8 th Grade U.S. History Curriculum Bundle #2

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1 Title Colonial Life and Growth Big Idea/Enduring Understanding The colonies developed independently and interdependently with each other and Great Britain. Suggested Dates Mon., Sept. 15 Tues., Sept. 30, 2014 (12 days) Guiding Questions How did the physical characteristics of the environment influence population distribution, settlement patterns, and economic activities? What were causes and effects of economic differences among different regions of the U.S. during colonial times? What are the reasons for the growth of representative government and institutions during the colonial period? The resources included here provide teaching examples and/or meaningful learning experiences to address the District Curriculum. In order to address the TEKS to the proper depth and complexity, teachers are encouraged to use resources to the degree that they are congruent with the TEKS and research-based best practices. Teaching using only the suggested resources does not guarantee student mastery of all standards. Teachers must use professional judgment to select among these and/or other resources to teach the district curriculum. Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations Specificity & Examples Suggested Resources (Read the note above) 8.1 History. The student understands traditional historical points of reference in U.S. history through The student is What are the major eras in U.S. history through 1877? 8.1A identify the major eras and events in U.S. history through 1877, including colonization, revolution, drafting of the Declaration of Independence, creation and ratification of the Constitution, religious revivals such as the Second Great Awakening, early republic, the Age of Jackson, westward expansion, reform movements, sectionalism, Civil War, and Reconstruction, and describe their causes and effects; Colonial life and growth Development and growth of English Colonies 8.11 Geography. The student understands the physical characteristics of North America and how humans adapted to and modified the environment through the mid-19th century. The student is expected to: 8.11A analyze how physical characteristics of the environment influenced population distribution, settlement patterns, and economic activities in the United States during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries; How did the physical characteristics of the environment influence population distribution, settlement patterns, and economic activities? Climates of the colonies New England o Cold climate, rocky soil, short growing season Middle Colonies o Cold winters, warmer summers, fertile soil, moderate growing season Southern colonies o Warm climate, fertile soil, long growing season Page 1 of 5 Revised 6/17/2014

2 8.12D analyze the causes and effects of economic differences among different regions of the United States at selected times in U.S. history. 8.12A identify economic differences among different regions of the United States; 8.12B explain reasons for the development of the plantation system, the transatlantic slave trade, and the spread of slavery; The student is 8.3C describe how religion and virtue contributed to the growth of representative government in the American colonies. What were causes and effects of economic differences among different regions of the U.S. during colonial times? Colonial Economies Fishing, shipbuilding, trade, small farms, New England forestry Middle Wheat and grains, dairy South Tobacco, rice, indigo, Backcountry Fur trapping, small farms, hunting Causes: See 8.11a What are the economic differences among different regions of the United States? Colonial Regions New England: shipbuilding and merchant trade Middle Colonies: Breadbasket and diversified economy Southern Colonies: plantation system with long growing season and lots of fertile land What are the reasons for the development of the plantation system, the transatlantic slave trade, and the spread of slavery? The growth of the slave trade A large work force is needed to cultivate crops; the decrease of indentured servants leads to a dependency on slave labor Development of the plantation system Rich soil and long growing season allows for the growth of cash crops (including tobacco, rice, indigo) How did religion and virtue contribute to the growth of representative government in the American colonies? Puritan work ethic Early American colonies, especially in the New England Region, were governed by their church leaders. Social Contracts such as the Mayflower Compact were early examples of documents from the people giving their consent to be governed. Page 2 of 5 Revised 6/17/2014

3 Quakers saw all people as equals The student is 8.3B analyze the importance of the Mayflower Compact, the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, and the Virginia House of Burgesses to the growth of representative government; and What is the importance of the Mayflower Compact, the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, and the Virginia House of Burgesses to the growth of representative government? Mayflower Compact established concept of self-government in the colonies, majority rule Fundamental Orders of Connecticut First written constitution in the 13 Colonies Virginia House of Burgesses First representative legislature in the 13 Colonies (Virginia) TEACHER NOTE: Be sure to connect these foundations to each other and to the growth of representative government in the U.S. These foundations are part of a continuum. The student is 8.3A explain the reasons for the growth of representative government and institutions during the colonial period; 8.25 Culture. The student understands the impact of religion on the American way of life. The student is 8.25B describe religious motivation for immigration and influence on social movements, including the impact of the first and second Great Awakenings; and 8.28 Science, technology, and society. The student understands the impact of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on daily life in the United States. The student is What are the reasons for the growth of representative government and institutions during the colonial period? Magna Carta limit power of government; establish due process, right to life, liberty, property English Bill of Rights expands individual rights such as trial by jury Salutary Neglect neglect of the colonial affairs by British Government Colonial Legislatures House of Burgesses; Colonial Assemblies What was the religious motivation for immigration and influence on social movements? First Great Awakening Religious movement led by ministers such as John Edwards that focused on inner religious emotion over intellectualism. Led to split in churches and creation of new denominations. Increase of equality in some churches. Greatly increased church population and led to the development of religious colleges to train ministers. What effects did scientific discoveries and technological innovations have on daily life in different periods in U.S. history? (You may want to discuss enlightenment.) Page 3 of 5 Revised 6/17/2014

4 8.28A compare the effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations that have influenced daily life in different periods in U.S. history; and 8.10 Geography. The student understands the location and characteristics of places and regions of the United States, past and present. The student is 8.10A locate places and regions of importance in the United States during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries; Ben Franklin Experiments in colonial era led to development of inventions including the lighting rod, bifocals, odometer, glass armonica, and the Franklin Stove TEACHER NOTE: This TEKS calls for students to compare the effects of scientific discoveries and technological innovations. You could have students compare Franklin s inventions to similar advancements today. For instance, he invented bifocals; we have bifocal contact lenses and lasik surgery to help people see more clearly. He invented the Franklin stove; we have gas and electric heat. You could have students research the most current innovations in these categories. Regions: New England Middle Southern Backcountry Cities: Jamestown Plymouth Salem Bodies of Water: Atlantic Ocean Physical Feature: Appalachian Mountains Colonies: 13 colonies Territories: Other European Territories 8.30 Social studies skills. The student communicates Other: Great Britain, France, Spain, Africa, West Indies 8.30A use social studies terminology correctly; Page 4 of 5 Revised 6/17/2014

5 8.30 Social studies skills. The student communicates 8.30C transfer information from one medium to another, including written to visual and statistical to written or visual, using computer software as appropriate; and 8.30 Social studies skills. The student communicates 8.30D create written, oral, and visual presentations of social studies information Social studies skills. The student applies criticalthinking skills to organize and use information acquired through established research methodologies from a variety of valid sources, including electronic technology. The student is 8.29J pose and answer questions about geographic distributions and patterns shown on maps, graphs, charts, models, and databases. Page 5 of 5 Revised 6/17/2014

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