Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download ""

Transcription

1 Page 1 of 5 Gem Home Gemology Glossary Mineral Classification by Chemical Composition Crystalline Forms Crystal Habit Crystalline Structure Mohs Scale Mineral Classification Gemstone Coloration Refractive Index Mineral Classification Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic substances with a quantifiable chemical composition and a crystalline structure. The term "mineral" refers to both a material's chemical composition, and its physical structure. For a substance to be classified as a mineral, it must be a solid, nonliquid substance, and a crystal structure. The term "rock" should not be confused with the term "mineral," as rock is an aggregate amalgamation of one or more minerals, and can also contain organic substances. "Best Mineral Supplement" Don't know which minerals to buy? Find out which are best here! Black Tourmaline On Sale Get Your Best Black Tourmaline Wholesale Direct From Brazil Diamonds Diamond Substances that are "mineral-like" but don't meet this definition are classified as "mineraloids." Minerals range in composition from pure elements (carbon and metals) or salts, to highly complex silicates (emeralds, tourmaline, etc.). According to the International Mineralogical Association, there are currently over 4,000 known minerals, which are categorized according to their chemical composition or "mineral class." There are eight mineral classes which are categorized by anion (negative ion) group. The minerals shown on this mineral classification chart are listed in the approximate order of their abundance within the Earth's crust, starting with the most abundant "silicate class" of minerals. 1. Silicate Mineral Class Cyclosilicates Beryl Alexandrite Aquamarine (Beryl) Chrysoberyl Emerald (Beryl) Morganite (Beryl) Tourmaline Inosilicates

2 Page 2 of 5 Bargains on Labradorite Necklaces, Earrings and More. Save! Diopside Jadeite Kunzite (Pyroxene Group: Spodumene) Nesosilicates Kyanite (Aluminosilicate) Garnet Group Peridot - Olivine Topaz (Aluminosilicate) Zircon Group Phyllosilicates Diamonds Prehnite Talc Sorosilicates Tanzanite - (Zoisite, Epidote) Tectosilicates (framework silicates, zeolites) Agate Amethyst Chalcedony Citrine Jasper Labradorite Lazurite (Lapis Lazuli) Moonstone Onyx Opal (also a mineraloid) Quartz 2. Carbonate Mineral Class Carbonates with Hydroxyl or Halogen Azurite Calcite Malachite 3. Sulfate Class

3 Page 3 of 5 Sulfur Oxides Gypsum 4. Halide Mineral Class Halogens Fluorite 5. Oxide Mineral Class Element in (IV) State Ruby - (Corundum - Aluminium Oxide) Sapphire - (Corundum - Aluminium Oxide) Spinel - (Corundum - Aluminium Oxide) Zirconia (CZ) - (Zirconium Oxide) 6. Sulfide Mineral Class Sulfides Pyrite 7. Phosphate Mineral Class Phosphate Minerals Apatite Turquoise 8. Element Class Carbon Group Diamond Native (Rare Earth) Metals

4 Page 4 of 5 Titanium Gold Group Gold Copper Silver Platinum Group Iridium Platinum Palladium Rhodium Mineraloids Group A "mineraloid" is a mineral-like substance that does not demonstrate crystallinity and who's chemical composition is beyond the accepted ranges for specific minerals. Pearls contain the mineral "calcium carbonate" but the structure is bonded together by organic materials. Obsidian is not a "crystal" but is instead amorphous-glass. Amber is a heterogeneous composite with a "gemlike" appearance, but consists of resinous bodies that are soluble in alcohol. Non-Crystalline Minerals Amber Obsidian Opal Pearl Ads by Google Gemstones Mineral Gems Hardness Scale Gemstone Identification Tables for an easier determination Worldwide shipping Healing Crystals Natural Specimens & Tumbled Buy Now. Fast Shipping. Gold & Silver Rose Rings Wexfordjewelers.com Handmade rose jewelry with gems. Pink gold, diamond, ethical sources Rare Earth Elements Leverage to Uranium & REE Prices TSX Venture Symbol: GEM

5 Page 5 of 5 Gem Home Diamonds Copyright 2008 AllAboutGemstones.com. All rights reserved.

TIFFANY GEMSTONE & PEARL JEWELRY

TIFFANY GEMSTONE & PEARL JEWELRY TIFFANY GEMSTONE & PEARL JEWELRY SINCE 1837, TIFFANY & CO. HAS MAINTAINED THE VERY HIGHEST STANDARDS IN DESIGN, MATERIALS AND CRAFTSMANSHIP. THIS IS THE REASON THAT TIFFANY JEWELRY IS TREASURED WORLDWIDE

More information

E-Line Gemological Refractometer

E-Line Gemological Refractometer E-Line Gemological Refractometer User Guide E-Line Gemological Refractometer User Guide (Eng) B+S Code : 44-895 Issue 3C August 2013 Order Code Description 44-861 E-Line Gemological Refractometer Copyright

More information

Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Class: Date: Minerals Study Guide Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.

