Line AB (no Endpoints) Ray with Endpoint A. Line Segments with Endpoints A and B. Angle is formed by TWO Rays with a common Endpoint.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Line AB (no Endpoints) Ray with Endpoint A. Line Segments with Endpoints A and B. Angle is formed by TWO Rays with a common Endpoint."

Transcription

1 Section 8 1 Lines and Angles Point is a specific location in space.. Line is a straight path (infinite number of points). Line Segment is part of a line between TWO points. Ray is part of the line that includes an ENDPOINT. A B.. A B A B..> Point A Line AB (no Endpoints) Ray with Endpoint A Line Segments with Endpoints A and B Angle is formed by TWO Rays with a common Endpoint. ( ) Rays: and Vertex is the common Endpoint. Vertex = B Angle ABC, Angle CBA, Angle B, ABC, CBA Circle = Chapter 8

2 Right Angle = 90 Box at vertex shows 90 Straight Angle = 180 Acute Angle is > 0 and < 90 (small) Obtuse Angle is > 90 and < 180 (Fat) Congruent Angles has the same measure. Complementary Angles measures add to 90. Supplementary Angles measures add to 180. What is the supplement of 35? =145 What is the complement of 52? =38 Parallel Lines never intersect. 2 Chapter 8

3 Two intersecting Lines for four angles. A and C are vertical angles. m A = m C B and D are vertical angles. m B = m D Adjacent Angles share side (Ray). A is adjacent to B and D Perpendicular Lines intersect at 90. When a Line intersects two Parallel Lines, Eight Angles are formed. 1 = 4 = 5 = 8 and 2 = 3 = 6 = 7 Section 8 2 Triangles and the Pythagorean Theorem Triangle is a three sided figure. The sum of the angles of a triangle = Chapter 8

4 What is measure of angle a? X = X = 180 X = = 47 What are the measures of angles a and b? a = 180 a = b = b = 180 b = = 61 Names of Triangles: Acute all angles acute. Right has a right angle. Obtuse has an obtuse angle. Equilateral all three sides equal. Isosceles two sides equal. Scalene NO sides equal. SQUARE ROOTS Square of a number = that number times itself. N 2 = N x N Reverse is the Square Root. 4 Chapter 8

5 = x = N 0 2 = 0 0=0 8 2 = 64 64=8 1 2 = 1 1=1 9 2 = 81 81=9 2 2 = 4 4 = = = = 9 9 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 15 PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM AND APPLICATIONS Right Triangles have a special property. Side a and side b are called legs and are on either side of the 90 angle. Side c is the Hypotenuse and is opposite the 90 angle. (Leg) 2 + (Leg) 2 = (Hypotenuse) 2 a 2 + b 2 = c 2 5 Chapter 8

6 = c = c 2 25 = c 2 25 = 5 = c? = a or b 26 = c a = 26 2 a = 676 a 2 = 100 = 100 a = 10 The bottom of a 17 foot ladder is placed 8 feet from the building. How far up is the ladder on the building? c = 17, a = 8, b = building b 2 = b 2 = 289 b 2 = 225 = 225 b = 15 Section 8 3 Quadrilaterals, Perimeter, and Area Quadrilaterals: 6 Chapter 8

7 Rectangle = Box with four right angles. Opposite sides are equal, adjacent sides are not. Square = Rectangle with all side equal. Parallelogram = four sided figure with two sets of parallel sides. Rhombus = parallelogram with all sides equal. Trapezoid = four sided with ONE set of parallel sides. Perimeter: Square = S + S + S + S = 4S 7 Chapter 8

8 Rectangle = L + W + L + W = 2L + 2W What is the perimeter of a square with a side of 4.3 inches? P = 4(4.3 inches) = 17.2 inches Find the perimeter of a rectangle with a length of 3 yards and a width of 2 feet? P = 2(3 yards)+2(2 feet) P = 6 yards + 4 feet P = 18 feet + 4 feet = 22 feet Area: Rectangle = L x W Square = S x S = S 2 Parallelogram = Base x Height = B x H Triangle = h = Note: Height can drawn and measured outside the figure (parallelogram too). Trapezoid = h = 8 Chapter 8

9 + Find the area of a parallelogram with 10.4 in and height of 3.1 in? A = BxH = (10.4 in)x(3.1 in) A = in 2 A side of a house must be painted. The length = 40 feet and the width = 12 feet. There are two 4 by 4 foot windows (not painted). What is the area to be painted? A = (40)(12) 2(4)(4) A = = 448 ft 2 What is the area of this figure? Figure is triangle. B = 7 m and H = 4 m A = A = 7 4 A =14 m 2 9 Chapter 8

10 What is the area of this Figure? Figure is a trapezoid. A = 11 cm, B = 15 cm, H = 6 cm Area = + A = = 266 A = 78 cm 2 Find the area of the shaded Region? Looks like a rectangle with a triangle cut out of the end. So, area of the rectangle minus the area of the triangle. A R = 15x10 = 150 ft 2 A T = 106=30 ft2 A = = 120 ft 2 Paint the deck. One gallon covers 160 ft 2 and cost $ What is the cost to paint the deck? Looks like a rectangle with a trapezoid on the end. A R = 31ft x 8 ft = 248 ft 2 A T = 8+166=72 ft2 A = = 320 ft ft 2 x = 2 gallons 2 gal x $. = $23.90 Section 8 4 Circles, Circumference, and Area Definitions: Circle all points located the same distance from a fixed point. 10 Chapter 8

