Race and Slavery in British North America. Enslaved Americans in the Chesapeake, the Lower South, and the Northern Colonies

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Race and Slavery in British North America. Enslaved Americans in the Chesapeake, the Lower South, and the Northern Colonies"

Transcription

1 Race and Slavery in British North America Enslaved Americans in the Chesapeake, the Lower South, and the Northern Colonies

2 The Atlantic Slave Trade

3 From Indentured Servants to Enslaved Africans During much of the 17 th Century, indentured servitude and slavery coexisted in the southern and parts of the northern colonies Around 1700 the number of indentured servants begins to decline for 2 reasons Wages rising in Britain due to economic growth/industrialization Contracts shorter European immigrants paying their own way Cost of transatlantic passage falls More voyages Larger, faster ships Slave trade expands, prices fall, become competitive with indenture contracts Colonists wealthier, can afford purchasing slaves

4 Race, Class, and Slavery in the Chesapeake First enslaved Africans arrive in Jamestown in 1619 Experiences of indentured survants and enslaved Africans similar in the early decades work side-by-side on most plantations, overseer might be European or African, possibility of freedom about the same for both More race mixing, intermarriage 25-30% of children born to white women were mixed race Some successful Black freemen purchased indenture contracts and owned black slaves Case of Anthony Johnson, free black man Owned property, sued and was sued, passed estate onto children Granted 250 acre headright for paying transport of 5 people to Virginia Pursued escaped white servant, won damages against white neighbor

5 Race, Class, and Slavery in the Chesapeake What does this tell us about the early Chesapeake? Class often mattered more than race Society characterized by mobility (geography, class) Later Chesapeake - after the 1680s Race & racial identity more significant 1691 Virginia colonial assembly outlaws interracial marriages Less mixing, enslaved tended to be African natives (until 1740s), who did not quickly adopt European ways/languages Association between race and condition of freedom (black = enslaved)

6 Chesapeake Slavery Tobacco and Slavery Gang Labor Tobacco required constant attention from planting to harvest, prompted constant supervision of day-to-day operations Labor intensive, but low skill Planting, topping, worming, suckering, curing Gang labor system develops Masters typically present: Small farms masters labored with slaves and servants, large plantations masters oversaw operations Transition to wheat and grain crops after 1750s, often grown along with tobacco, more skilled work, more time away from plantations Slaves have certain legal rights, treatment and conduct of enslaved governed by law, petty crimes typically left to masters

7 Chesapeake Slavery Robert King Carter (b. ~1663 d. 1732) Planter, Virginia s Neck Corotoman Plantation more than 300,000 acres at its largest Owned more than 1,000 slaves spread over 48 farms Offices: County Court Judge, General Assembly, Governor s Council, Acting Governor ( ) Land Agent for Thomas, Lord Fairfax of the Fairfax Proprietary In/famous for his brutal & authoritarian plantation management Credit: Wikicommons

8 Slavery in the Lower South (South Carolina, Georgia) Two versions of slavery, rural/planation and urban Wealth of Carolina planters meant they were often away, had more managers/underlings for day-to-day oversight Lower South Plantation slavery the Task System: Different crops (rice, Sea Island cotton, indigo), different agricultural cycle, different ways of life Indentured servants uncommon in Carolina Less interaction between races in the fields Rice cultivation intermittent, less labor intensive, more skills involved Task labor system develops More autonomy from the masters on a daily basis Often able to raise own crops, engage in individual economic activity Developed distinctive culture, language, ways of living

9 Slavery in the Lower South Urban slavery in South Carolina and Georgia (Charles Town, later Savannah) Enslaved were often mulattoes/mixed race Greater mobility, skilled or semi-skilled laborers, sometimes literate Movements later restricted by law but often disregarded Men often mechaniks in the shipping, building, and craft industries, women usually house servants Sometimes engaged their own contracts, carried on their own work ( overwork ) Often clothed in current fashions

10 Slavery in the North Chiefly New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania Northern Slavery blended some of the characteristics of slavery in the Chesapeake and the Lower South Most slaves labored in the cities or small farms with their masters Commercial characteristics of northern economy meant both urban and rural slaves tended to be more skilled Farmwork involved processing wheat, managing/slaughtering/processing livestock, lumbering, weaving & clothmaking In cities carpenters, shipwrights, rope makers, sailmakers, coopers, and sometimes high-skill workers: silver- and goldsmiths, cabinetmakers