More information

Chemistry in the Gem & Mineral Hall

Chemistry in the Gem & Mineral Hall Chemistry in the Gem & Mineral Hall High School Duration 2-3 classes and a Museum visit Location Gem & Mineral Hall Supplies See individual lessons Standards Chemistry 1.2.3.6.7.9 Module Overview How is

More information

What is a mineral?? A homogenous, naturally occurring, solid inorganic substance with a definable chemical composition and an internal structure

What is a mineral?? A homogenous, naturally occurring, solid inorganic substance with a definable chemical composition and an internal structure What is a mineral?? A homogenous, naturally occurring, solid inorganic substance with a definable chemical composition and an internal structure characterized by an orderly arrangement of atoms, ions,

More information

Identifying Minerals

Identifying Minerals Identifying Minerals All rocks are made up of minerals. Rocks have different colors, textures, and shapes. Some rocks or minerals are very hard. Some are soft. A gemstone is a mineral that is rare and

More information

Earth Materials: Minerals. Mineral Properties. Mineral Properties. Some optical properties. Three general categories:

Earth Materials: Minerals. Mineral Properties. Mineral Properties. Some optical properties. Three general categories: 1 2 Earth Materials: Minerals What is a mineral? Properties/characteristics of different types of minerals Mineral structures and bonding Major categories of minerals Importance and uses of minerals What

More information

305 ATOMS, ELEMENTS, AND MINERALS

305 ATOMS, ELEMENTS, AND MINERALS DATE DUE: Name: Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 ATOMS, ELEMENTS, AND MINERALS Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer. Use GEOLOGIC VOCABULARY where APPLICABLE!

More information

OLD FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS, BY CATEGORY

OLD FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS, BY CATEGORY 347k Review for Final Exam Spring, 2001 M. Helper OLD FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS, BY CATEGORY GEM SYNTHESIS 1) What differentiates a synthetic gem from an imitation gem from a natural gem? 2) There exists, for

More information

Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa

Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa Benchmark and SLC#: SLC 12: A. Students will classify rocks by their characteristics. Objectives: Students will classify rocks by their characteristics; learn

More information

LAB 2: MINERAL PROPERTIES AND IDENTIFICATION

LAB 2: MINERAL PROPERTIES AND IDENTIFICATION OBJECTIVES: LAB 2: MINERAL PROPERTIES AND IDENTIFICATION 1) to become familiar with the properties important in identifying minerals; 2) to learn how to identify the common rock-forming minerals. Preparatory

More information

IDENTIFYING MINERALS Lesson Plan

IDENTIFYING MINERALS Lesson Plan IDENTIFYING MINERALS Lesson Plan TARGET AUDIENCE Third through Sixth grade STANDARDS VA grades 3-5: Scientific investigation, reasoning and logic; Matter. MD grades 3-6: Constructing knowledge; Communicating

More information

** Rocks are aggregates of one or more minerals ** 3. Hardness: A measure of resistance to scratching. On the Mohs Scale, it ranges from 1 to 10.

** Rocks are aggregates of one or more minerals ** 3. Hardness: A measure of resistance to scratching. On the Mohs Scale, it ranges from 1 to 10. Lab 2: Mineral Lab notes. Minerals are inorganic, solid, naturally occurring substances that have a characteristic chemical compositions, distinctive physical properties, and crystalline structures. Chemical

More information

Atoms and Elements. Atoms: Learning Goals. Chapter 3. Atoms and Elements; Isotopes and Ions; Minerals and Rocks. Clicker 1. Chemistry Background?

Atoms and Elements. Atoms: Learning Goals. Chapter 3. Atoms and Elements; Isotopes and Ions; Minerals and Rocks. Clicker 1. Chemistry Background? Chapter 3 Atoms Atoms and Elements; Isotopes and Ions; Minerals and Rocks A Review of Chemistry: What geochemistry tells us Clicker 1 Chemistry Background? A. No HS or College Chemistry B. High School

More information

Minerals in granite. The igneous rock granite is composed of many separate grains of several main minerals. Figure 2.1

Minerals in granite. The igneous rock granite is composed of many separate grains of several main minerals. Figure 2.1 Minerals in granite The igneous rock granite is composed of many separate grains of several main minerals Figure 2.1 What is a mineral? Naturally occurring solid Specific chemical composition Crystal structure

More information

Educator s Guide. Harry Frank Guggenheim Hall of Minerals. Morgan Memorial Hall of Gems. amnh.org/mineralsgems/educators

Educator s Guide. Harry Frank Guggenheim Hall of Minerals. Morgan Memorial Hall of Gems. amnh.org/mineralsgems/educators Educator s Guide Harry Frank Guggenheim Hall of Minerals Morgan Memorial Hall of Gems amnh.org/mineralsgems/educators Inside: Suggestions to Help You Come Prepared Essential Questions for Student Inquiry

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 1 Minerals. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 3 Lesson 1 Minerals. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Animal, Vegetable, or Mineral? What do minerals have in common? Not all minerals are sparkling gems, but they all have certain characteristics in common. A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid

More information

Rocks and Mineral Mapping

Rocks and Mineral Mapping Rocks and Mineral Mapping UTAH CORE CURRICULUM Grade K Standard III Objectives 3 a, c Grade 1 Standard III Objectives 3 c Grade 4 Social Studies Standard VI Objective 4 BACKGROUND Utah is a great place

More information

Chapter 1 MINERALS SECTION I: INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1 MINERALS SECTION I: INTRODUCTION Chapter 1 MINERALS SECTION I: INTRODUCTION From the perspective of a gemologist a mineral is an exciting thing! Most gems are minerals and minerals even in their natural form can be quite beautiful and

More information

Student Exploration: Mineral Identification

Student Exploration: Mineral Identification Name: Date: Student Exploration: Identification Vocabulary: crystal, density, hardness, homogeneous, luster, mass, mineral, streak, volume Prior Knowledge Questions (Do these BEFORE using the Gizmo.) 1.

More information

Objectives: Vocabulary: Materials: Students will: Safety: Element Mineral Streak. Absolute Hardness

Objectives: Vocabulary: Materials: Students will: Safety: Element Mineral Streak. Absolute Hardness : Finding Clues Like a Scientist Author: Kris Poduska Date Created: 2000 Subject: Earth Science, Classification Level: Elementary and Middle School Standards: New York State- Intermediate Science (www.emsc.nysed.gov/ciai/)

More information

Minerals. Author: Rebecca Brindley

Minerals. Author: Rebecca Brindley Minerals Author: Rebecca Brindley CHAPTER 1 Minerals 1 Minerals Quartz: What is a Mineral? There are five things that must be true for a substance to be classified as a mineral. The five items are as follows:

More information

THE COMPOSITION OF EARTH: ROCKS AND MINERALS. Keywords: petrology, petrography, mineralogy, rock classification, crust

THE COMPOSITION OF EARTH: ROCKS AND MINERALS. Keywords: petrology, petrography, mineralogy, rock classification, crust THE COMPOSITION OF EARTH: ROCKS AND MINERALS Ruth Siddall University College London, UK Keywords: petrology, petrography, mineralogy, rock classification, crust Contents 1. Introduction 2. Minerals 2.1.

More information

index of refraction table

index of refraction table index of refraction table www.rendervas.altervista.org Common objects Index Table Material IOR Radio Air 1,0003 Liquid carbon dioxide 1,2000 Ice 1,3090 Water (20 degrees) 1,3330 Acetone 1,3600 General

More information

EARTH SCIENCE 110 INTRODUCTION to GEOLOGY MINERALS & ROCKS LABORATORY

EARTH SCIENCE 110 INTRODUCTION to GEOLOGY MINERALS & ROCKS LABORATORY EARTH SCIENCE 110 INTRODUCTION to GEOLOGY DR. WOLTEMADE NAME: SECTION: MINERALS & ROCKS LABORATORY INTRODUCTION The identification of minerals and rocks is an integral part of understanding our physical

More information

Silicate Structures. The building blocks of the common rock-forming minerals

Silicate Structures. The building blocks of the common rock-forming minerals Silicate Structures The building blocks of the common rock-forming minerals Mineral classes and the silicates There are a total of 78 mineral classes 27 of these are the silicates which constitute ~92%

More information

JOANNA THOMSON JEWELLERY. classic collection

JOANNA THOMSON JEWELLERY. classic collection JOANNA THOMSON JEWELLERY classic collection JOANNA THOMSON JEWELLERY BIRTHSTONES CONTENTS January February March April May June July August September October November December Garnet Amethyst Aquamarine

More information

Bracelet 1. Flexible, open bangle bracelet Black diamonds,.70 carats 14karat white gold $1, Bracelet 2

Bracelet 1. Flexible, open bangle bracelet Black diamonds,.70 carats 14karat white gold $1, Bracelet 2 Bracelet 1 Flexible, open bangle bracelet Black diamonds,.70 carats $1,600.00 Bracelet 2 Round shaped bangle bracelet White diamonds,.90 carats $2,900.00 1 Bracelet 3 Marquis and round shaped bangle bracelet

More information

2 Identifying Minerals

2 Identifying Minerals CHAPTER 5 2 Identifying Minerals SECTION Minerals of Earth s Crust KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What are seven physical properties scientists use to identify minerals?

More information

Crust: low density rocks. Mantle: high density rocks. Core: very high density metal. core

Crust: low density rocks. Mantle: high density rocks. Core: very high density metal. core Crust: low density rocks Mantle: high density rocks Core: very high density metal core mechanical) layering mechanical layers lithosphere: rigid & strong asthenosphere: plastic & weak mesosphere: plastic

More information

APPROVAL/LOCAL LAW/AMEND CHAPTER 195/ CODE OF PUTNAM COUNTY ENTITLED PRECIOUS METALS AND GEMS.

