Anatomy and Kinesiology of the Pelvic Girdle

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1 Pelvic bone Femur Anatomy and Kinesiology of the Pelvic Girdle

2 Lesson Plan: 44a Anatomy and Kinesiology of the Pelvic Girdle 5 minutes: Breath of Arrival and Attendance 10 minutes: New Muscles: Iliopsoas Sartorius Adductors Deep lateral rotators 20 minutes: Iliofemoral and Tibiofemoral Agonists 20 minutes: Reviews of muscles to be sculpted

3 Classroom Rules Punctuality- everybody's time is precious: Be ready to learn by the start of class, we'll have you out of here on time Tardiness: arriving late, late return after breaks, leaving early The following are not allowed: Bare feet Side talking Lying down Inappropriate clothing Food or drink except water Phones in classrooms, clinic or bathrooms You will receive one verbal warning, then you'll have to leave the room.

4 New Muscles Sartorius (to be sculpted today) Iliopsoas Adductor group: Adductor magnus Adductor longus Adductor brevis Pectineus Gracilis Deep lateral rotators: Piriformis Obturator internus Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Obturator externus Quadratus femoris

5 Sartorius ASIS Pes anserinus Hip flexion Hip AB duction Knee flexion

6 Sartorius ASIS Pes anserinus Flexion Hip flexion Hip AB duction Knee flexion Abduction Flexion

7 Iliopsoas Lumbar vertebrae Iliac fossa Lesser trochanter of the femur Psoas Major Iliacus Hip flexion

8 Iliopsoas Lumbar vertebrae Iliac fossa Lesser trochanter of the femur Hip flexion Flexion

9 Adductor Group Superior and inferior rami of the pubis Ischial ramus Ischial tuberosity Adductor brevis Pectineus Adductor longus Gracilis Linea aspera Adductor tubercle Adductor magnus Hip AD duction

10 Adductor Group Superior and inferior rami of the pubis Ischial ramus Ischial tuberosity Linea aspera Adductor tubercle Hip AD duction AD duction

11 Deep Lateral Rotators Sacrum Pubis Ischium (Gluteus medius, cut) (Gluteus minimus) Piriformis Superior gemellus Greater trochanter of the femur Obturator internus Inferior gemellus Hip lateral rotation Quadratus femoris

12 Deep Lateral Rotators Sacrum Pubis Ischium Lateral Rotation Greater trochanter of the femur Hip lateral rotation

13 Iliofemoral Joint Muscles Iliopsoas Sartorius Rectus femoris Tensor fascia latae Gluteals: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Hamstrings: Biceps femoris Semitendinosus Semimembranosus Adductor group: Adductor magnus Adductor longus Adductor brevis Pectineus Gracilis Deep lateral rotators: Piriformis Obturator internus Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Obturator externus Quadratus femoris

14 Psoas Major Iliacus Piriformis TFL Sartorius Adductor longus Quadriceps Iliotibial band Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Pectineus Adductor brevis Gracilis Adductor magnus Rectus femoris Anterior View

15 Gluteus medius Gluteus maximus IT Band Vastus lateralis TFL Adductor magnus Biceps Femoris Gracilis Gluteus minimus Piriformis Sciatic nerve Sciatic nerve Adductor magnus Vastus lateralis Biceps femoris (Plantaris) (Popliteus) (Gastrocnemius) Posterior View

16 Agonists of the Iliofemoral Joint

17 Agonists of the Iliofemoral Joint Flexion 1. Iliopsoas 2. Rectus Femoris 3. Sartorius 4. TFL Extension 1. Gluteus Maximus 2. Hamstrings 3. Gluteus Medius (dorsal fibers) Extension Flexion

18 Agonists of the Iliofemoral Joint Abduction 1. Gluteus Medius 2. TFL 3. Gluteus Maximus (upper fibers) Adduction 1. Adductor Group 2. Gluteus Maximus (lower fibers) Abduction Adduction

19 Agonists of the Iliofemoral Joint Medial Rotation 1. Gluteus Medius (anterior fibers) 2. TFL Lateral Rotation 1. Gluteus Maximus 2. Deep Lateral Rotators Lateral Rotation Medial Rotation

