Maize Varieties suitable for growing without plastic cover (Uncovered) Four Varieties to cover all situations: AMBITION, BEACON, ACCLAIM and ACTIVATE.

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1 Maize Varieties suitable for growing without plastic cover (Uncovered) Maize Maize Varieties 2014 Growing in the Open (Uncovered) AMBITION Four Varieties to cover all situations: AMBITION, BEACON, ACCLAIM and ACTIVATE. Moderately Growing in the open The best variety is AMBITION New on the 2014 Recommended List The most consistent variety for Yield and Starch over the last 3 years Highest for starch yield and energy yield and crop height The best combination of yield and quality and will suit most growing sites Growing in the open make sure you have AMBITION Also suitable for use under plastic where early maturity is required 44,000 seeds per acre Starch Yield (t/ha) average in RL trial Atrium 2.8 Destiny 2.8 Beethoven 2.5 Kougar 2.5 BEACON ACCLAIM ACTIVATE This is a very high yielding variety with good ME and will suit all good sites. It has been on the DAFM Irish Recommended list since 2012 It has the best Early Vigour Score of the recommended varieties Extremely reliable yield and quality performance in good and bad years This is an Ultra-Early variety suitable for moderate sites or for early harvest on good sites Earliest maturing variety on the list indicated by its very high DM high starch level and ME On a marginal site it will produce much higher quality silage than later maturing varieties with little yield difference. An Ultra-Early variety suitable for moderate sites or for early harvest on good sites Has completed two years in the DAFM RL trial Compared to ACCLAIM: Dry Matter Yield is 4% higher, 2-3 days earlier and similar starch The best ME in the trial over the past two years 44,000 seeds per acre 45,000 seeds per acre 45,000 seeds per acre

2 Maize Varieties suitable for growing with plastic cover (Covered) Three Varieties to cover all situations: AWARD, TEKNI and AMBITION. Maize Growing under plastic (Covered) AWARD Moderately Growing under plastic The best variety is AWARD Tried & Tested by farmers and the Recommended List trial The most consistent variety for Yield and Starch AWARD produced 0.51t/ha more starch than Justina on average in the recommended list trial over the last 3 years The best combination of yield and quality and will suit most growing sites To maximise profit from maize you must sow AWARD Starch Yield (t/ha) in RL trial ,000 seeds per acre 4.25 Justina Maize Varieties 2014 TEKNI This is the ideal variety for good sites as it can exploit the extra yield potential. It produces very high yields, with good earliness and starch. Performing very well in the difficult growing conditions of 2011 and early vigour and among the fastest varieties through the plastic. TEKNI is a tried and tested variety on the Irish RL since ,000 seeds per acre AMBITION This is an Ultra-Early variety under plastic Suitable for moderate sites or for early harvest on good sites Has completed one year in the DAFM plastic RL trial The earliest variety in the trial with by far the best starch and ME vigour and early emergence through the plastic Excellent performance on farms in ,000 seeds per acre Also Available: Cathy: Limagrain variety suitable for good sites. Completed one year in the DAFM plastic RL trial in Highest DM yield in the trial. Later maturing than by about 5 days. high fresh yield at harvest. Goldcrop Grass, Clover & Forage Crop Variety Catalogue 2014

3 Recommended List (2014) of Forage Maize varieties suitable for growing without plastic cover (Uncovered). Actual yield data is shown for the mean of the control varieties, and the relative yield data (as % of controls) is shown for all varieties. The data is based on results of trials carried out over three years in the period 2010 to Maize Maize Recommended List 2014 Yield of Dry Matter (t/ha) Dry Matter Starch ME (MJ/kg) Plant Height (metres) Year first Recommended Controls* 12.2t/ha (PR-1) (R) (R) Atrium (PR-2) Beethoven (R) Destiny (R) Kougar (R) Kroft (PR-1) Varieties Highlighted in Blue are Goldcrop Varieties * The Control varieties were Andante, Fergus and Katy in 2011 trials, Andante, Fergus and Destiny in 2012 trials and Beethoven, and Destiny in 2013 trials. * Due to insufficient lodging occurring during the trial period 2011 to 2013, it was not possible to provide varietal lodging data. (R): Recommended for general use. (PR): Provisionally Recommended (The number after the PR, indicates the number of years provisionally recommended). Four Varieties to cover all situations: AMBITION, BEACON, ACCLAIM and ACTIVATE. Moderately Growing in the Open (Uncovered)