APPROVAL/LOCAL LAW/AMEND CHAPTER 195/ CODE OF PUTNAM COUNTY ENTITLED PRECIOUS METALS AND GEMS. APPROVAL/LOCAL LAW/AMEND CHAPTER 195/ CODE OF PUTNAM COUNTY ENTITLED PRECIOUS METALS AND GEMS. A Local Law to Amend Chapter 195 of the Code of Putnam County entitled Precious Metals and Gems. BE IT ENACTED

More information

Identification of Rock forming mineral -Sean Tvelia-

Identification of Rock forming mineral -Sean Tvelia- Identification of Rock forming mineral -Sean Tvelia- Minerals are the natural material that every inorganic material on planet Earth is composed of. They are the foundation of both our planet and most

More information

Physical Properties of Minerals. Physical Properties. Hardness. ERSC 2P12 Minerals 2

Physical Properties of Minerals. Physical Properties. Hardness. ERSC 2P12 Minerals 2 Physical Properties of Minerals Hardness Colour Streak Lustre Cleavage Diaphaneity Parting Fracture Physical Properties Striations Magnetism Specific Gravity Crystal Form Aggregates Tenacity Acid Reaction

More information

Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com

Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com Name: KEY Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a naturally occurring, inorganic substance which has a definite chemical composition What would be the opposite of this? man-made,

More information

Lab 3: Minerals. (2) Minerals are solids, therefore liquids and gases are not considered minerals.

Lab 3: Minerals. (2) Minerals are solids, therefore liquids and gases are not considered minerals. Introduction Minerals Minerals are the basic building blocks that make up the solid Earth. Therefore, any study of the solid Earth must begin with an understanding of minerals. A mineral, by definition,

More information

The Jeweler. Since 1931 BEAUTY+EXPECTATION+TIMELESS+ELEGANCE

The Jeweler. Since 1931 BEAUTY+EXPECTATION+TIMELESS+ELEGANCE The Jeweler Since 1931 BEAUTY+EXPECTATION+TIMELESS+ELEGANCE The Jeweler As the saying goes, what s old is new again. When I look back at our rich history, I wonder to myself, what has kept Gleim the Jeweler

More information

Wholesale Jewellery Catalogue

Wholesale Jewellery Catalogue 2015 Wholesale Jewellery Catalogue 210 - Bracelet Material: Stainless Steel 4mm Nappa leather: Havanna, Taupe, Grey, Beige, Ivy Swarovski Elements: Golden Shadow, Crystal, Black Diamond Size: S: 56 cm,

More information

Lab 3: Minerals. Lab 3: Minerals

Lab 3: Minerals. Lab 3: Minerals Lab 3: Minerals Introduction Minerals Minerals are the basic building blocks that make up the solid Earth. Therefore, any study of the solid Earth must begin with an understanding of minerals. A mineral,

More information

07 pendants. Pendants

07 pendants. Pendants pendants have timeless elegance and are available in a large range of classical and avant-garde cuts and shapes, as well as in many colors and effects. offer a whole range of design possibilities for different

More information

THIRD GRADE CHEMISTRY 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

THIRD GRADE CHEMISTRY 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES THIRD GRADE CHEMISTRY 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF THIRD GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing elements of the periodic table. LAB: Discovering properties of compounds. POST:

More information

P1: Rock identification (I)

P1: Rock identification (I) P1: Rock identification (I) Examine the rocks specimens provided with the aid of these notes. All the rocks come from Ireland, as detailed on the attached map. Answer the short question on each specimen

More information

Property Descriptions and Testing Procedures

Property Descriptions and Testing Procedures Lab 1: Mineral Identification OLLI Rock ID and Geologic Mapping Name: Introduction: In this lab activity you will become familiar with minerals and identifying their different properties. This lab will

More information

Kundalini Reiki Manual

Kundalini Reiki Manual Kundalini Reiki Manual Paul Crick Index Description Page No. Index 1 Kundalini Reiki quick reference guide. 2 Introduction to Kundalini Reiki. 3 What is Kundalini? History. Information. 4 Kundalini Reiki

More information

Auction Lots. Page 1. Lot # Description Bidder # Winning Bid $$ 1 Agate Slabs

Auction Lots. Page 1. Lot # Description Bidder # Winning Bid $$ 1 Agate Slabs Page 1 1 Agate Slabs 2 Agate 3 Blue Lace Agate 4 Miscellaneous Pre-forms 5 Lace Agate 6 Jasper 7 Fiber Optic Maaterial 8 Tiger Eye / Hawk s Eye 9 Mary Ellen Jasper 10 Jade 11 Plain and Moss Agate 12 Palm

More information

Boone and Crockett Club Trophy Memories Catalog

Boone and Crockett Club Trophy Memories Catalog 2011-2012 Boone and Crockett Club Trophy Memories Catalog Relive Your Records-Book Accomplishment Forever! B&C Trophy Rings The Boone and Crockett Club is pleased to offer trophy recognition rings, custom

More information

Attuning into Reiki Energy Systems

Attuning into Reiki Energy Systems 1 Attuning into Reiki Energy Systems Recompiled by Dr. Jake Wakefield Dedicated to Mr. Ole Gabrielsen Original Author For Free Healers, Charity Workers and Independent Researchers 1 2 Content Introduction..

