MthSc 206 Summer1 13 Goddard


 Ernest Kory Holmes
 1 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 16.1 Vector Fields A vector field is a function that assigns to each point a vector. A vector field might represent the wind velocity at each point. For example, F(x, y) = y i+x j represents spinning around the origin. The gradient f is a vector field. A gradient vector field is orthogonal to its contour map. A conservative vector field is one that is the gradient of some (scalar) function (sometimes called a potential function).
2 16.2 Line Integrals The line integral of a scalar function f on some curve is defined as f(x, y, z) ds = b a f (x(t), y(t), z(t)) ( dx dt ) 2 ( ) 2 + dy ( dt + dz ) 2 dt dt for some parametrization x(t), y(t), z(t) of. (Note that if f is always 1 then we get the arc length of.) The line integral with respect to x is defined as f(x, y, z) dx = b a f (x(t), y(t), z(t)) x (t) dt Let be a smooth curve given by r(t) for a t b. The line integral of a vector field F along is the work W done in moving along : W = F dr = b a F(r(t)) r (t) dt For example, W is negative if against the field and positive if with the field. Note that if F = P i + Qj + Rk, then F dr = P dx + Q dy + R dz
3 16.3 Fundamental Theorem for Line Integrals The Fundamental Theorem for Line Integrals says that the value of the line integral of the gradient of a function f is given by the difference in the f values at the ends of the curve (provided f is continuous on ). That is, if = r(t) with a t b, then f dr = f(r(b)) f(r(a)) An open region D is one that contains a disc around every point (that is, D does not contain any of its boundary). A connected region D is one where we can get between any two points of D while staying in D. It is then simply connected if every closed curve in D encircles only points of D. In an open simplyconnected region, F = P i + Q j is conservative P y = Q x F dr is independent of path To find f from F = P i+q j if it exists, start by noting that f = P dx+g(y)
4 16.4 Green s Theorem Green s Theorem says that a line integral over a closed curve equals a double integral over the region bounded by the curve. A curve is piecewisesmooth if it is made up of smooth pieces; a curve is closed if it finishes where it starts; a closed curve is positivelyoriented if it is traversed counterclockwise. Green s Theorem: curve, then If is a positivelyoriented piecewisesmooth closed P dx + Q dy = D Q x P y da The line integral is sometimes written to emphasize that is closed.
5 16.5 url and Divergence We remember curl by the rule curl F = F That is, if F = P i + Q j + R k, then ( R curl F = y Q ) ( P i + z z R ) ( Q j + x x P ) k y Note that curl ( f) = 0 If curl F = 0 everywhere and F is wellbehaved, then F must be a conservative vector field. url is related to how an object placed in the vector field would rotate: if curl F = 0 at some point, F is said to be irrotational at that point. We remember divergence by the rule That is, if F = P i + Q j + R k, then div F = F div F = P x + Q y + R z Note that div (curl F) = 0 Divergence is related to the expansion/contraction of the vector field: if div F = 0 everywhere, F is said to be incompressible.
6 16.6 Parametric Surfaces and their Areas A parametric surface is given by a vector function of two parameters (for example u and v). So in general a surface can be represented by r(u, v) = x(u, v) i + y(u, v) j + z(u, v) k (u, v) D for some domain D. The grid curves are obtained by keeping one of the parameters constant. Example surfaces: (1) The graph of function z = f(x, y) is a surface with x = u, y = v, z = f(u, v). (2) A plane through point r 0 containing (nonparallel) vectors a and b is given by r(t) = r 0 + ua + vb. (3) A sphere is best expressed in spherical coordinates. (4) If you rotate the curve y = f(x) around the xaxis, you get the surface of revolution with parametric equation x = x, y = f(x) cos θ, z = f(x) sin θ. If a parametrization covers the surface S only once, then the area of S is given by A(S) = D r u r v da where r u = x u, y u, z u and r v = x v, y v, z v are called the partial grads. For example, if S is the graph of function z = f(x, y), then r u r v = fx 2 + fy So that we get the result of section 15.6: A(S) = D 1 + f 2 x + f 2 y da
7 16.7 Surface Integrals The surface integral of scalar function f over surface S with parametrization r(u, v) is defined as a double integral: f(x, y, z) ds = f(r(u, v)) r u r v da S D where D is the shadow of S. An orientation of a surface means choosing a positive direction for the normal n at each point such that this choice is continuous. For a closed curve, the convention is that the positive orientation is outward. The surface integral (or flux) of vector function F over oriented surface S with parametrization r(u, v) is F ds = F (r u r v ) da S S
8 16.8 Stokes Theorem Stokes Theorem relates a surface integral to a line integral on its boundary: F dr = curl F ds S where S is an oriented surface with as its positive boundary curve, and F is a vector field.
