Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.1 The History of Classification

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.1 The History of Classification"

Transcription

1 Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.1 The History of Classification Scan Section 1 of the chapter. Write three questions that come to mind from reading the headings and the illustration captions Review morphology Use your book or dictionary to define morphology. New binominal nomenclature class division domain family genus kingdom order phylum classification taxon Classify each term at the left as being part of Linnaeus two-word naming system or a taxonomic group. Linnaeus System Use your book to define each term. Taxonomic Group taxonomy 170 Organizing Life s Diversity

2 Section 17.1 The History of Classification (continued) Early Systems of Classification Identify the parts of Linnaeus two-word naming system by completing the graphic organizer below. first word identifies a which is a Binomial Nomenclature: second word is called the which often describes Distinguish the genus and specific name, or epithet, for the species name of modern humans. genus specific epithet Taxonomic Categories 1. Compare data in the table below to determine which two animals are most closely related. Support your reasoning. Classification of Selected Mammals Kingdom Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia Phylum Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Class Mammalia Mammalia Mammalia Mammalia Order Cetacea Carnivora Carnivora Carnivora Family Mysticeti Felidae Canidae Canidae Genus Balenopora Felis Canis Canis Species B. physalis F. catus C. latrans C. lupus Common name Blue whale Domestic cat Coyote Wolf 2. Analyze at which level the blue whale diverges from the other animals on the table. Organizing Life s Diversity 171

3 Section 17.1 The History of Classification (continued) Organize the following taxa from most specific to least specific: family, genus, order, species. The first one has been done for you. species Analyze the figure of the taxonomic groups in your book. Then identify the domain, kingdom, phylum, and class for humans. Domain: Kingdom: Phylum: Systematics Applications Class: Summarize how a dichotomous key works. SUMMARIZE Explain why a name such as catfish is not a good scientific name. Analyze why scientific names are better. 172 Organizing Life s Diversity

4 Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.2 Modern Classification Scan the illustrations in Section 2 of the chapter and read the captions. Select one illustration and state why you think it will be important. Illustration: Why it will be important: Review evolution New Use your book or dictionary to define evolution. Use your book or dictionary to define each term. characters cladistics cladogram molecular clock phylogeny Academic corresponding Define corresponding to show its scientific meaning. Organizing Life s Diversity 173

5 Section 17.2 Modern Classification (continued) Determining Species Compare the four concepts that biologists have used or are using to classify organisms. Basis of Concept Classification Limitations Typological species concept group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring in a natural setting unknown evolutionary histories for some species 174 Organizing Life s Diversity

6 Section 17.2 Modern Classification (continued) Characters Identify and give examples of the two types of characters in the concept map. Characters: Morphological Characters: Biochemical Characters: Example: Example: Example: Example: Phylogenetic Reconstruction Describe cladograms by completing the paragraph. A is a branching diagram that represents the proposed or evolution of a or group. The groups used in cladograms are called Then the a cladogram,. To characters are identified. of various species is identified based on the or of the derived characters in the groups that. In making a cladogram, assume that common ancestor. more derived characters have a more SUMMARIZE Describe a process scientists use to construct a cladogram that includes a new species of vascular plant that was recently discovered in the rainforest. Organizing Life s Diversity 175

7 Organizing Life s Diversity Section 17.3 Domains and Kingdoms Scan Section 3 of the chapter. Use the checklist as a guide. Read all section titles. Read all boldfaced words. Read all tables and graphs. Look at all pictures and read the captions. Think about what you already know about groups of organisms. Write three facts you discovered as you scanned the section Review eukaryote New Archaea eubacteria fungus Use your book or dictionary to define eukaryote. Use your book or dictionary to define each term. protists 176 Organizing Life s Diversity

8 Section 17.3 Domains and Kingdoms (continued) Grouping Species Rephrase why the members formerly in the Kingdom Monera were separated into the two new domains Bacteria and Archaea. Domain Bacteria Model the cell walls of eubacteria. Label the features of eubacteria. Domain Archaea Domain Eukarya Analyze why archaebacteria are sometimes called extremophiles. Organize the kingdoms in the Domain Eukarya and describe their cell structure. List each kingdom s sources of energy and other important characteristics. Kingdom Eubacteria Archaebacteria Cell Structure Energy Sources Other Characteristics Organizing Life s Diversity 177

9 Section 17.3 Domains and Kingdoms (continued) Kingdom Protists Cell Structure Energy Sources Other Characteristics Fungi Plants Animals SUMMARIZE kingdoms. Model a diagram of the relationship between domains and 178 Organizing Life s Diversity

Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: Date: Chapter 17 Practice Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The correct order for the levels of Linnaeus's classification system,

More information

Assign: Unit 1: Preparation Activity page 4-7. Chapter 1: Classifying Life s Diversity page 8

Assign: Unit 1: Preparation Activity page 4-7. Chapter 1: Classifying Life s Diversity page 8 Assign: Unit 1: Preparation Activity page 4-7 Chapter 1: Classifying Life s Diversity page 8 1.1: Identifying, Naming, and Classifying Species page 10 Key Terms: species, morphology, phylogeny, taxonomy,

More information

4. Why are common names not good to use when classifying organisms? Give an example.

4. Why are common names not good to use when classifying organisms? Give an example. 1. Define taxonomy. Classification of organisms 2. Who was first to classify organisms? Aristotle 3. Explain Aristotle s taxonomy of organisms. Patterns of nature: looked like 4. Why are common names not

More information

Name Class Date. binomial nomenclature. MAIN IDEA: Linnaeus developed the scientific naming system still used today.

Name Class Date. binomial nomenclature. MAIN IDEA: Linnaeus developed the scientific naming system still used today. Section 1: The Linnaean System of Classification 17.1 Reading Guide KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. VOCABULARY taxonomy taxon binomial nomenclature genus MAIN IDEA:

More information

3.1 Types of Living Things

3.1 Types of Living Things CHAPTER 3 CLASSIFYING LIVING THINGS 3.1 Types of Living Things Look around you. What types of living things do you see? You probably see plants and animals. What would you see if you could shrink down

More information

Break down material outside their body and then absorb the nutrients. Most are single-celled organisms Usually green. Do not have nuclei

Break down material outside their body and then absorb the nutrients. Most are single-celled organisms Usually green. Do not have nuclei Name Date Class CHAPTER 9 REINFORCEMENT WORKSHEET Keys to the Kingdom Complete this worksheet after you have finished reading Chapter 9, Section 2. Patty dropped her notes while she was studying the six

More information

How Scientists Classify Living Things. on Earth. Fill the board or a large sheet of paper with the names of organisms.

How Scientists Classify Living Things. on Earth. Fill the board or a large sheet of paper with the names of organisms. How Scientists Classify Living Things 2.4 TRY THIS: CLASSIFY LIVING THINGS Skills Focus: classifying, communicating How would you classify living things? 1. As a class, brainstorm all the different types

More information

Lab 2/Phylogenetics/September 16, 2002 1 PHYLOGENETICS

Lab 2/Phylogenetics/September 16, 2002 1 PHYLOGENETICS Lab 2/Phylogenetics/September 16, 2002 1 Read: Tudge Chapter 2 PHYLOGENETICS Objective of the Lab: To understand how DNA and protein sequence information can be used to make comparisons and assess evolutionary

More information

BIOL 1030 TOPIC 1 LECTURE NOTES Topic 1: Classification and the Diversity of Life (Chapters 25, 26.6)

BIOL 1030 TOPIC 1 LECTURE NOTES Topic 1: Classification and the Diversity of Life (Chapters 25, 26.6) Topic 1: Classification and the Diversity of Life (Chapters 25, 26.6) I. Background review (Biology 1020 material) A. Scientific Method 1. observations 2. scientific model explains observations makes testable

More information

Classification Why Things are Grouped classify Methods of Classification

Classification Why Things are Grouped classify Methods of Classification Classification What features do biologists use to group living things? You know that most plants are green and do not more around. You also know that most animals are not green and do move around. The

More information

CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS

CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS reflect Organization helps us make sense of our surroundings. Some people organize their sock drawers by color. Books in a library are often organized by topic. Food in a grocery store is organized so

More information

Characteristics and classification of living organisms

Characteristics and classification of living organisms Unit 1 Characteristics and classification of living organisms Welcome to the exciting and amazing world of living things. Go outside and look around you. Look at the sky, the soil, trees, plants, people,

More information

KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. binomial nomenclature

KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. binomial nomenclature Section 17.1: The Linnaean System of Classification Unit 9 Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. VOCABULARY taxonomy taxon binomial nomenclature genus MAIN

More information

17.1. The Tree of Life CHAPTER 17. Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. Linnaean taxonomy. names.

17.1. The Tree of Life CHAPTER 17. Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. Linnaean taxonomy. names. SECTION 17.1 THE LINNAEAN SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. VOCABULARY taxonomy taxon binomial nomenclature genus MAIN IDEA: Linnaeus

More information

IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANISMS

IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANISMS reflect Take a look at the pictures on the right. Think about what the two organisms have in common. They both need food and water to survive. They both grow and reproduce. They both have similar body

More information

Let s get started. So, what is science?

