SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS"

Transcription

1 SUSTAINABLE MATERIALS WITH BOTH EYES OPEN JULIAN M ALLWOOD UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

2 Steel, aluminium and climate change Buildings 31% 7% Energy/ process emissions 28 GtCO 2 Transport 27% Industry 35% Focus on CO 2 IPCC says it s urgent Steel and aluminium have a big impact but not receiving much attention 45% Industrial carbon emissions 1 GtCO 2 Steel 25% Cement Aluminium Paper 19% 3% Plastic 4% 4% Key challenges Scale Uncertainty Estimates

3 Steel and aluminium in use Infrastructure 15 Mt 14 % Metal goods 134 Mt 12 % Steel 1,4 Mt Buildings 433 Mt 42 % Mechanical equipment 137 Mt 13 % Cars and light trucks 93 Mt 9 % Trucks and ships 28 Mt 3 % Domestic appliances 29 Mt 3 % Electrical equipment 27 Mt 3 % Consumer packaging 9 Mt 1 % Buildings 11 Mt 24 % Cars 8 Mt 18 % Packaging 6 Mt 13 % products 4 Mt 9 % Electrical cable 4 Mt 9 % Mechanical equipment 3 Mt 7 % Trucks 3 Mt 7 % Appliances 3 Mt 7 % Electrical equipment 2 Mt 4 % transport 1 Mt 2 % Aluminium 45 Mt Image: Jaguar

4 Demand for steel and aluminium Production (kg/person/year) Production stabilises... Stock (tonnes/person) stocks stabilise , 2, 3, GDP ($/person/year) Stock (tonnes/person) 16 Japan Canada US UK 8 France China India so we can forecast demand 3 Mt/yr 15 Primary production Secondary production Challenge Over the next 4 years we expect demand to double, but must halve our CO 2 emissions Production + recycling Approach Forecast flows, anticipate emissions factors, predict business shape

5 Global flows of steel Iron ore Reduction Blast furnace Steelmaking Casting Rolling / Forming Fabrication End-use products Oxygen blown furnace Continuous casting (slab) Hot strip mill Cold rolling mill Cold rolled coil CRC coated CRC galv. Tin plated Electrical strip Vehicles Cars Trucks Direct reduction Open hearth furnace Ingot Primary mill Plate mill HRC galv. Hot rolled coil HR narrow strip Plate Industrial equipment Mechanical Electrical End-of-life scrap Scrap preparation Electric furnace Continuous casting (billet) Rod and bar mill Welded pipe Seamless tube Reinforcing bar Cladding Construction Reinforcing Infrastructure Wire rod Structural Continuous casting (bloom) Section mill Hot rolled bar Rail section Light section Heavy section Metal products Packaging Appliances Steel product casting Iron foundry casting Cast steel Cast iron Forming scrap Fabrication scrap Cast iron scrap Global demand in 28 for steel products = 1,4 million tonnes Messages 1/4 of liquid steel never reaches products but is scrapped in production end-of-life scrap is less than half of the scrap input

6 Process energy analysis steel Blast furnace 16 EJ 7 % Direct reduction.7 EJ Basic oxygen furnace.2 EJ Electric arc furnace 2.7 EJ 86 % Continuous casting.4 EJ 74 % Rolling 3.6 EJ 46 % Coating.6 EJ 46 % Forming.2 EJ 82% Steel (overall) Energy = 38 EJ Electricity = 39 % Shape casting 2.1 EJ 46 % Fabrication 6-11 EJ 7 % Images: worldsteel Process energy data is commercially sensitive and incomplete Energy for producing liquid metal dominates for both metals

7 Global flows of aluminium Electrolysis / Melting Casting Rolling / Forming / Casting Fabrication End-use products Alumina Electrolysis Casting Hot rolling Cold rolling Foil rolling Foil Vehicles Cars Cold rolled sheet Remelting Extrusion Wire drawing Hot rolled strip Plate Extrusions Industrial equipment Mechanical Cable Electrical Forming scrap Cable / wire Construction Structural Non-structural Fabrication scrap Refining Forming scrap Fabrication scrap End-of-life scrap Casting Shape casting Die castings Permanent castings Sand castings Metal products Infrastructure Drinks cans Packaging foil Durables Global demand in 27 for aluminium products = 45 million tonnes Messages 4 of liquid metal never reaches products but is scrapped in production Aluminium recycling mainly leads to casting alloys for engine blocks

8 Process energy analysis aluminium Alumina mining +refining 1.1 EJ 2 % Electrolysis 5. EJ 1 % Scrap remelting.4 EJ 3 % Ingot casting.5 EJ 44 % Rolling.23 EJ 72 % Extrusion +drawing.9 EJ 19 % Scrap refining.15 EJ 14 % Alloy ingot casting.3 EJ 44 % Shape casting.17 EJ 1 % Fabrication.3-.6 EJ 7 % Aluminium (overall) Energy = 7.6 EJ Electricity = 76 % Process energy data is commercially sensitive and incomplete Energy for producing liquid metal dominates for both metals

9 Business structure Retailers Consumer goods industry Maintenance providers Part suppliers Food and drink Mining and minerals Equipment manufacturers Industrial equipment users Steel Aluminium Factory designers Metal products Industrial equipment Food industry Appliance manufacturers Fillers Packaging manufacturers Ship builders Metal products Transport goods Machinery and equipment manufacturing Utilities Construction Food and drink Transport services business and public services Energy providers Developers Architects Planners Surveyors Contractors +tradesmen Construction Utility companies Estate agents Building Demolition engineers companies Vehicles Logistics companies Stockholders Mining and minerals Maintenance providers Airlines Aircraft manufacturers Dealers Car + truck manufacturers Leasing companies Fabricators Steel Steel+ aluminium industries Aluminium Metal products Transport goods Machinery and equipment manufacturing Utilities Construction Transport services business and public services Government NGOs Lobby groups Trade associations Insurance providers Universities Financial services Refiners Mining industry Consumers Scrap merchants Landowners

10 The story so far... The world of steel and aluminium Demand is likely to double but we want to halve emissions in 4 years Recycling rates are already high Most energy is used in upstream liquid metal production The cost of these metals is a small fraction of the price of final goods Forecasting depends on future flows and future emissions factors Looking ahead with one eye open emissions factors The easiest solution for everyone is to reduce emissions factors Is it possible to reduce them by 75%? Looking ahead with both eyes open metal flows Do we have other options if we consider changing the flows?