More information

2012-2013 Boone and Crockett Club Trophy Memories Catalog. Relive Your Records-Book Accomplishment Forever!

2012-2013 Boone and Crockett Club Trophy Memories Catalog. Relive Your Records-Book Accomplishment Forever! 2012-2013 Boone and Crockett Club Trophy Memories Catalog Relive Your Records-Book Accomplishment Forever! Visit us online at www.booneandcrockettclub.com B&C Trophy Rings The Boone and Crockett Club is

More information

NEW GENERATION & TECHNOLOGY SINTERED (METAL BOND) BLADES

NEW GENERATION & TECHNOLOGY SINTERED (METAL BOND) BLADES Diamond Lapidary Blades - SMART CUT technology NEW GENERATION & TECHNOLOGY SINTERED (METAL BOND) BLADES Why waste Valuable Time, Money, & Material? More Precision Minimal Dressing More Universal Heat Resistant

More information

Minerals in. Gemstones of Afghanistan TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN IRAN PAKISTAN

Minerals in. Gemstones of Afghanistan TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN TURKMENISTAN IRAN PAKISTAN Minerals in Afghanistan Gemstones of Afghanistan Afghanistan and gemstones have been inextricably linked for 6500 years and the country remains rich in precious and semiprecious gemstone deposits (Figure

More information

Science and Social Studies Standards Covered:

Science and Social Studies Standards Covered: Science and Social Studies Standards Covered: SS (9-12) Geology 3. Explain natural phenomena that shape the surface of Earth, including rock cycles, plate motions and interactions, erosion and deposition,

More information

Personal Ultrasonic Jewelry Cleaner. SparkleSpa Pro

Personal Ultrasonic Jewelry Cleaner. SparkleSpa Pro Personal Ultrasonic Jewelry Cleaner SparkleSpa Pro Instructions for Use & Safety Precautions FOR INDOOR USE ONLY IMPORTANT: Before using the SparkleSpa Pro, please be certain to read the following pages

More information

Identifying Minerals Grade 4

Identifying Minerals Grade 4 TEACHING LEARNING COLLABORATIVE (TLC) EARTH SCIENCE Identifying s Grade 4 Created by: Maria Schetter (Terrace Heights Elementary School), Jackie Akins (Terrace Heights Elementary School), Scott Welder

More information

Nuclear reactions determine element abundance. Is the earth homogeneous though? Is the solar system?? Is the universe???

Nuclear reactions determine element abundance. Is the earth homogeneous though? Is the solar system?? Is the universe??? Nuclear reactions determine element abundance Is the earth homogeneous though? Is the solar system?? Is the universe??? Earth = anion balls with cations in the spaces View of the earth as a system of anions

More information

Traveling Light s Gemstone Companions

Traveling Light s Gemstone Companions I love gemstones! The consciousness of the gem s deva is always delightful. I completely enjoy co-creating with them. Recently, I started to create gemstone necklaces and bracelets. The Council of Ein

More information

Beginning Jewelry Sales

Beginning Jewelry Sales Beginning Jewelry Sales Diamond Council of America 2014 In This Lesson: Off to a Good Start How This Course Works Sales Professional Basics Product Info Essentials OFF TO A GOOD START Welcome to the Diamond

More information

Village Originals, Inc. Denver 2011 Show Flyer

Village Originals, Inc. Denver 2011 Show Flyer Amethyst Churches Standard (with base) Medium Grade, 6 pc lot, 30-50 lb pieces Medium Dark Grade, 5 pc lot, 30-50 lb pieces Dark Grade, 4 pc lot, 30-50 lb pieces Village Originals, Inc. Denver 2011 Show

More information

3 x 6 Cultured Pearl; 6 x 12 Facet Cut Liner; 4 x 4 Cartouche Laser Crystals - Topaz; 6 x 12 (cut) Cultured Pearl; 2 x 2 Cabochon Crystal Flower -

3 x 6 Cultured Pearl; 6 x 12 Facet Cut Liner; 4 x 4 Cartouche Laser Crystals - Topaz; 6 x 12 (cut) Cultured Pearl; 2 x 2 Cabochon Crystal Flower - Jeffrey Court 3 x 6 Cultured Pearl; 6 x 12 Facet Cut Liner; 4 x 4 Cartouche Laser Crystals - Topaz; 6 x 12 (cut) Cultured Pearl; 2 x 2 Cabochon Crystal Flower - Topaz; Gold Medley Gemstones Glass Mosaics

More information

Crystal Test Solutions 1. It's hard for me to concentrate. 2. I have a hard time making decisions. 3. I'd like to be more in touch with angels.

