1 One Key Question Better Integration of Preventive Reproductive Health Services into Primary Care Helen K. Bellanca, MD MPH Michele Stranger Hunter, MS, MEd Oregon Foundation for Reproductive Health
2 Disclosure Neither Helen Bellanca nor Michele Stranger Hunter have any relationships to disclose.
3 Learning objectives 1. Describe the One Key Question initiative and its role in primary care 2. Discuss the value of proactive screening for pregnancy intentions in the context of health care reform 3. Discuss the importance of metrics in reproductive health, and the possibility of a pregnancy intention metric
4 Context Half of all pregnancies are unintended Most unintended pregnancies are unwanted or mistimed, and most of those could be prevented with better access to contraception Some unintended pregnancies are wanted, and most of those could be better prepared for with access to preconception care Primary care and family planning clinics have failed to adequately address this issue
5 Unintended pregnancy Guttmacher, Unintended Pregnancy in US, 2012
6 Contraceptive use Guttmacher, Unintended Pregnancy in US, 2012
7 One Key Question All women age are asked One Key Question as a routine part of primary care: Would you like to become pregnant in the next year?
8 Yes Preconception care Screen for conditions that can affect pregnancy Medication review Counsel on nutrition, exercise, substance use Recommend folic acid daily Recommend early prenatal care
9 No Contraceptive services Ask whether she is using a contraceptive method Check satisfaction with current method Offer contraception options, emphasizing LARC Offer emergency contraception
10 Ok either way Follow up Ensure she is prepared for a pregnancy Recommend preconception counseling and early prenatal care
11 Unsure Follow up Offer a combination of contraception and preconception care, depending on her needs and circumstances Discuss ambivalence and relevant issues
12 One Key Question The goal of OKQ is NOT to put women into yes/no categories Our goal is to: Start a conversation about preventive reproductive health in primary care Prevent unintended pregnancies that are unwanted or mistimed Increase the proportion of all pregnancies that are better prepared for.
13 Does it work? Currently being implemented in several clinics in Oregon and Washington Adopted by Vermont Health Dept and implemented in one clinic, with plans to go system-wide Several researchers proposing clinical trials
14 Preventive Reproductive Health Includes Preconception care Contraception counseling and services or referral for services Does NOT include Prenatal care and maternity care Abortion and miscarriage care Other women s health screenings (Paps, mammograms)
15 Our proposal All women of reproductive age should be screened for their pregnancy intentions on a routine basis as part of high-quality primary care. All primary care providers should be accountable for delivering preventive reproductive health services.
16 Other screenings identified as indicators of high quality care Hypertension (BP checks) Depression screening (PSQ-2 and 9) Alcohol misuse (SBIRT) Cervical cancer screenings (Paps) Breast cancer screenings (exams, mammography)
17 Lifetime risk Cervical cancer 0.7% Alcohol misuse 10% Breast cancer 12% Depression 27% Hypertension* 27.5% Diabetes 38.5% Unintended pregnancy 48% Percent of women who experience this condition in their lifetime *prevalence of hypertension among adult women
18 Triple aim of health care reform Improve health Improve experience of care (quality and satisfaction) Reduce per capita costs
19 What is required of primary care? Define what quality means for various conditions Measure how you are doing on a routine basis Report on how you are doing to payers, consumers and the community
20 Importance of metrics We use metrics to determine the quality of care provided Early entry to prenatal care Proportion of deliveries under 39 weeks that are elective Women with a pap test in past 3 years Most metrics collected by QI teams from claims data, not much influence on clinicians
21 The times they are a changin Health care is moving toward a system of paying for quality instead of volume. What does that look like? You get $x to provide primary care for #y amount of people according to the following standards: 90% of children 0-3 have at least 4 documented well-child checks and developmental screenings 80% of pregnant women receive prenatal care in the first trimester 75% of your diabetics maintain a HgbA1c of <9% 80% of your adults have had a cholesterol screen in the past 3 years You get $x bonus dollars per year for providing enhanced services like care coordination, in-house health education for diabetes and obesity, behavioral health integration and addiction services, etc.
22 Isn t that capitation? NO, because this new approach is Provider driven, not insurance company driven Focused on holding providers accountable for costs AND quality Moving away from billable codes and toward paying for outcomes and preventive services Heavily dependent on being able to measure care and report on your population instead of relying on claims
23 Where is Reproductive Health? Preventive reproductive health should be part of the standards that define high-quality primary care. That means we have to have metrics to define what quality care looks like.
24 Standards in primary care NCQA Primary Care Medical Home Model Current language for preventive services includes: USPSTF recommended services Immunizations recommended by the ACIP of the CDC Preventive care and screenings for children and for women as recommended by HRSA This includes contraception and preconception care
25 What would you measure to determine if primary care was adequately addressing preventive reproductive health? How many women use any contraceptive method? Among contracepting women, how many use an effective method? Proportion of pregnant women who received preconception care? Percentage of women age screened for their pregnancy intentions?