11 With one eye open energy efficiency? Electricity 3.6% 24% Gas 6.5% Steel production costs Ferrous raw materials 4 Coke 26% Labour +other materials 37% 3% Aluminium production costs Alumina 25% Energy 35% About one third of the cost of producing both metals is to purchase energy... as a result both industries already seek every possible energy efficiency - and both are within sights of Gibbs theoretical limit GJ/t crude steel Average 15 Best practice = 12.5 GJ/t Theoretical minimum = 6.6 GJ/t MWh/t aluminium 16 Average Best practice = 13 MWh/t 12 8 Theoretical minimum = 9 MWh/t

12 With one eye open heat capture? Temperature (ºC) Casting Hot work Heat treatment Primary processes Rebar Car body Forged mining part Chassis plate Wire Image: Siemens Time Electricity generation Hot metal Primary energy Hot metal Primary energy Electricity generation Casting Hot rolling ESP Losses We could cut out heating cycles, but this will deny some economies of scale Losses Heat capture from hot gases is common, from solids is more difficult

13 With one eye open new process routes? Gas scrubber Used gas Iron ore pellets Off gas duct Steel Reformer Reformed gas Natural gas Gas scrubber Used gas Cool clean gas Directly reduced iron ready for the electric arc furance Melting cyclone Smelting reduction vessel Oxygen Point feeders break crust and introduce metal oxide here Cell sidewall - Collector bar Steel shell Anode Anode Molten oxide + electrolyte Metal pool Cell floor + Current feed Oxygen gas bubbles Frozen electrolyte Liquid cathode Direct reduced iron (to EAF) Smelt reduction + CCS Iron ore pyroelectrolysis Aluminium Alumina and carbon feed Vapour recovery Vapour recovery Aluminium Off gas Aluminium Pool Multipolar electrolysis cell Inert anodes Carbothermic reduction Images: worldsteel

14 With one eye open clean electricity? 1.95 W/m W/m 2.2 W/m 2.3 W/m 2 Credit: David MacKay

15 With one eye open carbon capture + storage Infinite potential provided someone else pays for it... The novel steel routes require electricity or storage There won t be enough renewable electricity - so nuclear or fossil and storage Globally there are 3 small test sites in operation - yet the IEA is forecasting up to 25% of all emissions will be stored within 4 years 1. Depleted oil and gas reservoirs 2. Use of CO2 in enhanced oil recovery 3. Deep unused saline water-saturated reservoir rocks 4. Deep unmineable coal seams 5. Use of CO2 in enhanced coal bed methane recovery Images: worldsteel Image: CO2CRC

16 With one eye open scenarios Steel BAU Target Process Efficiency Options Current (28) Gt CO2 Aluminium BAU Target Process Efficiency Options With one eye open Current (27) Gt CO2 Both industries are already motivated to pursue energy efficiency - there are very few options left Ideas for innovation depend either on clean electricity or carbon storage, or both - and are a long way from widespread use Even with the most optimistic projections, we cannot possibly halve emissions by 25 if demand doubles

17 With both eyes open what else can we do? Electrolysis / Melting Casting Rolling / Forming / Casting Fabrication End-use products Alumina Electrolysis Aluminium Casting Slab Hot rolling Cold rolling Foil rolling Foil Cold rolled sheet Vehicles Cars Remelting Aluminium Forming scrap Fabrication scrap Refining Billet Casting Extrusion Wire drawing Shape casting Hot rolled strip Plate Extrusions Cable / wire Die castings Use less by design Industrial equipment Reduce demand Mechanical Electrical cable Longer life goods Non-structural in buildings Infrastructure Drinks cans Aluminium Forming scrap Fabrication scrap End-of-life scrap Alloy ingot Re-use old metal Divert scrap Permanent mould castings Sand castings Reduce yield loss Metal products Packaging foil Consumer durables Global demand in 27 for aluminium products = 45 million tonnes

18 With both eyes open use less by design 5 principles of lightweight design α 1 α 2 1. Support multiple loads together 2. Don t over-specify the loads 3. Align loads with members to avoid bending 4. Optimise the cross-section for bending 5. Choose the best material Barriers Loads before use Asymmetric risks Manufacturing Opportunities supports Rewrite standards New processes

19 With both eyes open reduce yield losses 1 Steel We scrap more than a quarter of our liquid metal 5 Aluminium Blanking, trimming and machining are the main causes Additive manufacture does not provide a solution I-beam Car doors Drinks can Wing skin Novel forming processes are required combined with casting to make intermediate products closer to final shapes Cumulative process energy (GJ/t liquid steel) 2 1 Door panel 4 GJ/t 3 GJ/t Cumulative Yield (t output/t liquid steel) 2 GJ/t Liquid steel

20 With both eyes open diverting scrap If we can t eliminate yield losses can we divert scrap? Trim and sell sheet and plate skeletons Solid bonding of aluminium swarf Market for over-ordered stock

21 With both eyes open re-use without melting Steel re-use in construction has begun Certification and irregular supply are problems Availability in the UK is rapidly increasing Profit possible but decision timing is a challenge Tonnage per year (kt) Old building Deconstruction Design Recondition/ Certification Fabricate Construction New building Identify source building Strip building and deconstruct frame Design around available stock to minimize overuse Clean, remove fixings; coupon (or other) test; negotiate insurance Cut and weld As normal Share messages (29) per tonne Year Annual consumption of structural sections Predicted annual availability of reclaimed sections Year Building unoccupied Profit opportunity 29 Reconditioning Demolition Decision points costs Deconstruction Construction cost Project timeline Compensation for scrap

22 With both eyes open longer life products The product s performance has declined... The product s value has declined relative to when it was purchased Degraded e.g. rail track Unsuitable e.g. sports car... relative to what s now available Inferior e.g. washing machines Unwanted e.g. single hulled oil tankers Cumulative Emissions Control systems (5yr) Steel Share Cost Share Time Work rolls (2-5yr) Cumulative Profit ( ) More frequent replacement Less frequent replacement Time Back-up rolls (15yr) Motors (2yr) Cooling/hydraulic systems (2yr) Gearboxes (4yr) Structure (4-1yr) 5 1 Steel strip rolling mill