Crystal Test Solutions 1. It's hard for me to concentrate. 2. I have a hard time making decisions. 3. I'd like to be more in touch with angels. Crystal Test Solutions Now, you can look at your statements from the Crystals Test. Each statement gives a specific crystal(s) that might assist in your crystal therapy or healing 1. It's hard for me to

More information

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State State the term that applies to each of the following changes of physical state: (a) Snow changes from a solid to a liquid. (b) Gasoline changes from a liquid

More information

Silicate Structures, Structural Formula, Neso-, Cyclo-, and Soro- Silicates

Silicate Structures, Structural Formula, Neso-, Cyclo-, and Soro- Silicates Page 1 of 13 EENS 2110 Tulane University Mineralogy Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Silicate Structures, Structural Formula, Neso-, Cyclo-, and Soro- Silicates This document last updated on 15-Jun-2012 Silicate

More information

Regents Earth Science Unit 10: Minerals and Rocks Minerals

Regents Earth Science Unit 10: Minerals and Rocks Minerals A mineral is any: Regents Earth Science Unit 10: Minerals and Rocks Minerals 1. naturally occurring 2. inorganic 3. solid, with a 4. definite chemical composition, and a 5. crystal structure Minerals are

More information

General Product Information

General Product Information General Product Information Ring sizes K L M N O P Q R _ T _ V Note: there is no S or U but some rings are available in X Some styles come in selected sizes. Details are displayed in the Look Book. General

More information

Mineral Identification

Mineral Identification Mineral Identification Name Notes Page Objectives Explain which mineral properties are most important in identification. Explain how to identify minerals by their properties. Classify some common minerals

More information

Chapter 1. Minerals and Mineraloids

Chapter 1. Minerals and Mineraloids Chapter 1 Minerals and Mineraloids When most people think of minerals, they usually imagine expensive gemstones like diamonds, emeralds and sapphires, or economic minerals like silver, gold and copper.

More information

Fine Antique, Modern Jewellery and Objets d Art. Where you can hold a piece of history. in your hand...

Fine Antique, Modern Jewellery and Objets d Art. Where you can hold a piece of history. in your hand... Where you can hold a piece of history in your hand... (L) Sterling silver, rose and green gold bangle made in Birmingham 1881, $1650. (C) Sterling silver and rose gold bangle c.1890, $950. (R) Sterling

More information

Beads, Pendants. and Crystal Nacre Pearls

Beads, Pendants. and Crystal Nacre Pearls Beads, Pendants and Crystal Nacre Pearls Welcome TO PRECIOSA The master craftsmen at Preciosa have devoted themselves to crystal cutting for generations. We re known throughout the world for our up-to-date

More information

Silica (quartz) Silica is the fourteenth element on the periodic table. It can sometimes be found as the

Silica (quartz) Silica is the fourteenth element on the periodic table. It can sometimes be found as the Silica (quartz) Silica, SiO 2, is a white or colorless crystalline compound found mainly as quartz, sand, flint, and many other minerals. Silica is an important ingredient to manufacture a wide variety

More information

MINERAL PROPERTIES DEFINITION. LUSTER - appearance of a fresh mineral surface in reflected light. HARDNESS - Resistance of a mineral to abrasion.

MINERAL PROPERTIES DEFINITION. LUSTER - appearance of a fresh mineral surface in reflected light. HARDNESS - Resistance of a mineral to abrasion. MINERAL PICTIONARY DEFINITION MINERALS Are inorganic, naturally occurring substances that have a characteristic chemical composition, distinctive physical properties, and crystalline structure. MINERAL

More information

Visual Guide to Gemstones & Minerals

Visual Guide to Gemstones & Minerals Visual Guide to Gemstones & Minerals This gemstones glossary provides a wealth of information about gemstones and minerals plus the different types of stones that are used in jewellery making. A ABALONE

More information

SIXTH GRADE MINERALS

SIXTH GRADE MINERALS SIXTH GRADE MINERALS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different solutions. LAB: Exploring how elements can be released from compounds.

More information

FIFTH GRADE MINERALS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIFTH GRADE MINERALS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIFTH GRADE MINERALS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WEEK 1. PRE: Describing a chemical reaction. LAB: Illustrating how molecules move. POST: Comparing salt and sugar crystals. ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW

More information

Mineral ID Lab - Teacher Information

Mineral ID Lab - Teacher Information Mineral ID Lab - Teacher Information Objective: Complete the tasks/tests at six different stations and make observations to identify mineral samples. Station Descriptions: 1 - Color vs. Streak - Compare

More information

Laterite. Quartzite Rs./t 504 Silica Sand Rs./t 323 Sand (others) Rs./t NA Salt (rock) Rs./t NA. Steatite

Laterite. Quartzite Rs./t 504 Silica Sand Rs./t 323 Sand (others) Rs./t NA Salt (rock) Rs./t NA. Steatite 1 India 424 960 366 40-52% Cr2O3 Above 52% Cr2O3 2452 40-52% Cr2O3 12470 Above 52% Cr2O3 15258 Concetrates 11861 1237 55-58% Fe 2590 58-60% Fe 3256 60-62% Fe 3462 62-65% Fe 4557 65% Fe & above 4894 595

More information

Rocks and Minerals Multiple Choice

Rocks and Minerals Multiple Choice Rocks and Minerals Multiple Choice 1. The basaltic bedrock of the oceanic crust is classified as (1) felsic, with a density of 2.7 g/cm3 (2) felsic, with a density of 3.0 g/cm3 (3) mafic, with a density

More information

Minerals and Rocks C) D)

Minerals and Rocks C) D) Minerals and Rocks Name 1. Base your answer to the following question on the map and cross section below. The shaded areas on the map represent regions of the United States that have evaporite rock layers

More information

ROCKS GEMS & MINERALS PRECIOUS. A fabulous collection of rocks, gems and minerals, gathered from all over the earth.