9 16.9 The Divergence Theorem The divergence theorem relates a volume integral to a surface integral on its boundary: F ds = div F dv S E where E is a simple solid region with S as its oriented (outwards positive) surface.
10 16.10 hapter Summary Integral Double Green Line Definition Stokes Triple Divergence Surface
Chapter 17. Review. 1. Vector Fields (Section 17.1)
hapter 17 Review 1. Vector Fields (Section 17.1) There isn t much I can say in this section. Most of the material has to do with sketching vector fields. Please provide some explanation to support your
More information16.5: CURL AND DIVERGENCE
16.5: URL AN IVERGENE KIAM HEONG KWA 1. url Let F = P i + Qj + Rk be a vector field on a solid region R 3. If all firstorder partial derivatives of P, Q, and R exist, then the curl of F on is the vector
More information15.1. Vector Analysis. Vector Fields. Objectives. Vector Fields. Vector Fields. Vector Fields. ! Understand the concept of a vector field.
15 Vector Analysis 15.1 Vector Fields Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Objectives! Understand the concept of a vector field.! Determine
More informationSolutions to Practice Problems for Test 4
olutions to Practice Problems for Test 4 1. Let be the line segmentfrom the point (, 1, 1) to the point (,, 3). Evaluate the line integral y ds. Answer: First, we parametrize the line segment from (, 1,
More informationFundamental Theorems of Vector Calculus
Fundamental Theorems of Vector Calculus We have studied the techniques for evaluating integrals over curves and surfaces. In the case of integrating over an interval on the real line, we were able to use
More informationSolutions to Vector Calculus Practice Problems
olutions to Vector alculus Practice Problems 1. Let be the region in determined by the inequalities x + y 4 and y x. Evaluate the following integral. sinx + y ) da Answer: The region looks like y y x x
More informationIf Σ is an oriented surface bounded by a curve C, then the orientation of Σ induces an orientation for C, based on the RightHandRule.
Oriented Surfaces and Flux Integrals Let be a surface that has a tangent plane at each of its nonboundary points. At such a point on the surface two unit normal vectors exist, and they have opposite directions.
More informationThis makes sense. t 2 1 + 1/t 2 dt = 1. t t 2 + 1dt = 2 du = 1 3 u3/2 u=5
1. (Line integrals Using parametrization. Two types and the flux integral) Formulas: ds = x (t) dt, d x = x (t)dt and d x = T ds since T = x (t)/ x (t). Another one is Nds = T ds ẑ = (dx, dy) ẑ = (dy,
More informationDifferentiation of vectors
Chapter 4 Differentiation of vectors 4.1 Vectorvalued functions In the previous chapters we have considered real functions of several (usually two) variables f : D R, where D is a subset of R n, where
More informationVECTOR CALCULUS: USEFUL STUFF Revision of Basic Vectors
Prof. S.M. Tobias Jan 2009 VECTOR CALCULUS: USEFUL STUFF Revision of Basic Vectors A scalar is a physical quantity with magnitude only A vector is a physical quantity with magnitude and direction A unit
More informationA QUICK GUIDE TO THE FORMULAS OF MULTIVARIABLE CALCULUS
A QUIK GUIDE TO THE FOMULAS OF MULTIVAIABLE ALULUS ontents 1. Analytic Geometry 2 1.1. Definition of a Vector 2 1.2. Scalar Product 2 1.3. Properties of the Scalar Product 2 1.4. Length and Unit Vectors
More informationFINAL EXAM SOLUTIONS Math 21a, Spring 03
INAL EXAM SOLUIONS Math 21a, Spring 3 Name: Start by printing your name in the above box and check your section in the box to the left. MW1 Ken Chung MW1 Weiyang Qiu MW11 Oliver Knill h1 Mark Lucianovic
More informationSolutions for Review Problems
olutions for Review Problems 1. Let be the triangle with vertices A (,, ), B (4,, 1) and C (,, 1). (a) Find the cosine of the angle BAC at vertex A. (b) Find the area of the triangle ABC. (c) Find a vector
More information52. The Del Operator: Divergence and Curl
52. The Del Operator: Divergence and Curl Let F(x, y, z) = M(x, y, z), N(x, y, z), P(x, y, z) be a vector field in R 3. The del operator is represented by the symbol, and is written = x, y, z, or = x,
More informationSolutions  Homework sections 17.717.9
olutions  Homework sections 7.77.9 7.7 6. valuate xy d, where is the triangle with vertices (,, ), (,, ), and (,, ). The three points  and therefore the triangle between them  are on the plane x +
More informationAB2.5: Surfaces and Surface Integrals. Divergence Theorem of Gauss
AB2.5: urfaces and urface Integrals. Divergence heorem of Gauss epresentations of surfaces or epresentation of a surface as projections on the xy and xzplanes, etc. are For example, z = f(x, y), x =
More informationMath 209 Solutions to Assignment 7. x + 2y. 1 x + 2y i + 2. f x = cos(y/z)), f y = x z sin(y/z), f z = xy z 2 sin(y/z).
