2 Benefits of Biodiversity Preserving biodiversity preserves ecosystem services, and directly provides things of value to humans. Food, fuel, and fiber Shelter and building materials Air and water purification Waste decomposition Climate stabilization and moderation Nutrient cycling Soil fertility Pollination Pest control Genetic resources
3 The Future of Biodiversity Key Terms: Germ plasm Endangered Species Act Habitat conservation plan Biodiversity Treaty
4 The Future of Biodiversity Objectives List and describe four types of efforts to save individual species. Explain the advantages of protecting entire ecosystems rather than individual species. Describe the main provisions of the Endangered Species Act. Discuss ways in which efforts to protect endangered species can lead to controversy. Describe three examples of world-wide cooperative efforts to prevent extinctions.
5 Saving Individual Species People around the world are using many methods to preserve individual species. They are: 1. Captive Breeding Programs 2. Germ Plasm Banks 3. Zoos and Botanical Gardens
6 Conservation approaches: Captive Breeding Many endangered species are being bred in zoos to boost populations and reintroduce them into the wild. This has worked so far for the California condor (in photo, condor hand puppet feeds chick so it imprints on birds, not humans). This is worthless if there is not adequate habitat left in the wild. Figure 15.17
7 Captive Breeding Programs Habitat loss, poaching, and lead poisoning brought the California condor to near extinction (there once were millions of them ranging from California to Florida). In 1986, nine remaining California condors were captured to begin a captive breeding program. By 2002, there were 102 condors in captivity and 58 that had been released back into the wild! Another example is the panda, where there are now more than 1,000 pandas saved as a result of captive-breeding. Will the restored populations reproduce and survive in the wild?
9 Germ Plasm Banks Germ plasm banks store DNA (either seeds, sperm, eggs, or pure DNA) from organisms for future use. The goal is to preserve the DNA of an organism until a time in the future when science is able to recover the species and reproduce it.
10 Conservation approaches: Zoos, Aquariums, Parks, and Gardens Living museums of biodiversity In some cases, these organizations house the few remaining members of a species and might be the species last hope for survival. At best only a fraction of the world s rare and threatened species can be preserved.
11 Botanical Gardens Around the world, more than 90,000 different plants are preserved in botanical gardens. These can range from greenhouses to large open fields of plants. As a result, they store protect a large amount of biodiversity and can be used for research.
12 Conservation approaches: Other Strategies -- Cloning Use of molecular techniques to clone species, raise them in zoos, and reintroduce them to the wild. This technology will be worthless if there is not adequate habitat and protection left for them in the wild.
13 Advantages of protecting entire ecosystems rather than individual species. Most conservationists give priority to protecting entire ecosystems rather than individual species. By protecting entire ecosystems, more species may be saved. How large does a protected preserve need to be to maintain a certain number of species?
14 Conservation approaches: Umbrella Species When habitat is preserved to meet the needs of an umbrella species, it helps preserve habitat for many other species. (Thus, primary species serve as an umbrella for others.) Large species with large home ranges (like tigers and other top predators) are good umbrella species. So are charismatic ones that win public affection, like the panda.
15 Conservation approaches: Biodiversity Hotspots Biodiversity hotspot an area that supports a high number of endemic species (found nowhere else in the world) Endangered golden lion tamarin, endemic to Brazil s Atlantic rainforest, which has been almost totally destroyed Figure 15.18
16 Conservation approaches: Biodiversity Hotspots Global map of biodiversity hotspots, as determined by Conservation International
17 Legal Protection for Species Many nations have laws and regulations designed to prevent the extinction of species (U.S. has some of the strongest). There is controversy about how to enforce laws and about how effective they are.
19 Conservation approaches: Endangered Species Act Trying to preserve single species threatened with extinction is the goal of endangered species laws, although they often also achieve umbrella conservation. U.S. Endangered Species Act, 1973: Restricts actions that would destroy endangered species or their habitats Forbids trade in products from species Prevents extinction, stabilizes and recovers populations
20 Endangered Species Act U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service compiles lists of all endangered and threatened species in the U.S. There are presently about 1,000 identified endangered species and about 300 identified threatened species.
