TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN. Civil War

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1 Civil War Directions: To use this timeline, we suggest first printing out this PDF. Notice that the event sheets do not have dates on them. Shuffle the event sheets and hand out them out, one per student, to the class. (It is important not to hand them out in the order in which they printed because they are already organized chronologically!) Once everyone has an event, allow the students to move around the classroom, discussing their event with fellow students, with the aim of arranging themselves in a line sequentially based on their event. After several minutes, the students should be organized in one line across the classroom with their event pages displayed from earliest to most recent. Once the students have completed this task, allow each student to read their event, and then guess the date at which it occurred. Use the following answer key to assess the accuracy of the dates and to confirm the correct order of the timeline. There may be more events than there are students in your class. If this is the case, please feel free to pick and choose the events you use in order to customize our timeline to your classroom s needs. If you prefer, you may also give each student two events to sort.

2 Answer Key: Oct , 1859 Dec. 2, 1859 Nov. 6, 1860 Dec. 20, 1860 Jan. 9 Feb. 1, 61 Jan. 29, 1861 Feb. 4-9, 1861 March 4, 1861 TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN John Brown, an abolitionist, attacks the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia with the aim of arming enslaved workers and inspiring a rebellion. This action intensifies the hostilities between northern and southern states. John Brown, an abolitionist, is hanged for murder and treason following his attack on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States. Hannibal Hamlin is chosen as his Vice President. A special convention of the South Carolina legislature decides to secede from the United States of America, when news of Abraham Lincoln s approaching presidency reaches them. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (listed here alphabetically) all secede from the United States within one month s time. Kansas is admitted as a free state, a state in which the institution of slavery is illegal. Representatives from the states that have seceded assemble in Montgomery, Alabama. They create a new government, write an interim constitution, and elect Jefferson Davis, a former Mississippi Congressman of the United States, as their President. They decide to call themselves the Confederate States of America. Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as President of the United States. He is the sixteenth man to hold this position.

3 Answer Key: TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN April 12 13, 1861 Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, is attacked. On the second day of assault, the men at the fort, led by Union Major Robert Anderson, surrender to South Carolina troops led by Confederate Brigadier General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard. April 15, 1861 Understanding that war is coming, President Abraham Lincoln asks for 75,000 men to sign on for three months of armed service to the United States. Apr. 17 May 20, 61 Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia (listed here in alphabetical order), all secede from the United States. April 19, 1861 Lincoln issues a blockade of Confederate ports. April 20, 1861 May 29, 1861 July 21, 1861 Nov. 1, 1861 Colonel Robert E. Lee resigns from the United States Army. Richmond, Virginia is named as the capital city of the Confederate States of America. Richmond is only about 100 miles from Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States of America. Despite Union, or Northern, confidence, the Confederacy is victorious the First Battle of Bull Run (also known as First Manassas by Confederate troops) in Virginia. At this battle, Confederate General Thomas Jackson earns the nickname Stonewall for his resolve in the battle, standing strong as though he were a stone wall. This is the first land battle of the Civil War. George B. McClellan supersedes General Winfield Scott as General-in-Chief of the Union army.

4 Answer Key: TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN March 9, 1862 April 16, 1862 May 8, 1862 Two ironclad ships, a northern ship, the USS Monitor and a southern ship, the CSS Virginia, fight at Hampton Roads, Virginia. The battle ends in a stalemate, highlighting the superiority of ships made of steel rather than wood. President Abraham Lincoln enacts the District of Columbia Emancipation Act. This act frees the enslaved persons in the District of Columbia., as well as compensates, or pays, the slave owners for their loss of property. Prior to this act, enslaved persons had been considered property. Confederate General Thomas Stonewall Jackson s Shenandoah Valley campaign begins. May 31 June 1, 62 Robert E. Lee takes command of the Confederate army from Joseph E. Johnston during the Battle of Seven Pines. June 25 July 1, 62 Confederate General Robert E. Lee drives the Union army, led by General George B. McClellan, from Richmond, Virginia in what is called the Seven Days campaign. Aug. 20, 1862 Aug , 62 Sept. 22, 1862 Jan. 1, 1863 Horace Greeley, a newspaper editor, publishes The Prayer of Twenty Millions. This is an appeal to President Abraham Lincoln to free the enslaved workers in the Union. The Confederacy wins the Second Battle of Bull Run or Second Manassas, when referred to by Confederates. President Lincoln issues the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. This document frees all enslaved persons in states currently in rebellion.

