Basic Health Statistics. Porcupine Health Unit

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1 Basic Health Statistics Porcupine Health Unit 2012

2 .

3 Basic Health Statistics Porcupine Health Unit 2012

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5 Table of Contents Demographics...7 a. Population Size...7 Figure 1: Percentage change in the Population of the Porcupine Health Unit, 2001 to b. Population Breakdown... 8 Figure 2: A Comparison of the population breakdown for Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...8 Figure 3: Aboriginal identity population in Porcupine Health Unit And Ontario...10 Figure 4: Linguistic distribution of the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...11 c. High School Completion...12 Figure 5: High school graduates aged 25 to 29, Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...12 d. Unemployment Rate Figure 6: Proportion of the labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job...13 Mortality...14 a. Leading Causes of Death...14 b. Infant Mortality...14 Figure 7: Infant mortality rates for Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...14 c. Life Expectancy...15 Figure 8: Life expectancy at birth for Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...15 d. Mortality Rates...16 Figure 9: Mortality rates for some leading causes of death in the Porcupine Health Unit area compared to Ontario...16 Morbidity...17 Figure 10: A comparison of the proportion of residents with selected chronic diseases between the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...17 Figure 11: A comparison of the rates of hospitalization for stroke and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between residents of the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...18 Figure 12: A comparison of the rates of hospitalization for injuries between residents of the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...19 Risk Factors...20 Figure 13: A comparison of the proportion of selected self-reported risk factors between the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...20 Other Markers of Health...21 a. Perceived Health...21 Figure 14: A comparison of the proportion of residents between the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario who rated their health as very good or excellent...21 b. Physician to Population Ratio...22 Figure 15: A comparison of the physician to population ratio in the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario...22 Helpful Notes...23

6 Basic Health Statistics Porcupine South West Central East Central West Page 6

7 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics 1. DEMOGRAPHICS a. Population Size The population of the Porcupine Health Unit area, based on the 2011 census, is 82,165. Figure 1: Percentage change in the Population of the Porcupine Health Unit, 2001 to Population % Change Population % Change Population PHU 88, % 84, % 82,165 Ontario 11,410, % 12,160, % 12,851,815 Source: Statistics Canada, 2001, 2006, 2011 Census (estimates) The population of the Porcupine Health Unit catchment area decreased by 4.5% between 2001 and 2006 and decreased further by 1.87% between 2006 and 2011 while Ontario increased by 6.6% between 2001 and 2006 and increased further by 5.7% between 2006 and Page 7

8 Basic Health Statistics 2012 b. Population Breakdown Figure 2: A Comparison of the population breakdown for Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Porcupine Health Unit Population (count) Population (%) Male Female Both Male Female Both 0 to 4 years 2,315 2,210 4, to 9 years 2,240 2,185 4, to 14 years 2,630 2,415 5, to 19 years 2,860 2,730 5, to 24 years ,390 4, to 29 years 2,320 2,245 4, to 34 years 2,230 2,415 4, to 39 years 2,390 2,390 4, to 44 years 2,655 2,830 5, to 49 years 3,455 3,435 6, to 54 years 3,730 3,615 7, to 59 years 3,285 3,045 6, to 64 years 2,700 2,635 5, to 69 years 1,955 1,870 3, to 74 years 1,380 1,615 2, to 79 years 1,185 1,320 2, to 84 years , years and over Total population 40,885 41,280 82, Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 census Page 8

9 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics Ontario Population (count) Population (%) Male Female Both Male Female Both 0 to 4 years 360, , , to 9 years 365, , , to 14 years 391, , , to 19 years 443, , , to 24 years 432, , , to 29 years 400, , , to 34 years 383, , , to 39 years 405, , , to 44 years 447, , , to 49 years 517, ,370 1,055, to 54 years 492, ,580 1,006, to 59 years 418, , , to 64 years 370, , , to 69 years 270, , , to 74 years 206, , , to 79 years 161, , , to 84 years 113, , , years and over 80, , , Total population 6,263,140 6,588,675 12,851, Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 census The above tables provide a breakdown of the population of the PHU and Ontario by age and gender. This is important because a population s age and gender composition has an impact on its healthcare needs. While the age-specific population distribution of the Porcupine Health Unit area is mostly lower than that of Ontario below the age of 44, the age-specific population distribution is consistently higher in the Porcupine Health Unit compared to the province above the age of 45. This alludes to the fact that the PHU population is mostly an aging one. Page 9

10 Basic Health Statistics 2012 Figure 3: Aboriginal identity population in Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Percentage Ontario PHU Aboriginal % Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census The percentage of people within the Porcupine Health Unit area who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group is 12.3% compared to 2% for Ontario. Page 10

11 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics Figure 4: Linguistic distribution of the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Percentage PHU Ontario English French Other Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census The above linguistic distribution is based on the mother tongue that residents reported was first learned at home in childhood and which they still understand at the time of the census. If the person no longer understands the first language learned, the second language learned, which they still understand, is used to determine mother tongue. Other includes other non-official languages reported as the mother tongue (including aboriginal languages). Most residents reported English and/or French as their mother tongue in the Porcupine Health Unit area. This is in contrast to the rest of Ontario where most residents have either English or another non-official language as their mother tongue. Page 11

12 Basic Health Statistics 2012 c. High School Completion Figure 5: High school graduates aged 25 to 29, Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Percentage PHU Ontario 0 PHU Ontario Source : Statistics Canada, 2006 Census High school graduate refers to the possession of a secondary (high) school graduation certificate or its equivalent, regardless of whether other educational qualifications are held or not. A lower proportion of the population completed high schoool in the Porcupine Health Unit area compared to the rest of Ontario. Page 12

