Buttsbury Infant School 9th October 2015

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1 Buttsbury Infant School 9th October 2015

2 Quick Quiz 1. What is a phoneme? 2. How many phonemes are in the word crunch? 3. a) What is a trigraph? b) Give an example. 4. a) What is a CVC? b) Give an example. 5. a) What is a split digraph? b) Give an example. 4. How many sounds should children have learnt by the end of Reception?

3 Phase 1: Developing speaking and listening skills Sit very still and listen. What can you hear? Go for a walk in different environments and listen to the sounds around you. Talk about the sounds that things make and ask your child to recreate them e.g. plane, fire, mud.

4 Phase 2: This marks the beginning of systematic high quality phonics work and the introduction to grapheme-phoneme correspondence. Phonics is the relationship between a letter or group of letters, known as the and the sound they make, known as the

5 Phase 2: Matching phonemes to the written graphemes Enunciation using pure sounds not voiced sounds.

6 Phase 2: Learning phonemes to read and write simple words Children will learn their first 19 phonemes: Set 1: s a t p Set 2: i n m d Set 3: g o c k Set 4: ck(as in duck) e u r Set 5: h b l f ff(as in puff) ll(as in hill) ss(as in hiss) They will use these phonemes to read and spell simple consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words: sat, tap, dig, duck, rug, puff, hill, hiss All these words contain 3 phonemes.

7 Phase 3: Sounds represented by more than one letter Consonant Digraphs th Vowel digraphs Trigraphs air

8 Phase 3: Learning the long vowel phonemes Children will enter phase 3 once they know the first 19 phonemes and can blend and segment to read and spell CVC words. They will learn another 25 phonemes: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er They will use these phonemes (and the ones from Phase 2) to read and spell words: chip, shop, thin, ring, pain, feet, night, boat, boot, look, farm, fork, burn, town, coin, dear, fair, sure

9 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Blending Children need to be able tohearthe separate sounds in a word and then blend them together to say the whole word.

10 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Segmenting Children need to be able tohear a whole word and sayevery sound that they hear.

11 READING WRITING BLENDING SEGMENTING sh ee p sh ee p sheep sheep sh eep sh ee p

12 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: digraph This means that the phoneme comprises of two letters e.g. ll, ff, ck, ss

13 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Trigraph This means that the phoneme comprises of three letters e.g. igh, ear, ure

14 Phonics Words Your children will learn to use the term: Quadgraph This means that the phoneme comprises of four letters e.g. ough, eigh, augh

15 Phonics words Phoneme frame and sound buttons c a t... f i sh.. _

16 Year 1 Phase 4: Revision of all 44 sounds, adjacent consonants and tricky words s Sam b big a and e elephants i I c can d dance a add u up s sums e easily

17 Phase 4: Introducing consonant clusters: reading and spelling words with four or more phonemes Children move into phase 4 when they know all the phonemes from phases 2 and 3 and can use them to read and spell simple words (blending to read and segmenting to spell). Phase 4 doesn t introduce any new phonemes. It focuses on reading and spelling longer words with the phonemes they already know. These words have consonant clustersat the beginning: spot, trip, clap, green, clown or at the end: tent, mend, damp, burnt or at the beginning and end! trust, spend, twist

18 Phase 5 Teach new graphemes for reading ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e Learn alternative pronunciations of graphemes (the same grapheme can represent more than one phoneme): Fin/find, hot/cold, cat/cent, got/giant, but/put, cow/blow, tie/field, eat/bread, farmer/her, hat/what, yes/by/very, chin/school/chef, out/shoulder/could/you.

19 Learning all the variations! Learning that the same grapheme can represent more than one phoneme: meat bread he bed bear hear cow low

20 Learning all the variations! Learning that the same phoneme can be represented in more than one way: burn first term heard work

21 Teaching the split digraph Mae mane the these tie time toe tone cue cube

22 Phase 6 Phase 6 focuses on spellings and learning rules for spelling alternatives. Children look at syllables, base words, homophones Children might learn about past tense, rules for adding ing, ed irregular verbs tion and sion words

23 Is there anything I can do at home? y e s

24 Phonemes with their Alternative Graphemes Phase 2: Start of Reception s a t p i n m d g ss sc c ce tt -ed pp y n (pink) mm mb dd -ed gg o c e u r h b f l (w)a k ck ch ea o rr wr bb ff ph ll le

25 Phase 3: Throughout Reception j v w x y z qu ch sh th / th ng ai g dge ve wh zz ze tch ch ss n ay a-e a aigh eigh e-e ei ee oo / oo ar oa igh or ow ur oi ear air ea e-e y e ey ue u-e ew u (put) a ow o-e o oe ie i-e i y ore aw au al ou er ir ear oy ere eer are ear

26 At home Practise the words on the word lists. Spot the sounds in reading books. Prepare for spelling tests. Try sounding out pseudo words for the Year 1 test. Play phonics games on the internet. Read everyday with your child if possible.

27 How can I help at home? When spelling, encourage your child to think about what looks right. Have fun trying out different options wipe clean whiteboards are good for trying out spellings. tray trai rain rayn boil boyl boy boi throat throwt snow snoa

28 Year 1 Phonics Screening Test Statutory for all Year 1 Results to be reported Purpose of the Test 40 words to read Retake the test in Year 2 Obb and Bob / Buried Treasure

29 Year 1 Phonics Test

30 Resources

31 Simple View of Reading

32

33 Quick Quiz 1. What is a phoneme? 2. How many phonemes are in the word crunch? 3. a) What is a trigraph? b) Give an example. 4. a) What is a CVC? b) Give an example. 5. a) What is a split digraph? b) Give an example. 4. How many sounds should children have learnt by the end of Reception?

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