11 Center that fixed point. Radius (r) a line from the center to the circle. Diameter (d) a line from the circle through the center on to the circle. 2r = d = Circumference ( C ): - distance around a circle (perimeter). Π = (Pi Greek Letter) if left as the symbol it is exact. Π = (not exact rounded) Π = 3.14 or C = What is the radius? will normally be used. C = 2πR The line is the diameter. d =10.4 m. r = = Chapter 8

12 The line is the radius. r = d = 2( = What is the diameter? Find the circumference? a) exact answer in b) approximate answer using 3.14 C = πd a) C = π10 = 10π ft (exact answer) b) C = 3.14(10) = 31.4 ft (approximate) C = 2πR R = 4.7 cm a) C = 2(π)(4.7 cm) = 9.4π cm b) C = 2(3.14)(4.7 cm) = cm Find the circumference? a) exact answer in b) approximate answer using 3.14 AREA: A = πr 2 = πrxr A = π( )2 = π( ) (rarely used) 12 Chapter 8

13 Find the area of the circle? a) exact b) = (approximate) 21 in = radius A = πr 2 = π(r)(r) a) A = π(21 in)(21 in) = 441π in 2 b) A = = 1386 in 2 Find the area of the circle? a) exact b) = 3.14 (approximate) round to nearest whole unit 9.4 in = diameter R = =4.7 a) A = π(4.7 in)(4.7 in) A =22.09π in 2 b) A=(3.14)(4.7)(4.7)=69.3 in 2 A = 69 in 2 =. A rectangle with two half circles Removed. Find perimeter and Area, use π = 3.14 Perimeter is two staright lines and two half circles. Two half circle = one circle. C = πd A=πRR P = 2(12 cm) + πd P = 24 cm + (3.14)(6) cm P = 24 cm cm = cm Area of rectangle Area Circle A=(12)(6) (3.14)(3)(3) A= = cm 2 Section 8 6 Volume 1 cm 3 = 1 cc = 1ml 1 in 3 (volume has units X 3 ) Cubic 13 Chapter 8

14 Rectangular Solid V = LxWxH Cube V = S 3 = SxSxS Right Circular Cylinder V = πr 2 H Right Circular Cone V = Sphere V = 14 Chapter 8

15 What is the volume of a rectangular Solid 8 in, by 11 in by 2 in? V = L x W x H V = (8 in) x (11 in) x (2 in) V = 176 in 3 Find the volume of a right cylinder with π = 3.14, Radius = 2 in, and Height = 4.5 in? V = πr 2 H V = (3.14)(2 in)(2 in) (4.5 in) V = in 3 Find the volume of a sphere. Use π = 3.14 and Radius = 3 cm. = 4 3 = V = cm 3 Find the volume of a cone. Use π = 3.14, diameter = 8 cm and 18 cm height. R = = = 1 3 =4 V = 3.14(4cm)(4cm)(18cm) V = cm 3 15 Chapter 8

16 a) R = b) R =.. =1.2 =0.8 c) V outer V Inner = (3.14)(1.2)(1.2)(2) (3.14)(0.8)(0.8)(2) V = = mm 3 5 mm 3 16 Chapter 8

Algebra Geometry Glossary. 90 angle

Algebra Geometry Glossary. 90 angle lgebra Geometry Glossary 1) acute angle an angle less than 90 acute angle 90 angle 2) acute triangle a triangle where all angles are less than 90 3) adjacent angles angles that share a common leg Example:

More information

Geometry. Geometry is the study of shapes and sizes. The next few pages will review some basic geometry facts. Enjoy the short lesson on geometry.

Geometry. Geometry is the study of shapes and sizes. The next few pages will review some basic geometry facts. Enjoy the short lesson on geometry. Geometry Introduction: We live in a world of shapes and figures. Objects around us have length, width and height. They also occupy space. On the job, many times people make decision about what they know

More information

2006 Geometry Form A Page 1

2006 Geometry Form A Page 1 2006 Geometry Form Page 1 1. he hypotenuse of a right triangle is 12" long, and one of the acute angles measures 30 degrees. he length of the shorter leg must be: () 4 3 inches () 6 3 inches () 5 inches

More information

Chapter 8 Geometry We will discuss following concepts in this chapter.

Chapter 8 Geometry We will discuss following concepts in this chapter. Mat College Mathematics Updated on Nov 5, 009 Chapter 8 Geometry We will discuss following concepts in this chapter. Two Dimensional Geometry: Straight lines (parallel and perpendicular), Rays, Angles

More information

Geometry and Measurement

Geometry and Measurement The student will be able to: Geometry and Measurement 1. Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of geometry and measurement and operations using measurements Use the US system of measurement for

More information

Angles that are between parallel lines, but on opposite sides of a transversal.

Angles that are between parallel lines, but on opposite sides of a transversal. GLOSSARY Appendix A Appendix A: Glossary Acute Angle An angle that measures less than 90. Acute Triangle Alternate Angles A triangle that has three acute angles. Angles that are between parallel lines,

More information

Honors Geometry Final Exam Study Guide

Honors Geometry Final Exam Study Guide 2011-2012 Honors Geometry Final Exam Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. In each pair of triangles, parts are congruent as marked.

