Lecture 2 - Basic Entomology

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Lecture 2 - Basic Entomology"

Transcription

1 Lecture 2 - Basic Entomology

2 Housekeeping Course Page 462_662_Home.htm I will post all lecture/lab material as PDF s which you can download or read online. (Lecture 1 is online)

3

4 Pig 2 N Pig 1 Lab Parking Classroom

5

6 Entomology Study of Insects (Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta) ENTOMOLOGY Greek entomon insect, one whose body is cut into segments MANY and sundrie sorts there be of Insects, as well among land creatures as those that flie in the aire. Some are winged, as Bees: some have partly wings and partly feet, as Pismiers: others want both, and neither flie nor goe on their feet. And well may they all be called Insecta: by reason of those cuts and divisions, which some have about the necke, others in the breast and belly; Pliny the Elder (77 A.D.) Historia Naturalis

7 Phylum Arthropoda (jointed foot) Centipedes/Millipedes Spiders/Mites/Ticks Horseshoe Crabs

8 Insect Taxonomy Classification of the forensically important black blowfly Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta Order: Diptera Family: Calliphoridae (The Blowflies) Genus: Phormia Species: regina Common name: black blowfly

9

10 The Insects Most diverse group of organisms on the planet. Most successful organism that has ever lived 750,000 described species At least a million or more undescribed species (estimates range from 1M-30M) Earliest confirmed insect fossil ~ 400 MY before present Key to success First major terrestrial animal group Flight!!!

11 Overview Occur on every continent including Antarctica Virtually all habitats and temperature range Heat Cold Desert ants (60C) chironomid midges in hot springs (50C) Arctic beetle (-87C) Oceans are the exception. Why not in oceans? Size 0.1mm cm Titan and Goliath beetles, giant weta What limits upper size?

12 Characteristics of Insects o Six legs (all may not be present in every stage or may have been secondarily lost in evolution) o Bi-lateral symmetry o Three body parts (regions) o Single pair of antennae (may be small) o Exoskeleton o Wings: May be present (1 or 2 pairs) absent, secondarily lost, or present in only some generations

13 Insect Body Plan Three major body regions: head, thorax, abdomen

14 Mouthparts Chewing: has mandibles e.g., ants, beetles, grasshoppers Piercing/sucking: modified into a tube with a dagger Hemiptera, Homoptera, some flies (e.g., mosquitoes). Sponging Houseflies Siphoning retractable straw bees, butterflies

15 Insect Growth With adequate food, growth is temperature dependent As temperature increases above a thermal minimum, growth increases up to some thermal maximum Growth is constrained to discrete stages by the hard exoskeleton. Once a maximum size is reached in a particular juvenile stage, further growth requires a molt. Upper Threshold Lower Threshold

16 Development Apterygota (Ametabolous) Juveniles look like miniature versions of adults. At each molt, become larger until sexual maturity. Both adults and juveniles are Wingless. Exopterygota = Hemimetabolous Juveniles look like miniature adults without wings. Exceptions: some ancient aquatic orders (mayflies, dragonflies, stoneflies) Wings develop externally as pads. Wings grow larger with each molt until sexual maturity Endopterygota = Holometabolous Juvenile form very different than adult. A pupal stage occurs between the larval and adult stages. Wings develop internally.

17 Development Visualized

18 Larval types Pupal Types

19

20 Survey of Relevant Insect Orders Those with species of forensic importance Those with species often present or recovered during forensic investigation Terrestrial: Outdoor Indoor Buried Aquatic Freshwater Marine (no insects of forensic importance)

21 Functional roles of Insect Associates of Cadavers Obligate necrophages examples, blowflies, some beetles Facultative necrophages ants, cockroaches, some flies, some beetles Natural enemies of necrophages yellowjackets, ants Adventives accidental species with no actual feeding relationship with cadaver Omnivores Predators / Parasites Necrophages Adventives

22 Outdoor Colembola Dermaptera Coleoptera Diptera Lepidoptera Hymenoptera Indoor Blattaria Dermaptera Coleoptera Diptera Hymenoptera Aquatic Plecoptera Ephemeroptera Hemiptera Coleoptera Diptera Trichoptera Buried Diptera Ecological Roles Primary carrion feeders (obligate necrophages) Facultative carrion feeders Associates (predators, herbivores, parasitoids) We will discuss specific families within orders (and important individual species) as the course progresses.