23 With both eyes open reducing final demand If not material efficiency, then demand reduction? More intense use? Deliver the material service with less material? Consume less? 1 New Zealand Netherlands USA Japan DESIGN CAPACITY Use at full design capacity Increase capacity Use more frequently SERVICE SPACE Reduce capacity Happiness 5 Russia 2, 4, Income per head ($/year) Intensity of use USE PROFILE Time Pass on POINT OF DISCARD Repair or upgrade Make more durable END OF PHYSICAL LIFE

24 With both eyes open scenario building 72 kg/m2 1 kg/m2 For all products Establish current averages Less metal by design 4 3 kg 2 85% 13 kg 4 Reuse of components 8 years 8 hr/wk 4 years 4 hr/wk Less metal by design 3 Anticipate future limits for each option Validate with industry partners Life extension More intense use Reuse of components Yield loss reduction Scrap diversion 2 years 1 p-km/wk 14 years 5 p-km/wk Life extension More intense use

25 With both eyes open scenario analysis With both eyes open we have enough options to cut emissions by Process Efficiency Process + material efficiency Material Efficiency Aluminium.3 75% 75% 75% 75% 75% % 25% 25% 25% 25% 25% Less metal by design Target 75% Current (28) Gt CO2 BAU Current (27) Gt CO2 More intense use 2 1 Life Extension Steel 1 1 Reuse of components 1 Scrap diversion Process+ material efficiency % 75% 75% 75% 75% 75% % 25% 25% 25% 25% 25% Scrap diversion Reuse of components Life Extension More intense use Process efficiency 1 Yield loss reduction Target Less metal by design Yield loss reduction BAU Life extension, more intense use and using less metal by design are the most effective strategies

26 Implementation Office block Rolling mill Car Fridge Mass of liquid steel (kg/pers/yr) Spending ( /pers/yr) Equivalent labour (hrs/pers/yr) liquid steel (kg/pers/yr)

27 Conclusions With one eye open: we cannot reduce emissions enough if demand for new material grows as forecast With both eyes open: we have a lot of options for living well with less new

Options to supply the UK steel demand and meet the CO 2 targets

Options to supply the UK steel demand and meet the CO 2 targets Options to supply the UK steel demand and meet the CO 2 targets André Cabrera Serrenho, University of Cambridge Zenaida Sobral Mourão, University of Cambridge Jonathan Norman, University of Bath Jonathan

More information

Steel, aluminium and carbon: alternative strategies for meeting the 2050 carbon emission targets

Steel, aluminium and carbon: alternative strategies for meeting the 2050 carbon emission targets Steel, aluminium and carbon: alternative strategies for meeting the 2050 carbon emission targets Julian M Allwood 1, Jonathan M Cullen 1 1 Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington

More information

PRELIMINARY STEEL IMPORTS INCREASE 17% IN JANUARY Import Market Share 32% in January

PRELIMINARY STEEL IMPORTS INCREASE 17% IN JANUARY Import Market Share 32% in January News Release FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE February 25, 2015 CONTACT: Lisa Harrison 202.452.7115/ lharrison@steel.org PRELIMINARY STEEL IMPORTS INCREASE 17% IN JANUARY Import Market Share 32% in January Washington,

More information

Method to take into account material recycling and end of life in LCA

Method to take into account material recycling and end of life in LCA Method to take into account material recycling and end of life in LCA LCA Forum Lausanne, 22 November 2007 Dr J.-S. Thomas ArcelorMittal Research C. Broadbent IISI Overview Steel recycling IISI and Steel

More information

The leading provider of mines and metals data

The leading provider of mines and metals data r de Or now www.mbdatabase.com The leading provider of mines and metals data New for 2014: Improved website & tailored email alerts The key business development tool for those looking to get ahead in the

More information

FULL YEAR 2014 TOTAL STEEL IMPORTS UP 38% FROM 2013 Finished Steel Import Market Share 30% in December

FULL YEAR 2014 TOTAL STEEL IMPORTS UP 38% FROM 2013 Finished Steel Import Market Share 30% in December News Release FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE January 27, 2015 CONTACT Lisa Harrison 202.452.7115/ lharrison@steel.org FULL YEAR 2014 TOTAL STEEL IMPORTS UP 38% FROM 2013 Finished Steel Import Market Share 30% in

More information

TARIFF CODE and updates standard

TARIFF CODE and updates standard TARIFF CODE and updates standard No HS CODE AHTN CODE PRODUCT DESCRIPTION PRODUCT TYPE STANDARDS IDENTIFIED 7207 Semi finished products of iron or non alloy steel Containing by weight less than 0.25% of

More information

Technology. Chapter 15 Processing Resources

Technology. Chapter 15 Processing Resources Technology Chapter 15 Processing Resources Tools: Printer (color optional) 4 sheets of 8.5 x 11 paper Scissors Directions: 1. Print 2. Fold paper in half vertically 3. Cut along dashed lines These instructions

More information

Going on a metal diet. Using less liquid metal to deliver the same services in order to save energy and carbon

Going on a metal diet. Using less liquid metal to deliver the same services in order to save energy and carbon Going on a metal diet Using less liquid metal to deliver the same services in order to save energy and carbon Going on a metal diet Using less liquid metal to deliver the same services in order to save

More information

Ex.Lec.3 Extraction of Aluminum from ore oxide

Ex.Lec.3 Extraction of Aluminum from ore oxide Introduction Aluminum has many useful properties. It is the commonest metal in the rocks of the Earth's crust. About 8% of the crust is aluminium, not the metal itself but combined with other elements

More information

Challenges & opportunities for the steel industry in moving towards green growth. Anthony de Carvalho Green Growth Workshop Seoul, 4 March 2010

Challenges & opportunities for the steel industry in moving towards green growth. Anthony de Carvalho Green Growth Workshop Seoul, 4 March 2010 Challenges & opportunities for the steel industry in moving towards green growth Anthony de Carvalho Green Growth Workshop Seoul, 4 March 2010 1. Current situation Current status of steel industry The

More information

This is Outokumpu Tornio Site

This is Outokumpu Tornio Site Investor visit, 7th October 2015 Hannu Hautala, SVP - Business Line Tornio This is Outokumpu Tornio Site October 7, 2015 1 October 7, 2015 2 We believe that all accidents are preventable. Our target is

More information

Tokyo Steel s Views to Global Warming revised on June 25, 2010 with the latest data