11 Indentured Servitude in the 18 th Century Typically highly skilled immigrants in the building, fine clothing trades, agriculture From all over Europe: France, Germany, Italy More urban than rural work Contracts were expensive, passage paid by the employer, terms negotiable Sometimes employed in mines & rural manufactures

Chapter 3: The English Colonies

Chapter 3: The English Colonies Chapter 3: The English Colonies Section 1: The Southern Colonies Settlement in Jamestown In 1605 a company of English merchants asked King James I for the right to found, or establish, a settlement. In

More information

The Southern Colonies

The Southern Colonies The Southern Colonies About 100 men and boys sailed to Virginia in 1607. They set up a settlement. They named their new home Jamestown. They did not plant crops. They looked for gold. Just a few of the

More information

Fight for North America: The Emergence of Colonial and Native Societies ( )

Fight for North America: The Emergence of Colonial and Native Societies ( ) Fight for North America: The Emergence of Colonial and Native Societies (1607-1754) Essential Question #1 If the goal of colonization was to create new empires for the European powers, why did the Europeans

More information

Creating America (Survey) Chapter 3: The English Establish 13 Colonies,

Creating America (Survey) Chapter 3: The English Establish 13 Colonies, Creating America (Survey) Chapter 3: The English Establish 13 Colonies, 1585 1732 Section 1: Early Colonies Have Mixed Success Key Idea: Two early English colonies failed, but Jamestown survived. In the

More information

The 13 American Colonies Part 1: Coming to America

The 13 American Colonies  Part 1: Coming to America The 13 American Colonies Name: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/13colonies3.htm Part 1: Coming to America The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers

More information

Colonial America- The Southern Colonies Webquest and Video Analysis- Key

Colonial America- The Southern Colonies Webquest and Video Analysis- Key Name: Colonial America- The Southern Colonies Webquest and Video Analysis- Key Directions: Complete the following questions using resources from the links listed below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p47tzljbdag

More information

* Describe geography of 3 colonial regions. * Describe economy of the 3 colonial regions. * Describe 3 different types of government in colonial

* Describe geography of 3 colonial regions. * Describe economy of the 3 colonial regions. * Describe 3 different types of government in colonial * Describe geography of 3 colonial regions. * Describe economy of the 3 colonial regions. * Describe 3 different types of government in colonial America. * Explain concepts of Separation of Church & State,

More information

Numbers Challenge: From Servants to Slaves in Virginia

Numbers Challenge: From Servants to Slaves in Virginia Numbers Challenge: From Servants to Slaves in Virginia In the seventeenth century, Virginia underwent a dramatic transformation that shaped much of the rest of American history: planters shifted from a

More information

Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations.

Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper

More information

THE GROWTH OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES 1607-1760

THE GROWTH OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES 1607-1760 THE GROWTH OF THE THIRTEEN COLONIES 1607-1760 Motivations for Colonization Jamestown Economic prosperity Single men hoped to make fortunes in Virginia and return to England Previous explorers brought home

More information

2. If a slave owner wanted to, he could sell off the children of any of his female slaves.

2. If a slave owner wanted to, he could sell off the children of any of his female slaves. 1 Name P R E - T E S T Directions: Answer each of the following either True or False. 1. Plantation owners paid a lot of money for slaves. 2. If a slave owner wanted to, he could sell off the children

More information

fully. Then answer t~e q~esiions that follow.

fully. Then answer t~e q~esiions that follow. fully. Then answer t~e q~esiions that follow. trade route known as the triangular trade A developed among the American colonies, Africa, and the West Indies. Over a period of 200 years, the middle passage

More information

Chapter 12 The South Section Notes Video Maps History Close-up Images Quick Facts

Chapter 12 The South Section Notes Video Maps History Close-up Images Quick Facts Chapter 12 The South Section Notes Growth of the Cotton Industry Free Southern Society The Slave System History Close-up Southern Plantation Quick Facts Chapter 12 Visual Summary Video Regional Economies

More information

Topic of Discussion The Development of Regionalism in the Early Colonies

Topic of Discussion The Development of Regionalism in the Early Colonies I Review A. Colonial Exploration by the British and Spanish primarily dominated the Eastern coast of America B. Colonization was motivated by potential wealth, land opportunities and freedom from persecution

More information

UNDERSTANDING THE COLONIAL ECONOMY

UNDERSTANDING THE COLONIAL ECONOMY UNDERSTANDING THE COLONIAL ECONOMY INTRODUCTION History Ignoring the fact that the land was already occupied by Native American groups, English colonists came to settle on the Atlantic seaboard. The beginning