Let s get started. So, what is science? Let s get started So, what is science? Well Science Science is the observation of phenomena and the theoretical explanation of it. Simply, it is the state of knowing. Biology Biology is the study of life.

More information

Station #1: Taxonomy

Station #1: Taxonomy Station #1: Taxonomy Examine the table showing the classification of four organisms. The answer the questions. Taxon Green Frog Mountain Lion Domestic Dog Human Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus

More information

Classification & Kingdoms Worksheet

Classification & Kingdoms Worksheet Classification & Kingdoms Worksheet Name Section A: Classification 1. What criteria are used to place organisms into their domains and kingdoms? 2. Use the chart in your notes to help answer these questions.

More information

WJEC AS Biology Biodiversity & Classification (2.1 All Organisms are related through their Evolutionary History)

WJEC AS Biology Biodiversity & Classification (2.1 All Organisms are related through their Evolutionary History) Name:.. Set:. Specification Points: WJEC AS Biology Biodiversity & Classification (2.1 All Organisms are related through their Evolutionary History) (a) Biodiversity is the number of different organisms

More information

Classification of Microorganisms (Chapter 10) Lecture Materials for Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus

Classification of Microorganisms (Chapter 10) Lecture Materials for Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Classification of Microorganisms (Chapter 10) Lecture Materials for Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Primary Source for figures and content: Tortora, G.J. Microbiology

More information

Biology 101 Section 1 The Scientific Study of Life. Biology = the study of living things and their interactions. Bio life logy study of

Biology 101 Section 1 The Scientific Study of Life. Biology = the study of living things and their interactions. Bio life logy study of Biology 101 Section 1 The Scientific Study of Life Biology = the study of living things and their interactions. Bio life logy study of What is life? Consider the meaning of what is alive. Organization

More information

The Art of the Tree of Life. Catherine Ibes & Priscilla Spears March 2012

The Art of the Tree of Life. Catherine Ibes & Priscilla Spears March 2012 The Art of the Tree of Life Catherine Ibes & Priscilla Spears March 2012 from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved. Charles Darwin, The

More information

Organizing Life s Diversity

Organizing Life s Diversity What You ll Learn You will identify and compare various methods of classification. You will distinguish among six kingdoms of organisms. Organizing Life s Diversity TAKS Biology TEKS: 1A, 2C, 2D, 3D, 3F,

More information

Organizing Life s Diversity

Organizing Life s Diversity Organizing Life s Diversity What You ll Learn You will identify and compare various methods of classification. You will distinguish among six kingdoms of organisms. Why It s Important Biologists use a

More information

6. Evolution and Domestication of Wolves

6. Evolution and Domestication of Wolves 6. Evolution and Domestication of Wolves Wolf Evolution Scientists are not absolutely certain how and where the wolf evolved. By examining fossil bones, especially skulls, of animals that lived millions

More information

Guiding Assessment Vocabulary Instructional Questions/ Strategies/ELPS Specificity

Guiding Assessment Vocabulary Instructional Questions/ Strategies/ELPS Specificity Unit/Topic: Classification and Taxonomy Days to teach: 4 Days 4C Compare the structures of viruses to cells, describe viral reproduction, and describe the role of viruses in causing diseases such as human

More information

SEA OTTER EVOLUTION Miocene Pliocene predators forage

SEA OTTER EVOLUTION Miocene Pliocene predators forage SEA OTTER EVOLUTION No one knows exactly how sea otters evolved, but it is believed that they arose from primitive, fish-eating otter mammals about 5 to 7 million years ago during the late Miocene and

More information

Protein Sequence Analysis - Overview -

Protein Sequence Analysis - Overview - Protein Sequence Analysis - Overview - UDEL Workshop Raja Mazumder Research Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Georgetown University Medical Center Topics Why do protein

More information

ARTHROPOD DICHOTOMOUS KEY

ARTHROPOD DICHOTOMOUS KEY The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School

COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School COWLEY COLLEGE & Area Vocational Technical School COURSE PROCEDURE FOR GENERAL BIOLOGY II BIO4135 5 Credit Hours Student Level: This course is open to students on the college level in either the freshman

More information

Taxonomy and Classification

Taxonomy and Classification Taxonomy and Classification Taxonomy = the science of naming and describing species Wisdom begins with calling things by their right names -Chinese Proverb museums contain ~ 2 Billion specimens worldwide