Math 29 Solutions to Assignment 7. Find the gradient vector field of the following functions: a fx, y lnx + 2y; b fx, y, z x cosy/z. Solution. a f x x + 2y, f 2 y x + 2y. Thus, the gradient vector field
More information( ) ( ) 1. Let F = ( 1yz)i + ( 3xz) j + ( 9xy)k. Compute the following: A. div F. F = 1yz x. B. curl F. i j k. = 6xi 8yj+ 2zk F = z 1yz 3xz 9xy
. Let F = ( yz)i + ( 3xz) j + ( 9xy)k. Compute the following: A. div F F = yz x B. curl F + ( 3xz) y + ( 9xy) = 0 + 0 + 0 = 0 z F = i j k x y z yz 3xz 9xy = 6xi 8yj+ 2zk C. div curl F F = 6x x + ( 8y)
More informationVectors, Gradient, Divergence and Curl.
Vectors, Gradient, Divergence and Curl. 1 Introduction A vector is determined by its length and direction. They are usually denoted with letters with arrows on the top a or in bold letter a. We will use
More informationMath 21a Curl and Divergence Spring, 2009. 1 Define the operator (pronounced del ) by. = i
Math 21a url and ivergence Spring, 29 1 efine the operator (pronounced del by = i j y k z Notice that the gradient f (or also grad f is just applied to f (a We define the divergence of a vector field F,
More information3 Contour integrals and Cauchy s Theorem
3 ontour integrals and auchy s Theorem 3. Line integrals of complex functions Our goal here will be to discuss integration of complex functions = u + iv, with particular regard to analytic functions. Of
More information4B. Line Integrals in the Plane
4. Line Integrals in the Plane 4A. Plane Vector Fields 4A1 Describe geometrically how the vector fields determined by each of the following vector functions looks. Tell for each what the largest region
More informationRecall that the gradient of a differentiable scalar field ϕ on an open set D in R n is given by the formula:
Chapter 7 Div, grad, and curl 7.1 The operator and the gradient: Recall that the gradient of a differentiable scalar field ϕ on an open set D in R n is given by the formula: ( ϕ ϕ =, ϕ,..., ϕ. (7.1 x 1
More informationLine and surface integrals: Solutions
hapter 5 Line and surface integrals: olutions Example 5.1 Find the work done by the force F(x, y) x 2 i xyj in moving a particle along the curve which runs from (1, ) to (, 1) along the unit circle and
More informationCONSERVATION LAWS. See Figures 2 and 1.
CONSERVATION LAWS 1. Multivariable calculus 1.1. Divergence theorem (of Gauss). This states that the volume integral in of the divergence of the vectorvalued function F is equal to the total flux of F
More informationMath 241, Exam 1 Information.