More information

Centroid: The point of intersection of the three medians of a triangle. Centroid

Centroid: The point of intersection of the three medians of a triangle. Centroid Vocabulary Words Acute Triangles: A triangle with all acute angles. Examples 80 50 50 Angle: A figure formed by two noncollinear rays that have a common endpoint and are not opposite rays. Angle Bisector:

More information

GEOMETRY FINAL EXAM REVIEW

GEOMETRY FINAL EXAM REVIEW GEOMETRY FINL EXM REVIEW I. MTHING reflexive. a(b + c) = ab + ac transitive. If a = b & b = c, then a = c. symmetric. If lies between and, then + =. substitution. If a = b, then b = a. distributive E.

More information

*1. Derive formulas for the area of right triangles and parallelograms by comparing with the area of rectangles.

*1. Derive formulas for the area of right triangles and parallelograms by comparing with the area of rectangles. Students: 1. Students understand and compute volumes and areas of simple objects. *1. Derive formulas for the area of right triangles and parallelograms by comparing with the area of rectangles. Review

More information

Perimeter, Area, and Volume

Perimeter, Area, and Volume Perimeter, Area, and Volume Perimeter of Common Geometric Figures The perimeter of a geometric figure is defined as the distance around the outside of the figure. Perimeter is calculated by adding all

More information

of surface, 569-571, 576-577, 578-581 of triangle, 548 Associative Property of addition, 12, 331 of multiplication, 18, 433

of surface, 569-571, 576-577, 578-581 of triangle, 548 Associative Property of addition, 12, 331 of multiplication, 18, 433 Absolute Value and arithmetic, 730-733 defined, 730 Acute angle, 477 Acute triangle, 497 Addend, 12 Addition associative property of, (see Commutative Property) carrying in, 11, 92 commutative property

More information

Topics Covered on Geometry Placement Exam

Topics Covered on Geometry Placement Exam Topics Covered on Geometry Placement Exam - Use segments and congruence - Use midpoint and distance formulas - Measure and classify angles - Describe angle pair relationships - Use parallel lines and transversals

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Santa Monica College COMPASS Geometry Sample Test MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Find the area of the shaded region. 1) 5 yd 6 yd

More information

Perimeter and area formulas for common geometric figures:

Perimeter and area formulas for common geometric figures: Lesson 10.1 10.: Perimeter and Area of Common Geometric Figures Focused Learning Target: I will be able to Solve problems involving perimeter and area of common geometric figures. Compute areas of rectangles,

More information

Teacher Page Key. Geometry / Day # 13 Composite Figures 45 Min.

Teacher Page Key. Geometry / Day # 13 Composite Figures 45 Min. Teacher Page Key Geometry / Day # 13 Composite Figures 45 Min. 9-1.G.1. Find the area and perimeter of a geometric figure composed of a combination of two or more rectangles, triangles, and/or semicircles

More information

Solids. Objective A: Volume of a Solids

Solids. Objective A: Volume of a Solids Solids Math00 Objective A: Volume of a Solids Geometric solids are figures in space. Five common geometric solids are the rectangular solid, the sphere, the cylinder, the cone and the pyramid. A rectangular

More information

1 foot (ft) = 12 inches (in) 1 yard (yd) = 3 feet (ft) 1 mile (mi) = 5280 feet (ft) Replace 1 with 1 ft/12 in. 1ft

1 foot (ft) = 12 inches (in) 1 yard (yd) = 3 feet (ft) 1 mile (mi) = 5280 feet (ft) Replace 1 with 1 ft/12 in. 1ft 2 MODULE 6. GEOMETRY AND UNIT CONVERSION 6a Applications The most common units of length in the American system are inch, foot, yard, and mile. Converting from one unit of length to another is a requisite

More information

In Problems #1 - #4, find the surface area and volume of each prism.

In Problems #1 - #4, find the surface area and volume of each prism. Geometry Unit Seven: Surface Area & Volume, Practice In Problems #1 - #4, find the surface area and volume of each prism. 1. CUBE. RECTANGULAR PRISM 9 cm 5 mm 11 mm mm 9 cm 9 cm. TRIANGULAR PRISM 4. TRIANGULAR

More information

Postulate 17 The area of a square is the square of the length of a. Postulate 18 If two figures are congruent, then they have the same.

Postulate 17 The area of a square is the square of the length of a. Postulate 18 If two figures are congruent, then they have the same. Chapter 11: Areas of Plane Figures (page 422) 11-1: Areas of Rectangles (page 423) Rectangle Rectangular Region Area is measured in units. Postulate 17 The area of a square is the square of the length

More information

YOU MUST BE ABLE TO DO THE FOLLOWING PROBLEMS WITHOUT A CALCULATOR!