More information

2. Name of Inquiry: Where do I belong? : An Introduction to the Use of Dichotomous Keys (Part 1)

2. Name of Inquiry: Where do I belong? : An Introduction to the Use of Dichotomous Keys (Part 1) ECOS Inquiry 1. Contributor s Name: Sarah Bisbing 2. Name of Inquiry: Where do I belong? : An Introduction to the Use of Dichotomous Keys (Part 1) 3. Goals and Objectives: a. Inquiry Questions: Why do

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science GRADE 7 DICHOTOMOUS KEYS AND CLASSIFICATION

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science GRADE 7 DICHOTOMOUS KEYS AND CLASSIFICATION The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

UNIT 1 DIVERSITY IN THE LIVING WORLD. Chapter 1 The Living World

UNIT 1 DIVERSITY IN THE LIVING WORLD. Chapter 1 The Living World UNIT 1 DIVERSITY IN THE LIVING WORLD Chapter 1 The Living World Chapter 2 Biological Classification Chapter 3 Plant Kingdom Chapter 4 Animal Kingdom Biology is the science of life forms and living processes.

More information

Classification: sorting animals

Classification: sorting animals Classification: sorting animals P R I M A R Y Acknowledgements This resource was developed by: John Gardner, Education Officer, Zoos SA Education. With support from the following people and organisations:

More information

Dichotomous Keys. KEY A: Key to the DOMAINS of LIVING THINGS. KEY B: KEY to the KINGDOMS in the DOMAIN EUKARYA

Dichotomous Keys. KEY A: Key to the DOMAINS of LIVING THINGS. KEY B: KEY to the KINGDOMS in the DOMAIN EUKARYA 1 Dichotomous Keys Dichotomous keys are used to assist in the identification and classification of specimens of living things. To use a key, start at the top. At each decision point within a key, there

More information

Chapter 01 Biology: The Science of Life

Chapter 01 Biology: The Science of Life Chapter 01 Biology: The Science of Life Multiple Choice Questions 1. The circulatory system of a whale is considered an organ system because it is composed of different A. cells. B. tissues. C. organs.

More information

Biological Classification Worksheet

Biological Classification Worksheet Name Score Five-Kingdom System Biological Classification Worksheet Animal Kingdom Invertebrates (without backbones) and vertebrates (with backbones), multicellular, no cell walls, obtain energy through

More information

Ch 1: Introduction: themes in the study of life.

Ch 1: Introduction: themes in the study of life. Bio 215 Ch 1 Introdution:Themes in the study of life 1 web pages Ch 1: Introduction: themes in the study of life. Biology, (the study of life), is a human endevor resulting form an innate attraction to

More information

AP Biology Review. ame: Class: Date:

AP Biology Review. ame: Class: Date: Class: Date: AP Biology Review Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement tr ue. 1. The branches of a cladogram

More information

BIO 182 General Biology (Majors) II with Lab. Course Package

BIO 182 General Biology (Majors) II with Lab. Course Package BIO 182 General Biology (Majors) II with Lab (Title change ONLY Oct. 2013) Course Package Modification Approved February 23, 2005 Modified April 3, 2009 COURSE INFORMATION New Course Course Modification

More information

Understanding by Design. Title: BIOLOGY/LAB. Established Goal(s) / Content Standard(s): Essential Question(s) Understanding(s):

Understanding by Design. Title: BIOLOGY/LAB. Established Goal(s) / Content Standard(s): Essential Question(s) Understanding(s): Understanding by Design Title: BIOLOGY/LAB Standard: EVOLUTION and BIODIVERSITY Grade(s):9/10/11/12 Established Goal(s) / Content Standard(s): 5. Evolution and Biodiversity Central Concepts: Evolution

More information

Theories of Evolution: A Brief History (take notes from classmates presentations)

Theories of Evolution: A Brief History (take notes from classmates presentations) Packet Theories of : A Brief History (take notes from classmates presentations) Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) William Paley (1743-1805) Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) Thomas Malthus (1766-1834) Jean Baptiste Lamarck

More information

Classification. Ivory Hilliard

Classification. Ivory Hilliard Classification Ivory Hilliard Classification Ivory Hilliard This unit is geared toward students in a tenth grade Biology classroom. It is intended as an introduction to both the concept of classification

More information

Classification: Spots and stripes

Classification: Spots and stripes Biology Classification: Spots and stripes Zebras have a distinctive pattern that makes them easily recognisable to most people, but they also display features common to other animals. So how can we easily

More information

Goal To develop a classification scheme based on the structural features of organisms and then use the scheme to classify newly-discovered organisms.