ROCKS GEMS & MINERALS PRECIOUS. A fabulous collection of rocks, gems and minerals, gathered from all over the earth. PRECIOUS ROCKS GEMS & MINERALS A fabulous collection of rocks, gems and minerals, gathered from all over the earth. The world s most beautiful rocks, gems and minerals for you to treasure A collection

More information

GEOLOGY Vol. III - Analytical Techniques for Elemental Analysis of Minerals - Richard Tessadri

GEOLOGY Vol. III - Analytical Techniques for Elemental Analysis of Minerals - Richard Tessadri ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES FOR ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS OF MINERALS Richard Tessadri University of Innsbruck, Austria Keywords: elemental analysis, minerals, bulk methods, beam methods, electron microprobe analysis

More information

Personal Jewelry Steam Cleaner. BrilliantSpa. Black Diamond

Personal Jewelry Steam Cleaner. BrilliantSpa. Black Diamond Personal Jewelry Steam Cleaner BrilliantSpa Black Diamond Item # 0362 INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE & SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Congratulations on your purchase of the GemOro BrilliantSpa Black Diamond! The BrilliantSpa

More information

LE BOUTONNIER SWITZERLAND. Reviving the Art of Button-Making

LE BOUTONNIER SWITZERLAND. Reviving the Art of Button-Making LE BOUTONNIER SWITZERLAND Reviving the Art of Button-Making LE BOUTONNIER SWITZERLAND Boutons pour la Haute Couture - Bespoke Buttons Le Boutonnier Switzerland is part of Janos Tedeschi Jewelers - a ultra

More information

ESS 1992-123C. Iolite in rock, and gemstones, near Nelson, British Columbia

ESS 1992-123C. Iolite in rock, and gemstones, near Nelson, British Columbia GEMSTONES 1 Beautiful and Rare Pirate's loot! A chest spilling over with rubies, diamonds, emeralds, and other precious stones a vision that has inspired countless treasure hunters and writers of fiction.

More information

*The first spelling is used if the stem of the element begins with a consonant and the second spelling if the stem of the element begins with a vowel.

*The first spelling is used if the stem of the element begins with a consonant and the second spelling if the stem of the element begins with a vowel. NAMING INORGANIC COMPOUNDS Introduction A primary control in chemical experiments is knowing the identity of the initial substances. This knowledge can be communicated by the name of the substances and

More information

COLORED GEMSTONES A triumph of nature

COLORED GEMSTONES A triumph of nature COLORED GEMSTONES A triumph of nature THE FASCINATING WORLD OF PRECIOUS STONES Colored gemstones have exerted a magical attraction on humankind since the dawn of time. They decorate crowned heads and cult

More information

TÇ \ÇàxÜä xã ã à{ George Rossman

TÇ \ÇàxÜä xã ã à{ George Rossman TÇ \ÇàxÜä xã ã à{ George Rossman Conducted in 1990 by educator and mineral collector Dr. Robert Weiss, this interview with the Caltech Professor of Mineralogy discusses and reflects upon many interesting

More information

Sheldon Speyer Platinum

Sheldon Speyer Platinum Sheldon Speyer Platinum C O L L E C T I O N S 067BG 445 880 877 849 876 067BG - 0.30ct French Cut Diamond 445-0.20ct Ruby & 0.05ct Diamond 849-0.70ct T.W. Diamond 880-0.30ct French Cut Diamond 877-0.35ct

More information

Lab 3: Minerals and Earth s Layers Geology 202: Earth s Interior

Lab 3: Minerals and Earth s Layers Geology 202: Earth s Interior Introduction: Minerals and Rocks Lab 3: Minerals and Earth s Layers Geology 202: Earth s Interior Imagine that you were to pick up a stone on the beach. How could you tell if it was a mineral or a rock?

More information

ROCKS & MINERALS: PRECIOUS COMMODITIES

ROCKS & MINERALS: PRECIOUS COMMODITIES ROCKS & MINERALS: PRECIOUS COMMODITIES 2014 Eco-Meet Varsity The study of rocks and minerals is an appropriate beginning to the appreciation of nature. Rocks provide a looking glass into the past, as far

More information

Minerals Definition, Types, and Identification Forensic Applications

Minerals Definition, Types, and Identification Forensic Applications Minerals Definition, Types, and Identification Forensic Applications Transparent emerald, the green variety of beryl, on calcite matrix Niocalite (blue) in sovite (calcite + apatite). Oka carbonatite complex.