YOU MUST BE ABLE TO DO THE FOLLOWING PROBLEMS WITHOUT A CALCULATOR! DETAILED SOLUTIONS AND CONCEPTS - SIMPLE GEOMETRIC FIGURES Prepared by Ingrid Stewart, Ph.D., College of Southern Nevada Please Send Questions and Comments to ingrid.stewart@csn.edu. Thank you! YOU MUST

More information

CHAPTER 27 AREAS OF COMMON SHAPES

CHAPTER 27 AREAS OF COMMON SHAPES EXERCISE 113 Page 65 CHAPTER 7 AREAS OF COMMON SHAPES 1. Find the angles p and q in the diagram below: p = 180 75 = 105 (interior opposite angles of a parallelogram are equal) q = 180 105 0 = 35. Find

More information

Grade 4 - Module 4: Angle Measure and Plane Figures

Grade 4 - Module 4: Angle Measure and Plane Figures Grade 4 - Module 4: Angle Measure and Plane Figures Acute angle (angle with a measure of less than 90 degrees) Angle (union of two different rays sharing a common vertex) Complementary angles (two angles

More information

CSU Fresno Problem Solving Session. Geometry, 17 March 2012

CSU Fresno Problem Solving Session. Geometry, 17 March 2012 CSU Fresno Problem Solving Session Problem Solving Sessions website: http://zimmer.csufresno.edu/ mnogin/mfd-prep.html Math Field Day date: Saturday, April 21, 2012 Math Field Day website: http://www.csufresno.edu/math/news

More information

11-4 Areas of Regular Polygons and Composite Figures

11-4 Areas of Regular Polygons and Composite Figures 1. In the figure, square ABDC is inscribed in F. Identify the center, a radius, an apothem, and a central angle of the polygon. Then find the measure of a central angle. Center: point F, radius:, apothem:,

More information

Area of Parallelograms, Triangles, and Trapezoids (pages 314 318)

Area of Parallelograms, Triangles, and Trapezoids (pages 314 318) Area of Parallelograms, Triangles, and Trapezoids (pages 34 38) Any side of a parallelogram or triangle can be used as a base. The altitude of a parallelogram is a line segment perpendicular to the base

More information

Conjectures for Geometry for Math 70 By I. L. Tse

Conjectures for Geometry for Math 70 By I. L. Tse Conjectures for Geometry for Math 70 By I. L. Tse Chapter Conjectures 1. Linear Pair Conjecture: If two angles form a linear pair, then the measure of the angles add up to 180. Vertical Angle Conjecture:

More information

Surface Area of Rectangular & Right Prisms Surface Area of Pyramids. Geometry

Surface Area of Rectangular & Right Prisms Surface Area of Pyramids. Geometry Surface Area of Rectangular & Right Prisms Surface Area of Pyramids Geometry Finding the surface area of a prism A prism is a rectangular solid with two congruent faces, called bases, that lie in parallel

More information

Geometry Notes PERIMETER AND AREA

Geometry Notes PERIMETER AND AREA Perimeter and Area Page 1 of 57 PERIMETER AND AREA Objectives: After completing this section, you should be able to do the following: Calculate the area of given geometric figures. Calculate the perimeter

More information

Area. Area Overview. Define: Area:

Area. Area Overview. Define: Area: Define: Area: Area Overview Kite: Parallelogram: Rectangle: Rhombus: Square: Trapezoid: Postulates/Theorems: Every closed region has an area. If closed figures are congruent, then their areas are equal.

More information

FCAT FLORIDA COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT TEST. Mathematics Reference Sheets. Copyright Statement for this Assessment and Evaluation Services Publication

FCAT FLORIDA COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT TEST. Mathematics Reference Sheets. Copyright Statement for this Assessment and Evaluation Services Publication FCAT FLORIDA COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT TEST Mathematics Reference Sheets Copyright Statement for this Assessment and Evaluation Services Publication Authorization for reproduction of this document is hereby

More information

CONNECT: Volume, Surface Area

CONNECT: Volume, Surface Area CONNECT: Volume, Surface Area 2. SURFACE AREAS OF SOLIDS If you need to know more about plane shapes, areas, perimeters, solids or volumes of solids, please refer to CONNECT: Areas, Perimeters 1. AREAS

More information

Conjectures. Chapter 2. Chapter 3

Conjectures. Chapter 2. Chapter 3 Conjectures Chapter 2 C-1 Linear Pair Conjecture If two angles form a linear pair, then the measures of the angles add up to 180. (Lesson 2.5) C-2 Vertical Angles Conjecture If two angles are vertical

More information

Geometry of 2D Shapes

Geometry of 2D Shapes Name: Geometry of 2D Shapes Answer these questions in your class workbook: 1. Give the definitions of each of the following shapes and draw an example of each one: a) equilateral triangle b) isosceles

More information

Types of Triangle Sum of internal angles of triangle = 80 Equilateral Δ: All sides are equal Each internal angle = 60 Height divide the base into two equal parts Perimeter of triangle = 3 side Height of

More information

Chapter 7 Quiz. (1.) Which type of unit can be used to measure the area of a region centimeter, square centimeter, or cubic centimeter?

Chapter 7 Quiz. (1.) Which type of unit can be used to measure the area of a region centimeter, square centimeter, or cubic centimeter? Chapter Quiz Section.1 Area and Initial Postulates (1.) Which type of unit can be used to measure the area of a region centimeter, square centimeter, or cubic centimeter? (.) TRUE or FALSE: If two plane

More information

Angle - a figure formed by two rays or two line segments with a common endpoint called the vertex of the angle; angles are measured in degrees

Angle - a figure formed by two rays or two line segments with a common endpoint called the vertex of the angle; angles are measured in degrees Angle - a figure formed by two rays or two line segments with a common endpoint called the vertex of the angle; angles are measured in degrees Apex in a pyramid or cone, the vertex opposite the base; in

More information

Definitions, Postulates and Theorems

Definitions, Postulates and Theorems Definitions, s and s Name: Definitions Complementary Angles Two angles whose measures have a sum of 90 o Supplementary Angles Two angles whose measures have a sum of 180 o A statement that can be proven