More information

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT AP UNITED STATES HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT Students enrolled in AP United States History need to complete summer reading to be successful in the course when it begins in the fall. The reading, writing,

More information

Reasons why the colonies began God Religious Freedoms

Reasons why the colonies began God Religious Freedoms 13 Colonies Reasons why the colonies began God Religious Freedoms The Puritans and the Pilgrims fled from England to the colonies Gold People could make lots of money in the colonies especially on plantations

More information

Jamestown. Write down everything in YELLOW

Jamestown. Write down everything in YELLOW Jamestown Write down everything in YELLOW Objectives I can identify and explain the history and colonization of the Jamestown colony. I can investigate the early problems of the Jamestown colony. Vocabulary

More information

13 Colonies: : Life in Colonial Times. PowerPoint Structured Notes and Study Guide

13 Colonies: : Life in Colonial Times. PowerPoint Structured Notes and Study Guide 13 Colonies: : Life in Colonial Times PowerPoint Structured Notes and Study Guide Clip Art Microsoft Office, 2013 and Teachers Clipart Teacher Notes: The Structured Notes graphic organizer was made to

More information

Colonial America Scavenger Hunt Activity

Colonial America Scavenger Hunt Activity Activity Materials: questions worksheet (pages 2-3) 18 fact cards (pages 4-8) Tape and scissors Preparation: Print the fact cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper and cut them apart along the dotted

More information

Why It MATTERS. Religious Freedom

Why It MATTERS. Religious Freedom netw rks Mass. N.H. There s More Online! Mass. Boston N.Y. R.I. Conn. Pa. Philadelphia N GRAPHIC ORGANIZER ATL ANTIC O CE AN N.J. Md. E W New York Del. Va. S Jamestown The Colonial Economy N.C. 2 miles

More information

VISUAL 6.1 GREAT BRITAIN S AMERICAN COLONIES

VISUAL 6.1 GREAT BRITAIN S AMERICAN COLONIES SPECIALIZATION AND TRADE IN THE THIRTEEN COLONIES LESSON 6 VISUAL 6.1 GREAT BRITAIN S AMERICAN COLONIES GREAT BRITAIN S COLONIES All colonies are rich in natural resources but short on labor. PRODUCTIVE

More information

Fifth Grade Social Studies: Integrated Early American History. Unit 4: Life in Colonial America

Fifth Grade Social Studies: Integrated Early American History. Unit 4: Life in Colonial America Fifth Grade Social Studies: Integrated Early American History Overarching Question: Unit 4: Big Picture Graphic How did life in the three colonial regions set the stage for colonists to join in the cause

More information

PLAY THE 13 COLONIES GAME. Chapter : The Thirteen Colonies

PLAY THE 13 COLONIES GAME. Chapter : The Thirteen Colonies PLAY THE 13 COLONIES GAME Chapter 4.1-4.3: The Thirteen Colonies 1750 Do Now: Examine the map: In 1750 who else was living in North America? What feelings might they have about the European colonists?

More information

Race. Social Change. The Social Construction of Reality 10/18/2016. If [people] define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.

Race. Social Change. The Social Construction of Reality 10/18/2016. If [people] define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. If [people] define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. Social Change Race -W. I. Thomas (1928) The Social Construction of Reality Micro-level Social interactions The process through

More information

UNIT 1: THE NEED TO READ

UNIT 1: THE NEED TO READ Literacy Advantage This course traces the nation's history from the pre-colonial period to the end of the American Civil War. It emphasizes the colonial period and the creation of a new nation and examines

More information

The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery

The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery 3 The Southern Colonies: Plantations and Slavery TERMS & NAMES indigo Eliza Lucas William Byrd II overseer Stono Rebellion MAIN IDEA The economy of the Southern Colonies relied heavily on slave labor.