21 Endangered Species Act Prohibitions 16 USC 1538 (Section 9) (a)(1) It is unlawful for any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to: (A) import or export (B) & (C) take within the U.S. or high seas (D) possess, sell, deliver, carry, transport, or ship any species taken in violation of the Act (E) deliver, receive, carry, transport, or ship in interstate or foreign commerce and in the course of commercial activity any listed T&E species
22 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Act Prohibitions (continued) (F) sell, or offer for sale in interstate or foreign commerce any listed T&E species (G) violate any regulation pertaining to any endangered species or to any threatened species of fish or wildlife
23 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Act Penalties Criminal - endangered species $100,000 per individual $200,000 per organization Up to 1 year imprisonment Criminal - threatened species $25,000 per individual $25,000 per organization Up to 1 year imprisonment Civil Knowingly - $25,000 Strict liability - $500
24 Endangered Species Act Environmentalists criticize the ESA because it takes too long to identify a species as endangered or threatened. Many species have gone extinct while trying to become listed as endangered. Environmentalists also criticize the ESA because it mostly contains cute animals and often does not contain scary or ugly animals on the list.
25 Developers vs. Environmentalists? The ESA is controversial with developers because they want to make money by clearing land and are often prevented from doing so by the Endangered Species Act. People who work in construction or who would have benefited from the jobs become upset about the loss of jobs/income. Most controversies end in compromise, where the needs of the community and the needs of the environment are balanced. Although there are many lawsuits over the Endangered Species Act, most get settled and never go to trial.
26 Endangered Species Act A species recovery plan is prepared for each listed threatened and endangered species. When controversies occur, a habitat conservation plan works as a compromise. A habitat conservation plan attempts to protect one or more species across large areas of land through trade-offs or cooperative agreements.
27 Conservation approaches: International Organizations International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) facilitates efforts to protect species and habitats. Collaboration between 200 government agencies and 700 private conservation organizations.
28 Conservation approaches: International Organizations Many private conservation organizations work to protect species worldwide World Wildlife Fund Nature Conservancy National Geographic Society Greenpeace International Some organizations are buying land to set up international parks to protect entire ecosystems. This has proven to be more effective than almost any other type of effort.
29 Conservation approaches: International Treaties CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, prepared in 1973, is a product of IUCN. Bans international trade and transport of body parts of endangered organisms. Effective in stopping slaughter of African elephants for ivory.
31 The Biodiversity Treaty U.N. Conference on Environment and Development, Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro, 1992 (over 100 nations and 30,000 people) Biodiversity Treaty aims to: Conserve biodiversity Use it sustainably Ensure fair distribution of its benefits by requiring wealthier nations of the world to give money to the more poor nations in the world to help protect species. The United States signed the treaty in 1994.
32 Conclusions: Challenges Unknown how many species inhabit our planet. Sixth mass extinction? Population declines and extinctions result from habitat alteration, invasive species, pollution, population growth, and exploitation. Is it an uphill battle to save species, habitats, and ecosystems?
33 Conclusions: Solutions Biologists are making strides in determining how many species inhabit our planet. It s not too late to halt the sixth mass extinction. Habitat alteration, invasive species, pollution, and exploitation -- success will ultimately depend on halting human population growth.
34 Conclusions: Solutions Many and varied ways to save species, habitats, and ecosystems have been, and continue to be, developed. The value of biodiversity must be understood by more people.
35 What are some of the things we are doing to protect endangered species, ecosystems, and natural diversity? This is a map of the national wildlife refuge system. It is the job of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to manage over 500 refuges with over 90 million acres for the conversation of endangered species, ecosystems, and natural diversity
Biodiversity Concepts WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. For any kind of animal or plant each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems.
Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral
The Nebraska Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act (NESCA) NEBRASKA REVISED STATUTES OF 1943. CHAPTER 37. GAME AND PARKS ARTICLE 8. NONGAME AND ENDANGERED SPECIES CONSERVATION ACT. 37-801. Act,
Topic: Endangered Species Endangered Species Day A Lesson Plan - Elementary/Middle School Goals/Objective: 1) Educate students about endangered species. This includes their habitat, ecological and social
Importance of Wildlife The wildlife comprises all living organism (plants, animals, microorganisms) in their natural habitats which are neither cultivated or domesticated nor tamed. But in its strictest
Facts on biodiversity What is biodiversity? Biological diversity (biodiversity) comprises diversity of species and habitats as well as the genetic diversity within the individual species of fauna and flora.
(5) Wildlife Conservation and Management in Japan 5-1) Basic Policy and Strategy of Wildlife Conservation a) Basic Concepts Wild animals and plants serve as the basic components of ecosystems, and their
ENDANGERED AND THREATENED Understand how species in the Sonoran Desert Region may become endangered or threatened and what is being done to protect them. ARIZONA SCIENCE STANDARDS SC03-S4C3-03&04, SC08-S1C3-07,
Endangered Species In 1973, the United States Government passed legislation to protect vanishing species. The Endangered Species Act classifies animals based upon population numbers. The exportation or
RESTORATION & REVITALIZATION Legal preservation has not proved to be sufficient to preserve natural communities. Restoration activities are diverse and includes revitalization of natural communities which
WEB OF LIFE Sea otters live in the shallow waters of the Pacific and in various types of habitats that include rocky shores, tidal estuaries, and kelp forests. Kelp forests are a key habitat often associated
SEA OTTER CONSERVATION Only three subspecies of sea otter are found in the world: the southern, or California, sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis), the northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) and the
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Rick Cantrell January 12, 2010 SFI Vice President and COO 864 653-7224 SFI INC. LAUNCHES NEW STANDARD LEADS FOREST CERTIFICATION FORWARD WASHINGTON Sustainable Forestry Initiative
iodiversity and the Ecosystem (Lexile 910L) 1 Where is your special habitat? You, like a bird, a lizard, or even an ant, need a healthy habitat to survive. habitat is the place where an animal or plant
1. Recent evidence indicates that lakes in large areas of New York State are being affected by acid rain. The major effect of acid rain in the lakes is (1) an increase in game fish population levels (3)
CHAPTER 2: APPROACH AND METHODS APPROACH Given Hawaii s biological uniqueness on a global scale, the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy (CWCS) recognizes the importance of protecting all native
THE SENATE TWENTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE, 0 S.B. NO.Zt STATE OF HAWAII JAN 0 A BILL FOR AN ACT RELATING TO WILDLIFE PROTECTION BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF HAWAII: 0 SECTION. The legislature
I. introduction Definition Current extinction Genetic drift Extinction; Lecture-8 II. 3 types of extinction 1. background 2. mass 3. stochastic III. 5 periods of mass IV. human caused 1. on land and in
Did You Know? 1. Tigers now occupy 7 percent of their historical range, and in the past decade, the area occupied by tigers has decreased by as much as 41 percent, according to some estimates (Dinerstein
Department of Environmental Affairs Attention of: Ms Humbulani Mafumo Private Bag X447 Pretoria 0001 Netherlands, Etten-Leur, 12th of May 2015 Subject: objections to Biodiversity Management Plan for the
Bald Eagle Population - Graphing Changes Over Time Time Needed: 45 minutes Ages: 3 rd 5 th (can be easily adapted to other grades) Season: Any Materials: Graph paper, writing utensils, ruler, worksheets