More information

100 Math Facts 6 th Grade

100 Math Facts 6 th Grade 100 Math Facts 6 th Grade Name 1. SUM: What is the answer to an addition problem called? (N. 2.1) 2. DIFFERENCE: What is the answer to a subtraction problem called? (N. 2.1) 3. PRODUCT: What is the answer

More information

Integrated Algebra: Geometry

Integrated Algebra: Geometry Integrated Algebra: Geometry Topics of Study: o Perimeter and Circumference o Area Shaded Area Composite Area o Volume o Surface Area o Relative Error Links to Useful Websites & Videos: o Perimeter and

More information

2nd Semester Geometry Final Exam Review

2nd Semester Geometry Final Exam Review Class: Date: 2nd Semester Geometry Final Exam Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The owner of an amusement park created a circular

More information

Sum of the interior angles of a n-sided Polygon = (n-2) 180

Sum of the interior angles of a n-sided Polygon = (n-2) 180 5.1 Interior angles of a polygon Sides 3 4 5 6 n Number of Triangles 1 Sum of interiorangles 180 Sum of the interior angles of a n-sided Polygon = (n-2) 180 What you need to know: How to use the formula

More information

Quick Reference ebook

Quick Reference ebook This file is distributed FREE OF CHARGE by the publisher Quick Reference Handbooks and the author. Quick Reference ebook Click on Contents or Index in the left panel to locate a topic. The math facts listed

More information

Name: Date: Geometry Honors Solid Geometry. Name: Teacher: Pd:

Name: Date: Geometry Honors Solid Geometry. Name: Teacher: Pd: Name: Date: Geometry Honors 2013-2014 Solid Geometry Name: Teacher: Pd: Table of Contents DAY 1: SWBAT: Calculate the Volume of Prisms and Cylinders Pgs: 1-6 HW: Pgs: 7-10 DAY 2: SWBAT: Calculate the Volume

More information

Geometry, Final Review Packet

Geometry, Final Review Packet Name: Geometry, Final Review Packet I. Vocabulary match each word on the left to its definition on the right. Word Letter Definition Acute angle A. Meeting at a point Angle bisector B. An angle with a

More information

MENSURATION. Definition

MENSURATION. Definition MENSURATION Definition 1. Mensuration : It is a branch of mathematics which deals with the lengths of lines, areas of surfaces and volumes of solids. 2. Plane Mensuration : It deals with the sides, perimeters

More information

Mensuration Introduction

Mensuration Introduction Mensuration Introduction Mensuration is the process of measuring and calculating with measurements. Mensuration deals with the determination of length, area, or volume Measurement Types The basic measurement

More information

12-1 Representations of Three-Dimensional Figures

12-1 Representations of Three-Dimensional Figures Connect the dots on the isometric dot paper to represent the edges of the solid. Shade the tops of 12-1 Representations of Three-Dimensional Figures Use isometric dot paper to sketch each prism. 1. triangular

More information

Area of Parallelograms (pages 546 549)

Area of Parallelograms (pages 546 549) A Area of Parallelograms (pages 546 549) A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides. The base is any one of the sides and the height is the shortest distance (the length of a perpendicular

More information

Chapter 1: Essentials of Geometry

Chapter 1: Essentials of Geometry Section Section Title 1.1 Identify Points, Lines, and Planes 1.2 Use Segments and Congruence 1.3 Use Midpoint and Distance Formulas Chapter 1: Essentials of Geometry Learning Targets I Can 1. Identify,

More information

Calculating Area, Perimeter and Volume

Calculating Area, Perimeter and Volume Calculating Area, Perimeter and Volume You will be given a formula table to complete your math assessment; however, we strongly recommend that you memorize the following formulae which will be used regularly

More information

GEOMETRY CONCEPT MAP. Suggested Sequence:

GEOMETRY CONCEPT MAP. Suggested Sequence: CONCEPT MAP GEOMETRY August 2011 Suggested Sequence: 1. Tools of Geometry 2. Reasoning and Proof 3. Parallel and Perpendicular Lines 4. Congruent Triangles 5. Relationships Within Triangles 6. Polygons

More information

Grade 8 Mathematics Geometry: Lesson 2

Grade 8 Mathematics Geometry: Lesson 2 Grade 8 Mathematics Geometry: Lesson 2 Read aloud to the students the material that is printed in boldface type inside the boxes. Information in regular type inside the boxes and all information outside

More information

Lesson 9.1 The Theorem of Pythagoras

Lesson 9.1 The Theorem of Pythagoras Lesson 9.1 The Theorem of Pythagoras Give all answers rounded to the nearest 0.1 unit. 1. a. p. a 75 cm 14 cm p 6 7 cm 8 cm 1 cm 4 6 4. rea 9 in 5. Find the area. 6. Find the coordinates of h and the radius

More information

The Area is the width times the height: Area = w h

The Area is the width times the height: Area = w h Geometry Handout Rectangle and Square Area of a Rectangle and Square (square has all sides equal) The Area is the width times the height: Area = w h Example: A rectangle is 6 m wide and 3 m high; what

More information

Perimeter is the length of the boundary of a two dimensional figure.