Goal To develop a classification scheme based on the structural features of organisms and then use the scheme to classify newly-discovered organisms. Creepy Critters facilitator What if you discovered a completely new life form? Would you be able to determine what existing organisms it might be related to? What would you look for? How would you organize

More information

The Origin of Life. The Origin of Life. Reconstructing the history of life: What features define living systems?

The Origin of Life. The Origin of Life. Reconstructing the history of life: What features define living systems? The Origin of Life I. Introduction: What is life? II. The Primitive Earth III. Evidence of Life s Beginning on Earth A. Fossil Record: a point in time B. Requirements for Chemical and Cellular Evolution:

More information

A CONTENT STANDARD IS NOT MET UNLESS APPLICABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE ARE ALSO ADDRESSED AT THE SAME TIME.

A CONTENT STANDARD IS NOT MET UNLESS APPLICABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE ARE ALSO ADDRESSED AT THE SAME TIME. Biology Curriculum The Georgia Performance Standards are designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills for proficiency in science. The Project 2061 s Benchmarks for Science Literacy is used

More information

Introduction to Animals

Introduction to Animals Introduction to Animals Unity and Diversity of Life Q: What characteristics and traits define animals? 25.1 What is an animal? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER: Animals are different from other living things

More information

Kingdom Aninlalia: A look at the five major classes. Mathew Grover Alicia Sunsdahl

Kingdom Aninlalia: A look at the five major classes. Mathew Grover Alicia Sunsdahl Kingdom Aninlalia: A look at the five major classes Mathew Grover Alicia Sunsdahl Grade: Seventh Grade Biology/Life Science Objective: To understand and comprehend the five major classes in the animal

More information

II. Germ Layers Ontogeny can reveal a great deal about evolutionary relationships. Answer and discuss the following:

II. Germ Layers Ontogeny can reveal a great deal about evolutionary relationships. Answer and discuss the following: Workshop: The Evolution of Animalia by Dana Krempels Perhaps even more than the other Eukarya, Animalia is characterized by a distinct progression of complexity in form and function as one moves from the

More information

Mississippi SATP Biology I Student Review Guide

Mississippi SATP Biology I Student Review Guide Mississippi Student Review Guide Author: Cecilia L. Boles Published by Enrichment Plus, LLC PO Box 2755 Acworth, GA 30102 Toll Free: 1-800-745-4706 Fax 678-445-6702 Web site: www.enrichmentplus.com Mississippi

More information

Preparation. Educator s Section: pp. 1 3 Unit 1 instructions: pp. 4 5 Unit 2 instructions: pp. 6 7 Masters/worksheets: pp. 8-17

Preparation. Educator s Section: pp. 1 3 Unit 1 instructions: pp. 4 5 Unit 2 instructions: pp. 6 7 Masters/worksheets: pp. 8-17 ActionBioscience.org lesson To accompany the article by Lawrence M. Page, Ph.D.: "Planetary Biodiversity Inventories: A Response to the Taxonomic Crisis" (May 2006) http://www.actionbioscience.org/biodiversity/page.html

More information

Title: Create A New Animal. Grade Level: 3 rd -5 th. Subject: Biology. Time: 60-90 minutes

Title: Create A New Animal. Grade Level: 3 rd -5 th. Subject: Biology. Time: 60-90 minutes Title: Create A New Animal Grade Level: 3 rd -5 th Subject: Biology Time: 60-90 minutes Objective: Students will better understand physical adaptations of certain animals, and how those adaptations increase

More information

Biological Science, 5e (Freeman) Chapter 1 Biology and the Tree of Life

Biological Science, 5e (Freeman) Chapter 1 Biology and the Tree of Life Biological Science, 5e (Freeman) Chapter 1 Biology and the Tree of Life 1) Pasteur s experiments proved that A) Cells cannot survive in swan necked flasks B) In order to grow, cells need to be supplied

More information

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION LIVING ORGANISMS

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION LIVING ORGANISMS TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION LIVING ORGANISMS CHAPTER S BIG IDEAS All living organisms have common characteristics: o Cellular organization o Response to environment o Reproduction and heredity o Growth

More information

Build Vocabulary Students will have a more successful lab experience if they understand these terms.

