1 STATE WATER RESOURCES CONTROL BOARD PORTER-COLOGNE WATER QUALITY CONTROL ACT WITH ADDITIONS AND AMENDMENTS EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2015
2 Compiled by the Office of Chief Counsel State Water Resources Control Board Additions and amendments from the 2014 legislative session are underlined deletions are in strikeout An official copy of the current Water Code is available at Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this document. Please report errors to: Philip G. Wyels, Assistant Chief Counsel (916)
3 California Water Code Division 7. Water Quality (Various Bond Acts codified at Chs , 13, 14, & 16 are omitted.) Underline and strikeout text reflects insertions and deletions, respectively, after January 1, 2014 CHAPTER 1. POLICY Legislative findings Legislative intent Non-limiting clauses... 1 CHAPTER 1.5. SHORT TITLE Short Title... 1 CHAPTER 2. DEFINITIONS Definitions Injection well defined... 3 CHAPTER 3. STATE WATER QUALITY CONTROL...3 ARTICLE 1. STATE WATER RESOURCES CONTROL BOARD Organization... 3 ARTICLE 2. WATER QUALITY ADVISORY COMMITTEE [REPEALED]... 3 ARTICLE 3. STATE POLICY FOR WATER QUALITY CONTROL Policy adoption California Water Plan State policy for water quality control Coastal marine environment Review and revision Interagency consultation Consideration for the California Water Plan State agency compliance Policy adoption process Self-generating water softener salinity input controls in specified hydrologic regions... 5 ARTICLE 4. OTHER POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE STATE BOARD Federal Water Pollution Control Act Federal certificate fee Research projects Research administration Coordination of investigations Regional water quality control plans Water quality factors Statewide water quality information program Public information Notice of Orders Translation of Bagley-Keene notices Regional Board budgets Groundwater protection programs State Board plans Management agency agreements California Ocean Plan Brackish groundwater treatment for municipal supply Waste treatment management Water Quality Coordinating Committee Waste disposal sites; standards & regulations Designated waste Designated waste policies Certified laboratories... 9 Rev i -
4 California State Mussel Watch Program Coastal Fish Contamination Program Palos Verdes Shelf Monitoring Study Personnel reduction for military base oversight Source investigation protocols Water quality monitoring Evaluation of program structure Guidelines for listing and delisting waters Sanitary sewer system overflow reports Assistance to Small Disadvantaged Communities ARTICLE 5. ELECTRONIC SUBMISSION OF REPORTS Definitions Electronic format Regulations CHAPTER 4. REGIONAL WATER QUALITY CONTROL...17 ARTICLE 1. ORGANIZATION AND MEMBERSHIP OF REGIONAL BOARDS Regional board boundaries Regional board members Terms Official designations Regional board meetings Member compensation Eligibility of public officers Conflict of interest Executive officer conflict of interest ARTICLE 2. GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO POWERS AND DUTIES OF REGIONAL BOARDS Organization Oaths and subpoenas Regulations Delegation Policy statements Responsibilities Waste disposal sites Postclosure plans Designation of board Hearing panels; translation of Bagley-Keene notices Prehearing conferences ARTICLE 3. REGIONAL WATER QUALITY CONTROL PLANS Regional water quality control plans Water quality objectives Implementation Discharge of waste Hearing requirements Approval by the state board Approval of guidelines Time for approval Compliance with plans Own motion review by the state board of failure to act ARTICLE 4. WASTE DISCHARGE REQUIREMENTS Reports; fees; exemptions Fee for no exposure certifications Fee Report Civil liability Injunctive relief Requirements for discharge Mining waste Groundwater treatment facilities Legislative findings; definitions Requirements for injection wells Rev ii -
5 Effluent limitations Compliance Point for Direct Potable Reuse or Surface Water Augmentation Prerequisites to discharge Civil penalties Notice of filings Investigations; inspections Civil liability Waiver Public agency exemptions Notification requirement Oil or petroleum discharge List of discharges of MTBE Solid waste disposal sites Solid waste assessment Reevaluation of site Operator defined Kings County exception General waste discharge requirements Rights of public water systems ARTICLE 5. INDIVIDUAL DISPOSAL SYSTEMS Prohibition of disposal systems Determination basis Allowing disposal Alternatives to disposal Guidelines MTBE discharges to drinking water Cove area of Cathedral City, Riverside County Secondary treatment requirements for Orange County Sanitation District CHAPTER 4.1. EX PARTE COMMUNICATIONS Definitions; ex parte communications for certain general orders; disclosure requirements and remedies CHAPTER 4.5. ONSITE SEWAGE TREATMENT SYSTEMS Definitions Adoption of regulations or standards Legislative intent Non-limiting clause CHAPTER 4.7. FAIRNESS AND DUE PROCESS Review of regional boards public participation procedures; report to Legislature; copies of comments; training40 CHAPTER 5. ENFORCEMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION...40 ARTICLE 1. ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT AND REMEDIES Time schedules Cease and desist order Assistance with order Effective date Cleanup and abatement Groundwater cleanup systems; consultation Human health or ecological risk assessment Nonoperating location Majority requirement Supervision of abatement Notification of owners Notice and public participation for specified cleanup proposals Optional public participation Violation of order; penalty ARTICLE 2. ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW BY THE STATE BOARD Rev iii -