23 Terrestrial Outdoor Colembola Dermaptera Coleoptera Diptera Lepidoptera Hymenoptera Indoor Blattaria Dermaptera Coleoptera Diptera Hymenoptera Buried Diptera

24 Order Collembola: Springtails Very primitive Minute size Furcula = springtail Moist habitats

25 Order Blattaria: Cockroaches Terrestrial Indoor and outdoor (mostly further south) species Scavengers, omnivores

26 Dermaptera: Earwigs Terrestrial scavengers and/or predators Damp locations Pinching cerci and greatly shortened wings

27 Order Coleoptera: Beetles Diverse ecological roles (predators, parasites, herbivores, scavengers) Aquatic, terrestrial Second most important forensic insect order

28 Order Diptera: True flies Very ecologically diverse Diptera are the most widely used insect order from a forensic standpoint Multiple families in terrestrial habitats Chironimidae, Simuliidae and perhaps a few others in aquatic systems

29 Order Hymenoptera Bees, ants, wasps, sawflies Predators, parasites, herbivores Greatest diversity è parasitoids Ants can function as predators or scavengers Social wasps are predators on maggots

30 Aquatic vs. Terrestrial Systems No highly specialized carrion feeders (that have been conclusively demonstrated) Mostly opportunistic feeders or species that utilize the cadaver as a substrate.

31 Order Ephemeroptera: Mayflies Aquatic nymphs, terrestrial adults, mostly grazers No clear forensically important role likely an associate only

32 Order Plecoptera: Stoneflies Aquatic nymphs, terrestrial adults Predators, herbivores, detritivores Different functional roles but probably primarily grazers on attached algae etc.

33 Order Hemiptera Diverse: Aquatic systems mostly opportunistic scavengers (Corixidae, Notonectidae, Gerridae) May play a minor role in aquatic decomposition of large carrion / cadavers

34 Order Trichoptera Caddisflies Along with chironimid dipterans, probably the greatest potential for use in a forensic setting Some appear to be directly linked to decomposing flesh (function as a necrophage?).

35 Decomposition in a Marine Ecosystem

Program of Studies. Core Content

Program of Studies. Core Content University of Kentucky Department of Entomology Insects in the Classroom - Lesson Plan Insects A-Z! For Intermediate Grades (4-5) Prepared by Blake Newton, Extension Specialist Activity Description Students

More information

Entomology 2 notes.oo3

Entomology 2 notes.oo3 Entomology 2 notes.oo3 Entomology 2: Insect Diversity/Taxonomy 1 Entomology: Insect Diversity and Taxonomy Matthew J. Grieshop MSU Department of Entomology 2 The Importance of Insect Identification Insects

More information

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros?

Macroinvertebrates. What are macros? Macroinvertebrates What are macros? Macroinvertebrates are organisms that lack a spine and are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Examples of macroinvertebrates include flatworms, crayfish, snails,

More information

Class Insecta - The insects

Class Insecta - The insects A Introduction 1. Very species rich 2. Characteristics a. 3 pairs of legs b. 2 pairs of wings (most) except flies (1 pair of wings - Diptera) B. Distribution 1. All habitats except saltwater - replaced

More information

Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond

Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond Identifying Aquatic Insects From Your Pond Penobscot County Soil & Water Conservation District Natural Resources Conservation Service 28 Gilman Plaza, Suite #2 Bangor, ME 04401 Tel: (207) 990-3676 Fax:

More information

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is

This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is This presentation provides an introduction to insect biology and identification. Gaining an understanding of the biology and life cycle of insects is useful for proper management. 1 In order to appreciate

More information

Insects of Alberta s Wetlands

Insects of Alberta s Wetlands Insects of Alberta s Wetlands By Robert Bercha (Jan 2011) All content in this presentation is copyright, unless otherwise indicated. Unauthorized use, duplication or publication prohibited without permission.

More information

Classification. Living Things. bacteria and blue green algae: (single celled organisms without a nucleus)

Classification. Living Things. bacteria and blue green algae: (single celled organisms without a nucleus) Teacher Discovery Card Classification Information There are millions different kinds plants and animals in the world Each different kind plant and animal is called a species We can group species together

More information

POND INTERACTIONS Teacher Guide February 2011

POND INTERACTIONS Teacher Guide February 2011 Grades: 4, 5, & 6 POND INTERACTIONS Teacher Guide February 2011 Time: 3 hours A pond is an ever-changing environment. The pond ecosystem is made of countless interactions that link living things to one

More information

EVOLUTION OF DRAGONFLIES

EVOLUTION OF DRAGONFLIES Kathleen Tait Biology 501 EVOLUTION OF DRAGONFLIES All life began from a common ancestor. According to most scientists, animal life is thought to have evolved from a flagellated protist. This protist evolved

More information

Most of the final work preparing the collection will be done at home once you learn preparation techniques in science lab. WHAT IS AN INSECT?