Math 241, Exam 1 Information. 9/24/12, LC 310, 11:1512:05. Exam 1 will be based on: Sections 12.112.5, 14.114.3. The corresponding assigned homework problems (see http://www.math.sc.edu/ boylan/sccourses/241fa12/241.html)
More informationF = 0. x ψ = y + z (1) y ψ = x + z (2) z ψ = x + y (3)
MATH 255 FINAL NAME: Instructions: You must include all the steps in your derivations/answers. Reduce answers as much as possible, but use exact arithmetic. Write neatly, please, and show all steps. Scientists
More informationvector calculus 2 Learning outcomes
29 ontents vector calculus 2 1. Line integrals involving vectors 2. Surface and volume integrals 3. Integral vector theorems Learning outcomes In this Workbook you will learn how to integrate functions
More informationVector Calculus Solutions to Sample Final Examination #1
Vector alculus s to Sample Final Examination #1 1. Let f(x, y) e xy sin(x + y). (a) In what direction, starting at (,π/), is f changing the fastest? (b) In what directions starting at (,π/) is f changing
More informationReview of Vector Analysis in Cartesian Coordinates
R. evicky, CBE 6333 Review of Vector Analysis in Cartesian Coordinates Scalar: A quantity that has magnitude, but no direction. Examples are mass, temperature, pressure, time, distance, and real numbers.
More informationMATH 243312631. http://www.math.uh.edu/ ajajoo/math2433
MATH 243312631 Aarti Jajoo ajajoo@math.uh.edu Office : PGH 606 Lecture : MoWeFre 1011am in SR 116 Office hours : MW 11:3012:30pm and BY APPOINTMENT http://www.math.uh.edu/ ajajoo/math2433 A. Jajoo,
More informationCalculus C/Multivariate Calculus Advanced Placement G/T Essential Curriculum
Calculus C/Multivariate Calculus Advanced Placement G/T Essential Curriculum UNIT I: The Hyperbolic Functions basic calculus concepts, including techniques for curve sketching, exponential and logarithmic
More informationParametric Curves, Vectors and Calculus. Jeff Morgan Department of Mathematics University of Houston
Parametric Curves, Vectors and Calculus Jeff Morgan Department of Mathematics University of Houston jmorgan@math.uh.edu Online Masters of Arts in Mathematics at the University of Houston http://www.math.uh.edu/matweb/grad_mam.htm
More informationPractice Final Math 122 Spring 12 Instructor: Jeff Lang
Practice Final Math Spring Instructor: Jeff Lang. Find the limit of the sequence a n = ln (n 5) ln (3n + 8). A) ln ( ) 3 B) ln C) ln ( ) 3 D) does not exist. Find the limit of the sequence a n = (ln n)6
More informationSolutions to Homework 10
Solutions to Homework 1 Section 7., exercise # 1 (b,d): (b) Compute the value of R f dv, where f(x, y) = y/x and R = [1, 3] [, 4]. Solution: Since f is continuous over R, f is integrable over R. Let x
More informationHarvard College. Math 21a: Multivariable Calculus Formula and Theorem Review
Hrvrd College Mth 21: Multivrible Clculus Formul nd Theorem Review Tommy McWillim, 13 tmcwillim@college.hrvrd.edu December 15, 2009 1 Contents Tble of Contents 4 9 Vectors nd the Geometry of Spce 5 9.1
More informationPhysics of the Atmosphere I
Physics of the Atmosphere I WS 2008/09 Ulrich Platt Institut f. Umweltphysik R. 424 Ulrich.Platt@iup.uniheidelberg.de heidelberg.de Last week The conservation of mass implies the continuity equation:
More informationPhysics 235 Chapter 1. Chapter 1 Matrices, Vectors, and Vector Calculus
Chapter 1 Matrices, Vectors, and Vector Calculus In this chapter, we will focus on the mathematical tools required for the course. The main concepts that will be covered are: Coordinate transformations
More informationL 2 : x = s + 1, y = s, z = 4s + 4. 3. Suppose that C has coordinates (x, y, z). Then from the vector equality AC = BD, one has
The line L through the points A and B is parallel to the vector AB = 3, 2, and has parametric equations x = 3t + 2, y = 2t +, z = t Therefore, the intersection point of the line with the plane should satisfy:
More informationCBE 6333, R. Levicky 1 Differential Balance Equations
CBE 6333, R. Levicky 1 Differential Balance Equations We have previously derived integral balances for mass, momentum, and energy for a control volume. The control volume was assumed to be some large object,
More informationDivergence and Curl. . Here we discuss some details of the divergence and curl. and the magnetic field B ( r,t)