Tokyo Steel s Views to Global Warming revised on June 25, 2010 with the latest data Tokyo Steel s Views to Global Warming revised on June 25, 2010 with the latest data 1. Introduction A worldwide movement to control global warming is under way. In 1997, the Kyoto Protocol became the world

More information

Lecture 16. Furnace: Type and classification

Lecture 16. Furnace: Type and classification Lecture 16 Furnace: Type and classification Content of lecture What is a furnace? What are the components of a furnace? Furnaces and their applications in high temperature industries Issues in Furnace

More information

Aluminium. about Hydro and transport. We put vehicles on an energy diet

Aluminium. about Hydro and transport. We put vehicles on an energy diet Aluminium about Hydro and transport We put vehicles on an energy diet Our solutions Fire engines United Kingdom Supplying aluminium to JR Industries, a producer of roller shutter doors and ladders for

More information

CHAPTER 4 OUTLINE MAJOR CLASSES OF MATERIALS PART 1. Metals Ceramics Semi Conductors (Electronic Materials) Polymers Composites

CHAPTER 4 OUTLINE MAJOR CLASSES OF MATERIALS PART 1. Metals Ceramics Semi Conductors (Electronic Materials) Polymers Composites CHAPTER 4 MAJOR CLASSES OF MATERIALS PART 1 1 OUTLINE Metals Ceramics Semi Conductors (Electronic Materials) Polymers Composites 2 1 THE MATERIALS PENTAGRAM METALS SEMI CONDUCTORS CERAMICS NATURAL RESOURCES

More information

RECOVERY AND ENERGY SAVINGS OF ALUMINUM CAN BEVERAGE CONSUMED IN GENERAL AND VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOLS

RECOVERY AND ENERGY SAVINGS OF ALUMINUM CAN BEVERAGE CONSUMED IN GENERAL AND VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL HIGH SCHOOLS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRONICS, MECHANICAL AND MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING Volume 1. Number.1 pp.(67-73) RECOVERY AND ENERGY SAVINGS OF ALUMINUM CAN BEVERAGE CONSUMED IN GENERAL AND VOCATIONAL TECHNICAL

More information

A bright future for UK steel. A strategy for innovation and leadership through up-cycling and integration

A bright future for UK steel. A strategy for innovation and leadership through up-cycling and integration A bright future for UK steel A strategy for innovation and leadership through up-cycling and integration A bright future for UK steel A strategy for innovation and leadership through up-cycling and integration

More information

Rolling - Introductory concepts

Rolling - Introductory concepts Rolling - Introductory concepts R. Chandramouli Associate Dean-Research SASTRA University, Thanjavur-613 401 Joint Initiative of IITs and IISc Funded by MHRD Page 1 of 8 Table of Contents 1. Rolling -

More information

Indirect trade in steel. Definitions, methodology and applications

Indirect trade in steel. Definitions, methodology and applications Indirect trade in steel Definitions, methodology and applications April 2012 Indirect trade in steel: definitions, methodology and applications A working paper issued by the World Steel Association (worldsteel)

More information

A glance at the Swedish Steel Industry

A glance at the Swedish Steel Industry A glance at the Swedish Steel Industry The Swedish Steel Producers Association Founded 1747 - more than 250 years in the service of the Swedish iron and steel industry Owned by the Swedish steel works

More information

Hitendra Jain - MGK International, Inc. Princeton, NJ A MTC Group Company

Hitendra Jain - MGK International, Inc. Princeton, NJ A MTC Group Company Hitendra Jain - MGK International, Inc. Princeton, NJ A MTC Group Company MTC Business Pvt. Ltd has been in metal recycling industry since last 4 decades and one of the largest private processor & trading

More information

2014 Harsco Corporation, All Rights Reserved. Engineered Solutions for Integrated Steelmakers

2014 Harsco Corporation, All Rights Reserved. Engineered Solutions for Integrated Steelmakers 2014 Harsco Corporation, All Rights Reserved. Engineered Solutions for Integrated Steelmakers Harsco Corporation Harsco is a global industrial services company Listed on NYSE, S&P 400 index Harsco is a

More information

Energy Efficiency in Iron & Steelmaking. Innovative solutions for the Iron & Steel Industry Dieter Bettinger - Siemens VAI

Energy Efficiency in Iron & Steelmaking. Innovative solutions for the Iron & Steel Industry Dieter Bettinger - Siemens VAI Energy Efficiency in Iron & Steelmaking Innovative solutions for the Iron & Steel Industry Dieter Bettinger - Siemens VAI Energy including reducing agents is a major source for costs of iron & steel production

More information

EGMP Forging stock standards guideline

EGMP Forging stock standards guideline Forging stock standards guideline Issue n 10 FORGING STOCK 30 Microstructure 34 Grain size Air melted (except if δ ferrite or problem 1 per batch) 50 Cleanness/ Inclusion See EN 2157-2. 51 Macrostructure

More information

Energy and Resource Efficiency

Energy and Resource Efficiency Foundry Machinery Energy and Resource Efficiency Sustainable Foundry Technology CONTENT 3 Content Content Foreword 4 1 Casting production facts and figures 5 1.1 Casting production 1.2 Complex processes

More information

Putting a chill on global warming

Putting a chill on global warming Carbon capture and storage Putting a chill on global warming SABINE SULZER SULZER PUMPS MARKUS DUSS SULZER CHEMTECH Whenever fuel is burned, carbon dioxide (CO ) is emitted into the atmosphere. The subsequent

More information

Pathways for reducing CO 2 emissions from Raahe steel plant

Pathways for reducing CO 2 emissions from Raahe steel plant Pathways for reducing CO 2 emissions from Raahe steel plant Seminar on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) 11th of November at Hanasaari, Espoo, Finland Erkki Pisilä, Director, development of iron making

More information

John KW Hou, Ph.D. World- Wide Director, Industry Solutions Member of IBM Industry Academy IBM Corporation. José R. Favilla Jr

John KW Hou, Ph.D. World- Wide Director, Industry Solutions Member of IBM Industry Academy IBM Corporation. José R. Favilla Jr 1 A Big Data Approach to Optimize Energy Efficiency in the Steel Industry John KW Hou, Ph.D. Manager, IBM Center of Competence, Metals IBM Corporation José R. Favilla Jr World- Wide Director, Industry