6 Review by state board of regional board action Stay of action ARTICLE 2.5. ADMINISTRATIVE CIVIL LIABILITY Imposition of civil liability Limitation to civil liability Amount of liability Judgment to collect ARTICLE 3. JUDICIAL REVIEW AND ENFORCEMENT Petition for judicial review Injunction Applicability of amendments ARTICLE 4. SUMMARY JUDICIAL ABATEMENT Injunctive relief for emergencies ARTICLE 5. CIVIL MONETARY REMEDIES Civil liability; amount; recovery Determining the amount of civil liability ARTICLE 6. GENERAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENFORCEMENT AND REVIEW Manner of compliance Civil action; venue; procedures Inspections ARTICLE 7. HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE REMOVAL AND REMEDIAL ACTION CHARGES Definitions; billing; cost recovery; requirements CHAPTER 5.2. PREPRODUCTION PLASTIC DEBRIS PROGRAM Program for control of preproduction plastics; minimum BMPs to control discharge CHAPTER 5.4. NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION CONTROL PROGRAM Implementation of the nonpoint source management plan CHAPTER 5.5. COMPLIANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT AS AMENDED IN Legislative intent Legislative findings Consistency Definitions Waste discharge requirements defined Discharges prohibited Reports of discharges Requirements and permits Notice and hearing Review of requirements Termination or modification of requirements Wells Managed aquaculture Monitoring requirements Storm water discharge monitoring requirements School educational materials required by municipal stormwater permits Guidance on quantifiable effectiveness of municipal storm water programs Stormwater management task force Hearings Civil liability Definitions of serious violation and effluent limitation Compliance project funding demonstration Operative date for 2006/2007 amendments to 13385(k) Injunction Criminal penalties Member eligibility CEQA exemption Rev iv -
7 CHAPTER 5.6. BAY PROTECTION AND TOXIC CLEANUP Legislative intent California Enclosed Bays and Estuaries Plan Definitions Toxic hot spots Monitoring and surveillance Sediment quality objectives workplan Adoption of objectives Ranking of toxic hot spots Cleanup plan Expenditure plan Advisory committee Reevaluation of discharge requirements Evaluation agreements Dredging certification Habitat for water-dependent wildlife Recreational water quality standards Los Angeles Basin Contaminated Sediments Task Force CHAPTER 5.7. DRAINAGE FROM ABANDONED MINES Legislative findings Definitions Remediating agency responsibilities Remediation plan Oversight agency responsibilities Approval of remediation plans Remediating agency liability; Penn Mine CHAPTER 5.8. MINOR VIOLATIONS Legislative findings Notice to comply Issuance of notice Report to the Legislature CHAPTER 5.9. THE STORM WATER ENFORCEMENT ACT OF Chapter defined Reports Identification of dischargers Notice of noncompliance Penalties Reduction of penalties Deposit of funds Agency cooperation Definition CHAPTER 6. STATE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE...74 ARTICLE 1. STATE WATER QUALITY CONTROL FUND Definitions The State Water Quality Control Fund ARTICLE 2. LOANS TO LOCAL AGENCIES Construction loans Conditions Repayment Special consideration Payments Studies and investigations Election requirement Rev v -
8 Election procedure Tahoe moratorium ARTICLE 2.5. GUARANTEES FOR LOCAL AGENCY BONDS Applications Determinations Required agreement Continuous appropriation Investment Limitation Limitation on amount available Fee Rules and procedures ARTICLE 3. STATE WATER POLLUTION CLEANUP AND ABATEMENT ACCOUNT The account Fund sources Transfers Grants to public agencies and tribal governments Grants to regional boards CHAPTER 6.1. WATER CONSERVATION AND WATER QUALITY BOND LAW OF Citation Legislative findings Definitions The 1986 Bond Fund Finance Committee Debts and liabilities Payment obligations State General Obligation Bond Law Water Conservation and Groundwater Recharge Account Agricultural Drainage Water Account Unallocated funds Reimbursement Appropriation Withdrawal Authority to sequester Issuance Sale Terms and conditions Legislative approval Reallocation of bond funds Legislative intent Severability CHAPTER 6.5. STATE WATER POLLUTION CONTROL REVOLVING FUND Legislative findings Definitions Creation and continuation of the revolving fund Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund Administration Fund State Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund Small Community Grant Fund Board authority Federal contributions Authorized uses Limitations on use Projects that receive favorable consideration Municipal indebtedness Transfer of funds Rebate to federal government Regulations Rev vi -
