Complete the worksheet on the table for Bellwork. Homework: Progress reports must be signed and brought back by Friday (5 points)

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1 Life in the Forum

2 Complete the worksheet on the table for Bellwork Homework: Progress reports must be signed and brought back by Friday (5 points)

3 Objectives: I can compare the system of Greek democracy with the Roman republic by completing a comparison paragraph I can explain the structure and function of the Roman republic by diagramming the government

4 Term: Meaning: Picture/Example: Republic Patrician Plebeian Tribune Consul Senate Dictator

5 Term: Meaning: Picture/Example: Republic Patrician Plebeian Tribune Consul Senate Dictator A form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders Wealthy landowners who held most of the power in Rome Common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up most of the Roman population Representatives elected by the plebeians to protect their rights Roman officials who were heads of the military; two men served consecutive oneyear terms Aristocratic branch of the government, this 300 member body influenced foreign policy and other important matters A leader who had absolute power to make laws and control the military.

6 Romulus and Remus Myth Placed along the Tiber River in Italy Ostia is the Roman harbor (access to the Mediterranean) Rome was settled around 750 B.C. Etruscans in the north, Latiums in the center of the peninsula and Greek colonies to the south are all credited with influencing early Roman culture

7 Etruscans North of Rome (Tuscany) Warlike people Excellent artists and metal craftsmen Latiums Center of peninsula Latin language Known for farming and herding skills Greeks South of Rome Influenced religion, art, architecture, and ideas on government

8

9 Discuss the following questions with your partner: What were some of the gifts handed down to the Romans from their ancestors? Were there any negative aspects of the cultures of the ancestors of Rome? If so, what were they? How did the ancestors of the Romans (the Etruscans, Latins and Greeks) influence Roman life including government and religion?

10 Romans overthrew their Etruscan king in 509 B.C. and established a republic A republic is not a true democracy, it is run by representatives that were elected by Roman noblemen The senate was the highest decisionmaking body in the government Two consuls were elected by the senators every year to head the government and run the army

11

12 I can compare the system of Greek democracy with the Roman republic by completing a comparison paragraph

13 Compare and contrast the democracy of Athens with the republic of Rome by listing their similarities and differences on a lined piece of paper. Think about: Who held the power in both cities? Who had no power? What were the ruling bodies? How were people selected to make decisions?

14

15 The Roman Forum was the center of government People went to the forum to hear decisions made by the Senate, worship at temples, and buy goods in the market The buildings were built to inspire awe and were filled with murals, decorations, statutes and amazing architecture

16 Pages Complete the notes page as you read Review objective: I can explain the structure and function of the Roman republic by diagramming the government

17 Make sure the front side of your notes is complete, including a short summary at the bottom. Review Objectives: I can compare the system of Greek democracy with the Roman republic by completing a comparison paragraph I can explain the structure and function of the Roman republic by diagramming the government

18 Complete the handout on the table for Bellwork.

19 I can compare the republic of Rome and the republic of the United States by completing a graphic organizer

20 Pages

21 Write your answers to the following questions on a lined piece of paper before sharing with your partner: How did Rome spread its power? What was the significance of the Punic Wars and Hannibal s role in them? What was the effect of Rome s victory over Carthage?

22 Chart on page 157 Discuss with your partner: What similarities do you see? Which seems more democratic? Why?

23 Review objective: I can compare the republic of Rome and the republic of the United States by completing a graphic organizer Complete the chart comparing the republics of Rome and the United States on the back side of yesterday s notes.

24 Write your answer before pairing and sharing: What limits were placed on people within Rome s government to keep them from gaining too much power? Predict what may have led to the end of the Roman Republic.

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