More information

Coal Gasification Based DRI Solution for Indian Ironmaking

Coal Gasification Based DRI Solution for Indian Ironmaking Coal Gasification Based DRI Solution for Indian Ironmaking By: Rob Cheeley, Sales Manager Markus Leu, Plant Sales Manager Midrex Technologies, Inc. Introduction As one of the world s most vibrant and growing

More information

2 The Steel Making Industry

2 The Steel Making Industry Primary Metals Table of Contents Industry Overview Steel Making Industry Ferrous & Non-Ferrous Foundries Aluminum Smelting & Refining Copper Processing Lead Processing Zinc Processing Glossary 2 The Steel

More information

The Challenge of Recycling Metals. Ken Mackenzie British Metals Recycling Association

The Challenge of Recycling Metals. Ken Mackenzie British Metals Recycling Association The Challenge of Recycling Metals Ken Mackenzie British Metals Recycling Association ken@recyclemetals.org The biggest challenge: IMAGE Steptoe and Son? Can banks Lower quality materials Deteriorating

More information

Life Cycle assessment methodology report

Life Cycle assessment methodology report Life Cycle assessment methodology report Methodology report Life cycle inventory study for steel products World Steel Association 2011 Life cycle assessment methodology report World Steel Association 2011

More information

Aluminium. about Hydro and packaging. We protect consumer products

Aluminium. about Hydro and packaging. We protect consumer products Aluminium about Hydro and packaging We protect consumer products Our solutions Beverage Cans, Grevenbroich, Germany Supplying plain and coated material for can bodies, ends and tabs; Most-recycled packaging

More information

Investment Opportunity in Iron and Steel, Petrochemical and Food Processing Industry

Investment Opportunity in Iron and Steel, Petrochemical and Food Processing Industry Energy Efficiency Made in Germany Initiative Investment Opportunity in Iron and Steel, Petrochemical and Food Processing Industry Experience with the energy efficiency in the Iron and Steel industry www.efficiency-from-germany.info

More information

The Economic Impacts of Reducing. Natural Gas and Electricity Use in Ontario

The Economic Impacts of Reducing. Natural Gas and Electricity Use in Ontario The Economic Impacts of Reducing Natural Gas and Electricity Use in Ontario Prepared for Blue Green Canada July 2013 Table of Contents Executive Summary... i Key Findings... i Introduction...1 Secondary

More information

Schedule of Accreditation issued by United Kingdom Accreditation Service 2 Pine Trees, Chertsey Lane, Staines-upon-Thames, TW18 3HR, UK

Schedule of Accreditation issued by United Kingdom Accreditation Service 2 Pine Trees, Chertsey Lane, Staines-upon-Thames, TW18 3HR, UK 2 Pine Trees, Chertsey Lane, Staines-upon-Thames, TW18 3HR, UK ISO/IEC 17021:2011 to provide environmental management systems certification to Unit 6, Gordano Court Gordano Gate Business Park Serbert Close

More information

Reducing CO2 emissions from heavy industry: a review of technologies and considerations for policy makers

Reducing CO2 emissions from heavy industry: a review of technologies and considerations for policy makers Grantham Institute for Climate Change Briefing paper No 7 February 2012 Reducing CO2 emissions from heavy industry: a review of technologies and considerations for policy makers Dr Tamaryn Brown, Ajay

More information

A New Age for Steel Metallics: A Global Market Outlook to 2020

A New Age for Steel Metallics: A Global Market Outlook to 2020 NEW A New Age for Steel Metallics: A Global Market Outlook to 2020 l Obsolete Scrap l Prompt Industrial Scrap l Home (Revert) Scrap l Pig Iron l DRI/HBI Also featuring coverage on: l Iron Ore l Which markets

More information

Workers. There are many different jobs in a steel mill. As with most industries, the main jobs fall into a list of categories, such as:

Workers. There are many different jobs in a steel mill. As with most industries, the main jobs fall into a list of categories, such as: Workers There are many different jobs in a steel mill. As with most industries, the main jobs fall into a list of categories, such as: Laborer Foreman Supervisor * Choose one of the job titles. Identify

More information

Transport and Aluminium

Transport and Aluminium Transport and Aluminium Improving Sustainability in the Transport Sector through Weight Reduction and the Application of Aluminium The energy required to power motor vehicles is more than four times that

More information

7201 PIG IRON AND SPIEGELEISEN IN PIGS, BLOCKS OR OTHER PRIMARY FORMS

7201 PIG IRON AND SPIEGELEISEN IN PIGS, BLOCKS OR OTHER PRIMARY FORMS Page no: 504 I. PRIMARY MATERIALS; PRODUCTS IN GRANULAR OR POWDER FORM 7201 PIG IRON AND SPIEGELEISEN IN PIGS, BLOCKS OR OTHER PRIMARY FORMS 72011000 - Non-alloy pig iron containing by weight 0.5% kg.

More information

1953. 06 1962. 11 1964. 09 1970. 04 1978. 06 1987. 05 1994. 12 1998. 03 2000. 03 2000. 12 2001. 04 2001. 07 2004. 10 2006. 03 2006. 09 2006. 10 2009. 08 2009. 11 2010. 01 2010. 04 2010. 11 2012. 11 2013.

More information

COMPARISON OF THE ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT OF THE CRIMSON PROCESS WITH NORMAL SAND CASTING PROCESS. Mark Jolly Manufacturing and Materials Department

COMPARISON OF THE ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT OF THE CRIMSON PROCESS WITH NORMAL SAND CASTING PROCESS. Mark Jolly Manufacturing and Materials Department Proceedings of the 11 th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013) Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXVII: 19-20 September 2013, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK. COMPARISON OF THE ENVIROMENTAL

More information

Challenges and Opportunities for Small Businesses Engaged in Energy Development and Energy Intensive Manufacturing

Challenges and Opportunities for Small Businesses Engaged in Energy Development and Energy Intensive Manufacturing Statement of Toby Mack, EEIA President, Before the U.S Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship July 14, 2015 Challenges and Opportunities for Small Businesses Engaged in Energy Development

More information

CHAPTER 4 SIMULATED IMPACT OF THE SAFEGUARD MEASURES

CHAPTER 4 SIMULATED IMPACT OF THE SAFEGUARD MEASURES CHAPTER 4 SIMULATED IMPACT OF THE SAFEGUARD MEASURES Introduction The request letter asked the Commission to provide an analysis of the economy-wide effects of the safeguard remedies using appropriate