Most of the final work preparing the collection will be done at home once you learn preparation techniques in science lab. WHAT IS AN INSECT? INSECT COLLECTING INSTRUCTIONS SEVENTH GRADE SCIENCE INSECT PROJECT The first unit that you will study in science in the fall is entomology. This is a study of insects and includes preparing an insect

More information

Introduction to Ecology

Introduction to Ecology Introduction to Ecology Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between living organisms and their environment. Scientists who study ecology are called ecologists. Because our planet has many

More information

INSECTS. Homework Assignment. Major insect pest. Available organic control for your pest. Life cycle (where, how long) How do they arrive at crop?

INSECTS. Homework Assignment. Major insect pest. Available organic control for your pest. Life cycle (where, how long) How do they arrive at crop? INSECTS Managing Insects with Fewer Chemicals Paul Guillebeau, Professor Department of Entomology bugman@uga.edu Homework Assignment Major insect pest Life cycle (where, how long) Each life stage How do

More information

Unit Four Insects. Carlos de la Rosa. Education Coordinator Dept. of Environmental Management Pinellas County, Florida

Unit Four Insects. Carlos de la Rosa. Education Coordinator Dept. of Environmental Management Pinellas County, Florida Carlos de la Rosa Education Coordinator Dept. of Environmental Management Pinellas County, Florida Ph.D. in Ecology University of Pittsburgh Carlos was born in Caracas, Venezuela and received his Ph.D.

More information

78 N ATIONAL SCIENCE TEACHERS ASSOCIATION PROTOCOL 5. COLLECTING AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES

78 N ATIONAL SCIENCE TEACHERS ASSOCIATION PROTOCOL 5. COLLECTING AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES Topic opic: aquatic entomology Go to: www.scilinks.org Code: WD14 Topic opic: freshwater ecosystems Go to: www.scilinks.org Code: WD15 PROTOCOL 5. COLLECTING AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES Objective To safely collect,

More information

Characteristics of Insects:

Characteristics of Insects: Characteristics of Insects: How to Recognize Several Common Insect Orders illustrations and text by Donna Brunet This guide discusses obvious characteristics of ten common insect orders. Learning these

More information

fo r en sic ento m o lo gy

fo r en sic ento m o lo gy Teacher background information Forensic entomology combines the study of insects and other arthropods with the science of criminal investigations. When a crime is committed insects can accumulate on and

More information

Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan

Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan Turtles! Ma ayan Dagan Table of Contents 1: Taxonomy: What kind of animal is a turtle? 2: Turtle or tortoise? 2: Anatomy: The Parts of a Turtle 3: The Shell of a Turtle 4: Evolution from Ancient Reptiles

More information

PEST IDENTIFICATION. PMA 4570/6228 Lab 1 July 3 2014

PEST IDENTIFICATION. PMA 4570/6228 Lab 1 July 3 2014 PEST IDENTIFICATION PMA 4570/6228 Lab 1 July 3 2014 Steps towards a successful IPM program 1. Correct identification 2. Monitoring 3. Economic thresholds 4. Choice of optimum pest control option Pests

More information

FFA CONTEST INSECT DESCRIPTIONS

FFA CONTEST INSECT DESCRIPTIONS FFA CONTEST INSECT DESCRIPTIONS NOTE: Notice that the words "usually, typically, often", etc. are used in many of the descriptions. That means with any insect (or group of insects), there will be specimens

More information

Title Aquatic Invertebrates in Still and Flowing Waters

Title Aquatic Invertebrates in Still and Flowing Waters Title Aquatic Invertebrates in Still and Flowing Waters Investigative Question What are some of the common and not so common invertebrates that live in water and what adaptations allow them to exist in

More information

Total Course Hours. Semester Degree code. ID Course Name Professor Course Content Summary. 90 1 st 11070

Total Course Hours. Semester Degree code. ID Course Name Professor Course Content Summary. 90 1 st 11070 LEA0170 Invertebrate Zoology I Italo Delalibera Junior Characterization and importance of the Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nemata, Mollusca, Annelida, Echinodermata phyla and smaller invertebrate

More information

Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide

Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide 1 Story -The life cycle of a shore crab Crabs live on rocky seashores and hide underneath rocks when the tide is low. Mating often occurs in spring and summer. The adult male and female come belly to belly

More information

Building a Dichotomous Key: Take home Assignment. - Copy of Aliens Handout - Question Sheet - Dichotomous Key Sheet

Building a Dichotomous Key: Take home Assignment. - Copy of Aliens Handout - Question Sheet - Dichotomous Key Sheet Materials: uilding a Dichotomous Key: Take home Assignment - Copy of Aliens Handout - Question Sheet - Dichotomous Key Sheet Introduction: A dichotomous key is a very useful tool. It helps you identify

