to more than one antecedent. Avoid using pronouns such as it and they that have no clear antecedent. This, that, and which should refer to a specific antecedent. LO6 Vague Pronouns

15 If your writing contains unnecessary shifts in person or number, you may confuse your reader. Carefully edit your writing to ensure that your pronouns are consistent in number and person. LO7 Pronoun Shifts

16 Pronouns are A. words that replace adjectives. B. words that replace nouns, other pronouns, and phrases. C. words that replace adjectives, nouns, and phrases. D. words that replace phrases.

17 Pronouns are A. words that replace adjectives. B. words that replace nouns, other pronouns, and phrases. C. words that replace adjectives, nouns, and phrases. D. words that replace phrases. LO1 Pronoun Case

18 Which of the following words is not a relative pronoun? A. Whom B. Which C. This D. That

19 Which of the following words is not a relative pronoun? A. Whom B. Which C. This D. That LO2 Relative Pronouns (who, whom, which, that, whose)

20 What is the reflexive pronoun in the following sentence? I have asked myself that question a hundred times. A. I B. Myself C. Have D. That

21 What is the reflexive pronoun in the following sentence? I have asked myself that question a hundred times. A. I B. Myself C. Have D. That LO3 Reflexive Pronouns (-self/-selves)

22 Antecedents A. do not have to agree in person and number with their pronouns. B. do have to agree in person, but not number, with their pronouns. C. do have to agree in number, but not person, with their pronouns. D. do have to agree in person and number with their pronouns.

23 Antecedents A. do not have to agree in person and number with their pronouns. B. do have to agree in person, but not number, with their pronouns. C. do have to agree in number, but not person, with their pronouns. D. do have to agree in person and number with their pronouns. LO4 Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

24 Which of the following is not a singular indefinite pronoun? A. Another B. Nothing C. Both D. One

25 Which of the following is not a singular indefinite pronoun? A. Another B. Nothing C. Both D. One LO6 Indefinite Pronouns

26 What is wrong with the following sentence? Shelia s boss encouraged their employees to be on time. A. The pronoun and antecedent do not agree. B. It expresses an incomplete thought. C. There is no clear subject. D. The pronoun and antecedent agree.

27 What is wrong with the following sentence? Shelia s boss encouraged their employees to be on time. A. The pronoun and antecedent do not agree. B. It expresses an incomplete thought. C. There is no clear subject. D. The pronoun and antecedent agree. LO7 Pronoun Shifts

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