Perimeter is the length of the boundary of a two dimensional figure. Section 2.2: Perimeter and Area Perimeter is the length of the boundary of a two dimensional figure. The perimeter of a circle is called the circumference. The perimeter of any two dimensional figure whose

More information

3. If AC = 12, CD = 9 and BE = 3, find the area of trapezoid BCDE. (Mathcounts Handbooks)

3. If AC = 12, CD = 9 and BE = 3, find the area of trapezoid BCDE. (Mathcounts Handbooks) EXERCISES: Triangles 1 1. The perimeter of an equilateral triangle is units. How many units are in the length 27 of one side? (Mathcounts Competitions) 2. In the figure shown, AC = 4, CE = 5, DE = 3, and

More information

GEOMETRY 101* EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GEOMETRY TO PASS THE GHSGT!

GEOMETRY 101* EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GEOMETRY TO PASS THE GHSGT! GEOMETRY 101* EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GEOMETRY TO PASS THE GHSGT! FINDING THE DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO POINTS DISTANCE FORMULA- (x₂-x₁)²+(y₂-y₁)² Find the distance between the points ( -3,2) and

More information

DEFINITIONS. Perpendicular Two lines are called perpendicular if they form a right angle.

DEFINITIONS. Perpendicular Two lines are called perpendicular if they form a right angle. DEFINITIONS Degree A degree is the 1 th part of a straight angle. 180 Right Angle A 90 angle is called a right angle. Perpendicular Two lines are called perpendicular if they form a right angle. Congruent

More information

Pizza! Pizza! Assessment

Pizza! Pizza! Assessment Pizza! Pizza! Assessment 1. A local pizza restaurant sends pizzas to the high school twelve to a carton. If the pizzas are one inch thick, what is the volume of the cylindrical shipping carton for the

More information

SURFACE AREA AND VOLUME

SURFACE AREA AND VOLUME SURFACE AREA AND VOLUME In this unit, we will learn to find the surface area and volume of the following threedimensional solids:. Prisms. Pyramids 3. Cylinders 4. Cones It is assumed that the reader has

More information

Chapter 3.1 Angles. Geometry. Objectives: Define what an angle is. Define the parts of an angle.

Chapter 3.1 Angles. Geometry. Objectives: Define what an angle is. Define the parts of an angle. Chapter 3.1 Angles Define what an angle is. Define the parts of an angle. Recall our definition for a ray. A ray is a line segment with a definite starting point and extends into infinity in only one direction.

More information

10.4 Surface Area of Prisms, Cylinders, Pyramids, Cones, and Spheres. 10.4 Day 1 Warm-up

10.4 Surface Area of Prisms, Cylinders, Pyramids, Cones, and Spheres. 10.4 Day 1 Warm-up 10.4 Surface Area of Prisms, Cylinders, Pyramids, Cones, and Spheres 10.4 Day 1 Warm-up 1. Which identifies the figure? A rectangular pyramid B rectangular prism C cube D square pyramid 3. A polyhedron

More information

The GED math test gives you a page of math formulas that

The GED math test gives you a page of math formulas that Math Smart 643 The GED Math Formulas The GED math test gives you a page of math formulas that you can use on the test, but just seeing the formulas doesn t do you any good. The important thing is understanding

More information

Sandia High School Geometry Second Semester FINAL EXAM. Mark the letter to the single, correct (or most accurate) answer to each problem.

Sandia High School Geometry Second Semester FINAL EXAM. Mark the letter to the single, correct (or most accurate) answer to each problem. Sandia High School Geometry Second Semester FINL EXM Name: Mark the letter to the single, correct (or most accurate) answer to each problem.. What is the value of in the triangle on the right?.. 6. D.

More information

39 Symmetry of Plane Figures

39 Symmetry of Plane Figures 39 Symmetry of Plane Figures In this section, we are interested in the symmetric properties of plane figures. By a symmetry of a plane figure we mean a motion of the plane that moves the figure so that

More information

Geometry Regents Review

Geometry Regents Review Name: Class: Date: Geometry Regents Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. If MNP VWX and PM is the shortest side of MNP, what is the shortest

More information

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. Linear Measure. 1 Foot12 inches. 1 Yard 3 feet - 36 inches. 1 Rod 5 1/2 yards - 16 1/2 feet

WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. Linear Measure. 1 Foot12 inches. 1 Yard 3 feet - 36 inches. 1 Rod 5 1/2 yards - 16 1/2 feet WEIGHTS AND MEASURES Linear Measure 1 Foot12 inches 1 Yard 3 feet - 36 inches 1 Rod 5 1/2 yards - 16 1/2 feet 1 Furlong 40 rods - 220 yards - 660 feet 1 Mile 8 furlongs - 320 rods - 1,760 yards 5,280 feet

More information

Area Long-Term Memory Review Review 1

Area Long-Term Memory Review Review 1 Review 1 1. To find the perimeter of any shape you all sides of the shape.. To find the area of a square, you the length and width. 4. What best identifies the following shape. Find the area and perimeter

More information

PERIMETER AND AREA. In this unit, we will develop and apply the formulas for the perimeter and area of various two-dimensional figures.

PERIMETER AND AREA. In this unit, we will develop and apply the formulas for the perimeter and area of various two-dimensional figures. PERIMETER AND AREA In this unit, we will develop and apply the formulas for the perimeter and area of various two-dimensional figures. Perimeter Perimeter The perimeter of a polygon, denoted by P, is the

More information

Show that when a circle is inscribed inside a square the diameter of the circle is the same length as the side of the square.