9 CHAPTER 7. WATER RECLAMATION...87 ARTICLE 1. SHORT TITLE Citation ARTICLE 2. DECLARATION OF POLICY Legislative declaration Legislative findings Legislative intent ARTICLE 3. STATE ASSISTANCE Authorization to provide loans ARTICLE 4. REGULATION OF RECLAMATION Definition Statewide criteria Abatement order Reports Misdemeanor Enforcement Reclamation requirements Master reclamation permit Salinity standards Recycling criteria and requirements Injunction Misdemeanor Misdemeanor Financial assistance Disclaimer State Board authority Legislative findings Unauthorized discharges Administrative liability ARTICLE 5. SURVEYS AND INVESTIGATIONS Surveys ARTICLE 6. WASTE WELL REGULATION In water-bearing strata Waste well ARTICLE 7. WATER REUSE Legislative findings Availability of recycled water Legislative intent Legislative findings Required use for landscaping General statewide permit for recycled water use to irrigate landscape Regarding cooling Required use for cooling Regarding toilet flushing Legislative findings Required use for toilet flushing Reimbursement of costs Fees Proposed delivery of recycled water for state landscape use; pipe installation Finding on dual delivery systems Requirement of dual delivery systems Delivery of recycled water DPH regulations for plumbing recycled water delivery CHAPTER 7.3. DIRECT AND INDIRECT POTABLE REUSE Legislative findings Definitions State Board agreement to assist Uniform water recycling criteria Rev vii -
10 Groundwater replenishment emergency regulations Investigation and report to the Legislature on uniform water recycling criteria Progress report to Legislature Considerations for recycling criteria for surface water augmentation Expert panel and advisory group Considerations for feasibility for direct potable reuse Consistency with Federal Act Acceptance of funds CHAPTER 7.5. WATER RECYCLING ACT OF Citation; definitions Legislative findings Water recycling goals Report to the Legislature; task force Potential uses and sources Application for supply Agreement to provide recycled water Public agency supplier Suppliers regulated by the P.U.C West Covina Mediation of agreements Determination by the P.U.C Rights, remedies, obligations Failure to comply CHAPTER 8. FEDERAL ASSISTANCE FOR TREATMENT FACILITIES Administration Needs survey Fund availability Budget bill State board review Optimum recycling and use Sewerage service charge Continuing appropriation Certification requirements Transfer of funds CHAPTER 8.5. PERCHLORATE Definitions Applicability of chapter Notification Requirements Reporting requirements List of Facilities Reporting to Secretary CHAPTER 9. WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT CLASSIFICATION AND OPERATOR CERTIFICATION Definitions Exemption for certain Class 1 plants Treatment plant classification Operator certification Misdemeanor; civil liability Civil liability Operator registration Imposition of civil liability Written examination Certification fees Rev viii -
11 Wastewater Operator Certification Fund Certification instruction Training funds Advisory committee Committee membership Committee duties CHAPTER 10. WATER WELLS AND CATHODIC PROTECTION WELLS ARTICLE 1. DECLARATION OF POLICY Legislative findings Legislative declarations ARTICLE 2. DEFINITIONS Well Cathodic protection well Monitoring well Exemption Geothermal heat exchange well ARTICLE 3. REPORTS License Report of completion Availability of report Conversion of oil or gas well Misdemeanor Compliance ARTICLE 4. QUALITY CONTROL Required reports Recommended standards Regional board hearing Well standards Local ordinances Effective dates of standards Regional standards by default State board review Chapter 10.2 through Chapter 10.7, Sections , are omitted. These sections may be consulted in various commercially published editions of the Water Code. They are also available electronically at 113 CHAPTER 11. DISCHARGES FROM HOUSEBOATS ON OR IN THE WATERS OF THE STATE Legislative findings Definitions Regional Board investigations Regional Board reports Adoption of ordinances Effective date Failure to adopt ordinance State Board review Nonlimiting clause CHAPTER 12. SPECIAL WATER QUALITY PROVISIONS Lake Tahoe Basin cesspools Exceptions Pilot reclamation projects South Tahoe Public Utility District; Luther Pass Waste discharge requirements CHAPTER SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY AGRICULTURAL DRAIN State and federal discharge requirements Prohibited discharges Rev ix -
12 Delta discharge requirements Beneficial use of subsurface drainage Legislative intent CHAPTER CLEAN WATER AND WATER CONSERVATION BOND LAW OF Short title Legislative findings Further findings Legislative intent State General Obligation Bond Law adopted Definitions Fund created Finance Committee created Committee powers Use of moneys; contracts; grants Obligations of the state Reimbursement of the general fund Appropriations from general fund Withdrawals from general fund Accounts Issuance of bonds Sale of bonds Proceeds Chapters 13 and 14, Sections , are omitted. They may be consulted at 119 CHAPTER 15. CLEAN WATER BOND LAW OF Short title Legislative findings Definitions Fund created Committee created Committee powers General obligation; revenue The State General Obligation Bond Law adopted Appropriations Small communities Water Reclamation Account Water Conservation Account No transfer to General Fund Appropriation from General Fund Withdrawal from General Fund Issuance of bonds Sale of bonds Rebate to federal government Treatment works in Mexico Accounts for proceeds and earnings Chapter 16, Sections , is omitted. It may be consulted at 125 CHAPTER 17. CLEAN WATER AND WATER RECLAMATION BOND LAW OF ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS Short title Legislative findings Definitions ARTICLE 2. CLEAN WATER AND WATER RECLAMATION BOND PROGRAM Fund proceeds Small Communities Grant Account Guarantee Fund Rev x -