More information

PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB

PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB PETERSFIELD PONY CLUB MAIN ACHIEVEMENT BADGE BUTTERFLIES & MOTHS Name : Complete the multiple choice Quiz Complete the TWO diagrams Complete the Wordsearch Complete the Crossword The Ultimate Butterflies

More information

Social Insects. Social Insects. Subsocial 4/11/10. More widespread 13 orders of insects no reproductive division of labor

Social Insects. Social Insects. Subsocial 4/11/10. More widespread 13 orders of insects no reproductive division of labor Social Insects Sociality evolved multiple times in insects Much of Earth s fauna consists of social insects They play major roles in entire ecosystems Proliferation of ants and termites associated with

More information

The OPAL Bugs Count. Pocket ID Guide

The OPAL Bugs Count. Pocket ID Guide The OPAL Bugs Count Pocket ID Guide This Pocket ID Guide is part of the OPAL Bugs Count survey pack. Use it to identify the invertebrates that you find. Getting started with identification You don t need

More information

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light

Food chain to food web game. The Sun. Sun. The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Sun The Sun The suns energy allows plant life to grow so that animals can survive. Produces heat and light Plants Plants Plants need the sun to make their own food through a process called photosynthesis.

More information

Don t Bug Me! I m Learning!

Don t Bug Me! I m Learning! Don t Bug Me! I m Learning! Grade Level: 2 nd Grade Presented by: Don Gilmore, Springdale Elementary, Springdale, WA Length of Unit: Seventeen Days I. ABSTRACT This unit is an in-depth look at insects.

More information

LESSON PLAN: Macro- and Meso-fauna Extraction

LESSON PLAN: Macro- and Meso-fauna Extraction LESSON PLAN: Macro- and Meso-fauna Extraction Introduction: S o i l 4 Y o u t h soilweb.landfood.ubc.ca/youth/ 1 There is a lot of life below our feet a single teaspoon of soil can hold over one billion

More information

Mollusks-Segmented worms- Arthropods

Mollusks-Segmented worms- Arthropods Mollusks-Segmented worms- Arthropods Mollusks-Segmented worms- Arthropods Organ systems Triploblastic Bilateral True coelom Mollusca Phylum Mollusca includes snails and slugs, oysters and clams, and octopuses

More information

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2

Life Cycle of a Butterfly 3A-2 Praying Mantis 3A-1 Hi, boys and girls. It s time to meet one of the most fascinating insects on the planet. That s me. I m a praying mantis, named for the way I hold my two front legs together as though

More information

Dichotomous Keys. KEY A: Key to the DOMAINS of LIVING THINGS. KEY B: KEY to the KINGDOMS in the DOMAIN EUKARYA

Dichotomous Keys. KEY A: Key to the DOMAINS of LIVING THINGS. KEY B: KEY to the KINGDOMS in the DOMAIN EUKARYA 1 Dichotomous Keys Dichotomous keys are used to assist in the identification and classification of specimens of living things. To use a key, start at the top. At each decision point within a key, there

More information

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference!

Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis. Let s look at the difference! Complete and Incomplete Metamorphosis Let s look at the difference! What is metamorphosis? Metamorphosis refers to the way that certain organisms develop, grow, and change form. Metamorphosis actually

More information

Looking at life cycles

Looking at life cycles Using a selection of the Discovery cards in this section, children can learn more about insect lifecycles and how to sequence the lifestages of a butterfly correctly. They can also explore metamorphosis.

More information

Chapter 28 Mollusks and Annelids

Chapter 28 Mollusks and Annelids Chapter Outline Chapter 28 Mollusks and Annelids Section 1: Mollusks KEY IDEAS > What are the key characteristics of mollusks? > What are the three parts of the mollusk body plan? > What are the similarities

More information

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors

Metamorphosis Rock, Paper, Scissors Teacher Lesson Plan Animal Life Cycles Pre-Visit Lesson Duration: 30-40 minutes Minnesota State Science Standard Correlations: 3.4.3.2.1. Wisconsin State Science Standard Correlations: C.4.1, C.4.2, F

More information

Lab #10 Invertebrates 2 and Vertebrates 1 (Exercises 39, 40)

Lab #10 Invertebrates 2 and Vertebrates 1 (Exercises 39, 40) Name Bio 182-General Biology Lab #10 Invertebrates 2 and Vertebrates 1 (Exercises 39, 40) Answer the questions in the space provided. You need to turn this sheet at the end of the lab. In general know