Build Vocabulary Students will have a more successful lab experience if they understand these terms. Chapter 18 Lab Dichotomous Keys Open-Ended Inquiry Design Your Own Lab Problem Can you construct a dichotomous key that could be used to identify organisms? Introduction In May 2007, scientists and other

More information

This Performance Standards include four major components. They are

This Performance Standards include four major components. They are Seventh Grade Science Curriculum Approved July 13, 2006 The Georgia Performance Standards are designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills for proficiency in science at the seventh grade

More information

Practice Questions 1: Evolution

Practice Questions 1: Evolution Practice Questions 1: Evolution 1. Which concept is best illustrated in the flowchart below? A. natural selection B. genetic manipulation C. dynamic equilibrium D. material cycles 2. The diagram below

More information

LAB 21 Using Bioinformatics to Investigate Evolutionary Relationships; Have a BLAST!

LAB 21 Using Bioinformatics to Investigate Evolutionary Relationships; Have a BLAST! LAB 21 Using Bioinformatics to Investigate Evolutionary Relationships; Have a BLAST! Introduction: Between 1990-2003, scientists working on an international research project known as the Human Genome Project,

More information

D.U.C. Assist. Lec. Faculty of Dentistry Medical Biology Ihsan Dhari. Kingdoms of life

D.U.C. Assist. Lec. Faculty of Dentistry Medical Biology Ihsan Dhari. Kingdoms of life Kingdoms of life The earliest classification system recognized only two kingdoms : plants and animals but the use of microscope led to discovery of microorganisms, so the two kingdoms system was no longer

More information

AP Biology Learning Objective Cards

AP Biology Learning Objective Cards 1.1 The student is able to convert a data set from a table of numbers that reflect a change in the genetic makeup of a population over time and to apply mathematical methods and conceptual understandings

More information

YEAR 11 ASSESSMENT TASK COVER SHEET Biology

YEAR 11 ASSESSMENT TASK COVER SHEET Biology YEAR 11 ASSESSMENT TASK COVER SHEET Biology UNIT: LIFE ON EARTH AND EVOLUTION OF AUSTRALIAN BIOTA TEACHER: Ms Illuzzi DATE OF ISSUE: 1 st June 011 DUE DATE: 1 st August 011 TASK NUMBER: WEIGHTING: 5% PROCEDURE

More information

Evolutionary Trees I

Evolutionary Trees I TreeofLife:BranchingBiology&HistoryThroughArt Evolutionary Trees I AN INTRODUCTION An overwhelming body of evidence supports the conclusion that every organism alive today and all those who have ever lived

More information

(D) 181-183, 186-187, 190-193 TFYI 187 TPK 190

(D) 181-183, 186-187, 190-193 TFYI 187 TPK 190 NEVADA Life Science Content Standards for Grade 8 Life s Structure and Function A From Bacteria to Plants B Animal Diversity C Human Body Systems D OBJECTIVES Content Standard 6.0: Structure and Function

More information

Dichotomous Keys. Lab Exercise. Contents. Objectives. Introduction

Dichotomous Keys. Lab Exercise. Contents. Objectives. Introduction Lab Exercise Dichotomous Keys Contents Objectives 1 Introduction 1 Activity.1 Key to the Animal Kingdom 4 Activity.2 Creating a Key 6 Resutls Section 7 Objectives - Understand the concept of classification

More information

THE INTERESTING HISTORY OF CELLS STUDENT HANDOUT. There are two basic types of cells, prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells.

THE INTERESTING HISTORY OF CELLS STUDENT HANDOUT. There are two basic types of cells, prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. THE INTERESTING HISTORY OF CELLS STUDENT HANDOUT There are two basic types of cells, prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Figure 1. A PROKARYOTIC CELL The prokaryotes are very small singlecelled organisms

More information

1. Over the past century, several scientists around the world have made the following observations:

1. Over the past century, several scientists around the world have made the following observations: Evolution Keystone Review 1. Over the past century, several scientists around the world have made the following observations: New mitochondria and plastids can only be generated by old mitochondria and

More information

Activity Sheet A - Getting Sorted (Cont) Diet (in the wild) Herbivore Carnivore Omnivore Habitat Terrestrial/ground dwelling Arboreal/tree living Aqua

Activity Sheet A - Getting Sorted (Cont) Diet (in the wild) Herbivore Carnivore Omnivore Habitat Terrestrial/ground dwelling Arboreal/tree living Aqua Activity Sheet A - Getting Sorted Duration: 45 minutes Locate the animals listed below and find out their scientific name. Remember that the scientific name is usually written in italics or is underlined.

