Low-Potassium (2 Grams) Diet

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1 Low-Potassium (2 Grams) Diet Name Dietitian Phone What is potassium? Potassium is a mineral found in most foods. It helps your nerves and muscles work properly. Your kidneys keep blood levels of potassium normal. Too much potassium can lead to irregular heartbeat, muscle weakness, and death. What is a low-potassium diet? You have a medical condition that may cause high potassium levels. Your doctor has prescribed this diet because it is very important to limit potassiumrich foods in your diet. You must keep your total daily potassium intake at or below two grams daily. Choosing low-potassium foods can help keep your potassium level normal. You need to become familiar with the types and amounts of foods that are allowed in this diet. General Guidelines Meat, fish, poultry, and milk are generally high in potassium. Eat only the recommended number of servings in the portion sizes suggested on the list. Raw fruits and vegetables contain more potassium than the same amount of cooked, canned, or frozen. Dried fruits and vegetables contain more potassium than raw. Potassium dissolves in water. Boiling vegetables in large amounts of water lowers the potassium content. Discard the cooking water before you eat the vegetables. Whole-grain cereals and breads contain more potassium than white or enriched products. Nuts contain large amounts of potassium. Avoid eating all types of nuts. Do not use the following items: salt substitutes (except Mrs. Dash ), low-sodium milk, lowsodium baking powder, and most low-sodium specialty products. Read the nutrition labels on Eat only foods included on this list, and only in the recommended amounts. It is important to measure the amounts of food you eat. Check with your dietitian or health care provider before using any foods, beverages, or medications other than those prescribed. For more information call or go to Produced by HCI 2013 Approved by a team of medical, health, and communications specialists April 2013 Revision Date April 2016

2 Milk and dairy products 185 mg potassium ½ cup milk (skim, 2%, or whole) ¼ cup ice cream Ice cream Skim milk 2% milk Whole milk Buttermilk Chocolate milk Eggnog Evaporated milk Hot cocoa Low-sodium milk Malted milk Milkshakes Soy milk Yogurt (plain or fruited) Meats and proteins 100 mg potassium 1 ounce cooked meat ¼ cup tuna ¼ cup cottage cheese 1 egg 1 thin slice meat 1 thin slice cheese Bacon Beef Cheese Chicken Eggs Fish Ham Luncheon meats Peanut butter Poultry Pork Sausage Turkey Beans, dried or canned (for example, kidney, pinto, black, garbanzo) Miso Nuts Tofu Low-Potassium Diet - Page 2

3 Bread and starches 35 mg potassium 1 slice or 1 ounce bread 1 /3 cup rice ½ cup pasta ¾ - 1 ounce snack food ¾ cup cold cereal ½ cup cooked cereal 1 CD-sized waffle or pancake Vegetables 70 to 150 mg potassium ½ cup of any Allowed vegetable Bagel Bread Bun (hot dog or hamburger) Cereal (cold or hot) Corn chips Crackers Danish Dinner or hard roll Doughnut English muffin Muffin Pancake Pasta Pita Popcorn Pretzels Raisin bread Rice Rice cake Tortilla (corn or flour) Waffle Asparagus Beet (canned) Cabbage (fresh or cooked) Carrot (frozen or canned) Cauliflower Celery (one stalk or less) Corn (frozen yellow) Cucumber Eggplant Endive Green beans Lettuce Mushroom Onion Pea, green Radish Squash (summer) Turnip Bran cereal Granola cereal Potatoes Artichoke Avocado Bean (lima or wax) Beet (fresh) Broccoli Brussels sprout Carrot (fresh or raw) Celery (more than 1 stalk) Corn (fresh or not yellow) Kale Lentil Pumpkin Spinach Sweet potato Tomato (fresh, juice, paste, puree, or sauce) Turnip greens V-8 Juice Squash (acorn, winter, or zucchini) Yam Low-Potassium Diet - Page 3

4 Fruits 70 to 150 mg potassium ½ cup fruit pieces 1 small whole fruit ½ cup fruit juice Desserts Potassium content varies 2-inch-square cake ⅛ pie ½ cup sherbet 2 small cookies Apple (fresh or cooked) Apple juice Applesauce Blackberry Blueberry Cherry Cranberry (sauce or juice) Grape Grape juice (frozen) Lemon Lime Mandarin orange (canned in syrup) Peach (canned in syrup) Peach nectar Pear (canned) Pineapple Plum Raspberry Rhubarb Strawberry Tangerine Watermelon Candy (hard) Cake (angel food) Cookies (sugar, sugar wafer, or shortbread) Fruit ice Fruit pie (if fruit in filling is on Allowed list) Jell-O Rice Krispies treat Sherbet Apricot Banana Cantaloupe Casaba melon Dried fruits Honeydew Kiwi Grapefruit Grapefruit juice Grape juice (bottled) Mango Nectarine Orange Orange juice Peach (fresh, frozen, or canned in juice) Pear (fresh or frozen) Prune Prune juice Pumpkin Desserts containing dried fruit, nuts, or chocolate (unless approved by dietitian) Ice cream (unless made with allotted milk servings) Pudding (unless made with allotted milk servings) Low-Potassium Diet - Page 4

5 Fats and oils 1 to 10 mg potassium 1 teaspoon margarine, butter, or vegetable oil 1 tablespoon mayonnaise 1 tablespoon regular salad dressing 2 tablespoons gravy 2 tablespoons sour cream Beverages 20 mg potassium, except coffee and black tea with mg per cup Limit coffee and black tea to maximum of 1½ cups per day 1 cup of liquid Miscellaneous Butter Cooking oil Cream Cream cheese Gravy Margarine Mayonnaise Nondairy creamer Nondairy whipped topping Salad dressing (if less than 25 mg potassium per serving) Sour cream Whipped cream Coffee Kool-Aid Lemonade Limeade Soft drinks Tea, black (within limit set at left) Tea (green or herbal) Herbs and spices Horseradish Ketchup Lemon juice Lime juice Mrs. Dash Mustard Pepper Pickles Pickle relish Salt Sugar (white) Vinegar (balsamic, cider, or herbal) Salad dressing (if more than 25 mg potassium per serving) Amaretto Flavored instant coffees Specialty coffees such as cappuccino, latte, and mocha Molasses Sugar (brown) Low-Potassium Diet - Page 5

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