More information

Prepared by: Armand Ruby Armand Ruby Consulting in association with Brown and Caldwell

Prepared by: Armand Ruby Armand Ruby Consulting in association with Brown and Caldwell Contra Costa County BMI Monitoring - Comparison of Results of 2007 Reach-wide Benthos (RWB) vs. 2006 Targeted Riffle Composite (TRC) Method for Collection of Benthic Macroinvertebrates Prepared by: Armand

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests

PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Running Time: 42 minutes Program Description Investigate temperate forests and find some of the most elusive creatures and welladapted plant

More information

Guide to Identification of Fresh Water Microorganisms

Guide to Identification of Fresh Water Microorganisms Guide to Identification of Fresh Water Microorganisms Green algae (with flagella, small)

More information

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11 Exhibit Inquiry Exhibit Inquiry Have students look for the following exhibits related to living things during their visit to the Ontario Science Centre: Where to go: (Level 6) What it's about: Tropical

More information

Food Web Crasher. An introduction to food chains and food webs

Food Web Crasher. An introduction to food chains and food webs Food Web Crasher An introduction to food chains and food webs Activity Students create a physical food web and watch what happens when an aquatic nuisance species is introduced into the ecosystem. Grade

More information

food chain Encyclopedic Entry

food chain Encyclopedic Entry This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Apple Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Encyclopedic Entry food chain For

More information

BIOLOGY AND IMPACT OF PREDATORS

BIOLOGY AND IMPACT OF PREDATORS Biology & Impact of Predators 18 BIOLOGY AND IMPACT OF PREDATORS I. Definitions of Predator and Prey A. Predator: An animal that feeds upon other animals (prey) that are either smaller or weaker than itself

More information

How Insects Feed from Flowers

How Insects Feed from Flowers The Pollinator Garden: www.foxleas.com How Insects Feed from Flowers The main insect groupings that include species that use flowers as a food source are: Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera), Bees and

More information

Lizards in Insect Control

Lizards in Insect Control The Ohio State University Knowledge Bank kb.osu.edu Ohio Journal of Science (Ohio Academy of Science) Ohio Journal of Science: Volume 38, Issue 5 (September, 1938) 1938-09 Lizards in Insect Control Knowlton,

More information

Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity

Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity Frog Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: Frog questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 frog fact cards (pages 4-8) Scissors and scotch tape Preparation: Print the frog fact cards and cut them apart. Make copies

More information

- Why is it important that we have one universal system for naming animals and plants?

- Why is it important that we have one universal system for naming animals and plants? - Why do we need only one scientific name for every plant and animal? A long time ago people referred to all animals or plants by their common name e.g. cat, dog, horse or by their native language e.g.

More information

VETERINARY SCIENCE - Veterinary Ectoparasitology - Douglas D. Colwell and Domenico Otranto

VETERINARY SCIENCE - Veterinary Ectoparasitology - Douglas D. Colwell and Domenico Otranto VETERINARY ECTOPARASITOLOGY Douglas D. Colwell Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge Research Centre, Canada Domenico Otranto Department of Veterinary Public Health and Animal Sciences, Faculty

More information

Objectives. 1. Learn about metamorphosis and the Painted Lady butterfly lifecycle. 2. Practice making observations of butterfly larvae.

Objectives. 1. Learn about metamorphosis and the Painted Lady butterfly lifecycle. 2. Practice making observations of butterfly larvae. Science Unit: Lesson 5: Animal Growth and Changes Metamorphosis School Year: 2012/2013 Developed for: Developed by: Grade level: Duration of lesson: Notes: Hastings Elementary School, Vancouver School

More information

Castes in Social Insects

Castes in Social Insects Castes in Social Insects Module Chemical Ecology, Ayasse Outline Castes in Social Insects 1. definition 2. castes in social insects 3. caste determination A. psychophysiological caste determination B.

More information

Bug Scavenger Hunt and Memory Game

Bug Scavenger Hunt and Memory Game Bug Scavenger Hunt and Memory Game Bug Hunt Instructions: 1. Print out one copy of the Bug Scavenger Hunt on card stock or other thick paper. You can laminate them for durability. 2. Cut out the individual

More information

Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths

Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths Life Cycle - Butterflies & Moths butterfly goes through four stages in its life. All animals A change as they grow and mature but butterflies and moths undergo the biggest change of all. Butterfly Pupa

More information

Discover Entomology. Discover Entomology. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime

Discover Entomology. Discover Entomology. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime. A Science, a Career, a Lifetime Discover Entomology A Science, a Career, a Lifetime Discover Entomology A Science, a Career, a Lifetime What is Entomology? Entomology is the study of insects. Entomologists study bees, ants, beetles,