More information

Slavery in Charleston, South Carolina:

Slavery in Charleston, South Carolina: Slavery in Charleston, South Carolina: Standards Addressed: Social Studies 3-2.7: Explain the transfer of the institution of slavery into South Carolina from the West Indies, Including the slave trade

More information

Chapter 3 The English Colonies

Chapter 3 The English Colonies Chapter 3 The English Colonies Section Notes The Southern Colonies The New England Colonies The Middle Colonies Life in the English Colonies Conflict in the Colonies History Close-up Plymouth Colony Quick

More information

Holt African American History Chapter 2

Holt African American History Chapter 2 The Atlantic Slave Trade Section 1 Slavery Becomes a System Section 2 The Middle Passage Section 3 Africans in the Americas Main Idea Section 1: Slavery Becomes a System Slavery, which had been practiced

More information

The Southern Colonies

The Southern Colonies The Southern Colonies Main Idea The Southern Colonies developed laborintensive agricultural economies that relied heavily upon enslaved labor. Key Terms and Names cash crop, plantation, indentured servant,

More information

Chapter 4: American Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607-1692

Chapter 4: American Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607-1692 Chapter 4: American Life in the Seventeenth Century, 1607-1692 Theme: In the Chesapeake region, seventeenth-century colonial society was characterized by diseaseshortened lives, weak family life, and a

More information

Colony: a territory under the control of a larger nation British Colonies began as businesses chartered by the government and funded by investors

Colony: a territory under the control of a larger nation British Colonies began as businesses chartered by the government and funded by investors 1585-1753 Colony: a territory under the control of a larger nation British Colonies began as businesses chartered by the government and funded by investors Charter: a written contract issued by a government

More information

Rationale/ Purpose (so what?) Nature and scope of topic. Why is this significant to the mission of educating future citizens?

Rationale/ Purpose (so what?) Nature and scope of topic. Why is this significant to the mission of educating future citizens? Title: Understanding the Differing Colonial Societies Lesson Author: Laura McBride & Ben Bishop Key Words: US History, Colonies Grade Level:7th Time Allotted:40 minutes Rationale/ Purpose (so what?) Nature

More information

GEOGRAPHY OF THE 13 COLONIES/SOUTHERN COLONIES

GEOGRAPHY OF THE 13 COLONIES/SOUTHERN COLONIES GEOGRAPHY OF THE 13 COLONIES/SOUTHERN COLONIES Grade Level or Special Area: Third Grade Written by: Telena Haneline and Sara Laughlin, The Academy, Westminster, CO Length of Unit: Ten lessons of approximately

More information

THEMES/Learning Objectives

THEMES/Learning Objectives PERIOD 2: 1607 1754 The content for APUSH is divided into 9 periods. The outline below contains the required course content for Period 2. The Thematic Learning Objectives (historical themes) are included

More information

Colonial America Vocabulary

Colonial America Vocabulary Colonial America Vocabulary jerkin jacket of cloth or leather, open at the neck, but without sleeves. petticoat independence minutemen women s skirts, often worn several at a time, sometimes the top one

More information

Virginia Standards of Learning & Essential Historical Skills Taught

Virginia Standards of Learning & Essential Historical Skills Taught Title The Africans Arrive: A History Mystery! Lesson Author Donna Shifflett Key Words Negro, victual, indentured servant, slave Grade Level Grade 4 or 5, Virginia Studies Time Allotted 60 minutes Lesson

More information

Reporting Category 1. Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know

Reporting Category 1. Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know Time Period: 1607 1781 Reporting Category 1 Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know 1. The New England Colonies were settled by people seeking religions

More information

Jamestown Questions and Answers

Jamestown Questions and Answers Jamestown Questions and Answers Why is Jamestown important? Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America. It is America s birthplace. Who were the first Europeans to explore Virginia?

More information

The 13 Colonies. Lesson 1. Standards. Lesson Topic. Big Idea

The 13 Colonies. Lesson 1. Standards. Lesson Topic. Big Idea The 13 Colonies Big Idea What factors contributed to the establishment of the 13 colonies? Lesson 1 Standards Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills, Social Studies Grade 8 (2)(B) compare political, economic,

More information

Early Explorers. Fourth Grade Social Studies Quiz. Vicki Uebele. Read each question carefully. Read the four answer choices. Mark the best answer.

Early Explorers. Fourth Grade Social Studies Quiz. Vicki Uebele. Read each question carefully. Read the four answer choices. Mark the best answer. Name: Instructions: Read each question carefully. Read the four answer choices. Mark the best answer. Copyright 2000-2002 Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved : 1. A settlement at Jamestown was started

More information

What the colonists actually did:

What the colonists actually did: Handout 1A Starter Day 1 Subject: Jamestown Adaptability A: INSTRUCTIONS:...If you choose your place far enough up the river so that a fifty ton boat will float, then you may unload easily and also be

More information

Lesson Plan. Teacher: Leslie Klug. Lesson Title: Voices of Slavery in Colonial America. Grade Level: 5th grade

