1 KNOWLEDGE NETWORKS ON INNOVATION, CREATIVITY AND SOCIAL MEDIA BEYOND THE ATLANTIC AREA FIFTH SEMINAR OF THE KNETWORKS PROJECT Creativity and Social Media Serempathy:A new approach to innovation. An application to one hundred twenty six regions of European Union Miguel Ángel Pesquera Pablo de Castro Pablo Coto-Millán Pedro Casares Hontañón Santander, 15 November 2011
2 Index of contents 01 The open context 02 Globalization: From Complexity to Serempathy concept 03 Model of application to one hundred twenty-six regions of Atlantic Arc countries 04 Serempathy Index for regions of Atlantic Arc countries in Europe. 05 Conclusions
3 Complexity: unexpected scenarios Borders closed. San Francisco, 30 march 2011
4 Complexity: unexpected scenarios Paris, 11 august 2011
5 Complexity: unexpected scenarios The hurricane Irene, New York august 27th 2011
6 CRISIS Today: The Great Reset Richard Florida The First Great Reset occurred in the 1870's, the second in the 1930's, and the third is now under development
7 CRISIS Today: MACROWIKINOMICS Don Tapscott and Anthony Williams The world has reached a critical turning point: reboot all the old models.society has at its disposal the most powerful platform ever for bringing together the people, skills, and knowledge
8 Index of contents 01 The open context 02 Globalization: From Complexity to Serempathy concept 03 Model of application to one hundred twenty-six regions of Atlantic Arc countries 04 Serempathy Index for regions of Atlantic Arc countries in Europe. 05 Conclusions
9 A Complex Adaptative System 1. Heterogeneous Agents : makes decisions about howtobehavethatwill evolve over time. 2. The agents interact with one another. 3. EMERGENCE: The whole becomes greater than the sum of the parts. The system can t really understand the whole by simply looking at its individual parts. Embrancing Complexity HBR September 2011
10 Learning To Live Complexity Harvard Business Review september 2011
11 Learning To Live Complexity Managers must learn to Limit or even eliminate the need for accurate predictions. Use decoupling and redundancy. Draw on storytelling and counterfactuals. TRIANGULATE: means attacking a problem from various angles Using different methodologies Making different assumtions Collecting different data Looking at the same data in different ways
12 FuturICT: New World vs. Old World
13 WHERE IDEAS COME FROM Kevin Kelly and Steven Johnson Why the best environments for creativity are diverse, colaborative and tolerence of failure. WIRED Oct 2010
14 WHERE IDEAS COME FROM Kevin Kelly and Steven Johnson We should think of IDEAS as connections, in our brain and among people. Ideas aren t self contained things; they re more like ecologies and networks. Ideas travel in clusters.
15 Coral reef as a model of innovation Steven Johnson Ecosystems that form in the portion near the coast that is under a shallow depth water. Often called rainforests of the sea, coral reefs form some of the most diverse ecosystems on earth. Vulnerable to certain natural events, pollution, sedimentation.
16 SEREMPATHY: New theoretical approach to innovation It is the combination of serendipity (which is achieved by chance) and empathy (putting yourself in the other). Is "contact with luck, " the use of empathy for what we want to randomly.
17 CONNECTED: The Surprising Power of Our Social Networks and How They Shape Our Lives «Sensitive, aware people perceive on a daily basis that actions, behaviors and emotions impact the lives of those around us.»
18 EMPATHY : MIRROR NEURONS (G. Rizzolatti) We are social creatures. Our survival depends on understanding the actions, intentions and emotions of others. A mirror system in people forms the basis for social behavior, for our ability to imitate, acquire language, and show empathy and understanding. Mirror neurons allow us to understand the mind of others, not only through conceptual reasoning but through direct simulation. Feeling, not thinking.
19 SERENDIPITY Is the faculty of finding things we did not know we were looking for. It also means finding people,and the knowledge they carry with them. Serendipitous encounters offers privileged access to tacit knowledge and rare insight into new opportunities
20 SEREMPATHY: encounters not so casual Serendipity choices easier, creating an energy field that increases our ability to attract people and resources we did not know of its existence. Unexpected encounters with people, which correspond to similar memes* are more based on behaviors that in your plan or program of rationality. The behaviors that feed on common memes generate Serempathy.