Divergence and url Overview and Motivation: In the upcoming two lectures we will be discussing Maxwell's equations. These equations involve both the divergence and curl of two vector fields the electric
More informationChapter Eighteen. Stokes. Here also the socalled del operator = i + j + k x y z. i j k. x y z p q r
hapter Eighteen tokes 181 tokes's Theorem Let F:D R be a nice vector function If the curl of F is defined by F( x, = p( x, i + q( x, j + r( x, k, r q p r q p curlf = i + j + k y z z x x y Here also the
More informationSolutions to Practice Final Exam
Math V22. Calculus IV, ection, pring 27 olutions to Practice Final Exam Problem Consider the integral x 2 2x dy dx + 2x dy dx x 2 x (a) ketch the region of integration. olution: ee Figure. y (2, ) y =
More informationPHY 301: Mathematical Methods I Curvilinear Coordinate System (1012 Lectures)
PHY 301: Mathematical Methods I Curvilinear Coordinate System (1012 Lectures) Dr. Alok Kumar Department of Physical Sciences IISER, Bhopal Abstract The Curvilinear coordinates are the common name of
More information4.2. LINE INTEGRALS 1. 2 2 ; z = t. ; y = sin
4.2. LINE INTEGRALS 1 4.2 Line Integrals MATH 294 FALL 1982 FINAL # 7 294FA82FQ7.tex 4.2.1 Consider the curve given parametrically by x = cos t t ; y = sin 2 2 ; z = t a) Determine the work done by the
More information4. Complex integration: Cauchy integral theorem and Cauchy integral formulas. Definite integral of a complexvalued function of a real variable
4. Complex integration: Cauchy integral theorem and Cauchy integral formulas Definite integral of a complexvalued function of a real variable Consider a complex valued function f(t) of a real variable
More informationElectrostatic Fields: Coulomb s Law & the Electric Field Intensity
Electrostatic Fields: Coulomb s Law & the Electric Field Intensity EE 141 Lecture Notes Topic 1 Professor K. E. Oughstun School of Engineering College of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences University
More informationRAJALAKSHMI ENGINEERING COLLEGE MA 2161 UNIT I  ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS PART A
RAJALAKSHMI ENGINEERING COLLEGE MA 26 UNIT I  ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS. Solve (D 2 + D 2)y = 0. 2. Solve (D 2 + 6D + 9)y = 0. PART A 3. Solve (D 4 + 4)x = 0 where D = d dt 4. Find Particular Integral:
More informationApr 23, 2015. Calculus with Algebra and Trigonometry II Lecture 23Final Review: Apr Curve 23, 2015 sketching 1 / and 19pa
Calculus with Algebra and Trigonometry II Lecture 23 Final Review: Curve sketching and parametric equations Apr 23, 2015 Calculus with Algebra and Trigonometry II Lecture 23Final Review: Apr Curve 23,
More informationVector surface area Differentials in an OCS
Calculus and Coordinate systems EE 311  Lecture 17 1. Calculus and coordinate systems 2. Cartesian system 3. Cylindrical system 4. Spherical system In electromagnetics, we will often need to perform integrals
More informationON CERTAIN DOUBLY INFINITE SYSTEMS OF CURVES ON A SURFACE
i93 c J SYSTEMS OF CURVES 695 ON CERTAIN DOUBLY INFINITE SYSTEMS OF CURVES ON A SURFACE BY C H. ROWE. Introduction. A system of co 2 curves having been given on a surface, let us consider a variable curvilinear
More informationElectromagnetism  Lecture 2. Electric Fields
Electromagnetism  Lecture 2 Electric Fields Review of Vector Calculus Differential form of Gauss s Law Poisson s and Laplace s Equations Solutions of Poisson s Equation Methods of Calculating Electric
More informationChapter 2. Parameterized Curves in R 3
Chapter 2. Parameterized Curves in R 3 Def. A smooth curve in R 3 is a smooth map σ : (a, b) R 3. For each t (a, b), σ(t) R 3. As t increases from a to b, σ(t) traces out a curve in R 3. In terms of components,
More informationSection 12.6: Directional Derivatives and the Gradient Vector
Section 26: Directional Derivatives and the Gradient Vector Recall that if f is a differentiable function of x and y and z = f(x, y), then the partial derivatives f x (x, y) and f y (x, y) give the rate
More information* Biot Savart s Law Statement, Proof Applications of Biot Savart s Law * Magnetic Field Intensity H * Divergence of B * Curl of B. PPT No.