5 Answer Key: TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN March 3, 1863 May 10, 1863 July 1 3, 1863 July 4, 1863 July 13 15, 1863 Nov. 19, 1863 Nov. 25, 1863 March 10, 1864 President Lincoln signs the Conscription Act. This act makes it legal for all men between 20 and 45 years old to be called to military service. Time served, however, can be avoided by paying a fee or finding someone to serve in one s place. Confederate General Thomas Stonewall Jackson dies from pneumonia. He contracts the disease after being wounded during the Battle of Chancellorsville in the month. Union and Confederate forces collide at the Battle of Gettysburg, fought in Pennsylvania. The Union wins this battle. The Confederates surrender the fort city, Vicksburg, Mississippi to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. This gives the Union control of the Mississippi River. Violent riots break out in New York City protesting the Conscription Act. Many poor people feel it is unfair because one can pay a fee in exchange for not having to serve in the armed forces. Most of these poor people cannot afford to pay the fee. President Abraham Lincoln delivers his famous Gettysburg Address at a dedication of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Union is victorious after the three day Battle of Chattanooga, in Tennessee. Union General Ulysses S. Grant is given official authority to command all of the armies of the United States of America after being promoted to Lieutenant General. June 28, 1864 President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill to repeal the Fugitive Slave Act of The act had allowed escaped enslaved persons to be returned to their owners across state lines.

6 Answer Key: Nov. 8, 1864 Nov. 16, 1864 Dec. 21, 1864 Jan. 31, 1865 March 4, 1865 March 29, 1865 April 2, 1865 April 9, 1865 April 14, 1865 TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN President Abraham Lincoln is reelected as President of the United States of America. Andrew Johnson is chosen as Vice President. Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins his famous March to the Sea from Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia. Savannah, Georgia falls to Union General William Tecumseh Sherman without opposition. Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. This amendment abolishes slavery in all of the United States. President Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as President of the United States for a second term in office. Union General Ulysses S. Grant and George G. Meade begin to pursue Confederate General Robert E. Lee along the Appomattox River. Petersburg, Virginia falls to the Union. The Confederate government evacuates Richmond, Virginia. Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia. This action ends the Civil War. John Wilkes Booth, a popular actor at the time, shoots President Abraham Lincoln at Ford s Theater in Washington, D.C. during a play. At about the same time, Secretary of State William H. Seward is stabbed inside his home also in Washington, D.C. The attacks are coordinated implying a conspiracy.

7 Answer Key: April 15, 1865 April 15, 1865 April 26, 1865 May 10, 1865 June 2, 1865 June 30, 1865 TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN President Abraham Lincoln dies. Vice President Andrew Johnson is inaugurated as President of the United States. He is the seventeenth man to hold this position. John Wilkes Booth, President Abraham Lincoln s assassin, is shot and killed while on the run in Virginia. Former President of the Confederate States, Jefferson Davis, is taken prisoner near Irwinville, Georgia. General Kirby E. Smith, commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department, accepts the terms of surrender offered in late May officially ending Confederate resistance to the Union. All of the accused conspirators of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are found guilty, eight people in total. Four of the eight, including the only woman accused, Mary Surratt, are sentenced to death.

8 John Brown, an abolitionist, attacks the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia with the aim of arming enslaved workers and inspiring a rebellion. This action intensifies the hostilities between northern and southern states.

9 John Brown, an abolitionist, is hanged for murder and treason following his attack on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.

10 Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States. Hannibal Hamlin is chosen as his Vice President.

11 A special convention of the South Carolina legislature decides to secede from the United States of America, when news of Abraham Lincoln s approaching presidency reaches them.

12 Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas (listed here alphabetically) all secede from the United States within one month s time.

13 Kansas is admitted as a free state, a state in which the institution of slavery is illegal.

14 Representatives from the states that have seceded assemble in Montgomery, Alabama. They create a new government, write an interim constitution, and elect Jefferson Davis, a former Mississippi Congressman of the United States, as their President. They decide to call themselves the Confederate States of America.

15 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as President of the United States. He is the sixteenth man to hold this position.

16 Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, is attacked. On the second day of assault, the men at the fort, led by Union Major Robert Anderson, surrender to South Carolina troops led by Confederate Brigadier General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard.

17 Understanding that war is coming, President Abraham Lincoln asks for 75,000 men to sign on for three months of armed service to the United States.

18 Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia (listed here in alphabetical order), all secede from the United States.

19 Lincoln issues a blockade of Confederate ports.

20 Colonel Robert E. Lee resigns from the United States Army.

21 Richmond, Virginia is named as the capital city of the Confederate States of America. Richmond is only about 100 miles from Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States of America.