4 Recommended List (2014) of Forage Maize varieties suitable for growing with plastic cover (Covered). Actual yield data is shown for the mean of the control varieties, and the relative yield data (as % of controls) is shown for all varieties. The data is based on results of trials carried out in the period 2011 to Yield of Dry Matter (t/ha) Dry Matter Starch ME (MJ/ kg) Earliness of emergence through plastic Score (1 9) (9 = earliest, 1 = latest) Plant Height (metres) Year first Recommended Controls* 16.9t/ha (R) (R) Justina (R) Varieties Highlighted in Blue are Goldcrop Varieties * The Control varieties were Justina and Surprise in 2011,, Justina & Surprise in 2012 &, Justina & in the 2013 trials. * Due to insufficient lodging occurring during the trial period 2011 to 2013, it was not possible to provide varietal lodging data. Crops grown under plastic cover produce relatively consistent yield and quality from year to year. The plastic cover reduces the adverse effects of poor climatic conditions. Three Varieties to cover all situations: AWARD, TEKNI and AMBITION. Maize Maize Recommended List 2014 Moderately Growing under plastic (Covered) Goldcrop Grass, Clover & Forage Crop Variety Catalogue 2014

5 Maize Crop Management Maize Maize Recommended List 2014 Maize is an extremely high yielding forage crop that produces high quality livestock feed at a very competitive price. It is an easy crop to grow once the basics are right with site selection being the most important. Maize can also be grown as a cash crop on tillage farms for sale to livestock farmers. Selection: Rotation: Seedbed Prep: Sowing period: The ideal maize field will be well sheltered, warm with good deep soil, south facing, well drained and less than 100m over sea level. As the site moves away from this ideal field you need to use earlier maturing varieties or consider using plastic. Avoid compacted soils. Maximum height over sea level is 120m. Maize can be grown continuously in the same field. Weed control costs tend to increase and fungal disease attacks becomes more likely with continuous maize cropping but these challenges can be overcome. Till as for potatoes or sugar beet. A deep fine firm seedbed produced with a minimum number of passes is required for fast and uniform germination. Make sure to avoid compaction. Where compaction is a problem, subsoiling will be required and this can only be done when soils are dry. Not too early and not too late. Maize is a slow starter and needs good growing conditions so wait until soil temperatures are over 8 C. It also needs every day of the Irish growing season to produce good yields of high quality silage so don t delay sowing. Without Plastic: With Plastic: Sow from 15th April on good warm sites. Best crops will generally come from sowings done before 10th May. Sow from April 5th on good sites and best response from plastic will generally be achieved from sowings before April 25th Seeding rates: Lime: Fertiliser: Seeds are precision drilled usually in 75cm rows and at 4-6cm depth. Sow at 100, ,000 seeds per ha (40,000 44,000 seeds per acre). Later maturing varieties will benefit from the lower seed rates, starch levels and dry matter % will be improved. Maize needs a ph level of and soil analysis should be carried out before each crop. Fertiliser applications should be in line with the Nitrates Directive Soil Index for NPK Index 1 Index 2 Index 3 Index 4 Nitrogen 180kg/ha (144units/ac) 140kg/ha (112units/ac) 110kg/ha (88units/ac) 75kg/ha (60units/ac) Phosphorus 70kg/ha (56units/ac) 50kg/ha (40units/ac) 40kg/ha (32units/ac) 0kg/ha (0units/ac) Potash 250kg/ha (200units/ac) 225kg/ha (180units/ac) 190kg/ha (152units/ac) 80kg/ha (64units/ac) NPK can be applied as organic (slurry or FYM ploughed down) or chemical fertilizer. Nitrogen fertilizer is best applied prior to the last cultivation. Top dressing N after emergence should be avoided as it can cause crop scorch. It is recommended when sowing maize to combine drill a Phosphorus fertilizer, and possibly some Nitrogen and trace elements.