* Biot Savart s Law Statement, Proof Applications of Biot Savart s Law * Magnetic Field Intensity H * Divergence of B * Curl of B PPT No. 17 Biot Savart s Law A straight infinitely long wire is carrying
More informationScalars, Vectors and Tensors
Scalars, Vectors and Tensors A scalar is a physical quantity that it represented by a dimensional number at a particular point in space and time. Examples are hydrostatic pressure and temperature. A vector
More informationM PROOF OF THE DIVERGENCE THEOREM AND STOKES THEOREM
68 Theor Supplement Section M M POOF OF THE DIEGENE THEOEM ND STOKES THEOEM In this section we give proofs of the Divergence Theorem Stokes Theorem using the definitions in artesian coordinates. Proof
More informationThe Math Circle, Spring 2004
The Math Circle, Spring 2004 (Talks by Gordon Ritter) What is NonEuclidean Geometry? Most geometries on the plane R 2 are noneuclidean. Let s denote arc length. Then Euclidean geometry arises from the
More information1.(6pts) Find symmetric equations of the line L passing through the point (2, 5, 1) and perpendicular to the plane x + 3y z = 9.
.(6pts Find symmetric equations of the line L passing through the point (, 5, and perpendicular to the plane x + 3y z = 9. (a x = y + 5 3 = z (b x (c (x = ( 5(y 3 = z + (d x (e (x + 3(y 3 (z = 9 = y 3
More information3.8 Finding Antiderivatives; Divergence and Curl of a Vector Field
3.8 Finding Antiderivatives; Divergence and Curl of a Vector Field 77 3.8 Finding Antiderivatives; Divergence and Curl of a Vector Field Overview: The antiderivative in one variable calculus is an important
More informationMark Howell Gonzaga High School, Washington, D.C.
Be Prepared for the Calculus Exam Mark Howell Gonzaga High School, Washington, D.C. Martha Montgomery Fremont City Schools, Fremont, Ohio Practice exam contributors: Benita Albert Oak Ridge High School,
More informationMechanics 1: Conservation of Energy and Momentum
Mechanics : Conservation of Energy and Momentum If a certain quantity associated with a system does not change in time. We say that it is conserved, and the system possesses a conservation law. Conservation
More informationSection 10.7 Parametric Equations
299 Section 10.7 Parametric Equations Objective 1: Defining and Graphing Parametric Equations. Recall when we defined the x (rcos(θ), rsin(θ)) and ycoordinates on a circle of radius r as a function of
More information1 The basic equations of fluid dynamics
1 The basic equations of fluid dynamics The main task in fluid dynamics is to find the velocity field describing the flow in a given domain. To do this, one uses the basic equations of fluid flow, which
More informationRARITAN VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE ACADEMIC COURSE OUTLINE MATH 251 CALCULUS III
RARITAN VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE ACADEMIC COURSE OUTLINE MATH 251 CALCULUS III I. Basic Course Information A. Course Number and Title: MATH 251 Calculus III B. New or Modified Course: Modified Course C.
More informationIntroduction to COMSOL. The NavierStokes Equations
Flow Between Parallel Plates Modified from the COMSOL ChE Library module rev 10/13/08 Modified by Robert P. Hesketh, Chemical Engineering, Rowan University Fall 2008 Introduction to COMSOL The following
More informationVector has a magnitude and a direction. Scalar has a magnitude
Vector has a magnitude and a direction Scalar has a magnitude Vector has a magnitude and a direction Scalar has a magnitude a brick on a table Vector has a magnitude and a direction Scalar has a magnitude
More informationMATH2420 Multiple Integrals and Vector Calculus
MATH2420 Multiple Integrals and Vector Calculus Prof. F.W. Nijhoff Semester 1, 20078. Course Notes and General Information Vector calculus is the normal language used in applied mathematics for solving
More informationGradient, Divergence and Curl in Curvilinear Coordinates
Gradient, Divergence and Curl in Curvilinear Coordinates Although cartesian orthogonal coordinates are very intuitive and easy to use, it is often found more convenient to work with other coordinate systems.
More informationThis function is symmetric with respect to the yaxis, so I will let  /2 /2 and multiply the area by 2.