13 Water Reclamation Account Administrative expense Board powers Rules, regulations, guidelines ARTICLE 3. FISCAL PROVISIONS State obligation State General Obligation Bond Law incorporated in chapter Clean Water and Water Reclamation Finance Committee created Issuance of bonds Revenue Appropriation from General Fund Withdrawal from General Fund Pooled Money Investment Account Transfer to General Fund Refunding bonds Rebate to federal government Proceeds Accounts CHAPTER 22. GRAYWATER SYSTEMS Safe uses Department defined Graywater defined Graywater system defined Adoption of standards Compliance Adoption of local standards CHAPTER 23. THE SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY DRAINAGE RELIEF ACT ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS Short title Legislative findings Legislative intent Definitions ARTICLE 2. THE SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY DRAINAGE RELIEF PROGRAM Establishment, regulations, purpose Funding Interagency cooperation Land management Water sale or distribution Water rights Participation Fund management Other financial support Acquiring other interests Payments Departmental authority Grants and loans Price reflective of benefit Price of water sold Return to irrigated use Economic considerations Coordination with C.V.P Operative date CHAPTER 24. SHELLFISH PROTECTION ACT OF Short title Legislative findings Rev xi -
14 Commercial shellfish growing area Technical advisory committee Threatened conditions Additional efforts Remedial action Rating proposals Dissolving advisory committee CHAPTER 27. CALIFORNIA WATERSHED IMPROVEMENT ACT OF Title Watershed improvement plan development and requirements Watershed improvement plan review by regional boards Fees for watershed improvement plan No effect on water diversion requirements Rev xii -
15 CHAPTER 1. POLICY Legislative findings The Legislature finds and declares that the people of the state have a primary interest in the conservation, control, and utilization of the water resources of the state, and that the quality of all the waters of the state shall be protected for use and enjoyment by the people of the state. The Legislature further finds and declares that activities and factors which may affect the quality of the waters of the state shall be regulated to attain the highest water quality which is reasonable, considering all demands being made and to be made on those waters and the total values involved, beneficial and detrimental, economic and social, tangible and intangible. The Legislature further finds and declares that the health, safety and welfare of the people of the state requires that there be a statewide program for the control of the quality of all the waters of the state; that the state must be prepared to exercise its full power and jurisdiction to protect the quality of waters in the state from degradation originating inside or outside the boundaries of the state; that the waters of the state are increasingly influenced by interbasin water development projects and other statewide considerations; that factors of precipitation, topography, population, recreation, agriculture, industry and economic development vary from region to region within the state; and that the statewide program for water quality control can be most effectively administered regionally, within a framework of statewide coordination and policy Legislative intent It is the intent of the Legislature that the state board and each regional board shall be the principal state agencies with primary responsibility for the coordination and control of water quality. The state board and regional boards in exercising any power granted in this division shall conform to and implement the policies of this chapter and shall, at all times, coordinate their respective activities so as to achieve a unified and effective water quality control program in this state Non-limiting clauses No provision of this division or any ruling of the state board or a regional board is a limitation: (a) On the power of a city or county or city and county to adopt and enforce additional regulations, not in conflict therewith, imposing further conditions, restrictions, or limitations with respect to the disposal of waste or any other activity which might degrade the quality of the waters of the state. (b) On the power of any city or county or city and county to declare, prohibit, and abate nuisances. (c) On the power of the Attorney General, at the request of a regional board, the state board, or upon his own motion, to bring an action in the name of the people of the State of California to enjoin any pollution or nuisance. (d) On the power of a state agency in