Biology Review Chapter 1

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1 Science 10 Biology Review Chapter 1 Name: 1. A multi-million dollar experiment called the Biosphere II was built in Tucson Arizona. This building enclosed several mechanically maintained environments. These included a tropical rainforest, desert, grassland, and a 4 million litre tropical ocean. Which of the following is represented by the different environments in Biosphere II. a) biomes b) habitats c) populations d) ecosystems 2. Which of the following might contain an abiotic component of an environment? a) bacteria b) algae c) sheep d) soil 3. Which of the following is a biotic component of an environment? a) temperature b) precipitation c) fungi d) moisture 4. The average conditions of the atmosphere in a large region over 30 years is represented by a: a) climatograph b) adaptation c) biome d) ecosystem 5. Which of the following abiotic factors affects temperature and precipitation? (Pick the best answer!) a) Latitude b) Latitude and Moisture c) Moisture, Elevation and Ocean Currents d) Latitude, Elevation and Ocean Currents 6. Which of the following is an example of a biome? a) the Equator b) the Nile River c) the city of Cairo d) the Sahara Desert 7. Which of the following is an example of parasitism? a) The red-billed oxpecker climbs over the skin of giraffes, searching for insects to eat. The giraffe is helped because the oxpecker takes away the irritating pests. b) The dodder is a plant that lives on other plants, getting nutrients from them. Dodders do not have any chlorophyll necessary for photosynthesis and do not make their own food. c) The remora fish has a suction disk on the top of its head, which is uses to harmlessly attach itself to sharks. It is then protected by the shark and can pick up scraps of food the shark drops. d) Acacia ants protect the acacia tree in Costa Rica. They bite animals that try to eat parts of the tree. In return, the tree provides the ants with a safe place to nest inside its large thorns. The tree also produces a sweet substance for the ants to eat. 8. Which of the following is a characteristic of the boreal forest biome? a) coniferous trees b) permafrost c) constant temperature throughout the year d) annual precipitation of more than 250 cm per year

2 9. An ecologist want to gather information about a stream along a mountainside. Which of the following is a biotic factor? a) water flow rate b) mineral deposits c) water temperature d) variety of life forms 10. What relationship exists between the honeybee and the flower? a) predation b) parasitism c) mutualism d) commensalism 11. What best represents a commensalism relationship between two organisms? a) +, 0 b) +, + c) -, 0 d) Which of the following best explains the distribution of temperate rainforests? a) warm, moist air near the equator b) intense solar radiation causing arid conditions c) presence of large numbers of animals d) presence of coastal mountains causing high annual precipitation 13. Which biome is represented by a climatograph that illustrates a temperature never rising about 5 degrees Celsius? a) Boreal Forest b) Tundra c) Grassland d) Polar Land Masses 14. Which biome is found in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres? a) Polar Ice b) Boreal Forest c) Tundra d) Temperate Deciduous Forest 15. Which biome has an average annual rainfall of 250cm/year? a) Temperate Rainforest b) Cold Desert c) Tropical Rainforest d) Temperate Deciduous Forest 16. Of the following terms, which falls in the smallest category of the ecological hierarchy? a) community b) ecosystem c) organism d) population 17. A population refers to: a) all members of a particular species within an ecosystem b) all the different species that interact in a specific area of ecosystem c) a group of closely related organisms that can reproduce with one another d) all members of a particular species in the world