More information

Arthropod Pest Management

Arthropod Pest Management 1.8 Arthropod Pest Management Introduction 343 Lecture 1: Basic Biology and Ecology of Insects; 345 Pesticides and Chemical Resistance Lecture 2: Pest Management in Organic Cropping Systems 351 Demonstration

More information

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS Period Date REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS A. Sample Multiple Choice Questions Complete the multiple choice questions to review this unit. 1. All of the following are density-dependent factors

More information

Life Cycles of Animals

Life Cycles of Animals Life Cycles of Animals 1. Animals go through the same life cycle as their parents. It starts as a fertilised egg. The fertilized egg develops into an embryo. The embryo develops into a young animal. The

More information

ESL (English as a Second Laguage) Bugs Alive! Pre-visit. On-site. Post-visit

ESL (English as a Second Laguage) Bugs Alive! Pre-visit. On-site. Post-visit These materials have been designed to be easily downloaded as PDF files and give adult learners the opportunity to be involved in pre-visit, on-site and post-visit activities about this exhibition. Pre-visit

More information

IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANISMS

IDENTIFICATION OF ORGANISMS reflect Take a look at the pictures on the right. Think about what the two organisms have in common. They both need food and water to survive. They both grow and reproduce. They both have similar body

More information

The Insect Circulatory and Respiratory Systems. Lecture Goals. The Insect Circulatory System. The Insect Circulatory System

The Insect Circulatory and Respiratory Systems. Lecture Goals. The Insect Circulatory System. The Insect Circulatory System The Insect Circulatory and Respiratory Systems What are some of the main roles of the human circulatory system? Lecture Goals Understand the open circulatory system in insects. Recognize the lack of integration

More information

Invertebrate Identification Guide This guide can be used for the OPAL Bugs Count Survey and OPAL Biodiversity Survey

Invertebrate Identification Guide This guide can be used for the OPAL Bugs Count Survey and OPAL Biodiversity Survey Invertebrate Identification Guide This guide can be used for the OPAL Bugs Count Survey and OPAL Biodiversity Survey Invertebrates are animals without a backbone. They come in many shapes, sizes and colours.

More information

Aquatic Organisms and Their Habitats

Aquatic Organisms and Their Habitats Aquatic Organisms and Their Habitats Objectives: Students will understand the following: 1. The presence of specific organisms in a freshwater habitat determines the quality of that habitat. 2. An organism

More information

S7L4-1. 1. Which of the following symbiotic relationships is considered parasitic?

S7L4-1. 1. Which of the following symbiotic relationships is considered parasitic? S7L4-1 1. Which of the following symbiotic relationships is considered parasitic? A. ticks feeding on a dog B. bees transporting pollen from flowers C. pilotfish swimming under sharks D. birds eating the

More information

Metamorphosis. reflect. look out!

Metamorphosis. reflect. look out! reflect Look at a picture of yourself when you were younger. Do you look the same now as you did then? Many things have probably changed. You have gotten taller, your body weighs more, and you are able

More information

Metamorphosis 5.10C. A butterfly changes in size and shape as it develops from a young insect into an adult Rice University All Rights Reserved

Metamorphosis 5.10C. A butterfly changes in size and shape as it develops from a young insect into an adult Rice University All Rights Reserved Look at a picture of yourself when you were younger. Do you look the same now as you did then? Many things have probably changed. You have gotten taller, your body weighs more, and you are able to do things

More information

SUBSTRATE PREFERENCE IN TWO SPECIES OF FRESHWATER DARTERS, ETHEOSTOMA OLMSTEDI AND ETHEOSTOMA BLENNOIDES

SUBSTRATE PREFERENCE IN TWO SPECIES OF FRESHWATER DARTERS, ETHEOSTOMA OLMSTEDI AND ETHEOSTOMA BLENNOIDES 38 Journal of Ecological Research, 10, 38-43 SUBSTRATE PREFERENCE IN TWO SPECIES OF FRESHWATER DARTERS, ETHEOSTOMA OLMSTEDI AND ETHEOSTOMA BLENNOIDES Travis J. Deptola, Jason M. Najarian, Daniel J. Orndorf,

More information

Lesson Goals: Students will describe differences and similarities in how organisms are adapted to survive

Lesson Goals: Students will describe differences and similarities in how organisms are adapted to survive Lesson Title: Body Systems of a tick Lesson Abstract: Students will compare body systems of a tick and human. Length of lesson: 30 40 min Lesson Goals: Students will describe differences and similarities