Lesson Plan. Teacher: Leslie Klug. Lesson Title: Voices of Slavery in Colonial America. Grade Level: 5th grade Lesson Plan Teacher: Leslie Klug Lesson Title: Voices of Slavery in Colonial America Grade Level: 5th grade Lesson Time Length: 3-45 minute class periods Big Idea: Students are immersed in various historical

More information

Writing in First Person about the Atlantic Slave Trade Lesson Plan

Writing in First Person about the Atlantic Slave Trade Lesson Plan Writing in First Person about the Atlantic Slave Trade Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Grammar and Composition Lesson Duration: Three class periods Student Objectives Materials Discuss general information

More information

GEORGIA S ECONOMY. Inside this issue: Special points of interest:

GEORGIA S ECONOMY. Inside this issue: Special points of interest: GEORGIA S ECONOMY SS8E1 The student will give examples of the kinds of goods and services produced in Georgia in different historical periods. SS8E2 The student will explain the benefits of free trade.

More information

4.2 New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production I. Transitional peasant agriculture increased and changed, plantations expanded, and

4.2 New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production I. Transitional peasant agriculture increased and changed, plantations expanded, and 4.2 New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production I. Transitional peasant agriculture increased and changed, plantations expanded, and demand for labor increased; these changes both fed and

More information

GRADE 5 SOCIAL STUDIES History

GRADE 5 SOCIAL STUDIES History GRADE 5 SOCIAL STUDIES History Standard 1 Historical Thinking Skills Students use historical thinking skills to examine the influence of key people, ideas, and events from pre-columbian civilizations through

More information

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY SUMMER READING GUIDE. Text: American Colonies by Alan Taylor

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY SUMMER READING GUIDE. Text: American Colonies by Alan Taylor AP UNITED STATES HISTORY SUMMER READING GUIDE Text: American Colonies by Alan Taylor Important note: Students must secure a copy of the text on their own. You can obtain a copy at various book stores,

More information

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection.

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection. U.S. History to 1865 Study Guide HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE STANDARDS OF LEARNING CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK 2008 (NEW) Reformatted version created by SOLpass www.solpass.org STANDARD USI.9A ISSUES DIVIDING

More information

Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies

Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies In this section, we will: Explain why the colony of New Netherland became the colony of New York. Identify why New Jersey separated from New York. Describe how

More information

The American Civil War

The American Civil War The American Civil War The American Civil War By ReadWorks Source: United States Marines The American Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865. It was the result of a period of many tense years between the Northern

More information

The Evolution of Slavery in Colonial Virginia

The Evolution of Slavery in Colonial Virginia The Evolution of Slavery in Colonial Virginia By: Leslie J. Rodman Africans also made a significant contribution to American colonial life. Early on, as a class, they were generally treated as indentured

More information

Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4 Concept 5 Geography of the Virginia (Jamestown) New England Middle Colonies and Quebec

Concept 1 Concept 2 Concept 3 Concept 4 Concept 5 Geography of the Virginia (Jamestown) New England Middle Colonies and Quebec U.S. History Curriculum Map Unit 1: European Settlement of North America Enduring Themes: Conflict and Change Culture Distribution of Power Individuals, Groups and Institutions Location Movement/Migration

More information

New England Colonies. The New England Colonies. Three Groups in the 13 Colonies. 0 New England Colonies. 0 Middle Colonies. 0 Southern Colonies

New England Colonies. The New England Colonies. Three Groups in the 13 Colonies. 0 New England Colonies. 0 Middle Colonies. 0 Southern Colonies Slide 1 Slide 2 Three Groups in the 13 Colonies 0 New England Colonies 0 Middle Colonies 0 Southern Colonies Slide 3 New England Colonies 0 Massachusetts 0 New Hampshire 0 Connecticut 0 Rhode Island Slide

More information

SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS

SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS Colonial & Revolutionary Periods SAMPLE APUSH ESSAY TOPICS 1) Analyze the cultural and economic responses of TWO of the following groups to the Indians of North America before 1750. British French Spanish

More information

History 1301 U.S. to 1877. Colonial Culture in Early 1700s

History 1301 U.S. to 1877. Colonial Culture in Early 1700s History 1301 U.S. to 1877 Lecture 3 ~ Colonial Culture in Early 1700s Unit 1 Lecture 3 Hollinger 1301 1 The Colonial Population: English were established in N. A.: Little infrastructure hindered large

