TYPE: ORGANIC NUTRIENTS CODE: BF4-POWDER / LIQUID / GRANULE (JAIVIZYME) AVAILABLE: BULK, PRIVATE LABEL & BRANDS

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1 TYPE: ORGANIC NUTRIENTS CODE: BF4POWDER / LIQUID / GRANULE (JAIVIZYME) AVAILABLE: BULK, PRIVATE LABEL & BRANDS Composition Ingredient Liquid Granule Potassium Humate 10.00% B Vitamins 00.05% Potassium Salt of fatty acids 05.00% Aqua media 84.95% v/v max % w/w min. Carrier Granules 95.00% w/w max. Advantages Mode of Action How to apply As a premium nutritional growth stimulant and supplement for healthier Crops and yields. A truly novel formula combining potassium humate with B vitamins and inherent nutrients to obtain optimum crop output. Nutrients are derived from organic matter which is rich in mineral and organic substances essential for plant growth. Liquid Mix the recommended quantity thoroughly in sufficient amount of water & spray on both sides of the leaves. Granules Directly broadcast the recommended quantity to the soil with uniform distribution over the coverage area. Shelf life Antidote Dosage 5 years from the date of manufacture. No specific antidote. Treat symptomatically. Liquid 2 ml per litre of water Granules 48 kg per acre Studies done Bioefficacy University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore & Dharwad Nontoxicity Biodegradation Organic Approval & National Toxicology Centre, Pune & Reliable Analytical Lab., Mumbai VOCA, (APEDA, Govt. of India)

2 GENERAL INFORMATION BF4 is a truly novel formula combining Humic Acid with nutrients derived from Organic sources to improve the quality of soil and resultant plant growth. Humic Acid is derived from organic matter which is rich in mineral and organic substances essential for plant growth. The benefits of this combination formula include: Humic acids chemically change the fixation properties of the soil. Neutralize both acid and alkaline soils; regulate the phvalue of soil. Improve and optimize the uptake of nutrients and water by plants. Increase buffering properties of soil. Act as natural chelator for metal ions under alkaline conditions and promote their uptake by the roots. Rich in both organic and mineral substances essential to plant growth. Retain water soluble inorganic fertilizers in the root zones and reduce their leaching. Possess extremely high cationexchange capacities. Promote the conversion of nutrient elements (N, P, K + Fe, Zn and other trace elements) into forms available to plants. Enhance the uptake of nitrogen by plants. Reduce the reaction of phosphorus with Ca, Fe, Mg and Al and liberate it into a form that is available and beneficial to plants. The productivity of particularly mineral fertilizers is increased considerably. Liberate carbon dioxide from soil and enable its use in photosynthesis. Help to eliminate chlorosis due to iron deficiency in plants. Reduce the availability of toxic substances in soil. Humic acids biologically stimulate the plant and the activities of microorganisms. Stimulate plant enzymes and increase their production. Act as an organic catalyst in many biological processes. Stimulate growth and proliferation of desirable microorganisms in soil. Enhance plant s natural resistance against disease and pest. Stimulate root growth, especially vertically and enable better uptake of nutrients. Increase root respiration and root formation. Promote the development of chlorophyll, sugars and amino acids in plants and aid in photosynthesis. Increase vitamin and mineral content of plants. Thicken the cell walls in fruits and prolong the storing and shelf time. Increase germination and viability of seeds. Stimulate plant growth (higher biomass production) by accelerating cell division, increasing the rate of development in root systems and increasing the yield of dry matter.

3 DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF POTASSIUM HUMATE IN AGRICULTURE Potassium humate a watersoluble salt of humic acid has distinct beneficial properties which are described below. Humic acids are complex organic molecules formed by the breakdown of organic matter in soil. They are the main fraction, the biological center, of natural humic matter. It is the collective term for humic acid and fulvic acid. Humic matter is formed through the chemical and biological humification of plant and animal matter and through the biological activities of microorganisms. The biological center, the main fraction of natural humic matter is the humic acids, which contain humic acid and fulvic acid. Humic acids are an excellent natural and organic way to provide plants and soil with a concentrated dose of essential nutrients, vitamins and trace elements. They are complex molecules that exist naturally in soils, peats, oceans and fresh waters. The best sources of humic acids are the sedimentation layers of soft brown coal, which are referred to as lignite. Lignite is organic matter, which has not reached the state of coal and differs from soft brown coal by its high oxidation degree, a result of the process of coal formation (bog>peat>coal), and high humic acids content as well as higher carboxyl groups. Many thousands of years ago large bodies of water existed where huge quantities or organic matter were deposited and began to slowly decompose. Over the years, giant peat bogs were formed. Through geologic activity many of these bogs were buried. After burial, the organic material began to lose oxygen and be transformed in coal under heat and pressure. Those deposits that were never buried deep enough to undergo the complete transformation into coal became lignite. Today these lignite ores exist as stratified layers of brown to black coallike material underneath an overburden of inorganic soil or rock. Lignite as a source of humic acids for crop production was discovered in the 1960's. Researchers at the US Bureaus of Mines began to experiment with applications of crushed lignite to agricultural soils. They found that applications of the material at rates of 100 to 2,000 kg per acre increased yields of potatoes, sugar beets and other crops. Various agricultural universities began to experiment with the use of lignite based soil amendments and fertilizers. It was apparent that lignite was more biologically and chemically active. There is abundant evidence from field trials with humic acids from lignite that prove the value of lignite as a humic acids source. ADVANTAGES OF HUMATES IN ORGANIC AGRICULTURE!!! Only potassium humates are approved for organic agriculture by Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) (http://www.omri.org/). OMRI provides organic certifiers, growers, manufacturers, and suppliers an independent review of products intended for use in certified organic production, handling, and processing. Certifiers in India also refer to the OMRI certified organic products as reference standard. Humic Acids stimulate and promote plant development, resulting in higher yields. Humic Acids improve the structure of soil and increase water retention, seed germination, root