20 Agonists of the Tibiofemoral Joint Flexion 1. Hamstrings Extension 1. Quadriceps Femoris Flexion Extension

21 Agonists of the Tibiofemoral Joint Medial Rotation 1. Semitendinosus / Semimembranosus Lateral Rotation 1. Biceps Femoris Medial Rotation Lateral Rotation

22

23 Sartorius ASIS Pes anserinus Hip flexion Hip AB duction Knee flexion

24 Sartorius ASIS Pes anserinus Flexion Hip flexion Hip AB duction Knee flexion Abduction Flexion

25 Biceps Femoris Ischial tuberosity Linea aspera of femur Head of fibula Flex the knee Extend the hip

26 Biceps Femoris Ischial tuberosity Linea aspera of femur Flexion Head of fibula Flex the knee Extend the hip Extension

27 Semitendinosus Ischial tuberosity Medial proximal tibia (AKA: pes anserinus) Flex the knee Extend the hip

28 Semitendinosus Ischial tuberosity Flexion Medial proximal tibia (AKA: pes anserinus) Flex the knee Extend the hip Extension

29 Semimembranosus Ischial tuberosity Posterior medial tibial condyle Flex the knee Extend the hip

30 Semimembranosus Ischial tuberosity Flexion Posterior medial tibial condyle Flex the knee Extend the hip Extension

31 Quadriceps Femoris

32 Rectus Femoris Anterior inferior iliac spine (ASIS) Patella Tibial tuberosity Action: Flex the hip (femur) Extend the knee (tibia)

33 Vastus Intermedius Anterior and lateral shaft of the femur Patella Tibial tuberosity Action: Extend the knee (tibia)

34 Vastus Medialis Medial lip of linea aspera Patella Tibial tuberosity Action: Extend the knee (tibia)

35 Vastus Lateralis Lateral lip of linea aspera Gluteal tuberosity Patella Tibial tuberosity Action: Extend the knee (tibia)

36 Quadriceps Femoris

37 Gastrocnemius Posterior condyles of the femur Posterior calcaneus Ankle plantarflexion Knee flexion

38 Soleus Upper posterior tibia and fibula Posterior calcaneus Ankle plantarflexion

39 Tibialis Anterior and Peroneus Longus

40 Tibialis Anterior Upper 2/3 of lateral tibia Interosseous membrane Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle dorsiflexion Foot inversion

41 Tibialis Anterior Upper 2/3 of lateral tibia Interosseous membrane Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle dorsiflexion Foot inversion

42 Tibialis Anterior Upper 2/3 of lateral tibia Interosseous membrane Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle dorsiflexion Foot inversion

43 Tibialis Anterior Upper 2/3 of lateral tibia Interosseous membrane Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle dorsiflexion Foot inversion

44 Peroneus Longus Proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle plantarflexion Foot eversion

45 Peroneus Longus Proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle plantarflexion Foot eversion

46 Peroneus Longus Proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle plantarflexion Foot eversion

47 Peroneus Longus Proximal 2/3 of lateral fibula Base of 1 st metatarsal Medial cuneiform (plantar) Ankle plantarflexion Foot eversion

48 Tibialis Anterior and Peroneus Longus

49 Gluteus Maximus and Gluteus Medius

50 Gluteus Maximus Posterior iliac crest Posterior sacrum and coccyx Gluteal tuberosity of femur IT tract Extend the hip Abduct the hip Adduct the hip Laterally rotate the hip

51 Gluteus Medius Upper posterior ilium Greater trochanter of femur Abduct the hip Flex the hip Extend the hip Medially rotate the hip Laterally rotate the hip

52 Gluteus Maximus and Gluteus Medius

53 TFL and Sartorius

54 Tensor Fascia Latae (TFL) Iliac crest posterior to ASIS IT tract Abduct the hip Flex the hip Medially rotate the hip

55 TFL and Sartorius

56 Pelvic bone Femur Anatomy and Kinesiology of the Pelvic Girdle

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