6 Trace elements: Weed Control: Magnesium, Zinc and Manganese are most important. Carry out soil analysis to identify likely deficiencies. Trace elements can be applied at drilling in a starter fertiliser, this is recommended where severe deficiencies exist. Otherwise apply foliar trace elements from the 4 leaf stage. Maize will not compete with weeds so effective control is essential. Control scutch and docks with Glyphosate before ploughing Product Rate per ha Comments Calaris ltr Apply at 4 to 6 leaf stage of maize. Use higher rate for weeds past 4 leaf stage. Contact activity with residual activity for up to 6 weeks after application. Stomp Aqua 3.3 ltr Mainly residual activity. Needs soil moisture for best effect. Wing P 4 ltr Apply pre emergence to 4 leaf stage. Best option for crops grown under plastic. Bromotril P ltr Can be used for controlling weeds which emerge late in the season e.g. nightshade. Do not apply in sunny conditions. Most commonly used at approx 1.0 ltr/ha. Accent gm Used mainly for grass weed control. Use up to 6 leaf stage of maize. Some variety restrictions on use. Hurler ltr Apply from 3rd leaf stage of maize onwards. Generally used for late control of volunteer potatoes. Dow Shield ltr Used mainly for control of thistles in maize. Pest problems: All seed should be treated with an insecticide e.g Mesurol.This controls frit fly and acts as a crow repellant. Wireworm: In fields where wireworm is likely to be a problem seed can be ordered treated with a systemic insecticide e.g. Cruiser. Slugs: They feed on the leaves and stems and can do a lot of damage. Broadcast slug pellets at first sign of damage. Leatherjackets: Roots and stems are attacked and plants killed. Apply Draza slug pellets or spray Dursban 4 or Clinch. Cutworms: Occasionally cause problems in coastal areas and can cause lodging. Spray Dursban 4 or Clinch. Rabbits: Shooting, trapping and Rabbit Bait are moderately effective. Where numbers are very high put up a wire fence. Disease: Disease is not generally a widespread problem in maize. However in wet seasons and particularly in coastal areas a disease called Kabatiella (commonly know as eyespot) can cause premature senescence of the leaves. Eyespot spores can be carried over on maize trash or stubble from the previous year. A fungicide can be applied preventatively before the maize crop gets too tall to drive through and this lessens the severity of the disease. Helminthosporuim and Fusarium are diseases of less significance which can occur in wet seasons. Maize Maize Recommended List 2014 Harvesting & Storage Information: Feeding Information: Aim to harvest the crop at 28 32% dry matter and 25% plus starch (usually in Oct). The harvester should have a grain cracker. Fill the clamp quickly and compact well. Consider using an additive when crop dry matter is over 30% to avoid pit face heating at feed out. Reduce pit surface waste by applying salt at 3kg/m² on the top and 6kg/m² on the sides and shoulders of the pit. Roll the pit after salt has been applied. Cover with two polythene sheets to exclude air completely and weigh it down well. Leave the pit sealed for at least two weeks before opening. Protect the clamp from birds and rats. Maize silage is a high energy low protein forage feed. It is an excellent feed for milking cows and fattening beef animals. Diets with maize silage must be properly balanced for protein, minerals and fibre and nutritional advice should be sought if in doubt. MAIZE: Dry Matter yield: t/ha Fresh yield: t/ha Dry Matter: % Crude Protein: 7 9 % ME (MJ/kg DM): Goldcrop Grass, Clover & Forage Crop Variety Catalogue 2014

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