More information

Lesson Title: Constructing a Dichotomous Key and Exploring Its Relationship to Evolutionary Patterns

Lesson Title: Constructing a Dichotomous Key and Exploring Its Relationship to Evolutionary Patterns Lesson Title: Constructing a Dichotomous Key and Exploring Its Relationship to Evolutionary Patterns NSF GK-12 Fellow: Tommy Detmer Grade Level: 4 th and 5 th grade Type of Lesson: STEM Objectives: The

More information

Theory of Evolution. A. the beginning of life B. the evolution of eukaryotes C. the evolution of archaebacteria D. the beginning of terrestrial life

Theory of Evolution. A. the beginning of life B. the evolution of eukaryotes C. the evolution of archaebacteria D. the beginning of terrestrial life Theory of Evolution 1. In 1966, American biologist Lynn Margulis proposed the theory of endosymbiosis, or the idea that mitochondria are the descendents of symbiotic, aerobic eubacteria. What does the

More information

Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW. many different body forms and ways of living. and reproduce in a similar way to bacteria.

Name Class Date WHAT I KNOW. many different body forms and ways of living. and reproduce in a similar way to bacteria. Protists and Fungi Interdependence in Nature Q: How do protists and fungi affect the homeostasis of other organisms and ecosystems? 21.1 Why are protists difficult to classify? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER:

More information

Teacher Development Workshop LIFE SCIENCES GRADE 11

Teacher Development Workshop LIFE SCIENCES GRADE 11 Teacher Development Workshop LIFE SCIENCES GRADE 11 CONTENTS PAGE CONTENTS PAGE... 2 PROGRAMME OF ASSESSMENT FOR GRADE 11... 4 TEACHING LIFE SCIENCES GRADE 11... 5 ACTIVITY A: THE URINARY SYSTEM... 5 ACTIVITY

More information

The Linnaean Enterprise: Past, Present, and Future 1

The Linnaean Enterprise: Past, Present, and Future 1 The Linnaean Enterprise: Past, Present, and Future 1 EDWARD O. WILSON Pellegrino University Professor, Emeritus, Harvard University IT CAN BE reasonably assumed that the first words to emerge during the

More information

Computer Organization

Computer Organization Basics Machine, software, and program design JPC and JWD 2002 McGraw-Hill, Inc. Computer Organization CPU - central processing unit Where decisions are made, computations are performed, and input/output

More information

Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things.

Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. Page 1 of 6 KEY ONEPT Single-celled organisms have all the characteristics of living things. BEFORE, you learned All living things are made of cells Organisms respond to their environment Species change

More information

Grade: 3 to 5 Length: one hour Subjects: life science, classification Topics: weed identification, dichotomous keys

Grade: 3 to 5 Length: one hour Subjects: life science, classification Topics: weed identification, dichotomous keys Grade: 3 to 5 Length: one hour Subjects: life science, classification Topics: weed identification, dichotomous keys Objectives Exercises in this lesson help students achieve the following objectives: Practice

More information

Carnivore, omnivore or herbivore?

Carnivore, omnivore or herbivore? Carnivore, omnivore or herbivore? Physical adaptations of the giant panda Student booklet (ST) October 2010 panda_st_student.doc Context The Giant Panda is a species that is faced with extinction. It is

More information

Question Bank Five Kingdom Classification

Question Bank Five Kingdom Classification Question Bank Five Kingdom Classification 1. Who proposed Five Kingdom Classification? Give the bases of classification. Ans. Whittaker in 1969 proposed five kingdom classification based on :- (i) Cell

More information

Systematics - BIO 615

Systematics - BIO 615 Outline - and introduction to phylogenetic inference 1. Pre Lamarck, Pre Darwin Classification without phylogeny 2. Lamarck & Darwin to Hennig (et al.) Classification with phylogeny but without a reproducible

More information

BRAZILIAN FLORA ONLINE 2020

BRAZILIAN FLORA ONLINE 2020 BRAZILIAN FLORA ONLINE 2020 The Brazilian Flora Online 2020 (BFO 2020) project aims to respond to national and international targets signed by the Brazilian government, centering around the consolidation

More information

Álvaro García Sepúlveda

Álvaro García Sepúlveda University of Otago The Biggest of All Families The History of Taxonomy and its Impact on Society Álvaro García Sepúlveda A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of

More information

Using A Dichotomous Key to Identify Mammal Skulls

Using A Dichotomous Key to Identify Mammal Skulls Objectives Using A Dichotomous Key to Identify Mammal Skulls 1. To learn how a dichotomous key works, and to appreciate its utility and necessity. 2. To learn how to use skull and dentition characteristics

More information

28*. CLASSIFICATION OF REEF FISH: NOMENCLATURE AND KEYS

28*. CLASSIFICATION OF REEF FISH: NOMENCLATURE AND KEYS Source: Klemm, E.B., S.A. Reed, F.M. Pottenger, C. Porter, T.W. Speitel. 1995. HMSS The Living Ocean. Honolulu, HI: Curriculum Research & Development Group, University of Hawaii. Pp. 14-21. Adapted and