the enforcement or administration of any provision of law which it is specifically permitted or required to enforce or administer. (e) On the right of any person to maintain at any time any appropriate action for relief against any private nuisance as defined in the Civil Code or for relief against any contamination or pollution. CHAPTER 1.5. SHORT TITLE Short Title This division shall be known and may be cited as the Porter-Cologne Water Quality Control Act. CHAPTER 2. DEFINITIONS Definitions As used in this division: (a) State board means the State Water Resources Control Board. (b) Regional board means any California regional water quality control board for a region as specified in Section (c) Person includes any city, county, district, the state, and the United States, to the extent authorized by federal law. (d) Waste includes sewage and any and all other waste substances, liquid, solid, gaseous, or radioactive, associated with human habitation, or of human or animal origin, or from any producing, manufacturing, or processing operation, including waste placed within containers of whatever nature prior to, and for purposes of, disposal. (e) Waters of the state means any surface water or groundwater, including saline waters, within the boundaries of the state. (f) Beneficial uses of the waters of the state that may be protected against quality degradation include, but are not limited to, domestic, municipal, agricultural and industrial supply; power generation; recreation; aesthetic enjoyment; navigation; and preservation and enhancement of fish, wildlife, and other aquatic resources or preserves. (g) Quality of the water refers to chemical, physical, biological, bacteriological, radiological, and other Rev
16 properties and characteristics of water which affect its use. (h) Water quality objectives means the limits or levels of water quality constituents or characteristics which are established for the reasonable protection of beneficial uses of water or the prevention of nuisance within a specific area. (i) Water quality control means the regulation of any activity or factor which may affect the quality of the waters of the state and includes the prevention and correction of water pollution and nuisance. (j) Water quality control plan consists of a designation or establishment for the waters within a specified area of all of the following: (1) Beneficial uses to be protected. (2) Water quality objectives. (3) A program of implementation needed for achieving water quality objectives. (k) Contamination means an impairment of the quality of the waters of the state by waste to a degree which creates a hazard to the public health through poisoning or through the spread of disease. Contamination includes any equivalent effect resulting from the disposal of waste, whether or not waters of the state are affected. (l)(1) Pollution means an alteration of the quality of the waters of the state by waste to a degree which unreasonably affects either of the following: (A) The waters for beneficial uses. (B) Facilities which serve these beneficial uses. (2) Pollution may include contamination. (m) Nuisance means anything which meets all of the following requirements: (1) Is injurious to health, or is indecent or offensive to the senses, or an obstruction to the free use of property, so as to interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life or property. (2) Affects at the same time an entire community or neighborhood, or any considerable number of persons, although the extent of the annoyance or damage inflicted upon individuals may be unequal. (3) Occurs during, or as a result of, the treatment or disposal of wastes. (n) Recycled water means water which, as a result of treatment of waste, is suitable for a direct beneficial use Rev or a controlled use that would not otherwise occur and is therefor considered a valuable resource. (o) Citizen or domiciliary of the state includes a foreign corporation having substantial business contacts in the state or which is subject to service of process in this state. (p)(1) Hazardous substance means either of the following: (A) For discharge to surface waters, any substance determined to be a hazardous substance pursuant to Section 311(b)(2) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. Sec et seq.). (B) For discharge to groundwater, any substance listed as a hazardous waste or hazardous material pursuant to Section of the Health and Safety Code, without regard to whether the substance is intended to be used, reused, or discarded, except that hazardous substance does not include any substance excluded from Section 311(b)(2) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act because it is within the scope of Section 311(a)(1) of that act. (2) Hazardous substance does not include any of the following: (A) Nontoxic, nonflammable, and noncorrosive stormwater runoff drained from underground vaults, chambers, or manholes into gutters or storm sewers. (B) Any pesticide which is applied for agricultural purposes or is applied in accordance with a cooperative agreement authorized by Section of the Health and Safety Code, and is not discharged accidentally or for purposes of disposal, the application of which is in compliance with all applicable state and federal laws and