More information

MERCANTILISM: TRADE BETWEEN THE AMERICAN COLONIES AND ENGLAND

MERCANTILISM: TRADE BETWEEN THE AMERICAN COLONIES AND ENGLAND MERCANTILISM: TRADE BETWEEN THE AMERICAN COLONIES AND ENGLAND Preview of Main Ideas Leonard W. Ealey III Students participate in an activity about the impact of a mercantilist system on Colonial America

More information

HISTORICAL ANALYSIS Comparing and Contrasting - 13 Colonies

HISTORICAL ANALYSIS Comparing and Contrasting - 13 Colonies Objectives From the 2015 Revised Framework: Historical thinking involves the ability to identify, compare, and evaluate multiple perspectives on a given historical event in order to draw conclusions about

More information

EUROPEAN EXPLORATION AND COLONIZATION OF AMERICA

EUROPEAN EXPLORATION AND COLONIZATION OF AMERICA EUROPEAN EXPLORATION AND COLONIZATION OF AMERICA Country Reasons for Exploration Areas Explored (Areas of Greatest Influence) Negative Consequences Positive and Lasting Contributions to American Life Spain

More information

Dec. 1, 2014 Chapter 4: An English Colony at Jamestown p 98 Lesson 1: The Geography of Jamestown Vocabulary 1. bay- a body of water partly surrounded

Dec. 1, 2014 Chapter 4: An English Colony at Jamestown p 98 Lesson 1: The Geography of Jamestown Vocabulary 1. bay- a body of water partly surrounded Dec. 1, 2014 Chapter 4: An English Colony at Jamestown p 98 Lesson 1: The Geography of Jamestown Vocabulary 1. bay- a body of water partly surrounded by land 2. coastal plain- flat land along the coast

More information

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Trade Route to Asia in the 1400s European Trade With Asia Traders - people who get wealth by buying items from a group of people at a low price and selling

More information

2. Identify and describe each of the three levels of Colonial America:

2. Identify and describe each of the three levels of Colonial America: Life in Colonial America Chapter 4 p. 107-122 Colonial Society: Define the terms gentry and indentured servant Read pages 110-112 in the textbook and the information sheets Answer questions #1-2 below

More information

The North vs. South. Chapter 19 Notes

The North vs. South. Chapter 19 Notes The North vs. South Chapter 19 Notes Similarities Language Religious beliefs and houses of worship Pride for the U.S. Belief in Democracy Geography North 4 seasons- cold winters Many bays- good harbors

More information

Ch. 8: CENTRAL AMERICA & the CARIBBEAN

Ch. 8: CENTRAL AMERICA & the CARIBBEAN Ch. 8: CENTRAL AMERICA & the CARIBBEAN PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Central America and the Caribbean Landforms Central America has three distinct belts: the Pacific Lowlands, the Caribbean Lowlands, and the Central

More information

No trace of the colonists has been found. The fate of the host colony remains a mystery.

No trace of the colonists has been found. The fate of the host colony remains a mystery. Chapter 5 The 13 English Colonies 1607-1733 Section 1 English settlers in Virginia host colony at Roanoke Island near the coast of North Carolina. They run out of food in less than a year. They returned

More information

THE FORMING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

THE FORMING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA THE FORMING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA INTRODUCTION The population of the US grew quickly in the 100 years after the American Revolution. Cities and farms in the northeast continued to grow and expand,

More information

Title: African Americans and the Port of Baltimore in the Nineteenth Century. Lesson Developed by: Jennifer Jones Frieman.

Title: African Americans and the Port of Baltimore in the Nineteenth Century. Lesson Developed by: Jennifer Jones Frieman. Title: African Americans and the Port of Baltimore in the Nineteenth Century Lesson Developed by: Jennifer Jones Frieman Grade Level: 4, 8 Duration: 60 minute class period MARYLAND VSC: History: Grade

More information

Early Emancipation in the North

Early Emancipation in the North Early Emancipation in the North US Federal Laws Regarding Slavery U. S. Constitution: 3/5s compromise [I.2] fugitive slave clause [IV.2] slave trade couldn t be outlawed until 1808 [IX.1] 1793 Fugitive

More information

1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? 2. What were the religious beliefs of most Native American tribes?

