2 -First Civilizations -Test Review

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1 Name: Period: Date: Chapter 2 -First Civilizations -Test Review Matching Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Darius e. a Phoenician b. Hammurabi Queen Hatshepsut c. a Hebrew g. a satrap d. a pharaoh h. Zoroaster 1. "Let your hands build a great tomb to me, the one who rules this great land." 2. "I wear this false beard as a sign of my authority." 3. "I, king of Babylon, will destroy the wicked and the evil and cause justice to prevail in the land." 4. "I have united the Persian empire-the largest empire the world has yet known." 5. "The great Darius has made me governor." 6. "When Ahura Mazda triumphs over Ahriman, then you will be judged for your good and your evil." 7. "We have sailed many seas and traded with many peoples." 8. "There is only one God and He has said 'You shall have no other gods beside Me.'" Match each term with the correct definition below. a. delta d. b. monotheistic e. c. mummification satrap ziggurat 9. Triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers 10. The preservation of the dead 11. A pyramid-shaped temple built by the Sumerians 12. Governor of a province of the Persian empire 13. Teaching a belief in one God Match each person with the correct description below. a. Darius d. Nebuchadnezzar b. Hammurabi e. Ramses II c. Hatshepsut 14. Egyptian queen who encouraged trade with lands along the eastern Mediterranean 15. Pharaoh who spread Egyptian rule northward to Syria and conquered Nubia 16. Ruler who published a code of laws to help unite Babylonia 17. King who encouraged Babylonian learning 18. Ruler who united the Persian empire

2 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. WESTERN DESERT EGYPT "" Cattle ~ Copper Gold Grain Rock Crystal Jasper Agate Feldspar Amethyst Turquoise Figure 2-t 19. According to Figure 2-1, where were cattle raised? a. on oases c. in the Nile Delta b. in the Eastern Desert d. along the Red Sea 20. According to Figure 2-1, which of the following resources was the most widely distributed? a. gold c. copper b. amethyst d. feldspar 21. What infonnation in Figure 2-1 supports the claim that Egypt was the "breadbasket of the world"? a. Grain was grown along the Nile. b. There are resources spread throughout the land. c. Cattle were raised in the delta region. d. The Nile flows the entire length of Egypt. 22. According to Figure 2-1, what valuable resource was mined in Nubia? a. turquoise c. gold b. rock crystal d. agate 23. How did ancient Egyptians view their pharaohs? a. as gods c. as father figures b. as cruel rulers d. as equals 24. The Pyramid Age is another name for a. the New Kingdom. c. ancient Egyptian civilization. b. the Old Kingdom. d. the Middle Kingdom.

3 25. The Egyptians believed in which of the following? a. life after death b. that God would lead them to the promised land c. one god d. Ahriman and Ahura Mazda 26. The need to keep records led to the development of which of the following in Egypt? a. cuneiform c. pyramids b. pharaohs d. hieroglyphics 27. Sumer was made up of a. provinces. c. satrapies. b. independent city-states. d. two kingdoms. 28. The Epic of Gilgamesh is a. the story of the Hebrew's flight from Egypt. b. an Egyptian folktale. c. a tale about King Assurbanipal. d. a poem recounting the adventures of a Sumerian hero. 29. The Code of Hammurabi was a major achievement for which of the following reasons? a. It was the first major collection of laws. b. It treated men and women as equals. c. It ended capital punishment. d. It rejected the principle of an "eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." 30. According to the Torah, who united the Hebrew tribes into a single nation? a. Solomon c. Moses b. David d. Deborah 31. Why does Egyptian art often feature people from Nubia? a. The Nubians defeated the Assyrians. b. Religious beliefs forbid the portrayal of Egyptians. c. The Egyptians adopted their religion from the Nubians. d. After centuries of trade and warfare between Egypt and Nubia, the Nubians were a part of Egyptian culture. 32. Most Egyptians were members of which of the following groups? a. farmers c. merchants b. slaves d. nobles 33. The movement of people across the Fertile Crescent resulted in the a. belief in one god. b. exchange of ideas. c. building of pyramids. d. creation of colonies along the Mediterranean. 34. How did the Sumerians differ from the Egyptians in the way they viewed their rulers? a. They saw their rulers as the gods' chief servants. b. They allowed their rulers to govern for only ten years. c. They worshiped their rulers as gods. d. They obeyed their rulers without question.

4 35. MiddleEasterncivilizationwas spreadthroughoutthe Mediterraneanby the a. Hittites. c. Persians. b. Phoenicians. d. Hebrews.

5 ID: A Answer Section Chapter 2 - First Civilizations - Test Review MATCHING 1. ANS: D 2. ANS: F 3. ANS: B 4. ANS: A 5. ANS: G 6. ANS: H 7. ANS: E 8. ANS: C 9. ANS: A 10. ANS: C 11. ANS: E 12. ANS: D 13. ANS: B 14. ANS: C 15. ANS: E 16. ANS: B 17. ANS: D 18. ANS: A MULTIPLE CHOICE 19. ANS: C 20. ANS: C 21. ANS: A 22. ANS: C 23. ANS: A 24. ANS: B 25. ANS: A 26. ANS: D 27. ANS: B 28. ANS: D 29. ANS: A 30. ANS: B 31. ANS: D 32. ANS: A 33. ANS: B 34. ANS: A

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