More information

UPDATED FEBRUARY 3, 2012 ARABESQUE JEWELRY READY TO SHIP REGULAR PRICE SALE PRICE NIPPLE DANGLES LITE SALE PRICED ITEM SALE PRICE NIPPLE DANGLES

UPDATED FEBRUARY 3, 2012 ARABESQUE JEWELRY READY TO SHIP REGULAR PRICE SALE PRICE NIPPLE DANGLES LITE SALE PRICED ITEM SALE PRICE NIPPLE DANGLES NIPPLE S NIPPLE S ARABESQUE JEWELRY READY TO SHIP UPDATED FEBRUARY 3, 2012 NR TA - - - NIPPLE S TWIST ADJUSTABLE SINGLE WRAP PAIR $34.95 NR TDW - TEMPORARILY OUT OF STOCK - NIPPLE S TWIST ADJUSTABLE DOUBLE

More information

Earth Science SOL Review Sheet #2: Minerals & Rocks

Earth Science SOL Review Sheet #2: Minerals & Rocks Earth Science SOL Review Sheet #2: Minerals & Rocks Standards ES 4 The student will investigate and understand how to identify major rock-forming and ore minerals based on physical and chemical properties.

More information

EFFECT PIGMENTS FROM BASF Photo overview

EFFECT PIGMENTS FROM BASF Photo overview TABLE OF CONTENT Chione TM HD 2 Reflecks TM HD 2 Reflecks TM Colors 3 Reflecks TM Dimensions 3 Reflecks TM Dimensions 4 Reflecks TM Dimensions Colors 4 MultiReflections TM Soft Sparkle 4 Flamenco Pearlescent

More information

Ionic and Metallic Bonding

Ionic and Metallic Bonding Ionic and Metallic Bonding BNDING AND INTERACTINS 71 Ions For students using the Foundation edition, assign problems 1, 3 5, 7 12, 14, 15, 18 20 Essential Understanding Ions form when atoms gain or lose

More information

Procedures for identifying minerals:

Procedures for identifying minerals: Procedures for identifying minerals: 1. Separate metallic/earthy minerals from nonmetallic minerals. If you re not sure about the luster of the mineral, then it is probably nonmetallic. a. EARTHY AND METALLIC

More information

GEMS AND GEM MINERALS OF NORTH CAROLINA* HvoB Pnerr. Josnrn

GEMS AND GEM MINERALS OF NORTH CAROLINA* HvoB Pnerr. Josnrn GEMS AND GEM MINERALS OF NORTH CAROLINA* Josnrn HvoB Pnerr North Carolina is one of the more notable states in this country for its variety of gems and gem minerals that have been found and mined within

More information

Recommended Group Size: Groups of 2-3 This is a wet experiment and should ideally be done in the Science Lab

Recommended Group Size: Groups of 2-3 This is a wet experiment and should ideally be done in the Science Lab Grade: 3rd Activity #: 1 Activity Title: Studying Rocks and Minerals Recommended Group Size: Groups of 2-3 Special Notes: This is a wet experiment and should ideally be done in the Science Lab Purpose

More information

On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon.

On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon. The Earth is made up of rocks and minerals. The core of the Earth is molten rock. On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon. Sometimes

More information

UNISEX STRING COLLECTION

UNISEX STRING COLLECTION 98 99 STRING COLLECTION STRING COLLECTION, Black Diamond Chip 18 Ct. Gold Plated Base 16 mm MATERIALS: Signature Lock 92,5 Solid Silver, Logo Ball 92,5 Solid Silver 7 mm, Indian Patna Silver Bead Vintage

More information

GEOL 2311 Midquarter Exam I Name Crystal Chemistry Score: / 100

GEOL 2311 Midquarter Exam I Name Crystal Chemistry Score: / 100 GEOL 2311 Midquarter Exam I Name Crystal Chemistry Score: / 100 1. Chose a subdiscipline of geology and describe how mineralogy plays a central role in that field. (2 pts) Looking for reasonable answers

More information

Rock Identification Lab

Rock Identification Lab Rock Identification Lab Name Mineral Hardness Objective: You will determine the relative hardness of common objects relative to the known hardness of index minerals. We will use fingernail, copper, glass,

More information

Exploring Minerals. Targeted Objective: Identify properties of minerals and be able to identify certain minerals using specific tests.

Exploring Minerals. Targeted Objective: Identify properties of minerals and be able to identify certain minerals using specific tests. Exploring Minerals Grade Level: 3-4 Purpose and Goals: This lesson begins by guiding students to the connection between differences in rocks and the presences of minerals in the rocks. The differences

More information

eye on style IN LOVING C LOR Valentine s Day is the perfect time to steal her heart BY ELYSE RANART, FASHION & STYLE DIRECTOR cityandshore.

eye on style IN LOVING C LOR Valentine s Day is the perfect time to steal her heart BY ELYSE RANART, FASHION & STYLE DIRECTOR cityandshore. IN LOVING C LOR Valentine s Day is the perfect time to steal her heart BY ELYSE RANART, FASHION & STYLE DIRECTOR 69 ring, with oval-cut ruby, surrounded by brilliant-cut round diamonds, price the Privé

More information