INTEGRATION IN POLAR COORDINATES One of the main reasons why we study polar coordinates is to help us to find the area of a region that cannot easily be integrated in terms of x. In this set of notes,
More informationIntroduction to basic principles of fluid mechanics
2.016 Hydrodynamics Prof. A.H. Techet Introduction to basic principles of fluid mechanics I. Flow Descriptions 1. Lagrangian (following the particle): In rigid body mechanics the motion of a body is described
More information6 J  vector electric current density (A/m2 )
Determination of Antenna Radiation Fields Using Potential Functions Sources of Antenna Radiation Fields 6 J  vector electric current density (A/m2 ) M  vector magnetic current density (V/m 2 ) Some problems
More information7. Cauchy s integral theorem and Cauchy s integral formula
7. Cauchy s integral theorem and Cauchy s integral formula 7.. Independence of the path of integration Theorem 6.3. can be rewritten in the following form: Theorem 7. : Let D be a domain in C and suppose
More informationMULTIPLE INTEGRALS. h 2 (y) are continuous functions on [c, d] and let f(x, y) be a function defined on R. Then
MULTIPLE INTEGALS 1. ouble Integrals Let be a simple region defined by a x b and g 1 (x) y g 2 (x), where g 1 (x) and g 2 (x) are continuous functions on [a, b] and let f(x, y) be a function defined on.
More informationMATH 1231 S2 2010: Calculus. Section 1: Functions of severable variables.
MATH 1231 S2 2010: Calculus For use in Dr Chris Tisdell s lectures Section 1: Functions of severable variables. Created and compiled by Chris Tisdell S1: Motivation S2: Function of two variables S3: Visualising
More informationClass Meeting # 1: Introduction to PDEs
MATH 18.152 COURSE NOTES  CLASS MEETING # 1 18.152 Introduction to PDEs, Fall 2011 Professor: Jared Speck Class Meeting # 1: Introduction to PDEs 1. What is a PDE? We will be studying functions u = u(x
More informationThe Method of Lagrange Multipliers
The Method of Lagrange Multipliers S. Sawyer October 25, 2002 1. Lagrange s Theorem. Suppose that we want to maximize (or imize a function of n variables f(x = f(x 1, x 2,..., x n for x = (x 1, x 2,...,
More informationDifferential Relations for Fluid Flow. Acceleration field of a fluid. The differential equation of mass conservation
Differential Relations for Fluid Flow In this approach, we apply our four basic conservation laws to an infinitesimally small control volume. The differential approach provides point by point details of
More informationMATH SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE FINAL EXAM. (x 2)(x + 2) (x 2)(x 3) = x + 2. x 2 x 2 5x + 6 = = 4.
MATH 55 SOLUTIONS TO PRACTICE FINAL EXAM x 2 4.Compute x 2 x 2 5x + 6. When x 2, So x 2 4 x 2 5x + 6 = (x 2)(x + 2) (x 2)(x 3) = x + 2 x 3. x 2 4 x 2 x 2 5x + 6 = 2 + 2 2 3 = 4. x 2 9 2. Compute x + sin
More informationVectors. Objectives. Assessment. Assessment. Equations. Physics terms 5/15/14. State the definition and give examples of vector and scalar variables.
Vectors Objectives State the definition and give examples of vector and scalar variables. Analyze and describe position and movement in two dimensions using graphs and Cartesian coordinates. Organize and
More informationVector Calculus: a quick review
Appendi A Vector Calculus: a quick review Selected Reading H.M. Sche,. Div, Grad, Curl and all that: An informal Tet on Vector Calculus, W.W. Norton and Co., (1973). (Good phsical introduction to the subject)
More informationThen the second equation becomes ³ j
Magnetic vector potential When we derived the scalar electric potential we started with the relation r E = 0 to conclude that E could be written as the gradient of a scalar potential. That won t work for
More informationAP Calculus BC. All students enrolling in AP Calculus BC should have successfully completed AP Calculus AB.
AP Calculus BC Course Description: Advanced Placement Calculus BC is primarily concerned with developing the students understanding of the concepts of calculus and providing experiences with its methods
More informationTeaching Electromagnetic Field Theory Using Differential Forms
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EDUCATION, VOL. 40, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1997 53 Teaching Electromagnetic Field Theory Using Differential Forms Karl F. Warnick, Richard H. Selfridge, Member, IEEE, and David V. Arnold
More informationChapter 11  Curve Sketching. Lecture 17. MATH10070  Introduction to Calculus. maths.ucd.ie/modules/math10070. Kevin Hutchinson.