National 5 Unit 3 Life on earth Ink exercise 1 Biodiversity and the distribution of life. Once completed and marked- Think about and list below the areas I need to work on: Multiple choice Tick one answer
General Questions 1. When were the amendments effective? The Lacey Act amendments included in the 2008 Farm Bill were effective as of May 22, 2008. As a practical matter, this means that enforcement actions
Reading for this lecture Primack: Chapter 8 EEB 2208: LECTURE TOPIC 6 EXTINCTION PATTERNS 1. How can you tell if something is extinct? A) UNFORTUNATELY, ONE CAN T VERY EASILY (AT LEAST NOT FOR CERTAIN)
Ranger Report About Deforestation of the Rainforest About deforestation Forests are cut down for many reasons, but most of them are related to money or to people s need to provide for their families. The
THE IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY Dr. Nitasha Malhotra Associate Professor, Kamala Nehru College, University of Delhi Introduction Environmentalists might define biodiversity as the total of all plant and
Habitat Analysis of the California Condor Meagan Demeter GIS in Natural Resource Management APEC480 18 May, 2013 1 Index Background...3 Literature Review...5 Hypothesis...6 Data...7 Methods...7 Anticipated
Review Question-1 Answer CHAPTER 3 Basic Needs of Living Things A is a certain number of individuals that make up an interbreeding, reproducing group within a given area. a. species b. population c. organism
Cotton top Tamarins and Conservation What is a Cotton-top Tamarin? The Cotton-top Tamarin (Saguinus oedipus) is a small species of monkey, recognisable by the white punk hairdo from which it gets its name.
American Bar Association Section on Environment, Energy, and Resources Species, Renewable Energy, and Public Lands: Moderator s Introduction Robin Kundis Craig William H. Leary Professor of Law University
PeterMckinney MVB CertZooMed Zoo and wildlife Veterinary Services email@example.com Dubai is a tourist hotspot! Al Maha desert resort Dubai sea turtle rehabilitation Project Al Maha desert resort
THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR WASHINGTON ORDER NO. 3336 Subject: Rangeland Fire Prevention, Management and Restoration Sec. 1 Purpose. This Order sets forth enhanced policies and strategies for preventing
Suggested levels for Guided Reading, DRA, Lexile, and Reading Recovery are provided in the Pearson Scott Foresman Leveling Guide. Life Science Genre Expository nonfiction Comprehension Skills and Strategy
Environmental Science Curriculum Dual Credit with Morrisville 1. Introduction to Environmental Science (5 days) Describe the three categories into which most environmental problems fall Explain how the
Warren G. Lavey firstname.lastname@example.org University of Illinois (USA) Online Course 2015 Environmental Policy: Legal Protections for Overview of 16 Lessons Lesson Topic Three key messages Sources of case studies
Defining Ecosystem Services Beto Borges Director, Community and Markets Program Forest Trends 6 April 2011 Defining Ecosystem Services What are ecosystems? Ecosystems in Uganda What are ecosystem services?
WILDLIFE CONSERVATION THROUGH CULTURE AND HISTORY Tradition of non-violence Animals revered in Indian culture Elephants- Lord Ganesha Lion/Tiger- associated with Goddess Durga Snake- associated with Lord
Preserving Biodiversity in São Paulo City of São Paulo Population Growth 1870-30,000 1900 240,000 2005 10,744,060 Urbanization Rate (%): 92.46 Area (km2): 1,509 Rate of Population Growth (average) 2000/2005:
For more information about FSC chain of custody certification: Controlled Wood Produced by: FSC International Center Charles-de-Gaulle Strasse 5 53113 Bonn, Germany Phone : + 49 (0)228 367 66 0 Fax : +
The agricultural statistics series will be based on the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that is located in the resource section and available from the Wikipedia web page (wiki.asfoc.ibge.gov.br).
US SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE PROTOCOL A Sustainability System That Delivers MARCH 2013 Since 1980, US farmers increased soy production by 96% while using 8% less energy US SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY
Amherst County Public Schools AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide College Board AP Environmental Science Site REV: 8/12 1 st 9 weeks AP Objectives Energy Resources and Consumption A. Energy
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Contents Article I Definitions... 1 Article II Fundamental principles... 2 Article III Regulation of trade in specimens of
Mini Unit Plan Species Decline: From Human Impact to Extinction and Everything in Between The Issue: Created by: Kristen Choquette Human populations around the world are growing at an alarming exponential
Trinity University Digital Commons @ Trinity Understanding by Design: Complete Collection Understanding by Design 6-14-2006 Plant and Animal Adaptations [4th grade] Jennifer Mahler Trinity University Follow
S.R. 2009/18 SAMOA MARINE WILDLIFE PROTECTION REGULATIONS 2009 Arrangement of Provisions PART I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title and commencement 2. Interpretation 3. Application in the Exclusive Economic Zone
A Functional Classification System for Marine Protected Areas in the United States The U.S. Classification System: An Objective Approach for Understanding the Purpose and Effects of MPAs as an Ecosystem
ANIMALS UNIT 1 YOUR KNOWLEDGE Work with a partner. Discuss the questions below. 1 Is it better to see animals in a zoo or in the wild? Why? 2 Are there more wild animals in your country now or were there
The Pillars of Agricultural Literacy Overview The following standards offer a framework for agricultural literacy throughout life. Foundational Knowledge is addressed first. This section provides a guide
Chatham House EUTR & CITES Assuring legal sourcing under CITES CITES Secretariat Outline 2 What is CITES? The scope of CITES? How does CITES work? What assurance does CITES provide? What safeguards are
Activity 12 Zoos: Past and Present Objective & Overview: Through surveys and research, students will learn about the evolution of zoos, from menageries to educational and conservation institutions. Teacher
World Oceans Day at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo Teachers notes KS 1 & KS 2 This booklet will help you to focus your self guided trail on ocean animals, looking at the adaptations of the species and focusing in on
Religious Studies (Short Course) Revision Religion and Animal Rights How to use this presentation The first part of this presentation (blue headings) will give you brief information, religious viewpoints
Federal Requirements Related to Coral Farming and Restoration Activities April 25, 2013 DNER Coral Farming Forum, San Juan Dr. Lisamarie Carrubba, Caribbean Field Office Federal Requirements: Coral Farming
Population Ecology An Overview of Population Ecology Population ecology is the study of factors that affect population: Density Growth A population is a group of individuals of a single species that occupy
Click to delete ENDANGERED WILDLIFE FOR SALE IN NEW ZEALAND Trade in endangered species is regulated by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES). Around 34,000
? How are people affecting biodiversity The major threats to biodiversity and the role of people 2 Kieran Noonan-Mooney, CBD Christine Gibb, CBD and FAO Every day we are faced with choices. As individuals
Pete Oxford / ILCP We care for what we know... To inspire, educate and foster conservation of Earth s biodiversity We care for what we know... To inspire, educate and foster conservation of Earth s biodiversity
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME Environment for Development UNEP is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system UNEP s mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership
Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action in Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC UNEP) Characterizing and addressing SLOW ONSET EVENTS climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY
Equitable Sharing Conservation Sustainable Use Biodiversity a GRI Reporting Resource R e p o r t i n g o n B i o d i v e r s i t y 1 Acknowledgements This document has been published by the Global Reporting
Listening Comprehension Sharkwater (Youtube series) YouTube Sharkwater Part 1 Introduction to Sharks Pair and group warm-up discussion: What do you know about sharks? 1. Sharks are Rob s favourite animals
NATIONAL PARKS AND WILDLIFE SERVICE TITLE: REHABILITATION OF FAUNA POLICY AUTHOR Mngr, Strategic Policy Division DATE OF ORIGINAL ENDORSEMENT Oct 2001 DATE OF EFFECT Oct 2001 DATE LAST MODIFIED July 2002
AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES POSSESSION RULES 312 IAC 9-6-7 Exotic fish Authority: IC 14-22-2-6 Affected: IC 14-22-2-3 Sec. 7. (a) Except as otherwise provided under this section, a person must not import,
Endangered Species: What and Where? Summary: Students learn about North American endangered species through creation of a species book. Older students will locate endangered species on a map and explore
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CURRICULUM for CLASS IX to X The Royal Society for Protection of Nature (RSPN) in collaboration with Department of Curriculum Research & Development (DCRD) of Ministry of Education
IBAT (Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool) Martin Sneary, Manager Biodiversity Risk Assessment & Corporate Decision Support (based in Washington DC) Format of session Key sources of biodiversity information
Facts on Biodiversity A Summary of the Millenium Ecosystem Assessment Biodiversity Synthesis EUROPEAN COMMISSION DIRECTORATE GENERAL ENVIRONMENT BIODIVERSITY contributes to many aspects of human well-being,
Forensic science in illegal trade on wildlife Moses Otiende Molecular Biologist Kenya Wildlife Service Presentation outline Introduction Illegal trade in wildlife Wildlife crimes in Kenya Forensic in wildlife
CONSERVATION AREAS ACT CAP. 30.15 Conservation Areas Act CAP. 30.15 Arrangement of Sections CONSERVATION AREAS ACT Arrangement of Sections Section 1 Short title... 5 2 Interpretation... 5 3 Declaration
If we do not do something to prevent it, Africa s animals, and the places in which they live, will be lost to our world, and her children, forever. Before it is too late, we need your help to lay the foundation
reflect There is a saying, No man is an island, which means that people need one another in order to survive. Everyone on Earth is interconnected in some way. This is not only true of human beings, but
WILDLIFE LAW ENFORCEMENT AND GOVERNANCE IN THE PHILIPPINES By Antonio C. Manila Protected Areas & Wildlife Bureau DENR, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines TOPICS FOR DISCUSSIONS: 1. Updates on Philippine
Presented at Short Course IV on Exploration for Geothermal Resources, organized by UNU-GTP, KenGen and GDC, at Lake Naivasha, Kenya, November 1-22, 2009. Kenya Electricity Generating Co., Ltd. GEOTHERMAL
Environmental Issues Approaches to Environmental Science UW Environmentally-Related Undergrad Programs: The Program on the Environment Environmental Studies Certificate In Restoration Ecology College of
At a glance Level: ISE II Task 3 Reading into Writing: Endangered Animals Focus: Task 3 Reading into writing Aims: To read information about endangered animals, to answer questions about the information
Protected Area Categories and Management Objectives A protected area is defined as: An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural
Ecosystems and Food Webs How do AIS affect our lakes? Background Information All things on the planet both living and nonliving interact. An Ecosystem is defined as the set of elements, living and nonliving,
www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight
Please note: This text is from the fourth edition of Federal Historic Preservation Laws, published in 2006 by the National Center for Cultural Resources, National Park Service, Department of the Interior.
Environmental Law Primer Adapted from Vermont Law School s Environmental Law Primer for Journalists General Categories Command and Control Liability Disclosure Ecosystem and Place-based Programs Marketable
Living Natural Resources Overview of Performance Standards on Environmental and Social Sustainability 1. IFC s Sustainability Framework articulates the Corporation s strategic commitment to sustainable
Sustainable Future tour > Before your visit Leave the car behind 1 What does sustainable mean? When you visit The Living Rainforest, you will learn about rainforests and sustainability. What do you think
July 2012 Endangered Species: TIGERS Bulletin Board Resources for CFs by the Office of Sustainability Simply cut and paste! Tips for a More Sustainable Bulletin Board: Created by: Amelia Evans Use newspaper
Fisheries and Oceans Canada Species at Risk Act Listing Policy and Directive for Do Not List Advice DFO SARA Listing Policy Preamble The Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) Species at Risk Act (SARA) Listing
Name: ate: 1. Missing from the diagram of this ecosystem are the 5. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.. biotic factors and decomposers.
115-18-1. Wildlife rehabilitation permit; application, reporting and general provisions. (a) Each application for a wildlife rehabilitation permit shall be submitted on a form provided by the department.