Show that when a circle is inscribed inside a square the diameter of the circle is the same length as the side of the square. Week & Day Week 6 Day 1 Concept/Skill Perimeter of a square when given the radius of an inscribed circle Standard 7.MG:2.1 Use formulas routinely for finding the perimeter and area of basic twodimensional

More information

Selected practice exam solutions (part 5, item 2) (MAT 360)

Selected practice exam solutions (part 5, item 2) (MAT 360) Selected practice exam solutions (part 5, item ) (MAT 360) Harder 8,91,9,94(smaller should be replaced by greater )95,103,109,140,160,(178,179,180,181 this is really one problem),188,193,194,195 8. On

More information

Perimeter and Area. An artist uses perimeter and area to determine the amount of materials it takes to produce a piece such as this.

Perimeter and Area. An artist uses perimeter and area to determine the amount of materials it takes to produce a piece such as this. UNIT 10 Perimeter and Area An artist uses perimeter and area to determine the amount of materials it takes to produce a piece such as this. 3 UNIT 10 PERIMETER AND AREA You can find geometric shapes in

More information

Applications for Triangles

Applications for Triangles Not drawn to scale Applications for Triangles 1. 36 in. 40 in. 33 in. 1188 in. 2 69 in. 2 138 in. 2 1440 in. 2 2. 188 in. 2 278 in. 2 322 in. 2 none of these Find the area of a parallelogram with the given

More information

Geometry Chapter 1 Vocabulary. coordinate - The real number that corresponds to a point on a line.

Geometry Chapter 1 Vocabulary. coordinate - The real number that corresponds to a point on a line. Chapter 1 Vocabulary coordinate - The real number that corresponds to a point on a line. point - Has no dimension. It is usually represented by a small dot. bisect - To divide into two congruent parts.

More information

EXPONENTS. To the applicant: KEY WORDS AND CONVERTING WORDS TO EQUATIONS

EXPONENTS. To the applicant: KEY WORDS AND CONVERTING WORDS TO EQUATIONS To the applicant: The following information will help you review math that is included in the Paraprofessional written examination for the Conejo Valley Unified School District. The Education Code requires

More information

Geometry Honors: Extending 2 Dimensions into 3 Dimensions. Unit Overview. Student Focus. Semester 2, Unit 5: Activity 30. Resources: Online Resources:

Geometry Honors: Extending 2 Dimensions into 3 Dimensions. Unit Overview. Student Focus. Semester 2, Unit 5: Activity 30. Resources: Online Resources: Geometry Honors: Extending 2 Dimensions into 3 Dimensions Semester 2, Unit 5: Activity 30 Resources: SpringBoard- Geometry Online Resources: Geometry Springboard Text Unit Overview In this unit students

More information

Cumulative Test. 161 Holt Geometry. Name Date Class

Cumulative Test. 161 Holt Geometry. Name Date Class Choose the best answer. 1. P, W, and K are collinear, and W is between P and K. PW 10x, WK 2x 7, and PW WK 6x 11. What is PK? A 2 C 90 B 6 D 11 2. RM bisects VRQ. If mmrq 2, what is mvrm? F 41 H 9 G 2

More information

Exercise Worksheets. Copyright. 2002 Susan D. Phillips

Exercise Worksheets. Copyright. 2002 Susan D. Phillips Exercise Worksheets Copyright 00 Susan D. Phillips Contents WHOLE NUMBERS. Adding. Subtracting. Multiplying. Dividing. Order of Operations FRACTIONS. Mixed Numbers. Prime Factorization. Least Common Multiple.

More information

7 th Grade Study guide IV Partial Remember to practice the constructions that are not part of this guide.

7 th Grade Study guide IV Partial Remember to practice the constructions that are not part of this guide. 7 th Grade Study guide IV Partial Remember to practice the constructions that are not part of this guide. 1. Which figure shows one point? a. S R c. D C b. Q d. F G 2. Which name describes the line? G

More information

Geometry SOL G.11 G.12 Circles Study Guide

Geometry SOL G.11 G.12 Circles Study Guide Geometry SOL G.11 G.1 Circles Study Guide Name Date Block Circles Review and Study Guide Things to Know Use your notes, homework, checkpoint, and other materials as well as flashcards at quizlet.com (http://quizlet.com/4776937/chapter-10-circles-flashcardsflash-cards/).

More information

Unit 3: Triangle Bisectors and Quadrilaterals

Unit 3: Triangle Bisectors and Quadrilaterals Unit 3: Triangle Bisectors and Quadrilaterals Unit Objectives Identify triangle bisectors Compare measurements of a triangle Utilize the triangle inequality theorem Classify Polygons Apply the properties

More information

PERIMETERS AND AREAS

PERIMETERS AND AREAS PERIMETERS AND AREAS 1. PERIMETER OF POLYGONS The Perimeter of a polygon is the distance around the outside of the polygon. It is the sum of the lengths of all the sides. Examples: The perimeter of this

More information

ModuMath Basic Math Basic Math 1.1 - Naming Whole Numbers Basic Math 1.2 - The Number Line Basic Math 1.3 - Addition of Whole Numbers, Part I

ModuMath Basic Math Basic Math 1.1 - Naming Whole Numbers Basic Math 1.2 - The Number Line Basic Math 1.3 - Addition of Whole Numbers, Part I ModuMath Basic Math Basic Math 1.1 - Naming Whole Numbers 1) Read whole numbers. 2) Write whole numbers in words. 3) Change whole numbers stated in words into decimal numeral form. 4) Write numerals in

More information

Geometry Review. Here are some formulas and concepts that you will need to review before working on the practice exam.