13 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics d. Unemployment Rate Figure 6: Proportion of the labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job, 2007 to 2011 Percentage Ontario PHU Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011 Unemployment predisposes individuals to an increased number of health problems. The chart above shows the proportion of the population 15 years and over who were unemployed relative to the total non-institutional population for 2007 to Page 13

14 Basic Health Statistics MORTALITY a. Leading Causes of Death The top 5 overall causes of death, in descending order, in the Porcupine Health Unit area include: 1. Ischaemic heart disease (includes MI, angina, etc.) 2. Lung cancer 3. Chronic lower respiratory diseases (includes asthma, COPDs, etc.) 4. Cerebrovascular disease 5. Dementia & Alzheimer Disease Source: Ontario Mortality Data , IntelliHEALTH, Extracted December 27, 2012 b. Infant Mortality Figure 7: Infant mortality rates for Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario 9 Infant Mortality Rate 8 Rate per 1,000 live births PHU Ontario Rate Source: Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007 Infant mortality is the the death of a child under one year of age. Infant mortality rate is significantly higher for Porcupine Health Unit area than Ontario (8.4% vs. 5.1%). Page 14

15 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics c. Life Expectancy Figure 8: Life expectancy at birth for Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Life Expectancy at Birth Age in years PHU Ontario Males Females Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database, 2007/2008 Life expectancy is an estimate of the number of years an individual of a given age is expected to live, based on current mortality rates. The life expectancy at birth for both sexes is lower for residents of the Porcupine Health Unit compared to Ontario residents in general. Page 15

16 Basic Health Statistics 2012 d. Mortality Rates Figure 9: Mortality rates for some leading causes of death in the Porcupine Health Unit area compared to Ontario Rate per population All Cancers Circulatory Diseases Respiratory Diseases Unintentional Injuries Suicides All Causes PHU Ontario Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database, 2005/2007 Circulatory diseases are the leading cause of death in the Porcupine Health Unit area, closely followed by cancers. This is in contrast to the rest of Ontario where cancers are the leading cause of death, followed by circulatory diseases. Mortality rates from all causes is higher for Porcupine Health Unit than Ontario. Page 16

17 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics 3. MORBIDITY Figure 10: A comparison of the proportion of residents with selected chronic diseases between the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Percentages High blood Arthritis Diabetes Asthma COPD pressure PHU Ontario Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2009/2010. The rates of all measured chronic diseases above were higher for residents of the Porcupine Health Unit compared to Ontario residents. However, please note that the data above is based on the Canadian Community Health Survey which is a self-reported survey. Page 17

18 Basic Health Statistics 2012 Figure 11: A comparison of the rates of hospitalization for stroke and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between residents of the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Rate per 100, Hospitalized stroke Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction PHU Ontario Source: Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2012, to March 31, 2011 AMI and stroke are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Although not all cases of AMIs and stroke are admitted to a hospital, measuring the rate of hospitalization provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population. The rate of hospitalization for both stroke and myocardial infarction is higher for residents of the Porcupine Health Unit compared to other Ontario residents. Page 18

19 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics Figure 12: A comparison of the rates of hospitalization for injuries between residents of the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Rate per 100, Hospitalizations from Injuries PHU Ontario Source: National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI, April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2011 The rate of hospitalizations from injuries in Porcupine Health Unit area (734, 95% CI 678,791) is significantly higher than the rest of Ontario (407, 95% CI ) Page 19

20 Basic Health Statistics RISK FACTORS Figure 13: A comparison of the proportion of selected self-reported risk factors between the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario Percentages Overweight or obese Current smoker Heavy drinking Physically Active Fruit and vegetable consumption PHU Ontario Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2009/2010. The prevalence of overweight/obesity, smoking and heavy drinking was higher for PHU than Ontario. However, physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption is higher for PHU than Ontario. See page 23 Helpful Notes regarding the calculation and interpretation of the above chart. Page 20

21 Porcupine Health Unit 2012 Basic Health Statistics 5. OTHER MARKERS OF HEALTH a. Perceived Health Figure 14: A comparison of the proportion of residents between the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario who rated their health as very good or excellent Percentage Perceived health, very good or excellent Perceived mental health, very good or excellent PHU (%) Ontario (%) Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2009/2010 Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. To calculate this indicator, respondents were asked to rate their health as excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor. They were also instructed that health means not only the absence of disease or injury, but also includes their overall physical, mental and social well-being. The figure above represents respondents who rated their health as very good or excellent. Page 21

22 Basic Health Statistics 2012 b. Physician to Population Ratio Figure 15: A comparison of the physician to population ratio in the Porcupine Health Unit and Ontario 120 Rate perr 100, General/Family physicians Specialist physicians PHU Ontario Source: Scott s Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2010 to December 31, 2010 Page 22

23 Porcupine Health Unit HELPFUL NOTES Basic Health Statistics The proportion of current smokers was calculated based on the population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker (both daily and occasional smokers). This does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked. The proportion of heavy drinking was calculated based on the population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the previous year The proportion of physically active individuals was calculated based on the population aged 12 and over depending on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity The proportion of fruit and vegetable consumption indicates the usual number of times (frequency) a person reported eating fruits and vegetables 5 times or more per day. This measure does not take into account the amount consumed. The proportion of the population that is overweight/obese was calculated using the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada Body Mass Index (BMI) classification guidelines as follows: less than (underweight); to (normal weight); to (overweight); to (obese, class I); to (obese, class II); or greater (obese, class III). The above indicators were derived from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) which is a nation-wide self-reported health survey. Page 23

24 Porcupine Health Unit 169 Pine Street South Timmins, Ontario P4N 8B

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