International Geological Congress XVI session United States, Prepared under the direction of W. E. WRATHER UNITED STATES

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1 - - Price International Geological Congress XVI session United States, 1933 Guidebook 6: Excursion A-6 OKLAHOMA AND TEXAS Prepared under the direction of W. E. WRATHER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1933 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C cents UB/TIB Hannover

2 CONTENTS. 6 _ , 33 _. 67 _. Introduction, by W. E. Wrather 1 The itinerary 1 Geographic features of Oklahoma 2 History of Oklahoma 4 Geographic features of Texas. 5 History of Texas Agriculture of the region 7 Petroleum geology 8 Petroleum technology 9 General geology. Pre-Mississippian geology of Oklahoma 11 Geologic history of Arbuckle Mountains 12 Buried granite hills 13 The Cretaceous 13 Sabine uplift 14 East Texas syncline I 14 Fault-line oilfields. IS Gulf Coastal Plain IS The Cushing oil and gas field, Oklahoma, by T. E. Weirich 16 Production 16 Stratigraphy 17 Structure f. 22 Geologic history 24 The Oklahoma City oil field, Oklahoma, by H. H. Charles 26 Topography 26 Stratigraphy, Oil and gas bearing formations 28 Structure 29 Production- 31 The Arbuckle Mountains and Ardmore Basin, by C, W. Tomlinson 33 Geologic history... Early Paleozoic erosion and subsidence 33 Middle Paleozoic quiescence 33 Pennsylvanian subsidence, orogeny, and erosion 34 Later history 37 Stratigraphy 37 i Itinerary, Davis to Ardmore, Oklahoma 40 4 Itinerary, Ardmore to Criner Hills and southern part of the Ardi morebasin 44 The Cretaceous of Texas, by Gayle Scott 46 Introduction 46 Comanche series 49 Gulf series 56 Tertiary beds 61 The Van oil field, Texas, by W. E. Wrather 61 The East Texas oil field, by F. H. Lahee General features 67 Water. 73 Sand conditions 73 The oil 74 m t

3 IV CONTENTS The East Texas oil field Continued Gas and gas-oil ratios 74 Fluid temperatures 74 Reservoir pressure 75 Water encroachment 75 Estimates of yield 75 Crooked holes 76 The ICeechi and Palestine salt domes, Texas, by F. H. Lahee 77 The Sugarland oil field, Texas, by L. P. Teas 82 The Boling dome, Texas, by A. G. Wolf, 86 Bibliography 90

4 . ILLUSTRATIONS Plate 1. Index map showing route of excursion A Map showing subsurface distribution of pre-mississippian rocks directly beneath the Cherokee shale in Kansas and Oklahoma... ; Geologic cross section of Oklahoma Ideal cross section showing relations of subsurface formations in the Oklahoma City field, Oklahoma Geologic map of the western part of the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma Geologic map of the Ardmore Basin, Oklahoma Map showing route and geologic formations between Dennis and Dallas, Texas Map showing route and geologic formations between Dallas and Grand Saline, Texas. SO 9. Detailed contour map on top of the pay sand in the Kilgore area of the East Texas oil field Map showing the distribution of salt domes in Texas and Louisiana Geologic and topographic map of the Keechi salt dome, Texas Geologic cross section on the south flank of the Palestine salt dome, Texas 82, 13. Structure contour map of the Sugarland salt dome oil field, Texas 82 Figure 1. Generalized columnar section of Pennsylvanian rocks pene trated by wells in the Cushing field, Oklahoma Generalized columnar section of pre-pennsylvanian rocks penetrated by wells in the Cushing field Structure contour map of surface rocks in the Cushing field. 20 _ 4. Structure contour map of pre-pennsylvanian rocks in the Cushing field Section along line A-A', Figure Section along line B-B', Figure Section along line C-C, Figure Type section of Permian and Pennsylvanian formations in the Oklahoma City field, Oklahoma Surface structure map of Oklahoma City field Generalized cross section showing the arching of the Garber sandstone from east to west across the Oklahoma City field Subsurface maps of the Oklahoma City field Map showing general structural trends in and adjacent to Oklahoma and Texas in relation to the Arbuckle Moun tains Geologic cross section of the Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma, along line B-B1, Plate Geologic cross section of the Ardmore Basin, Oklahoma, along line A-A', Plate Map of a part of eastern Texas showing location of East Texas and Van oil fields 62 v

5 VI ILLUSTRATIONS 72 - Figure 16. Diagrammatic cross section along line A-B, Figure IS Outline map of the East Texas pool Index map showing the position of the East Texas field on the west flank of the Sabine uplift Generalized cross section of the East Texas field Vertical well-log section across northern part of East Texas field Large-scale section of sand conditions in the East Texas field _ 22. North-south section of Keechi salt dome, Texas East-west section of Keechi salt dome Geologic and topographic map of the Palestine salt dome, Texas Geologic cross section of Sugarland oil field, Texas, along line A-B, Plate Approximate outline of Boling salt dome, Texas, on 1,500- foot contour and sulphur-bearing area Typical cross section of Boling salt dome Diagrammatic sketch of sulphur-well equipment, Texas Gulf Sulphur Co., Boling salt dome 90

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