IELTS Preparation. Mohammad S Alsoufi BSc, MSc, PhD Candidate. February 2010

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1 IELTS Preparation Mohammad S Alsoufi BSc, MSc, PhD Candidate February 2010

2 Outlines Wha t is IELTS? Test Format and Band Scores Listening Academic Reading Academic Writing Speaking How to Apply Visit WWW for Help Books for IELTS

3 What is IELTS IELTS is the International English Language Testing System Designed to assess the English language ability of people who intend to study or work where English is the language of communication Total test time 2 hours and 45 minutes excluding brakes

4 Test Format & Band Scores Candidates are tested in Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking

5 Test Format & Band Scores Listening, Reading and Writing must be completed in one day without break Speaking can be completed within 7 days before or after the main test day

6 Test Format & Band Scores IELTS Band Score

7 Listening

8 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items The listening material is recorded on a cassette tape which you will hear only ONEC!! A range of English accent are used At the end, Candidates will be given 10 minutes to copy the answers onto the answer sheet Spelling is important can use both British and American spelling Answer sheet has two sides One for Listening test One for Reading test

9 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items When count words Prepositions (in, of, to, at, etc) and Articles (a, an, the) do counts as a words Each question is worth one mark The problem Getting lost!! The solution Read ahead!!

10 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items Before Listening: Read the questions Look at all the questions in each section Read the instructions carefully Known the form of your answer Decide what listening for Predict the answer Time available (20-30s 15s 30s)

11 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items To do well in listening: Key words Main topic Synonyms

12 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items Section 1: Conversation (Two Speakers based on social and semi-official context) Section 2: Monologue (A talk by a single speaker based on a non-academic situation, e.g. in a film, play etc ) Section 3: Conversation (Four Speakers - based on academic topics or courserelated situations) Section 4: Lecture

13 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Label the diagram

14 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Complete the table must fill all gaps with answers to get one mark

15 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Fill in the blank write no more than three words and/or a number for each answer

16 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Write a short answer write no more than five words

17 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items PAY ATTENTION!!! In Numbers: 00 sometimes is read as double 0 instead of zero-zero The Last Word Counts: Generalizations:

18 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items PAY ATTENTION!!! For multiple-choice questions

19 Listening 30 Minutes 04 Sections 40 Items PAY ATTENTION!!! Copy the Example s Style Example 1: 55% means (55%) not ( 55 Percent or fifty five percent ) Example 2: First means (First) not ( 1st or 1 ) Example 3: always write the full version of Prof. June Professor June

20 Academic Reading

21 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items All candidates are required to read three texts of between 500 and 900 words each The texts and questions increase in difficulty The answer and the record on the answer sheet within the 60 minutes (Remember the guy with ZERO score) Each question is worth one mark No penalty for wrong answers Spelling is important - can use both British and American spelling

22 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Texts are taken from books, magazines, journals and newspapers, all written for a non-specialist audience At least one of the text contains a detailed argument The problem Not having enough time The Solution Time management rule (13+2, 18+2, 23+2)

23 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Summary Completion

24 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Matching headings to paragraphs

25 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Identifying the writer s views

26 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions True/False/Not Given PAY ATTENTION!!! Each paragraph usually contains an answer to one question. For example, if Q.1 in Paragraph A, then Q.2 will probable be in Paragraph B

27 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Multiple choice

28 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Table completion (using words taken from reading passage)

29 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Matching Causes and Effects

30 Academic Reading 60 Minutes 03 Sections 40 Items Types of questions Sentence Completion (using words taken from the reading passage) Short answer questions

31 Academic Writing

32 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Allocate about 20 minutes Tas k 1 Allocate about 40 minutes Tas k 2 Task 2 is worth more marks Tas k 1: write description of at least 150 words based on material found in a chart, table, graph or diagram Tas k 2: essay of at least 250 words in response to a statement or question

33 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 - Tips Do not copy phrases from the question Do not include information not in the graph or picture Do not take more than 20 minutes Do not forget to leave time to read it through

34 Academic Writing Task 1 - Examples Table Graph Flow Chart Pie Chart Diagram Bar Chart/Bar Graph

35 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 The Language of Change

36 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 The Language of Change

37 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 The Language of Change

38 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 The Language of Change

39 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 The Language of Change

40 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 The Language of Change

41 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 The Language of Change

42 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 1 (Example) You should spend about 20 minutes on this task The graph below gives information about changes in the birth and death rates in New Zealand between 1901 and 2101 Write a report for a university lecturerdescribing the information shown below B D

43 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Introduction Main Body Conclusion The graph shows changes in the birth and death rates in New Zealand since 1901, and forecasts trends up until 2101 Between 1901 and the present day, the birth rate has been consistently higher than the death rate. It stood at 20,000 at the start of this period and increased to a peak of 66,000 in Since then, the rate has fluctuated between 65 and 50 thousand and it is expected to decline slowly to around 45,000 births by the end of the century In contrast, the death rate started below 10,000 and has increased steadily until the present time. This increase is expected to be more rapid between 2021 and 2051 when the rate will probably level off at around 60,000 before dropping slightly in 2101 Overall, these opposing trends mean that the death rate will probably overtake the birth rate in around 2041 and the large gap between the two levels will be reversed in the later part of this century

44 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 2 - Tips Study question carefully Underline key points Quickly brainstorm the topic Decide on the main points and supporting details Organise points in a plan Structure according to the type of essay

45 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 2 - Types Arguments Advantages and Disadvantages Problems and Solutions

46 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 2 Strength of Claim

47 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 2 Examples of Different Structures

48 Academic Writing 60 Minutes 02 Sections 400 Words Task 2 (Example) You should spend about 40 minutes on this task Dealing with juvenile delinquency Youth Crime Low Class in Inner City Areas Custody Approved School and Remand School Community Service Punishment Behaviour Attitude

49 Speaking

50 Speaking Time: minutes Individual oral interview (Three Parts) All Speaking tests are recorded How the speaking component is assessed Fluency and Coherence Vocabulary Grammatical Range and Accuracy Pronunciation Transition signals

51 Speaking When you entre the exam room: Smile and act confident Look at the examiner in the eyes Confidently introduce yourself Eliminate nervous gestures Wear smart clothing Remember!!! Speak clearly Project your voice Avoid repeating phrases Always say more than Yes or No!!

52 Speaking Part 1 (Introduction) This section of the test lasts 4-5 minutes and in it you may need to give longer answers to questions to ensure you display your best ability

53 Speaking Part 2 (Individual Talk) Candidate is given a verbal prompt on a card and is asked to talk on a particular topic. 1 minute preparation time before speaking at length for up to 2 minutes The examiner then asks 1 or 2 rounding-off questions

54 Speaking Part 3 (Discussion Topics) The examiner and candidate engage in a discussion of more abstract issue and concepts which are linked to the topic in Part 2 The discussion lasts between 4 and 5 minutes

55 Speaking Part 3 (Discussion Topics) Examples: Can you tell me more about that? Please explain? Yes, that would be fine Well, the first thing/idea that comes to mind is... You mentioned... Why do you say that? Actually, that is difficult question to answer; nevertheless, in my opinion...

56 Speaking Part 3 (Discussion Topics) Be prepared to speculate about the future

57 How to Apply An application form Bring your original valid passport Two photos (passport size) and the background must be white or light blue only The IELTS test fee

58 Visit WWW for help IELTS Academic Reading help IELTS Writing help IELTS listening help IELTS speaking help Scott s English Success

59 Books for IELTS Recommended study materials for students who want an IELTS score of 6.5 or higher

60 Questions!

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