regulations. (C) Any discharge to surface water of a quantity less than a reportable quantity as determined by regulations issued pursuant to Section 311(b)(4) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. (D) Any discharge to land which results, or probably will result, in a discharge to groundwater if the amount of the discharge to land is less than a reportable quantity, as determined by regulations adopted pursuant to Section 13271, for substances listed as hazardous pursuant to Section of the Health and Safety Code. No discharge shall be deemed a discharge of a reportable quantity until regulations set a reportable quantity for the substance discharged. (q)(1) Mining waste means all solid, semisolid, and liquid waste materials from the extraction, beneficiation, and processing of ores and minerals. Mining waste includes, but is not limited to, soil, waste rock, and
17 overburden, as defined in Section 2732 of the Public Resources Code, and tailings, slag, and other processed waste materials, including cementitious materials that are managed at the cement manufacturing facility where the materials were generated. (2) For the purposes of this subdivision, cementitious material means cement, cement kiln dust, clinker, and clinker dust. (r) Master recycling permit means a permit issued to a supplier or a distributor, or both, of recycled water, that includes waste discharge requirements prescribed pursuant to Section and water recycling requirements prescribed pursuant to Section Injection well defined As used in this division, injection well means any bored, drilled, or driven shaft, dug pit, or hole in the ground into which waste or fluid is discharged, and any associated subsurface appurtenances, and the depth of which is greater than the circumference of the shaft, pit, or hole. CHAPTER 3. STATE WATER QUALITY CONTROL ARTICLE 1. STATE WATER RESOURCES CONTROL BOARD Organization There is in the California Environmental Protection Agency the State Water Resources Control Board and the California regional water quality control boards. The organization, membership, and some of the duties of the state board are provided for in Article 3 (commencing with Section 174) of Chapter 2 of Division 1 of this code. ARTICLE 2. WATER QUALITY ADVISORY COMMITTEE [REPEALED] ARTICLE 3. STATE POLICY FOR WATER QUALITY CONTROL Policy adoption The state board shall formulate and adopt state policy for water quality control. Such policy shall be adopted in accordance with the provisions of this article and shall be in conformity with the policies set forth in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 13000) California Water Plan State policy for water quality control adopted or revised in accordance with the provisions of this article, and regional water quality control plans approved or revised in accordance with Section 13245, shall become a part of the California Water Plan effective when such state policy for water quality control, and such regional water quality control plans have been reported to the Legislature at any session thereof. Rev However, prior to implementation of any agricultural water quality control program, an estimate of the total cost of such a program, together with an identification of potential sources of financing, shall be indicated in any regional water quality control plan State policy for water quality control State policy for water quality control shall consist of all or any of the following: (a) Water quality principles and guidelines for long-range resource planning, including ground water and surface water management programs and control and use of recycled water. (b) Water quality objectives at key locations for planning and operation of water resource development projects and for water quality control activities. (c) Other principles and guidelines deemed essential by the state board for water quality control. The principles, guidelines, and objectives shall be consistent with the state goal of providing a decent home and suitable living environment for every Californian Coastal marine environment In addition to any other policies established pursuant to this division, the policies of the state with respect to water quality as it relates to the coastal marine environment are that: (a) Wastewater discharges shall be treated to protect present and future beneficial uses, and, where feasible, to restore past beneficial uses of the receiving waters. Highest priority shall be given to improving or eliminating discharges that adversely affect any of the following: (1) Wetlands, estuaries, and other biologically sensitive sites. (2) Areas important for water contact sports. (3) Areas that produce shellfish for human consumption. (4) Ocean areas subject to massive waste discharge. Ocean chemistry and mixing processes, marine life conditions, other present or proposed outfalls in the vicinity, and relevant aspects of areawide waste treatment management plans and programs, but not of convenience to the discharger, shall for the purposes of this section, be considered in determining the effects of such discharges. Toxic and hard-to-treat substances should be pretreated at the source if such substances would be incompatible with effective and economical treatment in municipal treatment plants.
