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1 Study Island Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Generation Date: 04/01/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: Grade 4 Life Science 1. Animals are often classified, or grouped together, on the basis of physical characteristics that can be easily seen, such as the presence of fur, scales, or shells. Which of the following groups of animals may be grouped together based on body covering? A. duck, wolf, snake B. cat, duck, frog C. wolf, cat, bear D. fish, squirrel, horse 2. Looking at the graph below, what happens to the amount of food (or resources) in an ecosystem when there are too many deer? A. decreases B. disappears C. stays the same D. increases

2 3. The fossil above looks much like modern day fish. Which of the following environments did this organism most likely live in? A. a cold, snowy mountain B. a hot, dry desert C. a body of water D. a tropical rainforest 4. The picture below on the left is a fossil of a leaf from a sweetgum tree. The fossil was found in Wyoming and is about 40 million years old. The picture on the right is a leaf from a sweetgum tree living today. Images courtesy of Jim Conrad, Wikimedia, and the USGS Sweetgum trees grow in about half of the United States. They grow in places that are not too dry and not too cold. They do not grow in Wyoming, which is dry and very cold in the winter. Based on the fossil, what can you say about the environment in Wyoming 40 million years ago? A. It was colder and drier than it is now.

3 B. It was on a the coast of an ocean. C. It was warmer and wetter than it is now. D. It was under water. 5. The food web below shows the plants and animals that live in a pond and some nearby grass. What would probably happen if the frogs were taken away from the pond? A. There would be fewer aphids and grasshoppers. B. There would be fewer aphids, but more grasshoppers. C. There would be more aphids and grasshoppers. D. The pond would dry up. 6. What physical characteristics was most likely used to sort the animals in the picture above into the same group? A. number of limbs

4 B. body color C. shape of head D. body covering 7. Look at the fossil. What living thing does the fossil show? A. plant B. insect C. dinosaur D. bear 8. Which natural event will most likely have the greatest effect on a forest environment like the one shown in the picture? A. thunder B. storm C. wildfire D. snowfall 9. A population of termites lives in the forest and uses four different types of trees for food and resources. If all four of these types of trees are damaged by a large wildfire, how will this likely affect the population of termites? A. The population will double in size B. The population will slightly increase in size. C. The population will remain the same size. D. The population will decrease in size.

5 10. The picture below shows the relationship between organisms that live in a forest. grass eaten by rabbits rabbits eaten by foxes Suppose all of the foxes in this forest are killed by hunters. What will most likely happen to the rabbit population? A. The number of rabbits will increase. B. All of the rabbits will die. C. The number of rabbits will decrease. D. The number of rabbits will stay the same. 11. Look at the table below. It contains information about four different kinds of plants. Plant Characteristics Type of Plant Has seeds? Has spores? Has flowers? Has cones? cucumber yes no yes no cypress yes no no yes moss no yes no no algae no no no no Which plant would be best classified in the same group as a fern that has spores, but does not have flowers, cones, or seeds? A. moss B. cypress C. algae D. cucumber 12.

6 The picture above shows three foods that come from plants. Why were these foods most likely groups together? A. They are all leaves. B. They are all roots. C. They are all stems. D. They are all flowers. 13. A volcanic eruption like the one in the picture below can cause the sky to be filled with dust so that the sunlight is blocked out for days. Image courtesy of the USGS Which of the following would most likely result from the reduction in sunlight? A. Humans would no longer need to use sunscreen. B. Plants would not be able to make food for themselves. C. Roosters would no longer crow since the Sun is not rising. D. Deer would spend more time sleeping. 14. Cindy has created a chart to help her classify animals into groups. Cindy's chart is shown below. Which of the following animals should Cindy put into the group that has scales? A. Y B. X C. Z D. W W. X. Y. Z. 15. Which of the following might cause an animal to change its eating habits?

7 A. supply of one type of food disappears B. supply of one type of food decreases C. supply of one type of food increases D. all of these 16. The drawing below shows a prehistoric animal called a phytosaur. Phytosaurs are now extinct. Which animal living today looks most like the phytosaur? W. X. Y. Z. A. W B. Z C. X D. Y 17. By studying fossils, we can learn more about A. the type of food that modern humans eat. B. organisms that lived a long time ago. C. organisms that may live millions of years in the future. D. the exact number of dinosaurs that existed. 18. The picture below shows a fossil of a bird-like animal called Archaeopteryx. Scientists think the animal lived about 145 million years ago. Archaeopteryx had much in common with dinosaurs like Velociraptor, but it also had wings and feathers.

8 Based on this information, Archaeopteryx may have been A. similar to the birds that are alive today. exactly like the lizards that are alive today. B. ground-dwellers that lived and hunted only on land. C. D. too small to see without a microscope. 19. A food web is shown in the picture above. Which of the following would most likely happen if there was a drought and the grass did not get enough water? A. The rabbits would start eating the foxes, which would cause the number of foxes to go down. B. The grass would die, which would cause the number of foxes to go up. C. The grass would die, which would cause the number of mice, rabbits, and foxes to go down. The number of rabbits would go up, which would cause the number of mice to go down. D. 20. An amoeba is a living thing that is made up of only one cell. It is too small to see with just your eyes. What tool could be used to see an amoeba? A. sunglasses B. pencil C. microscope D. hammer

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