More information

UK Aluminium Industry Fact Sheet 18 : Aluminium Rolling +44(0)121 601 6363 www.alfed.org.uk. Aluminium Rolling

UK Aluminium Industry Fact Sheet 18 : Aluminium Rolling +44(0)121 601 6363 www.alfed.org.uk. Aluminium Rolling UK Aluminium Industry Fact Sheet 18 Aluminium Rolling +44(0)121 601 6363 www.alfed.org.uk 1 Introduction Rolling aluminium and its alloys is one of the principle ways of converting cast aluminium slab

More information

Resource Efficiency and Innovation Potential of Steel

Resource Efficiency and Innovation Potential of Steel Resource Efficiency and Innovation Potential of Steel Sebastian Plickert German Federal EnvironmentAgency Unit III 2.2 Ressource Conservation, Material Cycles, Mineral and Metal Industries Wörlitzer Platz

More information

Forges and Foundries ENGLISH HERITAGE TEACHER S KIT

Forges and Foundries ENGLISH HERITAGE TEACHER S KIT Forges and Foundries Until the eighteenth century the working of iron had been restricted by the large quantities of charcoal required for smelting, with the result that ironworks were usually sited inaccessibly

More information

THE ROLE OF METALLURGY IN ENHANCING BENEFICIATION IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN MINING INDUSTRY

THE ROLE OF METALLURGY IN ENHANCING BENEFICIATION IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN MINING INDUSTRY THE ROLE OF METALLURGY IN ENHANCING BENEFICIATION IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN MINING INDUSTRY Marek Dworzanowski, Presidential Address, SAIMM AGM, 22 August 2013 CONTENTS Introduction Definitions Phases of metallurgical

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

Clean Energy Solutions Center IEA Technology Roadmap: Energy Efficient Building Envelopes Launch

Clean Energy Solutions Center IEA Technology Roadmap: Energy Efficient Building Envelopes Launch Clean Energy Solutions Center IEA Technology Roadmap: Energy Efficient Building Envelopes Launch Didier Houssin and Marc LaFrance International Energy Agency 18 December 2013 Paris IEA/SPT Flagship Publication,

More information

World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights. www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency

World Energy Outlook 2007: China and India Insights. www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency World Energy Outlook 27: China and India Insights www.worldenergyoutlook.org International Energy Agency Why Focus on China & India? Increase in World Primary Energy Demand, Imports & Energy-Related CO

More information

CO2 Capture Technologies. 7 8 September, 2011 Abu Dhabi, UAE

CO2 Capture Technologies. 7 8 September, 2011 Abu Dhabi, UAE UNFCCC Technical workshop on modalities and procedures for carbon dioxide capture and storage in geological formations as clean development mechanism project activity CO2 Capture Technologies 7 8 September,

More information

Greenhouse gas abatement potential in Israel

Greenhouse gas abatement potential in Israel Greenhouse gas abatement potential in Israel Israel s GHG abatement cost curve Translated executive summary, November 2009 1 Executive Summary Background At the December 2009 UNFCCC Conference in Copenhagen,

More information

INDIAN STANDARDS (BIS) ON WELDING

INDIAN STANDARDS (BIS) ON WELDING ** IS 82:957 Glossary of terms relating to welding and cutting of Sep 2008 metals 2 IS 83:986 Scheme of symbols for welding (revised) Sep 2008 3 IS 84:2004 Covered electrodes for manual metal arc welding

More information

Electric Arc Furnace at the Materials Processing Institute

Electric Arc Furnace at the Materials Processing Institute Excellence in Materials & Process Innovation WHITE PAPER THE STEEL INDUSTRY SERIES PAPER 02 MAY 2016 Electric Arc Furnace at the EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The UK market for steel is forecasting strong and sustainable

More information

Article no. 2: METEC 2015 (business) Promising outlook for metals: More than 3,500 different types of steel around the world

Article no. 2: METEC 2015 (business) Promising outlook for metals: More than 3,500 different types of steel around the world Article no. 2: METEC 2015 (business) Promising outlook for metals: More than 3,500 different types of steel around the world Strong demand for copper in car manufacturing and medical engineering: conductive

More information

ImpEE. Recycling of Plastics THE PROJECT IMPROVING ENGINEERING EDUCATION

ImpEE. Recycling of Plastics THE PROJECT IMPROVING ENGINEERING EDUCATION THE IMPROVING ENGINEERING EDUCATION ImpEE PROJECT Recycling of Plastics Plastic waste in the UK 3 million tonnes of waste plastic are produced a year in the UK. 1 tonne = 20,000 plastic bottles 7% of this

More information

The Global Market for Aluminium Castings to 2021

The Global Market for Aluminium Castings to 2021 NEW The Global Market for Aluminium Castings to 2021 l What is the current market for aluminium castings? l Who are major user segments and applications for aluminium castings? l What are the key geographical

More information

IWR Integrated Waste Recycling. Integrated System for treatment and recycling of Municipal Solid Waste

IWR Integrated Waste Recycling. Integrated System for treatment and recycling of Municipal Solid Waste IWR Integrated Waste Recycling Integrated System for treatment and recycling of Municipal Solid Waste 1 1. Introduction IWR is an integrated system, realised by different Italian companies, manufacturers

More information

Environmental Product Declaration EPD

Environmental Product Declaration EPD Environmental Product Declaration EPD May 2014 EPD The company Europrofil AB, founded 1982, is the leading producer of light gauge steel profiles for the building construction industry. Headquarters and

More information

ECO-EFFICIENT RECYCLING THE RECYCLING INDUSTRY: A PERSPECTIVE FOR THE GREEN ECONOMY FACING THE ECONOMIC CRISIS. Duccio Bianchi - Ambiente Italia

ECO-EFFICIENT RECYCLING THE RECYCLING INDUSTRY: A PERSPECTIVE FOR THE GREEN ECONOMY FACING THE ECONOMIC CRISIS. Duccio Bianchi - Ambiente Italia ECO-EFFICIENT RECYCLING THE RECYCLING INDUSTRY: A PERSPECTIVE FOR THE GREEN ECONOMY FACING THE ECONOMIC CRISIS Duccio Bianchi - Ambiente Italia ECO-EFFICIENT RECYCLING THE RECYCLING INDUSTRY: A PERSPECTIVE

More information

To encourage environmentally responsible production, design and fabrication methods that result in efficient use of steel as a building material.