More information

Ohio Plants & Animals

Ohio Plants & Animals Ohio Plants & Animals GOAL: To study and observe local plants and animals in various life stages and habitats. Small Group Procedures Concept: A field experience is enhanced when students are able to focus

More information

CHEETAHS: A PREDATOR S ROLE IN THE ECOSYSYTEM C H E E T A H C O N S E R V A T I O N F U N D

CHEETAHS: A PREDATOR S ROLE IN THE ECOSYSYTEM C H E E T A H C O N S E R V A T I O N F U N D CHEETAHS: A PREDATOR S ROLE IN THE ECOSYSYTEM Background food chains Cats and the Energy Cycle: The speed of a cheetah and the strength of a lion aid them in catching their prey. Big cats are predators

More information

What I eat: As a caterpillar, I will eat hickory, sycamore and walnut leaves. I do not have a mouth and do not eat as an adult.

What I eat: As a caterpillar, I will eat hickory, sycamore and walnut leaves. I do not have a mouth and do not eat as an adult. Luna Moth My Home: I am found in trees of the eastern part of the United States and into Canada. I only fly at night and that is how I got my name, the word "luna" means moon. What I eat: As a caterpillar,

More information

INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS

INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS INSECTS CLASSROOM RESOURCES CREATED AND COMPILED BY IPTV K-12 CONNECTIONS *THE MATERIALS WERE DESIGNED TO ACCOMMODATE A K-6 AUDIENCE PLEASE MODIFY AS APPROPRIATE INSECTS A to Z Work with a partner to complete

More information

Butterfly Scavenger Hunt Activity

Butterfly Scavenger Hunt Activity Scavenger Hunt Activity Materials: questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 butterfly fact cards (pages 4-8) Scissors and scotch tape Preparation: Print the fact cards and cut them apart. Make copies of the

More information

Get to Know Your Watershed. McMillan Creek

Get to Know Your Watershed. McMillan Creek Get to Know Your Watershed McMillan Creek Where is McMillan Creek? McMillan Creek is found in the northeastern portion of the City of Prince George, know as the Hart and Shady Valley. It is located entirely

More information

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review 8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review #1 The tree is an example of a in the food web. Producers perform photosynthesis. A: Prey B: Decomposer C: producer D: Herbivore C. Producer #2

More information

ANIMALS AND THEIR HABITATS: KS1 STUDENT RESOURCES

ANIMALS AND THEIR HABITATS: KS1 STUDENT RESOURCES ANIMALS AND THEIR HABITATS: KS1 STUDENT RESOURCES PLANT OR ANIMAL? (Lesson 1:1) Card sort task: print out and get the students to sort them into: Plants or Animals. Get the students to explain why they

More information

Crabs. Overview. Objectives

Crabs. Overview. Objectives Topics Crabs, Adaptations Crabs Grades PreK-2 Site Indoors Duration 30 minutes (minimum) Materials Crab Cards Clay or foil Pipe cleaners Egg carton sections, small boxes, jars, lids, food cups, yogurt

More information

Introduction to Ecology. Lab practical next week. 1. Types of Ecology. What is ecology? Organismal ecology. Population ecology

Introduction to Ecology. Lab practical next week. 1. Types of Ecology. What is ecology? Organismal ecology. Population ecology Introduction to Ecology Reading: Chapter 50 Introduction, today Chapter 52 Population ecology, today and W Chapter 54 Ecosystem ecology, W&F Outline of Lecture 1. Branches of ecology 2. Factors affecting

More information

Insects in the Classroom Lesson Plan No. 101

Insects in the Classroom Lesson Plan No. 101 University of Kentucky Entomology Insects in the Classroom Lesson Plan No. 101 Flour Beetles Prepared by Caroline Stetter Neel Extension Specialist Activity Description Hands-on Discovery Lab Age Group:

More information

Activity 5 Predator/Prey Interaction Food Chains and Food Webs

Activity 5 Predator/Prey Interaction Food Chains and Food Webs Activity 5 Predator/Prey Interaction Food Chains and Food Webs Objectives Students will investigate predator-prey interactions using a variety of small vertebrate predators. Students will examine prey

More information

Biotic Indicators of Water Quality

Biotic Indicators of Water Quality ANR-1167 There has been serious concern about declining water quality in streams and rivers since the 1960s. Initially, concerns were centered on releases of point source pollutants such as heavy metals,

More information

Crabs. Focus Question

Crabs. Focus Question Topics Crabs, Adaptations Crabs Grades PreK-2 Site Indoors Duration 30 minutes (minimum) Materials Crab Cards Clay or foil Pipe cleaners Egg carton sections, small boxes, jars, lids, food cups, yogurt

More information

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS SECTION 1 In an ecosystem, plants capture the sun's energy and use it to convert inorganic compounds into energy-rich organic compounds. This process of using

More information

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look carefully. Most are smaller than your pinkie nail! Many

More information

Objectives: Teach children the basic parts and different types of insects. Make fun bug snacks and play games to learn about bugs.

