WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE)

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1 WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE) Take-Home Homework Packet 100 Points Honor Code I understand that this is an independent assignment and that I can not receive any assistance from any other person. I will conduct all of my own research and will answer the questions to the best of my ability. Student Name Date Student Signature

2 5.1 The Rise of Rome Outline (pp ) I. The Land and Peoples of Italy a. The Impact of Geography b. The Peoples of Italy II. The Roman Republic a. War and Conquest b. Why Rome Was Successful III. The Roman State a. The Government of Rome b. The Struggle of the Orders c. Roman Law IV. Rome Conquers the Mediterranean a. The First Punic War b. The Second Punic War c. More Conquests

3 5.1 The Rise of Rome Reading Check Questions (pp ) 1. What role did geography play in the prosperity and defensibility of Rome? 2. How did the Romans gain support for their empire? 3. How did the differences between plebeians and patricians prevent Rome from becoming a true democracy? 4. What is the historical and cultural significance of the Roman destruction of Carthage?

4 5.1 The Rise of Rome Terms, People, & Places (pp ) 1. republic 2. patrician 3. plebeian 4. consul 5. praetor 6. Latins 7. Etruscans 8. Livy 9. Hannibal 10. Rome 11. Sicily 12. Carthage 13. Alps

5 5.2 From Republic to Empire Outline (pp ) I. Growing Inequality and Unrest II. The New Role for the Army III. The Collapse of the Republic a. The First Triumvirate b. The Second Triumvirate IV. The Age of Augustus V. The Early Empire a. Emperors of the Early Empire b. Extent of the Empire c. Economic and Social Conditions

6 5.2 From Republic to Empire Reading Check Questions (pp ) 1. What was the sequence of events that led to the deaths of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus? 2. Explain the consequences of Sulla's actions, especially his eliminating the power of the popular assemblies. 3. How did Caesar weaken the power of the Senate? 4. Why did the Roman defeat in Germany devastate Augustus? 5. What were the economic conditions and chief occupations in Rome during the Early Empire?

7 5.2 From Republic to Empire Terms, People, & Places (pp ) 1. triumvirate 2. dictator 3. imperator 4. Crassus 5. Pompey 6. Julius Caesar 7. Octavian 8. Antony 9. Augustus 10. Nero 11. Rubicon River 12. Dacia 13. Mesopotamia 14. Sinai River 15. Rhine River 16. Danube River

8 5.3 Culture and Society in the Roman World Outline (pp ) I. Roman Art and Architecture II. Roman Literature III. The Roman Family a. Attitudes toward Women b. Changing Roles IV. Slavery a. The Use of Slaves b. Slave Revolts V. Daily Life in the City of Rome a. Living Conditions b. Public Programs

9 5.3 Culture and Society in the Roman World Reading Check Questions (pp ) 1. Why were the Romans able to construct buildings larger than those of the Greeks? 2. Why are the works of Livy considered to be so valuable to historians? 3. How were expectations for Roman boys and girls different? 4. What jobs did the Romans assign to slaves? 5. Why did the Roman emperors provide free grain to the poor?

10 5.3 Culture and Society in the Roman World Terms, People, & Places (pp ) 1. paterfamilias 2. insulae 3. Virgil 4. Horace 5. Livy 6. Spartacus 7. Mantua 8. Rome

11 5.4 The Development of Christianity Outline (pp ) I. Background: Roman Religion II. The Jewish Background III. The Rise of Christianity a. The Message of Jesus b. The Spread of Christianity c. Roman Persecution IV. The Triumph of Christianity

12 5.4 The Development of Christianity Reading Check Questions (pp ) 1. How were religion and government connected in the Roman Empire? 2. Name four of the Jewish groups in Judaea and explain how they differed. 3. Why did the Roman authorities fear Jesus? 4. Why and how did the Christian church become more organized in the second and third centuries?

13 5.4 The Development of Christianity Terms, People, & Places (pp ) 1. procurator 2. New Testament 3. clergy 4. laity 5. Jesus 6. Simon Peter 7. Paul of Tarsus 8. Constantine 9. Theodosius the Great 10. Judaea 11. Jerusalem 12. Aegean Sea

14 5.5 Decline and Fall Outline (pp ) I. The Decline a. Political Upheavals b. Economic and Military Problems c. The Reforms of Diocletian and Constantine II. The Fall

15 5.5 Decline and Fall Reading Check Questions (pp ) 1. Describe the economic and social conditions in the Roman Empire prior to Diocletian and Constantine. 2. Which groups invaded the Western Roman Empire?

16 5.5 Decline and Fall Terms, People, & Places (pp ) 1. plague 2. inflation 3. Diocletian 4. Constantine 5. Huns 6. Visigoths 7. Vandals 8. Romulus Augustus 9. Byzantium 10. Bosporus 11. Danube River

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