More information

MCAS Biology. Review Packet

MCAS Biology. Review Packet MCAS Biology Review Packet 1 Name Class Date 1. Define organic. THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE 2. All living things are made up of 6 essential elements: SPONCH. Name the six elements of life. S N P C O H 3. Elements

More information

High Throughput Network Analysis

High Throughput Network Analysis High Throughput Network Analysis Sumeet Agarwal 1,2, Gabriel Villar 1,2,3, and Nick S Jones 2,4,5 1 Systems Biology Doctoral Training Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QD, United Kingdom 2 Department

More information

AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic

AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic Background The Essential Knowledge statements provided in the AP Biology Curriculum Framework are scientific claims describing phenomenon occurring in

More information

Focused Learning Lesson Science Grades 10-12 LS-H-C4

Focused Learning Lesson Science Grades 10-12 LS-H-C4 Focused Learning Lesson Science Grades 10-12 LS-H-C4 Overview: This lesson is to be used to help students to understand how to use a dichotomous key in classification. Students will use a dichotomous key

More information

Problem Set 5 BILD10 / Winter 2014 Chapters 8, 10-12

Problem Set 5 BILD10 / Winter 2014 Chapters 8, 10-12 Chapter 8: Evolution and Natural Selection 1) A population is: a) a group of species that shares the same habitat. b) a group of individuals of the same species that lives in the same general location

More information

The Clompleat Cladist

The Clompleat Cladist Seminars on Science Sharks and Rays: Myth and Reality THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS SPECIAL PUBLICATION MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY No. 19 The Clompleat Cladist A Primer of Phylogenetic Procedures E.O. WILEY

More information

Evidence for evolution factsheet

Evidence for evolution factsheet The theory of evolution by natural selection is supported by a great deal of evidence. Fossils Fossils are formed when organisms become buried in sediments, causing little decomposition of the organism.

More information

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO DETERMINE EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS AMONG MOLLUSKS

COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO DETERMINE EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS AMONG MOLLUSKS COMPARING DNA SEQUENCES TO DETERMINE EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS AMONG MOLLUSKS OVERVIEW In the online activity Biodiversity and Evolutionary Trees: An Activity on Biological Classification, you generated

More information

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display

Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display The Living World Chapter 1: The Science of Biology Specific Learning Outcomes: 1.1 List the major properties of life. 1.2 Explain how science is distinguished from other ways of seeking understanding of

More information

Fostering Deep Comprehension in the Classroom

Fostering Deep Comprehension in the Classroom Fostering Deep Comprehension in In the last module, you learned about the importance of text complexity in creating truly literate students who are ready to live and work in the 21st century. Critical

More information

Required and Recommended Supporting Information for IUCN Red List Assessments

Required and Recommended Supporting Information for IUCN Red List Assessments Required and Recommended Supporting Information for IUCN Red List Assessments This is Annex 1 of the Rules of Procedure IUCN Red List Assessment Process 2013-2016 as approved by the IUCN SSC Steering Committee

More information

Session 1 Fundamentals of Microbiology

Session 1 Fundamentals of Microbiology Session 1 Fundamentals of Microbiology Session overview Classification Microbial nomenclature Microbial growth Microbial death Spore formation Classification The Five Kingdom system is used to classify

More information

Biological kinds and the causal theory of reference

Biological kinds and the causal theory of reference Biological kinds and the causal theory of reference Ingo Brigandt Department of History and Philosophy of Science 1017 Cathedral of Learning University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA 15260 E-mail: inb1@pitt.edu

More information

Lab # 6 on Taxonomy and the Animal Kingdom Pre Lab Questions:

Lab # 6 on Taxonomy and the Animal Kingdom Pre Lab Questions: Bio 10 Animal Lab #6 61 Lab # 6 on Taxonomy and the Animal Kingdom Pre Lab Questions: 1. Name one pro and one con for the use of taxonomy in Biology? 2. Name 3 domains and 4 eukaryotic kingdoms. 3. From

More information

Botanical Illustration for the Classroom

Botanical Illustration for the Classroom Botanical Illustration for the Classroom Bringing Art to Science... Partially supported with funds provided by the American Society of Botanical Artists Applying botanical illustration techniques to teach

More information

Classification and Evolution

Classification and Evolution Classification and Evolution Starter: How many different ways could I split these objects into 2 groups? Classification All living things can also be grouped how do we decide which groups to put them into?

More information