To encourage environmentally responsible production, design and fabrication methods that result in efficient use of steel as a building material. AIM OF CREDIT To encourage environmentally responsible production, design and fabrication methods that result in efficient use of steel as a building material. CREDIT CRITERIA Up to two points are awarded

More information

Iron and Steel Manufacturing

Iron and Steel Manufacturing Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook WORLD BANK GROUP Effective July 1998 Iron and Steel Manufacturing Industry Description and Practices Steel is manufactured by the chemical reduction of iron

More information

THE MANUFACTURE OF POLYETHYLENE

THE MANUFACTURE OF POLYETHYLENE THE MANUFACTURE OF POLYETHYLENE Three classes of polyethylene are imported into New Zealand for extruding into a wide variety of products. These are low density polyethylene (LDPE), high density polyethylene

More information

Optimization of Steel and Methanol Production in an Integrated

Optimization of Steel and Methanol Production in an Integrated Optimization of Steel and Methanol Production in an Integrated H. Ghanbari, H. Helle, M. Helle, F. Pettersson and H. Saxen Åbo Akademi University Heat Engineering Laboratory Åbo / Turku, Finland tel. +358

More information

Employment Change Due to Carbon Pricing, 2035 Policy Scenario Vs Baseline Industry Name North American Industrial Classification System # (NAICS)

Employment Change Due to Carbon Pricing, 2035 Policy Scenario Vs Baseline Industry Name North American Industrial Classification System # (NAICS) Employment Change Due to Carbon Pricing, 2035 Policy Scenario Vs Baseline Industry Name North American Industrial Classification System # (NAICS) 2035 (Net Jobs) Construction - 23 4774 1.21% Scientific

More information

Development of large-scale H 2 storage and transportation technology with Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC)

Development of large-scale H 2 storage and transportation technology with Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) Development of large-scale storage and transportation technology with Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carrier (LOHC) Yoshimi Okada 1, Mitsunori Shimura 2 Principal researcher, Technology Development Unit, Chiyoda

More information

RECYCLING OF WASTE TYRES INTO RECLAIM RUBBER

RECYCLING OF WASTE TYRES INTO RECLAIM RUBBER RECYCLING OF WASTE TYRES INTO RECLAIM RUBBER Re-generated or Reclaimed rubber is produced by partial de-vulcanization of rubber granulate obtained from end-of-life tyres and other rubber products. The

More information

Energy saving and environmental protection in Chinese Steel Industry (a typical process industry) Activity 3.2

Energy saving and environmental protection in Chinese Steel Industry (a typical process industry) Activity 3.2 Energy saving and environmental protection in Chinese Steel Industry (a typical process industry) Activity 3.2 Daqiang CANG School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering University of Science and

More information

Q1. Aluminium has many uses because of its low density, good electrical conductivity, flexibility and resistance to corrosion.

Q1. Aluminium has many uses because of its low density, good electrical conductivity, flexibility and resistance to corrosion. Q. Aluminium has many uses because of its low density, good electrical conductivity, flexibility and resistance to crosion. The main steps in the extraction of aluminium are shown in the flow chart. (a)

More information

BAT in the Iron and Steel Industry

BAT in the Iron and Steel Industry For our Environment BAT Workshop Berlin, 21 April 2015 Dipl.-Ing. Sebastian Plickert Umweltbundesamt German Federal Environment Agency Unit III 2.2 'Ressource Conservation, Material Cycles, Mineral and

More information

Lecture slides on rolling By: Dr H N Dhakal Lecturer in Mechanical and Marine Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Plymouth

Lecture slides on rolling By: Dr H N Dhakal Lecturer in Mechanical and Marine Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Plymouth Lecture slides on rolling By: Dr H N Dhakal Lecturer in Mechanical and Marine Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Plymouth Bulk deformation forming (rolling) Rolling is the process of reducing

More information

Swallow Street recycling facts and figures in partnership with Bywaters

Swallow Street recycling facts and figures in partnership with Bywaters Regent Street Direct Swallow Street recycling facts and figures in partnership with Bywaters 2013 Swallow Street produced 76 tonnes of cardboard Mission Recycling Ltd: Paper and Cardboard Paper of all

More information

ACHIEVEMENTS AND POTENTIALS IN LIGHTWEIGHT AND NON- AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

ACHIEVEMENTS AND POTENTIALS IN LIGHTWEIGHT AND NON- AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS CAPITAL MARKET DAY, OCTOBER 6TH, 2015 ACHIEVEMENTS AND POTENTIALS IN LIGHTWEIGHT AND NON- AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS Dr. Martin Habert 1 ACHIEVEMENTS AND POTENTIALS IN LIGHTWEIGHT AND NON-AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

More information

Building a sustainable future

Building a sustainable future American Iron and Steel Institute 1140 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 705 Washington, DC 20036 202.452.7100 Building a sustainable future www.steel.org If all industries were as interested in the environment

More information

EVRAZ H1 2013 results Transcript of the conference call. Management Presentation. Corporate Participants

EVRAZ H1 2013 results Transcript of the conference call. Management Presentation. Corporate Participants EVRAZ H1 2013 results Transcript of the conference call Corporate Participants Alexander Frolov Giacomo Baizini Pavel Tatyanin Management Presentation Operator Thank you for standing by and welcome to

More information

09. Iron Casting Industry

09. Iron Casting Industry PRTR Estimation Manual 09. Iron Casting Industry January 2001 Revised: March 2002 Japan Cast Iron Foundry Association Japan Malleable Iron Society Japan High Grade Cast Iron Association Contents 1. Calculation

More information

Steel Industry Executive Summary: July 2016

Steel Industry Executive Summary: July 2016 Steel Industry Executive Summary: July 2016 Highlights From April to May 2016, U.S. imports of steel mill products increased 15.8% to 2.6 million metric tons from 2.2 million metric tons In May 2016, the

More information

Process Automation Markets 2010

Process Automation Markets 2010 PRESS RELEASE Important Findings of the New Market, Strategy, and Technology Report Process Automation Markets 2010 Development of the automation world market for the process industries until 2010 World

More information

Steel production. Furnace linings made from carbon and graphite are applied for the production of primary iron.

Steel production. Furnace linings made from carbon and graphite are applied for the production of primary iron. Steel production Furnace linings made from carbon and graphite are applied for the production of primary iron. Graphite electrodes and nipples (connecting pins) are applied for the production of steel.

