Test over the American Revolution

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1 Test over the American Revolution Please Do Not Write on this test 1) A significant outcome of the Battle of Saratoga was A) Germany decided to remain neutral B) It was the final battle of the American Revolution C) This was the battle where Benedict Arnold betrayed the patriots D) Americans became allies with France 2) The retreat of British soldiers at the Battle of Yorktown was significant in that A) It gave the British the time they needed to re-strategize B) They were able to move on to Saratoga where they were victorious C) It resulted in a British surrender by Lord General Cornwallis D) Americans decided the fighting had continued long enough and called a truce 3) General Washington took his army to Valley Forge, Pennsylvania in the winter of There, they suffered much hardship but in the end they benefited by: A) Professionalism from unification and training B) Starvation and frost bite C) Respect from the British D) Victory at the Battle of Bunker Hill 4) German mercenaries hired to fight for the British were called: A) Haitians B) Australians C) Prussian D) Hessians 1

2 5) The Battle of Bunker Hill was important because the colonists A) Held Boston B) Proved they could hold their own C) Forced the British to retreat D) Showed superior training 6) The Mayflower Compact, written in 1620, is important to the concept of democratic society because it represents A) An effort by the colonists to use force to resist the King B) A clear step toward self-government C) An early attempt to establish universal suffrage D) An attempt by the colonists to establish freedom of religion 7) Unalienable rights are best described as rights that A) Can be transferred between people B) Have to be purchased C) Must be earned D) Are possessed by all people 8) This condemnation of King George III is a quotation from. A) the Magna Carta B) the Declaration of Independence C) the United States Constitution D) the Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom 2

3 9) Which is the best conclusion that can be drawn from this information? A) The idea of guaranteeing individual rights developed over time. B) Governments gradually became more abusive. C) Monarchs learned to enjoy sharing power with their subjects. D) The rights of citizens are protected by nobles. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal." --Martin Luther King Jr. I Have A Dream Speech ) What document was Martin Luther King Jr quoting in this speech? A) The Constitution B) The Magna Carta C) The Bill of Rights D) The Declaration of Independence 3

4 11) Which of the following was NOT a condition of the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War? A) The United states was independent. B) Each side would repay debts it owed the other. C) The British would return any enslaved persons they had captured. D) The French acquired all land west of the Mississippi River. 4

5 12) The Virginia Company established the House of Burgesses in 1619, which A) was the first government to have a president B) established the doctrine of separation of powers C) had the power to veto acts of Parliament D) was the first representative legislature in the English colonies 13) What would be appropriate title for the above picture A) Signers of the U.S. Constitution B) Founders of the American Colonies C) The First Continental Congress D) Signers of the Declaration of Independence 14) Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence? A) Thomas Jefferson B) Thomas Paine C) George Washington D) John Adams 5

6 15) What role did Benjamin Franklin play during the American Revolution? A) He discovered electricity. B) He tried to convince the Americans to stop fighting. C) He urged the French to enter the war on the side of the Americans. D) He wrote the Declaration of Independence. 16) Who was the commander of the Continental Army? A) General Cornwallis B) General Lafayette C) General Burgoyne D) General Washington 17) What Frenchman came to help the Americans fight against the British, furnished Continental soldiers blankets, and was like a son to General George Washington? A) Marquis de Lafayette B) Frederick Von Steuben C) General Burgoyne D) General Cornwallis 18) What is the significance of Jamestown in U.S. History? A) It was the first successful permanent English colony in North America. B) It was where the Pilgrims landed in C) It was where Columbus first landed in the New World. D) It was where the Declaration of Independence was signed. 6

7 THE SHOT HEARD ROUND THE WORLD, April 19, ) Where were the first shots fired that began the American Revolution? A) Saratoga B) Yorktown C) Lexington D) Bunker Hill 7

8 Colonists pulling down statue of King George III in New York, July 9, ) Based on the information above, what event preceded (happened before) this? A) The Constitution B) The Bill of Rights C) The Declaration of Independence D) The Articles of Confederation 21) What is the most practical use of the statue after it was toppled by the Colonist A) Made into a Statue of the Queen B) Made into a statue of George Washington C) Made into 42,000 bullets for the colonists D) Made into 42,000 bullets for the British 8

9 The Horse America, throwing his Master 22) Which Country does the horse represent? A) England B) French C) Spanish D) Americans 23) Who does the man on the horse represent? A) George Washington B) Ben Lincoln C) King George III D) King Louie XVI 24) The overall idea of the political cartoon is A) Britain regaining control over her colonies. B) Americans overthrowing the French. C) Spain being overthrown by the Americans. D) Americans declaring independence from Great Britain. 9

10 25) What event belongs in the last box? A) Colonists declare their independence B) Establishment of a Virginia House of Burgesses C) Creation of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut D) Creation of the English Bill of Rights 26) Which American Revolutionary War leader wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet that urged Americans to declare independence from Great Britain? A) George Washington B) Thomas Jefferson C) Thomas Paine D) John Adams 10

11 These are the times that try men s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot, will in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it now deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Use your knowledge of social studies and the above passage to answer the questions ) When George Washington read The Crisis to his troops in December of 1776, he was trying to--- A) excuse the failure of the Continental Congress to properly supply the army. B) inspire his troops to be strong in the face of defeat. C) explain why the British would be victorious. The Crisis, 1776 D) scold his troops for their defeat in the Battle of Long Island. 28) Who wrote The Crisis? A) Thomas Jefferson B) Thomas Paine C) King George D) John Adams 29) A summer soldier and sunshine patriot describes men A) whom will only fight in the summer. B) whom will fight under all conditions-- ran or shine. C) whom will not fight if it is snowing outside D) whom will only fight for independence when the army is winning the war. 11

12 30) Which of the following statements is best supported by the passage? A) Many European generals aided the British by giving them supplies. B) Many soldiers ran away to join the British side. C) The pain and hardship were worth enduring if victory could be achieved. D) Officers were able to bring their families with them PRE-AP Essay Knowing the outcome of the Revolutionary War, explain in detail three of the most important reasons for the victory by the colonists. Give specific examples. 12

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