26 Advantages to screening measure Parallels other quality measures (depression, cervical cancer) which measure screening, not follow-up ALL primary care practices can be held accountable, not just those who offer contraceptive services Numerator and denominator are easier to define (# of women screened over # 18-50)
27 Summary All women should be screened for their pregnancy intentions in primary care All primary care providers should offer preconception care and contraception, or refer for those services The definition of high-quality primary care should include preventive reproductive health services Having a metric that measures whether women are screened will likely improve reproductive health service delivery and ensure that reproductive health does not fall off the radar of primary care
28 What can you do? Ask women about their pregnancy intentions Interested in a formal implementation at your clinic? Or conducting a clinical trial? Contact OFRH: or Get involved with quality measurement at your institution. Suggest measuring pregnancy intendedness, access to contraception or preconception care.
29 Thank you!
30 One Key Question All women of reproductive age should be screened for their pregnancy intentions on a routine basis as part of high-quality primary care. This will increase the likelihood that women are using contraception that they are satisfied with, increase the uptake of preconception care, and ensure that a greater proportion of pregnancies are wanted, planned and as healthy as possible.
Gut tmacher Policy Review GPR Spring 2014 Volume 17 Number 2 Pay-for-Performance: Making It Work for Safety-Net Family Planning Centers and the Clients They Serve By Adam Sonfield For decades, the U.S.
National Cancer Institute Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Taking Part in Cancer Treatment Research Studies If
A Cooperative Agreement Program of the Federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau and the American Academy of Pediatrics Acknowledgments The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) would like to thank the Maternal
SEPTEMBER 2011 CANADIAN HEALTH CARE MATTERS BULLETIN 5 How Engaged are Canadians in their Primary Care? Results from the 2010 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey About the Health Council
Consumers, the health system and health literacy: Taking action to improve safety and quality Consultation Paper June 2013 Commonwealth of Australia 2013 This work is copyright. It may be reproduced in
Key Measurement Issues in Screening, Referral, and Follow-Up Care for Young Children s Social and Emotional Development April 2005 Prepared by Colleen Peck Reuland and Christina Bethell of the Child and
HEALTH & SOCIAL SERVICES WHITE PAPER Caring for each other, Caring for ourselves Public consultation Welcome to the White Paper from Health and Social Services. We hope you enjoy reading it, and look forward
Motivation and Confidence: what does it take to change behaviour? Anna Dixon Kicking Bad Habits: How can the NHS help us become healthier? Individual responsibility for health and self-care are key themes
Our Kids Are Worth It Strategy for Children and Youth Our Kids Are Worth It Strategy for Children and Youth Contents 1. Executive Summary....................................... 5 Where We Want to Go....................................
REPORT State-based Home Visiting Strengthening Programs through State Leadership Kay Johnson February 2009 The National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) is the nation s leading public policy center
STATE OF THE NATION Challenges for 2015 and beyond England The state of the nation: diabetes in 2014 4 Care for children and young people 28 The challenges for 2015 and beyond: what needs to happen over
A Tale of Two Systems: A look at state efforts to Integrate Primary Care and behavioral Health in Safety Net Settings By Mary Takach Kitty Purington Elizabeth Osius MAY 2010 ii A Tale Of Two Systems: A
Clinical Decision Support Systems: State of the Art Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 540 Gaither Road Rockville, MD 20850 www.ahrq.gov
MakingHealth Communication Programs Work U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES uideaplanner sguideaplanapuide National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute LANNER S GUIDE MakingHealth Communication
Evaluating Your Community-Based Program Part II Putting Your Evaluation Plan to Work A publication of the American Academy of Pediatrics A Cooperative Agreement Program of the Federal Maternal and Child
Meeting Brief n May 2011 BUILDING A STRONGER EVIDENCE BASE FOR EMPLOYEE WELLNESS PROGRAMS NIHCM Foundation n May 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS Acknowledgements.....................................................
Special review Supporting life after stroke A review of services for people who have had a stroke and their carers January 2011 About the Care Quality Commission The Care Quality Commission (CQC) is the
Engaging patients in their healthcare HOW IS THE UK DOING RELATIVE TO OTHER COUNTRIES? ANGELA COULTER PICKER INSTITUTE EUROPE APRIL 2006 Picker Institute Europe The Picker Institute works with patients,
1 MY VOICE HAS TO BE HEARD Research on outcomes for young people leaving care in North Dublin empowering people in care MY VOICE HAS TO BE HEARD Research on outcomes for young people leaving care in North
Making IT Meaningful: How Consumers Value and Trust Health IT FEBRUARY 2012 1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 650 Washington, DC 20009 202.986.2600 www.nationalpartnership.org Acknowledgements This report
BUILDING MEDICAL HOMES: LESSONS FROM EIGHT STATES WITH EMERGING PROGRAMS Neva Kaye, Jason Buxbaum, and Mary Takach National Academy for State Health Policy December 2011 ABSTRACT: Many states are strategically
The State of Unmet Need for Primary Health Care in America March 2012 COPYRIGHT MARCH 2012 National Association of Community Health Centers, 2012 Main Office: 7200 Wisconsin Avenue, Suite 210 Bethesda,
Making Every Young Person with Diabetes Matter Report of the Children and Young People with Diabetes Working Group DH INFORMATION READER BOX Policy HR/Workforce Management Planning Clinical Document purpose