History of Europe Test Directions: Circle the letter for the correct answer.

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1 History of Europe Test Directions: Circle the letter for the correct answer. Name: 1. Which European countries established extensive empires in Asia, Africa, and the Americas? A. France, Belgium, Spain, Portugal B. France, United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal C. Germany, France, United Kingdom, Spain D. Italy, France, Portugal, Spain 2. Which religion did the early European explorers hope to spread to Asia, Africa, & the Americas? A. Islam B. Hinduism C. Judaism D. Christianity 3. Christopher Columbus first landed on an island in the Americas but believed that he was in Asia. Which island did he land on? A. Cayman Islands B. Bahamas C. Turks & Caicos D. India 4. Why was Prince Henry nicknamed the Navigator? A. He was the Prince of Portugal. B. He discovered a trade route around the Americas to Asia. C. He funded many voyages and set up the first school of navigation. D. He funded the first voyage around the world. 5. Which of the following European countries DID NOT have any colonies in the Americas? A. Spain B. France C. Portugal D. Germany 6. What war was a result of militarism and nationalism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? A. Civil War B. Revolutionary War C. World War I D. Cold War

2 7. Which was a CAUSE of the Russian Revolution? A. The czar was executed. B. There were food shortages in Russia and the serfs were starving. C. The Germans showed signs of surrender. D. Soldiers did not know how to use their weapons. Use the box below to answer Question 8. Did not protect the Russian royal family Changed Russia s name to the Soviet Union Set up a communist government in Russia 8. Which person did the actions listed in the box? A. Vladimir Lenin B. Czar Nicholas II C. Emperor Wilhelm II D. Woodrow Wilson 9. The Treaty of Versailles ended World War I, but some of the terms of the treaty contributed to the beginning of World War II. Which was one of the terms of the treaty? A. Germany was forced to pay reparations to the Allied countries. B. Germany could develop a strong army and navy. C. It divided Germany into East and West. D. It made Germany a world power. 10. What was a goal of the Treaty of Versailles? A. to help Germany rebuild its industry B. to build better roads and factories in Germany C. To make sure Germany did not invade France in the future D. To give Great Britain and the United States credit for their help in WWI 11. After World War I, how did the Allied countries hope to keep Germany from becoming too powerful again? A. United States took over German military bases. B. Germany was not allowed to have a large army or navy. C. Germany was allowed to keep its colonies. D. Germany did not have to pay any war debts to the Allied countries. 12. Who was the leader of the Nazi party in Germany? A. Adolf Hitler B. Vladimir Lenin C. Wilhelm II D. Woodrow Wilson

3 13. What happened to people who spoke out against Hitler? A. They were sent to Siberia. B. They were allowed to leave Germany. C. Some were put in prison; others were murdered. D. Nothing; freedom of speech was allowed. Use the box below to answer Question 14. Hitler promised to rebuild Germany s military. The Treaty of Versailles angered Germans. Hitler said he would get back Germany s lost land. 14. Which statement explains what these sentences are about? A. events that led to World War I B. feelings Germans had about other countries C. ways that German leaders tried to rebuild their countries D. reasons why Hitler and the Nazis came to power in Germany 15. The Holocaust is associated with which conflict? A. World War I B. World War II C. The Cold War D. Russian Revolution 16. The time of tension without direct warfare from 1945 to 1991 is called: A. World War II B. Nazism C. Cold War D. Holocaust 17. After World War II, which two superpowers engaged in the Cold War? A. United States and the Soviet Union B. Germany and Italy C. United States and Germany D. Soviet Union and Germany

4 Use the Map of Europe below to answer questions K 18. Which country was the first to begin exploring the west coast of Africa, looking for a route to Asia? (Prince Henry the Navigator is also from this country.) A. B B. I C. J D. K 19. The Berlin Wall was built in this country in 1961: A. I B. K C. J D. B

5 Use the timeline below to answer Questions Major Developments in Europe after World War I 1917: Russian Revolution --Czar Nicholas was removed from power & his family was executed --Bolshevik party led by Lenin formed Communist government and took control of Russia --farms were taken over by the government 1929: Worldwide Depression --Connected to US banks --inflation rose --farmers lost land 1939: World War II began : World War I ended 1919: Treaty of Versailles --Punished Germany for the war --Stripped Germany of power, land, and military --Germany had to pay reparations to the Allies --US refused to sign the treaty 1933: Rise of Nazism --Germans felt betrayed by Treaty of Versailles --Nazis came to power --Hitler promised to break Treaty of Versailles, rebuild military, and reclaim lost territory 20. Use the Timeline: Which of the Allies refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles? A. France B. Germany C. Great Britain D. United States 21. Use the Timeline: About how many years passed between the end of WWI and the start of WWII? A. 18 B. 21 C. 33 D. 45

6 22. Use the Timeline: What major event happened in 1917? A. the Russian Revolution B. the Treaty of Versailles C. World War I ended D. World War II began 23. Use the Timeline: Hitler contributed to the rise of Nazism by promising the German people several things. Which of the following promises did he NOT make? A. to bring communism to Germany B. to break the Treaty of Versailles C. to rebuild the military D. to reclaim lost territory

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