More information

Barrier Packaging Options for SME s. January Copyright RPC Group All rights reserved

Barrier Packaging Options for SME s. January Copyright RPC Group All rights reserved Barrier Packaging Options for SME s January 2013 Copyright RPC Group 1999-2011. All rights reserved 1 RPC Group: Overview Key Facts Key Key Facts Facts 50 manufacturing plants in 16 countries Circa 7,000

More information

Welding of Plastics. Amit Mukund Joshi. (B.E Mechanical, A.M.I.Prod.E)

Welding of Plastics. Amit Mukund Joshi. (B.E Mechanical, A.M.I.Prod.E) Welding of Plastics Amit Mukund Joshi (B.E Mechanical, A.M.I.Prod.E) Introduction Mechanical fasteners, adhesives, and welding processes can all be employed to form joints between engineering plastics.

More information

Aluminum Sheet Outlook in Auto. Randall Scheps Alcoa

Aluminum Sheet Outlook in Auto. Randall Scheps Alcoa Aluminum Sheet Outlook in Auto Randall Scheps Alcoa 1.14.2014 1 Cautionary Statement Cautionary Statement Forward-Looking Statements This presentation contains statements that relate to future events and

More information

Scrap Management & Optimization Solutions

Scrap Management & Optimization Solutions Scrap Management & Optimization Solutions ScrapMaster is a trademark of Harsco Corporation. All rights reserved. BOSS is a trademark of Management Science Associates, Inc. All rights reserved. This presentation

More information

Inteligencia-Economica-exportaciones-por-naics

Inteligencia-Economica-exportaciones-por-naics PrimaryNaics Main_Export_Dest 42 - Wholesale Trades 60 546 - Management, Scientific, and Technical Consulting Services 3-33 - 32 549 - Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services 4224 - Grocery

More information

OPERATIONAL GUIDLINES OF BOAD

OPERATIONAL GUIDLINES OF BOAD STEEL INDUSTRY 1. The steel industry relates to a complex set of transformations where iron ore is converted into steel using coke and lime. The conversion process involves the following steps : (a) producing

More information

EXTRACTION OF METALS

EXTRACTION OF METALS 1 EXTRACTION OF METALS Occurrence ores of some metals are very common (iron, aluminium) others occur only in limited quantities in selected areas ores need to be purified before being reduced to the metal

More information

Scope of EN 1090-1 Clarification Document

Scope of EN 1090-1 Clarification Document Scope of EN 1090-1 Clarification Document This document has been submitted to the European Commission as the UK view on the scope of EN 1090-1. After discussions, including with the European Technical

More information

Presentation Overview. Site Waste Management Plans: A missed opportunity?

Presentation Overview. Site Waste Management Plans: A missed opportunity? Site Waste Management Plans: A missed opportunity? Presenter: Derek Duckett (CEnv, MIEMA) Project Manager Company: Mabbett & Associates (EH&S Consultants & Engineers) duckett@mabbett.com Presentation Overview

More information

For personal use only

For personal use only 2016 Investor Presentation Bank of America Merrill Lynch - Global Metals & Mining Conference 11 May 2016 ASX: SGM USOTC: SMSMY www.simsmm.com Business Highlights Company Global leader in metals and electronics

More information

STEEL INDUSTRY ABSTRACT

STEEL INDUSTRY ABSTRACT GAP.17.4.0 A Publication of Global Asset Protection Services LLC STEEL INDUSTRY ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION The reduction of iron ore to make ferrous metals is believed to have begun sometime around 2000 B.C.

More information

Teollisen ekologian soveltaminen Perämerenkaaren metallurgiseen teollisuuteen - Kommenttipuheenvuoro

Teollisen ekologian soveltaminen Perämerenkaaren metallurgiseen teollisuuteen - Kommenttipuheenvuoro Teollisen ekologian soveltaminen Perämerenkaaren metallurgiseen teollisuuteen - Kommenttipuheenvuoro Juho Mäkinen, VTT Business Solutions Industrial Ecosystem A system where the industrial actors use the

More information

Powder Metallurgy. Training Objective

Powder Metallurgy. Training Objective Training Objective After watching the program and reviewing this printed material, the viewer will gain a knowledge and understanding of the basics of powder metallurgy. Types of particles are explained.

More information

J.I.C. HYDRAULIC TUBING Seamless & Welded Hydraulic Fluid Line 23 Seamless Burst Pressures & Working Pressures 24 Welded Burst Pressures 25

J.I.C. HYDRAULIC TUBING Seamless & Welded Hydraulic Fluid Line 23 Seamless Burst Pressures & Working Pressures 24 Welded Burst Pressures 25 TABLE OF CONTENTS STEEL & ALLOY ROUND MECHANICAL TUBING Drawn Over Mandrel (DOM) 3-15 Cold Drawn Seamless (CDS) 3-15 Hot Rolled Seamless (HRS) 3-15 Electric Resistance Welded (ERW) 3-15 Seamless 4130/4140

More information

SABIC renews confidence in Danieli: Hadeed orders new 1 Mtpy LSTK long product minimill. Page 6. DaNews158

SABIC renews confidence in Danieli: Hadeed orders new 1 Mtpy LSTK long product minimill. Page 6. DaNews158 250 tph record production at ESI Energiron DRI plant and new order for 1 Mtpy heavy section mill. Page 22 Danieli News n.158 February 2010, Danieli Group SABIC renews confidence in Danieli: Hadeed orders

More information

The market and China s role

The market and China s role The market and China s role Aluminum Association Annual Meeting 20th-21 st October, 2015 Paul Williams Head of Aluminium, CRU Analysis 2 Structure of presentation 1 Global demand outlook 2 China growth

More information

SUSTAINABLE STEEL At the core of a green economy

SUSTAINABLE STEEL At the core of a green economy SUSTAINABLE STEEL At the core of a green economy 1 CONTENTS Message from the Chairman and Director General 3 The steel industry at a glance 4 How we use steel 6 Steel at the core of our economy 8 Steel

More information

HOW SUSTAINABLE IS CONCRETE?

HOW SUSTAINABLE IS CONCRETE? 201 HOW SUSTAINABLE IS CONCRETE? Leslie Struble and Jonathan Godfrey University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Abstract An analysis was carried out to determine whether concrete is a sustainable

More information