3 18. In a parasitic relationship, the host species: a) always dies b) never dies c) is harmed in the relationship d) benefits in the relationship 19. Competition is defined as: a) predator-prey interaction in which one organism eats all or part of another organism b) a harmful interaction between two or more organisms that occurs when the organisms compete for the same resource c) a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed d) a part of a biome in which abiotic components interact with biotic components 20. Which of the following is NOT an adaptation that prey animals have to avoid being eaten? a) porcupines have sharp spines b) newts produce poisonous substances c) viceroy butterfly mimics the colours of the bad tasting monarch butterfly d) cougars have long canine teeth 21. Which of the following are the two most important abiotic factors that influence the characteristics of biomes? a) Temperature and Precipitation b) Temperature and Latitude c) Precipitation and Elevation d) Elevation and Ocean Currents 22. A structural adaptation is: a) a physical feature of an organism s body having a specific function that contributes to the survival of the organism b) a physical of chemical event that occurs within the body of an organism that enables survival c) what an organism does to survive in the unique conditions of its environment d) characteristics that enable organisms to better survive and reproduce 23. Which of the following is an example of a behavioral adaptation? a) a wolf being able to maintain a constant body temperature even in cold weather b) a chameleon camouflage to hide in it s environment c) a groundhog burrowing in the ground to escape predators d) camel with a hump to carry water in hot climates 24. What are the major biomes found in Canada? a) tundra and boreal forest b) tundra and temperate deciduous forest c) boreal forest and temperate deciduous forest d) temperate rainforest and temperate deciduous forest 25. What two factors are most responsible for limiting life in a particular area? a) precipitation and sunlight b) sunlight and temperature c) precipitation and temperature d) precipitation and soil conditions 26. Where is the boreal forest biome found? a) above the Tropic of Cancer b) below the Tropic of Capricorn c) near the equator d) between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

4 Use the chart below to answer question What biome has an average annual temperature of 15 C and annual precipitation of 40 cm? a) grassland b) temperate rainforest c) boreal forest d) desert 28. What characteristics are tropical forests known for? I II III high diversity relative to other forests abundance of large mammals relative to other forests high year-round temperatures relative to other forests a) I only b) II only c) III only d) I and III only e) I, II, and III 29. Which best describes the distribution of communities on a tall mountain? a) Coniferous forest grows above the tree line, and no vegetation grows below it. b) Several biome conditions might be present depending on elevation, and there may be permanent ice conditions on top of the mountain. c) With increasing elevation, tall trees are replaced by shorter trees and ultimately are replaced by grasses. d) Tundra-like conditions exist at the top of the highest mountains, and deserts are found at the lower elevations. 30. What is the correct order of biomes you would observe if travelling from the equator to the North Pole? a) boreal forest, tropical rainforest, temperate deciduous forest, tundra b) tropical rainforest, boreal forest, temperate deciduous forest, tundra c) tropical rainforest, temperate deciduous forest, boreal forest, tundra d) tropical rainforest, boreal forest, tundra, temperate deciduous forest e) tundra, temperate deciduous forest, boreal forest, tropical rainforest 31. Which of the following would be a biotic factor in a vegetable garden? a) the amount of nitrogen in the soil b) the amount of rainfall received c) the number of earthworms per cubic metre of soil d) the concentration of oxygen in the soil

5 32. In which of these relationships does neither party benefit? a) competition b) mutualism c) predation d) commensalism e) parasitism 33. If you were studying the niche of a bird species, what might you study? a) the food it eats b) its predators c) the temperatures required for it to reproduce d) the types of areas where it builds its nest e) all of these 34. Which of the following describes how the effects of increased elevation and increased latitude are similar? a) Both will result in more precipitation. b) Both will result in greater biodiversity. c) Both will result in a decrease in temperature. d) Both will result in an increase in temperature. 35. Which of the following factors promote competition between two different bird species in an ecosystem? I. trying to fill the same niche II. searching for limited food resources III. requiring the same type of nesting site a) and II. only b) II. and III. only c) I. and III. only d) I., II., and III. 36. Intense competition would most likely occur between: a) lynx and wolves sharing the same habitat b) shrubs and spruce trees growing in adjacent biomes c) lions and zebras living in the same tropical grassland d) red-tailed hawks and bald eagles searching for the same food source in the same location 37. Use the following statements to answer this question: An oak tree uses sunlight for photosynthesis. An oak tree absorbs water and salts from the soil. An oak tree provides shelter for many plants and animals in a deciduous forest. 38. These three statements help identify the role of an oak tree in an ecosystem. This role is known as its: a) niche b) mutualism c) habitat d) abiotic factor Term behavioral adaptation structural adaptation biotic symbiosis Descriptor a) the interaction between members of two different species that live together in the same ecosystem b) what an organism does to survive in the unique conditions of the environment c) Decomposers are an example. d) a physical feature of an organism s body having a specific function that contributes to the survival of the organism

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