18 (b) For each new or expanded coastal powerplant or other industrial installation using seawater for cooling, heating, or industrial processing, the best available site, design, technology, and mitigation measures feasible shall be used to minimize the intake and mortality of all forms of marine life. (c) Where otherwise permitted, new warmed or cooled water discharges into coastal wetlands or into areas of special biological importance, including marine reserves and kelp beds, shall not significantly alter the overall ecological balance of the receiving area. (d) Independent baseline studies of the existing marine system should be conducted in the area that could be affected by a new or expanded industrial facility using seawater in advance of the carrying out of the development. (e)(1) Adequately treated recycled water should, where feasible, be made available to supplement existing surface and underground supplies and to assist in meeting future water requirements of the coastal zone, and consideration, in statewide programs of financial assistance for water pollution or water quality control, shall be given to providing optimum water recycling and use of recycled water. (2) If recycled water is available for industrial use, any discharge to waters in the coastal zone, including the San Francisco Bay, after industrial use, may be authorized if all of the following conditions are met: (A) The discharge will not unreasonably affect beneficial uses. (B) The discharge is consistent with applicable water quality control plans and state policy for water quality control. (C) The use of recycled water is consistent with Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 13500). (D) The discharge is consistent with all applicable requirements of Chapter 5.5 (commencing with Section 13370). (E) The discharge is to the same general receiving water location as that to which the wastewater would be discharged if not reused. (3) Any requirement imposed pursuant to Section or shall be adjusted to reflect a credit for waste present in the recycled water before reuse. The credit shall be limited to the difference between the amount of waste present in the nonrecycled water supply otherwise available to the industry and the amount of waste present in the recycled water. (4) If the amount of waste in the discharge exceeds prescribed requirements because the amount of waste in the recycled water is in excess of that agreed to be furnished by the supplier to the discharger, no enforcement action shall be taken against the discharger unless both of the following statements apply: (A) The supplier of the recycled water fails to correct the problem within 30 days after the cause of the problem is identified, or within any greater period of time agreed to by the appropriate regional board. (B) The discharger continues to receive the recycled water from the supplier. (f) This section shall not apply to industrial discharges into publicly owned treatment works Review and revision State policy for water quality control shall be periodically reviewed and may be revised Interagency consultation During the process of formulating or revising state policy for water quality control the state board shall consult with and carefully evaluate the recommendations of concerned federal, state, and local agencies Consideration for the California Water Plan The state board shall take into consideration the effect of its actions pursuant to this chapter on the California Water Plan as adopted or revised pursuant to Division 6 (commencing with Section 10000) of this code, and on any other general or coordinated governmental plan looking toward the development, utilization, or conservation of the waters of the state State agency compliance State offices, departments and boards, in carrying out activities which affect water quality, shall comply with state policy for water quality control unless otherwise directed or authorized by statute, in which case they shall indicate to the state board in writing their authority for not complying with such policy Policy adoption process The state board shall not adopt state policy for water quality control unless a public hearing is first held respecting the adoption of such policy. At least 60 days in advance of such hearing the state board shall notify any affected regional boards, unless notice is waived by such boards, and shall give notice of such hearing by publication within the affected region pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code. The regional boards shall submit written recommendations to the state board at least 20 days in advance of the hearing. Rev
19 Self-generating water softener salinity input controls in specified hydrologic regions (a) This section applies to the following hydrologic regions as identified in the California Water Plan: Central Coast, South Coast, San Joaquin River, Tulare Lake, and the Counties of Butte, Glenn, Placer, Sacramento, Solano, Sutter, and Yolo. (b) Notwithstanding Article 1 (commencing with Section ) of Chapter 5 of Part 12 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code, any local agency that owns or operates a community sewer system or water recycling facility and that is subject to a finding made by a regional board pursuant to subdivision (e) may take action to control salinity input from residential self-regenerating water softeners to protect the quality of the waters of the state. A local agency may take action only by adoption of an ordinance or resolution after a public hearing. The local agency shall not consider the adoption of an ordinance or resolution until at least 30 days following the date of the public hearing on the proposed ordinance or resolution. An ordinance or resolution shall become effective 30 days from the date of adoption. (c) Actions to control residential self-regenerating water softener salinity inputs authorized by subdivision (b) include, but are not limited to, any of the following: (1) Require that residential self-regenerating water softeners installed within the jurisdiction of the local agency be rated at the highest efficiency commercially available and certified by NSF International or the American National Standards Institute. (2) Require that plumbing permits be obtained prior to the installation of residential self-regenerating water softeners. (3) Require that residential self-regenerating water softeners be plumbed to hook up to hot water only. (4) Enact a voluntary buy-back or exchange program for residential self-regenerating water softeners, consistent with existing law. A voluntary buy-back or exchange program may be conducted in cooperation with local water treatment businesses. (5) Require the removal of previously installed residential self-regenerating water softeners. (6) Prohibit the installation of residential self-regenerating water softeners. (7) Require the retrofit of clock control and demand control systems on previously installed residential selfregenerating water softeners. (8) Require the replacement of previously installed residential self-regenerating water softeners with appliances that meet or exceed the salt efficiency rating Rev set forth in paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section of the Health and Safety Code. (d) If a local agency adopts an ordinance or resolution to require the removal of previously installed residential self-regenerating water softeners pursuant to paragraph (5) of subdivision (c), the local agency shall make available to owners of residential self-regenerating water softeners within its service area a program to compensate the owner of the residential self-regenerating water softener for the reasonable value of the removed residential self-regenerating water softener, as determined by the local agency. (e) Before a local agency may take action to control salinity input from residential self-regenerating water softeners pursuant to subdivision (b), a regional board with jurisdiction over a region identified in subdivision (a) shall have made a finding at a public hearing that the control of residential salinity input will contribute to the achievement of water quality objectives. The finding may be made in any of the following water quality actions adopted by a regional board: (1) A total maximum daily load that addresses salinityrelated pollutants in a water segment. (2) A salt and nutrient management plan for a groundwater basin or subbasin. (3) Waste discharge requirements for a local agency discharger. (4) Master reclamation permit for a supplier or distributor of recycled water. (5) Water recycling requirements for a supplier or distributor of recycled water. (6) Cease and desist order directed to a local agency. (f) The regional board making a finding pursuant to subdivision (e) shall base its finding on the evidence in the record, such as a source determination study or other appropriate studies. The standard of judicial review required for a finding made pursuant to subdivision (e) shall be the same as the standard of review required for the water quality action in which the finding is made. (g) This section does not limit the use of portable exchange water softening appliances or limit the authority of a local agency to regulate the discharge from a centralized portable exchange tank servicing facility into the community sewer system. (h) For purposes of this section, residential selfregenerating water softener means residential water softening equipment or conditioning appliances that discharge brine into a community sewer system.