22 Despite Union, or Northern, confidence, the Confederacy is victorious the First Battle of Bull Run (also known as First Manassas by Confederate troops) in Virginia. At this battle, Confederate General Thomas Jackson earns the nickname Stonewall for his resolve in the battle, standing strong as though he were a stone wall. This is the first land battle of the Civil War.

23 George B. McClellan supersedes General Winfield Scott as General-in-Chief of the Union army.

24 Two ironclad ships, a northern ship, the USS Monitor and a southern ship, the CSS Virginia, fight at Hampton Roads, Virginia. The battle ends in a stalemate, highlighting the superiority of ships made of steel rather than wood.

25 President Abraham Lincoln enacts the District of Columbia Emancipation Act. This act frees the enslaved persons in the District of Columbia., as well as compensates, or pays, the slave owners for their loss of property. Prior to this act, enslaved persons had been considered property.

26 Confederate General Thomas Stonewall Jackson s Shenandoah Valley campaign begins.

27 Robert E. Lee takes command of the Confederate army from Joseph E. Johnston during the Battle of Seven Pines.

28 Confederate General Robert E. Lee drives the Union army, led by General George B. McClellan, from Richmond, Virginia in what is called the Seven Days campaign.

29 Horace Greeley, a newspaper editor, publishes The Prayer of Twenty Millions. This is an appeal to President Abraham Lincoln to free the enslaved workers in the Union.

30 The Confederacy wins the Second Battle of Bull Run or Second Manassas, when referred to by Confederates.

31 President Lincoln issues the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.

32 President Abraham Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. This document frees all enslaved persons in states currently in rebellion.

33 President Lincoln signs the Conscription Act. This act makes it legal for all men between 20 and 45 years old to be called to military service. Time served, however, can be avoided by paying a fee or finding someone to serve in one s place.

34 Confederate General Thomas Stonewall Jackson dies from pneumonia. He contracts the disease after being wounded during the Battle of Chancellorsville earlier in the month.

35 Union and Confederate forces collide at the Battle of Gettysburg, fought in Pennsylvania. The Union wins this battle.

36 The Confederates surrender the fort city, Vicksburg, Mississippi to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. This gives the Union control of the Mississippi River.

37 Violent riots break out in New York City protesting the Conscription Act. Many poor people feel it is unfair because one can pay a fee in exchange for not having to serve in the armed forces. Most of these poor people cannot afford to pay the fee.

38 President Abraham Lincoln delivers his famous Gettysburg Address at a dedication of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

39 The Union is victorious after the three day Battle of Chattanooga, in Tennessee.

40 Union General Ulysses S. Grant is given official authority to command all of the armies of the United States of America after being promoted to Lieutenant General.

41 President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill to repeal the Fugitive Slave Act of The act had allowed escaped enslaved persons to be returned to their owners across state lines.

42 President Abraham Lincoln is reelected as President of the United States. Andrew Johnson is chosen as Vice President.

43 Union General William Tecumseh Sherman begins his famous March to the Sea from Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia.

44 Savannah, Georgia falls to Union General William Tecumseh Sherman without opposition.

45 Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. This amendment abolishes slavery in all of the United States.

46 President Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as President of the United States for a second term in office.

47 Union General Ulysses S. Grant and George G. Meade begin to pursue Confederate General Robert E. Lee along the Appomattox River.

48 Petersburg, Virginia falls to the Union. The Confederate government evacuates Richmond, Virginia.

49 Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House in Virginia. This action ends the Civil War.

50 John Wilkes Booth, a popular actor at the time, shoots President Abraham Lincoln at Ford s Theater in Washington, D.C. during a play. At about the same time, Secretary of State William H. Seward is stabbed inside his home also in Washington, D.C. The attacks are coordinated implying a conspiracy.

51 President Abraham Lincoln dies.

52 Vice President Andrew Johnson is inaugurated as President of the United States. He is the seventeenth man to hold this position.

53 John Wilkes Booth, President Abraham Lincoln s assassin, is shot and killed while on the run in Virginia.

54 Former President of the Confederate States, Jefferson Davis, is taken prisoner near Irwinville, Georgia.

55 General Kirby E. Smith, commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department, accepts the terms of surrender offered in late May officially ending Confederate resistance to the Union.

56 All of the accused conspirators of the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are found guilty, eight people in total. Four of the eight, including the only woman accused, Mary Surratt, are sentenced to death.

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