Objectives: Teach children the basic parts and different types of insects. Make fun bug snacks and play games to learn about bugs. Objectives: Teach children the basic parts and different types of insects. Make fun bug snacks and play games to learn about bugs. Materials: Insect pictures Word Search (attached) Corrugated cardboard

More information

1 Everything Is Connected

1 Everything Is Connected CHAPTER 1 1 Everything Is Connected SECTION Interactions of Living Things BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What do organisms in an ecosystem depend

More information

ELF Insect Life Cycles February 20, Mitchell Elementary School. Introduction:

ELF Insect Life Cycles February 20, Mitchell Elementary School. Introduction: ELF Insect Life Cycles February 20, 2015 Mitchell Elementary School Introduction: Focus: Insects go through different stages as they grow from egg to adult. The stages of their life cycles are timed to

More information

Phylum Rotifera. General Body Plan. Nematoda- the roundworms. Rotifer Reproduction

Phylum Rotifera. General Body Plan. Nematoda- the roundworms. Rotifer Reproduction 1 2 Phylum Rotifera Freshwater, freeliving (most), few marine Linked to Lophotrochozoa? Many habitats and shapes Many interstitial Roto-feeders Telescopic; semi-flexible Protonephridia and diffusion Reproduction:

More information

Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens

Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens Predators, Parasites, Parasitoids and Pathogens Essential Question: What are predators, parasites, parasitoids and pathogens? Background Information: Predation and Parasitism Most animals produce many

More information

The Pond Pack. Background information and resources for teachers

The Pond Pack. Background information and resources for teachers The Ecology Service 2010 Date published 02/03/10 Extended artwork area (REMOVE THIS TEXT) The Pond Pack Background information and resources for teachers For further information contact: Holland Park Ecology

More information

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.

More information

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles Multiple Choice Test 1. The flow of solar energy through an ecosystem is marked by a) plants converting light energy to chemical energy via photosynthesis

More information

Life Science Study Guide. Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism.

Life Science Study Guide. Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism. Life Science Study Guide Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism. Organism Any living thing, including plants and animals. Environmental Factor An environmental

More information

honey bee By Henry Touray

honey bee By Henry Touray honey bee By Henry Touray Introduction For my project I have chosen to research Bees. I chose to find out about the bee because bees have been in the news lately. Lots of hives have died out and scientists

More information

North Carolina Aquariums Education Section. Sea Turtle Food Web. Created by the NC Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section

North Carolina Aquariums Education Section. Sea Turtle Food Web. Created by the NC Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section Essential Question: Sea Turtle Food Web Created by the NC Aquarium at Fort Fisher Education Section How do sea turtles fit into the food web of the ocean? Lesson Overview: Students will learn about sea

More information

BLY 303 Lecture Notes, 2012 (O Brien) V. Predator-Prey Interactions

BLY 303 Lecture Notes, 2012 (O Brien) V. Predator-Prey Interactions BLY 303 Lecture Notes, 2012 (O Brien) V. Predator-Prey Interactions I. Introduction A. Types of predation 1. HERBIVORY: Animal eats plants 2. CARNIVORY: Animal eats animals 3. CANNABALISM: Animal eats

More information

Climate Change and Insect Development: Does temperature affect when butterflies emerge from their cocoons?

Climate Change and Insect Development: Does temperature affect when butterflies emerge from their cocoons? Climate Change and Insect Development: Does temperature affect when butterflies emerge from their cocoons? Ashley Font National Science Foundation Graduate STEM Fellow in K-12 Education Sugar Creek Watershed

More information

Student worksheet. Bugs. Complete metamorphosis Dung Beetle lifecycle. Incomplete metamorphosis Leafhopper lifecycle

Student worksheet. Bugs. Complete metamorphosis Dung Beetle lifecycle. Incomplete metamorphosis Leafhopper lifecycle Complete metamorphosis Dung Beetle lifecycle Incomplete metamorphosis Leafhopper lifecycle Museum Victoria Bugs Classroom Activities Section 3 6 A Diving Beetle s story Museum Victoria Bugs Classroom Activities

More information

Second Grade Insects Assessment

Second Grade Insects Assessment Second Grade Insects Assessment 1a. The stiff shell that covers an insect s body is called an: a. outer shell b. exoskeleton 1b. The stiff shell that covers and insect s body is called an: a. outer shell

More information