1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? 2. What were the religious beliefs of most Native American tribes? Social Studies Standard 2 Test Review Native Americans, Explorers, & Colonization 1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? The Native Americans crossed over the Land Bridge (Bering Strait)

More information

CHAPTER FOUR: SLAVERY AND EMPIRE,

CHAPTER FOUR: SLAVERY AND EMPIRE, CHAPTER FOUR: SLAVERY AND EMPIRE, 1441 1770 THE BEGINNINGS OF AFRICAN SLAVERY Sugar and Slavery West Africans THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE The Demography of the Slave Trade Slavers of All Nations The Shock

More information

The 13 Colonies. By: Gabby

The 13 Colonies. By: Gabby The 13 Colonies By: Gabby New England Colonies Maine New Hampshire Massachusetts Connecticut Rhode Island Middle Colonies New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware Maryland Southern Colonies Virginia North

More information

Chapter 4: The Development of the 13 Colonies. Manufacturing : making things by hand or by machine.

Chapter 4: The Development of the 13 Colonies. Manufacturing : making things by hand or by machine. Chapter 4: The Development of the 13 Colonies Economic Problems: More Than Basic Needs Economic Activities in the 13 Colonies Some countries, besides England, that were in the British Empire were : Wales,

More information

Jamestown Settlement Family Gallery Guide From Africa to Virginia

Jamestown Settlement Family Gallery Guide From Africa to Virginia Jamestown Settlement Family Gallery Guide From Africa to Virginia Not long after the English settled Jamestown in 1607, the first Africans were brought to Virginia. They arrived in 1619 from the Kongo/Angola

More information

I. Geography of the Colonies (Chapter 6 Core Lesson 1)

I. Geography of the Colonies (Chapter 6 Core Lesson 1) Social Studies Chapter 6 New England Colonies Social Studies Tennessee United States: The Early Years Fourth Grade: Mr. Wilson s Class, New Market Elementary School Houghton Mifflin Publishing I. Geography

More information

Part I: Read The Devil in the White City by Erik Larsen and write a word typed book review.

Part I: Read The Devil in the White City by Erik Larsen and write a word typed book review. Dear APUSH Students, I would like to congratulate you on your decision to take on the incredibly challenging and rewarding journey that is Advance Placement United States History. The process of exploring

More information

Colonization and the Revolutionary War Background to the Colonies

Colonization and the Revolutionary War Background to the Colonies Colonization and the Revolutionary War Background to the Colonies Before the Revolutionary War, there were thirteen colonies 1 under British rule in North America. People came from all over Europe seeking

More information

Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America. Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1.

Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America. Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1. Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1. 1. What key activity does this map depict? A Middle Passage B Trans-Saharan

More information

First and Second Jamestown Ship Lists

First and Second Jamestown Ship Lists ASSERTION BEFORE EVIDENCE Provide specific, accurate, relevant information to support or deny the following assertions. As you read, determine through APPARTS & Yes/But analysis, if the doc affirms or

More information

8th Chapter 12 Exam Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

8th Chapter 12 Exam Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Why did the value of slaves drop in the South before the invention of the cotton gin? a. Prices for crops

More information

The Practicality of Slavery in Latin America

The Practicality of Slavery in Latin America Constructing the Past Volume 14 Issue 1 Article 12 2013 The Practicality of Slavery in Latin America Amy Werner Illinois Wesleyan University, awerner@iwu.edu Recommended Citation Werner, Amy (2013) "The

More information

I have, Who has 13 colonies, slave trade, Powhatan tribe

I have, Who has 13 colonies, slave trade, Powhatan tribe I have, Who has 13 colonies, slave trade, Powhatan tribe Created by Heather Smith Font: Pea Sugar Noodles http://kevinandamanda.com/fonts/fontsforpeas/pea-sugar-noodles/ Directions 1. Cut out and laminate

More information

Slavery, The Quakers and Abolition

Slavery, The Quakers and Abolition Slavery, The Quakers and Abolition The United States was not always a free country for everyone. The United States was built on the backs of slaves. Slaves worked in fields and in houses so the plantation

More information

Lesson 2: English Settlement

Lesson 2: English Settlement Unit 3 Lesson 2: English Settlement Like the Spanish and French, The English Wanted to claim colonies in North America. Goal. 5-U2.1.1: Describe significant developments in the Southern colonies including:

More information

What was the role of a slave in Colonial America?