21 SEREMPATHY: key Concepts Meme* The Field Connectors. Supernodes. Strong and weak links. Overlap Vortex Digital Footprint Ubicuity *an idea, behaviour or style that spreads from person to person within a culture
22 COMPLEX SYSTEM need SEREMPATHY COMPLEX SYSTEM PARTS INTEGRATION EMERGENCE BEHAVIOR EMPATHY SERENDIPITY SEREMPATHY
23 EMERGENCE: PULL PLATFORMS Mobilize a wide variety of resources that on hand to help whoever comes in with a problem. Are designed to flexibly accommodate diverse providers and users of resources. These platforms rapidly evolve in unexpected directions and end up serving a broad range of needs.
24 Platforms for Managing Complexity
25 Pull Economy: The Power of Pull John Hagel III, John Seely Brown The book's central premise is that institutions will be shaped to provide platforms to help individuals achieve their full potential by connecting with others and better address challenging performance needs. This is greatly possible thanks to the use of technology and digital media.
26 SEREMPATHY: The Power of Pull Three principles Access people and resources where you need them (Empathy). Attract people and resources you didn t even know existed (Serendipity). Achieve potential with less time and more impact than you imagined possible (Serempathy).
27 Index of contents 01 The open context 02 Globalization: From Complexity to Serempathy concept 03 Model of application to one hundred twenty-six regions of Atlantic Arc countries 04 Serempathy Index for regions of Atlantic Arc countries in Europe. 05 Conclusions
28 Knetworks Atlantic Area Project Creation of European Knowledge Center (EKC)
29 Creation of European Knowledge Center (EKC) From Stars
30 Creation of European Knowledge Center (EKC) To Hibrid Model
31 The Data The European Commission in order to track innovation in European regions has made a recent report (2009) which includes lots of indicators for the years 2004 and 2006 made with the same definitions and methodology. Human Capital Technological Capital Relational Capital
32 HUMAN CAPITAL INDEXES FOR THE REGIONS OF THE ATLANTIC ARC REGION Human Capital Index Tertiary education Life long learning Galicia Principado de Asturias Cantabria Pais Vasco Comunidad de Navarra La Rioja Aragón Comunidad de Madrid Castilla y León Castilla la Mancha Extremadura Cataluña Comunidad Valenciana
33 TECHNOLOGICAL CAPITAL INDEXES FOR THE REGIONS OF THE ATLANTIC ARC REGION Technological Capital Index Public R&D expenditures Business R&D expenditures Galicia Principado de Asturias Cantabria Pais Vasco Comunidad Foral de Navarra La Rioja Aragón Comunidad de Madrid Castilla y León Castilla la Mancha Extremadura
34 RELATIONAL CAPITAL INDEXES FOR THE REGIONS OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE ATLANTIC ARC REGION Relational Capital Index SMEs innovating in house Innovative SMEs collaborating with others Galicia Principado de Asturias Cantabria Pais Vasco Comunidad Foral de Navarra La Rioja Aragón Comunidad de Madrid Castilla y León Castilla la Mancha Extremadura Cataluña Comunidad Valenciana
35 Structure of the relationships between Human, Technological and Relational Capital with Creativity and Output Creativity (Innovation) Human Capital Relational Capital Technological Capital Output
36 Structure of the relationships between Human, Technological and Relational Capital with Innovation and Output
37 The Model: the case of Atlantic Arc f y, y, y I y 1 y 2 y 3; 0, i (1.1) Log I i,t γ 1,0 α 1,1 Log y 1,t α 1,2 Log y 2,t α 1,3 Log y 3,t ε 1 (1.2)
38 The Variables 1. Dependent Variable: Innovation (Patents) 2. Independent Variables are the following: Indexes of Human Capital Indexes of Technological Capital Indexes of Relational Capital
39 Results, equation 1.2 Equation (1.2.a) Equation (1.2.b) Independent Variables LnCreativity (Patents) LnCreativity (Patents) Constant (-0.610) (-0.363) LnHuman Capital(Ln y 11 ) (Tertiary Studies) LnThecnological PUBCapital (Ln y 21 ) LnThecnological PRIVCapital(Ln y 2 ) 0.130*** (4.453) 0.277*** (5.018) 0.917*** (16.211) 0.077*** (2.443) 0.197*** (3.407) 0.898*** (12.031) LnRelationalCapital (Colaborations in innovation with enterprises) (Ln y 31 ) LnSocialMediaCapital (Broadband Networks) (Ln y 32 ) 0.040* (1.953) 0.038* (1.892) (3.925) 126 Regions: Observations N Estatistics R
40 Results, equation 1.2 The ratio between the Human Capital and innovation is significant. Technology Capital has a direct effect on the innovation. Relational Capital of the innovative collaborations between companies is also significantly related with the innovation. Innovation is explained reasonably well by the three key variables Human, Technological and Relational Capital.