4 growth and quality of yields. For soils to remain fertile, humus must either be replaced or added. Applying Humic Acids does this and increases the natural fertility process in the soil. The most important feature of Humic Acids is their ability of binding ions which produces biochemical reactions known as chelation. This makes the nutrients more readily available to the plants for the proper growing process. As a result, Humic Acids produce three types of effects on soil and plant: They physically modify the structure of soil, they chemically change the fixation properties of the soil and they biologically stimulate the plant and the activities of microorganisms. Humic Acids increase the availability of nutrients. When Humic Acids enter plants at early stages of development, they result in increased cell division, root development and eventually dry matter, they act as respiratory catalyst, act as natural chelator for metal ions under alkaline conditions, convert nutrients into forms available to plants, protect plants from chlorosis and increase the permeability of plant membranes. They also decrease plant stress and increase the quality of yields. Tests have shown that Humic Acids benefit all types of agricultural crops and horticultural plants. As in nature, results will of course vary according to soil and weather conditions. In general the first results are observed in one growing season for field crops and vegetables as well as in landscaping. Naturally, weather and soil conditions also play a role in the outcome of the results. Growers will definitely see an improvement in soil fertility and this fertility is likely to increase by regular application of Humic Acids. Humic Acids are organic and free of any harmful substances. They will not contaminate groundwater or soil and are environmentally safe. On the contrary, Humic Acids reduce the availability of toxic substances in the soil, prevent that nitrate and pesticides mix in with ground water and decrease the use of fertilizers. They also reduce the oversalination problem in the application of water soluble mineral fertilizers and are an effective means in erosion control. MODE OF ACTION Humates are accountable for the coloring of soil and, therefore, thermal conditions. It is particularly important for cold clay soil which under the effect of humates becomes warmer. Longterm humate treatment improves the soil structure. When humates enter the soil, they form potassium and magnesium humates that bond mechanical element of the soil and act as organomineral bridges between aggregates. The ionexchange activity ensures humates to regulate the process of transformation of mineral nutrients in soilplant system. Humate treatment increases water saturation of soil. It is particularly important for sandy soils. Its water saturation ability increases by more than ten times after humate treatment. Humates help restoration of the fertility of the soil in suburban zones of the industrially developed regions. Modern ecological overload makes the soil s natural selfrectification with microorganisms insufficient thus increasing the biological activity of the soil and to improve its selfrectification.

5 Humates help to bind cations in the soil (positively charged elements). The ability to chelate positively charged multivalent ions (Mg, Ca, Fe and other trace minerals of value to plants) is probably the most important role of humic acid, with respect to your soil. By chelating the ions, humic acid facilitates the uptake of the ions by means of several mechanisms, one of which is preventing their precipitation (leaching through the soil). Another is the direct and positive influence on their bioavailability. It can also detoxify the soil of heavy metals. Elemental analysis of humic acid has shown it to consist largely of carbon and oxygen (about 50% and 40% respectively). Humic acid also contains hydrogen (about 5%), nitrogen (about 3%), phosphorous and sulfur (both less than 1%). Once the soil is treated with humates, the root system and stem get strengthened. The strengthened root system provides the plants with necessary nutrients of a higher quality. By increase the penetrability of a cell membrane humates are conducive to potassium retention in intracell fluid, which leads to the increase of cell division. Due to the additional energy supply, a photosynthesis process in the cells proceeds more intensively, leading to an increased amount of chlorophyll. A determining factor in plants growth, nitrogen assimilation proceeds more rapidly, and nitrate formation is averted. All together, it leads to an increase in crop capacity. Humates accelerate waterexchange processes and physiological processes in the cell and participate in oxidation processes at the cell level. They are conducive to complete assimilation of mineral nutrients in the plant, particularly in abnormal cases, such as saline soils, drought, and other unfavorable environmental factors. Humates help to fight the effect of droughts and ensures their drought resistance. Longterm experience in the use of humates has shown that their presence is important during all stages of plants development but particularly vital in the early stages.

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