What was the role of a slave in Colonial America? What was the role of a slave in Colonial America? How can I describe the impact and role of slavery in the colonies? Grade Level: 5 th Extension Lesson- Social Studies/History/Civic Sunshine State Standards

More information

The Road to Change. From the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution

The Road to Change. From the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution The Road to Change From the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution From the Declaration of Independence to the Constitution 1776: Colonists sign the Declaration of Independence 1783: Colonists

More information

Age of Exploration and the Slave Trade

Age of Exploration and the Slave Trade Age of Exploration and the Slave Trade Mr. Cegielski Essential Questions: 1) What were the political, economic, and religious causes of European exploration? 2) What were the major sea routes and exploits

More information

Primary Source Activity: Runaway Slave and Servant Advertisements (mid-1700s)

Primary Source Activity: Runaway Slave and Servant Advertisements (mid-1700s) Foundations of U.S. History: Resources Home Schedule Collaboration Resources Lessons Explore Sources About Primary Source Activity: Runaway Slave and Servant Advertisements (mid-1700s) Download Runaway

More information

All of the materials for the summer assignments can also be found on my class website: https://sites.google.com/site/apushistorywhs/

All of the materials for the summer assignments can also be found on my class website: https://sites.google.com/site/apushistorywhs/ Advanced Placement United States History (APUSH) Summer Assignment 2012 Instructor: K. Poteat Brown Email: Kishanna.Poteat@pgcps.org Class Site: https://sites.google.com/site/apushistorywhs/ Welcome to

More information

AP Practice Exam Questions

AP Practice Exam Questions The Bill of Rights did not come from a desire to protect the liberties won in the American Revolution, but rather from a fear of the powers of the new federal government. Assess the validity of the statement.

More information

Chapter 15: The South After the Civil War

Chapter 15: The South After the Civil War Chapter 15: The South After the Civil War The Economy of the South After the Civil War Three reasons the economy of the South was not very strong before the Civil War 1. Profits were made because labor

More information

Final Exam December 10, 2007 12:30-2:30 GRANT AUD. Lecture Schedule 11/8 The Market Revolution 11/13 Andrew Jackson 11/15 The Slave Trade 11/20 The Ol

Final Exam December 10, 2007 12:30-2:30 GRANT AUD. Lecture Schedule 11/8 The Market Revolution 11/13 Andrew Jackson 11/15 The Slave Trade 11/20 The Ol The Rape of Africa and the African Slave Trade Paul Robeson 1898-19761976 November 15, 2007 History 101 Home Page Second Paper Assignment Due Tuesday, November 27 http://www.classes.maxwell.syr.edu/his101/

More information

Thirteen Colonies Links

Thirteen Colonies Links Thirteen Colonies Links 13 colonies food clothing Education Games Jobs New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies Interactive Activities 13 Colonies Social Studies for Kids: The Thirteen Colonies

More information

Overview. Mission Gate, ca. late 1700s Courtesy Texas Archeological Research Labs. Photo by Hunt Wellborn

Overview. Mission Gate, ca. late 1700s Courtesy Texas Archeological Research Labs. Photo by Hunt Wellborn H C H A P T E R t h r e e H immigration Overview Chapter 3: Immigration covers many groups involved in the early colonization of Texas: farmers, ranchers, soldiers, missionaries, and slaves. Exhibits in

More information

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date:

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. World Book Student Database Name: Date: Find It! American Civil War: Background The Civil War took more American lives than any other

More information

What types of men were chosen to journey to the New World to set up Jamestown?

What types of men were chosen to journey to the New World to set up Jamestown? King James England: 1600 s Virginia Company of London sold shares to wealthy English landowners to help finance trip (economic venture) Granted a charter Why did England wish to colonize? Read the charter

More information

The Southern Colonies in the 17 th and 18 th Centuries

The Southern Colonies in the 17 th and 18 th Centuries AP U.S. History: Unit 2.1 Student Edition The Southern Colonies in the 17 th and 18 th Centuries I. Southern plantation colonies: general characteristics A. Dominated to a degree by a plantation economy:

More information

Colonial America Test Preview. Vocabulary. Mayflower Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Roanoke Metacomet Squanto

Colonial America Test Preview. Vocabulary. Mayflower Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Roanoke Metacomet Squanto Colonial America Colonial America Test Preview Vocabulary Mayflower Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Roanoke Metacomet Squanto Colonial America Test Preview Who named Newfoundland for Queen Elizabeth?

More information

Types of Businesses. For each event explain the cause, the actual event, and then the effects of each. Before During After Bacon s Rebellion-

Types of Businesses. For each event explain the cause, the actual event, and then the effects of each. Before During After Bacon s Rebellion- SSUSH1 The student will describe European settlement in North America during the 17th century. a. Explain Virginia s development; include the Virginia Company, tobacco cultivation, relationships with Native

More information

Take this Test! 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America?

Take this Test! 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America? Take this Test! Round One 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America? 2. Where did Roger Williams eventually settle?...maryland or Rhode Island? 3. During the European settlement of the

More information