41 Index of contents 01 The open context 02 Globalization: From Complexity to Serempathy concept 03 Model of application to one hundred twenty-six regions of Atlantic Arc countries 04 Serempathy Index for regions of Atlantic Arc countries in Europe. 05 Conclusions
42 Serempathy Index From equation 1.2.a the results obtained for the countries of the Atlantic Arc in relation to the so-called Serempathy Indicator of the regions of the countries studied. S t = 1 (Î t I t ) Where St is Serempathy in period t, Ît is estimated innovation in equation 1.2.a and period t, and It is innovation in period t.
43 Serempathy Index Atlantic Arc 2011
44 Serempathy Index The Atlantic Arc regions, particularly the English seem to have a significant Serempathy indicator. In France, Spain, and Portugal are the leading regions in Serempathy indicator Bassins Parissin, Ile de France, Nord-Pas de Calais, Rioja, Castilla La Mancha, Navarra, Cataluña, Valencia and Illes Ballears, Norte and Centro. The rest of English regions together, and some of the regions of other countries, also get average scores. This is the case of Lisbon, Wales, Yorkshire and the Humber, País Vasco, Galicia, Asturias, Castilla-León, Aragón, Cantabria and Madrid. The remaining regions are facing significant competitive challenges in aspects of Serempathy.
45 Index of contents 01 The open context 02 Globalization: From Complexity to Serempathy concept 03 Model of application to one hundred twenty-six regions of Atlantic Arc countries 04 Serempathy Index for regions of Atlantic Arc countries in Europe. 05 Conclusions
46 Conclusions (1) Human Capital has a direct effect over the Creativity (Number of patents). Human Capital operates as a crucial intermediate variable in the process of economic growth which connects the factors outside the market or related to technological innovation. Technological Capital or the technological platform has an important role in generating innovation. It is surprising the high explanatory power of the new Relational Capital, defined here. It seems that collaborative relations between universities, private companies and public administrations, this is, the Relational Capital, are significantly associated with the generation of Innovation.
47 Conclusions (2) The relational factors (outside the market) have positive and relevant role in the production of Technological Capital and Innovation. The three factors of Human, Technological and Relational Capital do not operate in competition with each other, but they tend to act playing complementary roles in the process of generating innovation. However, there is something more, is what we call Relational Capital, not reflected so far in the economic literature, which is what in our opinion stimulates the impulse of the implementation of innovation.
48 HOMO IMITANS: We are because we copy The art of social infection: Viral Change in action The fundamental proposition of the book is that the only change is behaviour change and that this is brought about primarily through people copying the behaviours of others.
49 Contrasting worlds of organizational change From cogito ergo sum to copy ergo sum Leandro Herrro World I is ruled by Homo Sapiens.It is the world of communication, in which messages are sent in a range of sophisticated ways, to push people towards the desired changes World II is ruled by Homo Imitians. It is the world of behaviours, in which the Viral Change can be applied to pull people towards the desired goal through the dynamics of social infection.
50 PUSH to PULL Leandro Herrero
51 From Traditional Change to Viral Change Leandro Herrero Traditional change = Big initiative X all management layers X communication channels Viral change = Small set of behaviours X small number of people X networks of influence
52 Thinking, FAST and SLOW Daniel KAHNEMAN. October2011 «Two systems drive the way we think and make choices: System One is fast, intuitive, and emotional System Two is slower, more deliberative, and more logical.»
53 Product Innovation Harvard Business Review June 2011 New product development involves some: Art Science Serendipity
54 Manage Your Energy, Not Your Time Harvard Business Review 2007
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