20 ARTICLE 4. OTHER POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE STATE BOARD Federal Water Pollution Control Act The state board is designated as the state water pollution control agency for all purposes stated in the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and any other federal act, heretofore or hereafter enacted, and is (a) authorized to give any certificate or statement required by any federal agency pursuant to any such federal act that there is reasonable assurance that an activity of any person subject to the jurisdiction of the state board will not reduce water quality below applicable standards, and (b) authorized to exercise any powers delegated to the state by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251, et seq.) and acts amendatory thereto Federal certificate fee (a) The state board may establish a reasonable fee schedule to cover the costs incurred by the state board and the regional boards in connection with any certificate that is required or authorized by any federal law with respect to the effect of any existing or proposed facility, project, or construction work upon the quality of waters of the state, including certificates requested by applicants for a federal permit or license pursuant to Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, and certificates requested pursuant to Section 169 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended, with respect to water pollution control facilities. (b) In providing for the recovery of costs incurred by the state board and regional board pursuant to this section, the state board may include in the fee schedule, but is not limited to including, the costs incurred in reviewing applications for certificates, prescribing terms of certificates and monitoring requirements, enforcing and evaluating compliance with certificates and monitoring requirements, conducting monitoring and modeling, analyzing laboratory samples, reviewing documents prepared for the purpose of regulating activities subject to certificates, and administrative costs incurred in connection with carrying out these actions. The costs of reviewing applications for certificates include, but are not limited to, the costs incurred in anticipation of the filing of an application for a certificate, including participation in any prefiling consultation, and investigation or studies to evaluate the impacts of the proposed activity. (c)(1) The fee schedule may provide for payment of a single fee in connection with the filing of an application, or for periodic or annual fees, as appropriate to the type of certificate issued and the activity authorized by the certificate. (2) The fee schedule authorized by this section may impose a fee upon any of the following: (A) Any person who files an application for a certificate. (B) Any person who files with the state board or a regional board a notice of intent to file an application for a certificate, or who files with a federal agency a notice of intent to apply for a federal permit or license for which a certificate will be required under Section 401 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. (C) Any person holding a federal permit or license for which a certificate has been issued. (D) Any person required to send a notice of intent to the state board or a regional board to proceed with an activity permitted by a general permit subject to certification under Section (d)(1) If the state board establishes a fee schedule pursuant to this section, the state board shall adopt the fee schedule by emergency regulation. The state board shall set the amount of total revenues collected each year through the fee authorized by this section at an amount equal to the revenue levels set forth in the annual Budget Act for this activity. The state board shall review and revise the fee each fiscal year as necessary to conform with the revenue levels set forth in the annual Budget Act. If the state board determines that the revenue collected during the preceding year was greater than, or less than, the revenue levels set forth in the annual Budget Act, the state board may further adjust the annual fees to compensate for the over or under collection of revenue. (2) The emergency regulations adopted pursuant to this subdivision, any amendment thereto, or subsequent adjustments to the annual fees, shall be adopted by the state board in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The adoption of these regulations is an emergency and shall be considered by the Office of Administrative Law as necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, safety, and general welfare. Notwithstanding Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, any emergency regulations adopted by the state board, or adjustments to the annual fees made by the state board pursuant to this section, shall remain in effect until revised by the state board. (e) Any fees collected pursuant to this section in connection with certificates for activities involving hydroelectric power projects subject to licensing by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission shall be deposited in the Water Rights Fund Research projects The state board shall annually determine state needs for water quality research and recommend projects to be conducted. Rev
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