Geometry Review. Here are some formulas and concepts that you will need to review before working on the practice exam. Geometry Review Here are some formulas and concepts that you will need to review before working on the practice eam. Triangles o Perimeter or the distance around the triangle is found by adding all of

More information

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Wednesday, June 19, :15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only.

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Wednesday, June 19, :15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only. GEOMETRY The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY Wednesday, June 19, 2013 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only Student Name: School Name: The possession or use of any

More information

Geometry Unit 6 Areas and Perimeters

Geometry Unit 6 Areas and Perimeters Geometry Unit 6 Areas and Perimeters Name Lesson 8.1: Areas of Rectangle (and Square) and Parallelograms How do we measure areas? Area is measured in square units. The type of the square unit you choose

More information

SA B 1 p where is the slant height of the pyramid. V 1 3 Bh. 3D Solids Pyramids and Cones. Surface Area and Volume of a Pyramid

SA B 1 p where is the slant height of the pyramid. V 1 3 Bh. 3D Solids Pyramids and Cones. Surface Area and Volume of a Pyramid Accelerated AAG 3D Solids Pyramids and Cones Name & Date Surface Area and Volume of a Pyramid The surface area of a regular pyramid is given by the formula SA B 1 p where is the slant height of the pyramid.

More information

Tallahassee Community College PERIMETER

Tallahassee Community College PERIMETER Tallahassee Community College 47 PERIMETER The perimeter of a plane figure is the distance around it. Perimeter is measured in linear units because we are finding the total of the lengths of the sides

More information

CONNECT: Volume, Surface Area

CONNECT: Volume, Surface Area CONNECT: Volume, Surface Area 1. VOLUMES OF SOLIDS A solid is a three-dimensional (3D) object, that is, it has length, width and height. One of these dimensions is sometimes called thickness or depth.

More information

" Angles ABCand DEFare congruent

 Angles ABCand DEFare congruent Collinear points a) determine a plane d) are vertices of a triangle b) are points of a circle c) are coplanar 2. Different angles that share a common vertex point cannot a) share a common angle side! b)

More information

Basic Geometry Review For Trigonometry Students. 16 June 2010 Ventura College Mathematics Department 1

Basic Geometry Review For Trigonometry Students. 16 June 2010 Ventura College Mathematics Department 1 Basic Geometry Review For Trigonometry Students 16 June 2010 Ventura College Mathematics Department 1 Undefined Geometric Terms Point A Line AB Plane ABC 16 June 2010 Ventura College Mathematics Department

More information

9 Area, Perimeter and Volume

9 Area, Perimeter and Volume 9 Area, Perimeter and Volume 9.1 2-D Shapes The following table gives the names of some 2-D shapes. In this section we will consider the properties of some of these shapes. Rectangle All angles are right

More information

MEASUREMENTS. U.S. CUSTOMARY SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT LENGTH The standard U.S. Customary System units of length are inch, foot, yard, and mile.

MEASUREMENTS. U.S. CUSTOMARY SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT LENGTH The standard U.S. Customary System units of length are inch, foot, yard, and mile. MEASUREMENTS A measurement includes a number and a unit. 3 feet 7 minutes 12 gallons Standard units of measurement have been established to simplify trade and commerce. TIME Equivalences between units

More information

Chapter 11. Areas of Plane Figures You MUST draw diagrams and show formulas for every applicable homework problem!

Chapter 11. Areas of Plane Figures You MUST draw diagrams and show formulas for every applicable homework problem! Chapter 11 Areas of Plane Figures You MUST draw diagrams and show formulas for every applicable homework problem! Objectives A. Use the terms defined in the chapter correctly. B. Properly use and interpret

More information

GEOMETRY (Common Core)

GEOMETRY (Common Core) GEOMETRY (COMMON CORE) The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY (Common Core) Wednesday, August 12, 2015 8:30 to 11:30 a.m., only Student Name: School Name: The

More information

10.1 Areas of Quadrilaterals and triangles

10.1 Areas of Quadrilaterals and triangles 10.1 Areas of Quadrilaterals and triangles BASE AND HEIGHT MUST FORM A RIGHT ANGLE!! Draw the diagram, write the formula and SHOW YOUR WORK! FIND THE AREA OF THE FOLLOWING:. A rectangle with one side of

More information

56 questions (multiple choice, check all that apply, and fill in the blank) The exam is worth 224 points.

56 questions (multiple choice, check all that apply, and fill in the blank) The exam is worth 224 points. 6.1.1 Review: Semester Review Study Sheet Geometry Core Sem 2 (S2495808) Semester Exam Preparation Look back at the unit quizzes and diagnostics. Use the unit quizzes and diagnostics to determine which

More information

10-4 Inscribed Angles. Find each measure. 1.

10-4 Inscribed Angles. Find each measure. 1. Find each measure. 1. 3. 2. intercepted arc. 30 Here, is a semi-circle. So, intercepted arc. So, 66 4. SCIENCE The diagram shows how light bends in a raindrop to make the colors of the rainbow. If, what

More information

Shape Dictionary YR to Y6

Shape Dictionary YR to Y6 Shape Dictionary YR to Y6 Guidance Notes The terms in this dictionary are taken from the booklet Mathematical Vocabulary produced by the National Numeracy Strategy. Children need to understand and use

More information