Lecture 17 MATH10070  Introduction to Calculus maths.ucd.ie/modules/math10070 Kevin Hutchinson 28th October 2010 Z Chain Rule (I): If y = f (u) and u = g(x) dy dx = dy du du dx Z Chain rule (II): d dx
More informationA Survival Guide to Vector Calculus
A Survival Guide to Vector Calculus Aylmer Johnson When I first tried to learn about Vector Calculus, I found it a nightmare. Eventually things became clearer and I discovered that, once I had really understood
More informationCalculus AB 2014 Scoring Guidelines
P Calculus B 014 Scoring Guidelines 014 The College Board. College Board, dvanced Placement Program, P, P Central, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. P Central is the official
More informationDouble integrals. Notice: this material must not be used as a substitute for attending the lectures
ouble integrals Notice: this material must not be used as a substitute for attending the lectures . What is a double integral? Recall that a single integral is something of the form b a f(x) A double integral
More information88 CHAPTER 2. VECTOR FUNCTIONS. . First, we need to compute T (s). a By definition, r (s) T (s) = 1 a sin s a. sin s a, cos s a
88 CHAPTER. VECTOR FUNCTIONS.4 Curvature.4.1 Definitions and Examples The notion of curvature measures how sharply a curve bends. We would expect the curvature to be 0 for a straight line, to be very small
More informationScalar Valued Functions of Several Variables; the Gradient Vector
Scalar Valued Functions of Several Variables; the Gradient Vector Scalar Valued Functions vector valued function of n variables: Let us consider a scalar (i.e., numerical, rather than y = φ(x = φ(x 1,
More information2.4 Motion and Integrals
2 KINEMATICS 2.4 Motion and Integrals Name: 2.4 Motion and Integrals In the previous activity, you have seen that you can find instantaneous velocity by taking the time derivative of the position, and
More information1.7 Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates
56 CHAPTER 1. VECTORS AND THE GEOMETRY OF SPACE 1.7 Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates 1.7.1 Review: Polar Coordinates The polar coordinate system is a twodimensional coordinate system in which the
More informationEXAMPLE 6 Find the gradient vector field of f x, y x 2 y y 3. Plot the gradient vector field together with a contour map of f. How are they related?
9 HAPTER 3 VETOR ALULU 4 _4 4 _4 FIGURE 5 EXAMPLE 6 Find the gradient vector field of f, 3. Plot the gradient vector field together with a contour map of f. How are the related? OLUTION The gradient vector
More informationFLUID MECHANICS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS
FLUID MECHANICS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS Bruce Hunt Department of Civil Engineering University Of Canterbury Christchurch, New Zealand? Bruce Hunt, 1995 Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction... 1.1 Fluid
More informationGRAPHING IN POLAR COORDINATES SYMMETRY
GRAPHING IN POLAR COORDINATES SYMMETRY Recall from Algebra and Calculus I that the concept of symmetry was discussed using Cartesian equations. Also remember that there are three types of symmetry  yaxis,
More informationThis file is /conf/snippets/setheader.pg you can use it as a model for creating files which introduce each problem set.
Jason Hill Math24 3 WeBWorK assignment number Exameview is due : 5/9/212 at 5:am MDT. The (* replace with url for the course home page *) for the course contains the syllabus, grading policy other information.
More informationGauss Formulation of the gravitational forces
Chapter 1 Gauss Formulation of the gravitational forces 1.1 ome theoretical background We have seen in class the Newton s formulation of the gravitational law. Often it is interesting to describe a conservative
More informationATM 316: Dynamic Meteorology I Final Review, December 2014
ATM 316: Dynamic Meteorology I Final Review, December 2014 Scalars and Vectors Scalar: magnitude, without reference to coordinate system Vector: magnitude + direction, with reference to coordinate system
More informationChapter 4. Electrostatic Fields in Matter
Chapter 4. Electrostatic Fields in Matter 4.1. Polarization A neutral atom, placed in an external electric field, will experience no net force. However, even though the atom as a whole is neutral, the
More informationChapter 9. Miscellaneous Applications
hapter 9 53 Miscellaneous Applications In this chapter we consider selected methods where complex variable techniques can be employed to solve various types of problems In particular, we consider the summation
More information