Grade 4 Book 5. Life and Living 2 Animals and their Habitats 1

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1 Grade 4 Book 5 Life and Living 2 Animals and their Habitats 1

2 1 Animals and their habitats 1 The wild things of this earth are not ours to do with as we please. They have been given to us in trust, and we must account for them to the generation which will come after us and audit our accounts. Leo Venenatis

3 Book 5 - Animals and Their Habitats 1 Grade 4 Term 3 (Natural Science) Animal Structures Classifying Animals Animal Habitats THEMES ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS 1. Why are animals and plants so important to our dunes? 2. How do I research and record information independently? SKILLS Summarising - identifying key points, mind mapping Research and Recording - collecting and organising data Thinking and Reasoning - draw warranted conclusions and evaluations Creativity - making use of questions, self-initiated discovery CONCEPTS Adaptation - adaptation of animals to their environment ATTITUDES AND VALUES Empathy - listening with understanding, showing compassion, giving feedback Responsibility and Meeting Deadlines - tasks completed on time, group and peer respect Animal Structures (20) Animal Structures brainstorm (15) Classifying Animals 1 (15) Classifying Animals 2 (10) Classifying Animals 3 (15) ASSESSMENTS, TASKS AND PROJECTS 2

4 Animal Structures All living things can be divided into two groups - plants and animals. We can examine the different plant structures to classify them. We use a similar method to compare animals. Just like plants, animals also have a basic structure. The basic structure of an animal is: head tail body limbs Head sense organs Most animals have a part of their body that we call the head. The head has: a brain (or brain-like structure) sensory organs - like the eyes and ears feeding structures - like the mouth and jaws Tail Most animals have a tail at the back end of their body. The tail has many important functions. It helps the animal to: Move Kill their prey Swim Provide warmth Chase away flies Communicate Balance Distract predators 3

5 Body Animals have different body coverings. Body coverings need to protect the animal's organs, bones and muscles from their environment. Many animals also need to blend into their environment and use their body coverings to do so. Limbs Most animals use their limbs to move. Animals can walk, run, climb or swim using their limbs. Animals can have wings, webbed feet, tentacles, fins, legs, arms, flippers and long slithery bodies. Sense Organs Some animals have senses that are much better developed than those of humans. For example, sniffer dogs help to find people who are trapped under building rubble, mudslides or snow and tell the rescue workers where the victims are. These dogs can also smell drugs or bombs and alert the police. A beagle sniffer dog working at an airport. 4

6 Research and Recording Task - Animal Structures 1 Watch this video as a class before starting your task: Why do animals have tails? 1. Refer to page two and reread the information about the functions of a tail. There are eight pictures, each showing a different function. Write a sentence to describe each function. You may need to do a little research! (8) For example: warn others of possible dangers - Some deer flash the white underside of their tails to other deer to warn them of possible danger. 2. Scientifically label this drawing to show the animal s basic structures. (12) HEAD TAIL BODY LIMBS SENSE ORGAN - SKIN SENSE ORGAN - EYES SENSE ORGAN - EARS SENSE ORGAN - NOSE THE BASIC STRUCTURES OF AN ANIMAL Total: 20 5

7 Adaptation Task - Animal Structures 2 Animals have different body coverings: feathers fur shells skin scales Can you identify specific animals/animal groups that fit into each category? Create a brainstorm using Popplet Lite and include each of the areas. Alternatively, you can work in your Thematic Book. You should have at least 3 points per topic. Extension - watch this video about the different types of body coverings. Total: 15 Animals have feathers, fur, skin, scales or shells for a reason. Their body coverings can provide protection or camouflage - some animals, such as the peacock, even use their bright colours to attract a mate! 6

8 Classifying Animals Discuss: Vertebrates are animals with backbones. Invertebrates are animals without backbones. Name each animal and decide whether you think it is a vertebrate or invertebrate. Can we classify humans in the same way? Animals are classified into those with a backbone (spine) and those without. Animals with a backbone are called vertebrates and those without a backbone are called invertebrates. We will be learning about dune animals in this ibook. These animals are all vertebrates as they each have a spine. There are five groups of vertebrates: Fish are animals that live in the water. They have gills that allow them to breathe under water. Different species of fish may live in fresh water or salt water. Birds are animals that have feathers, wings, and lay eggs. Many birds can fly. Mammals are warm-blooded animals that nurse their young with milk and have fur or hair. Some examples of mammals include humans, dolphins, giraffes and horses. Amphibians are cold-blooded animals. They start out their lives living in the water with gills just like fish. Later they develop lungs and can move to dry land. Amphibians include frogs and toads. Reptiles are cold-blooded animals which lay eggs. Their skin is covered with hard, dry scales. Reptile species include crocodiles, snakes, lizards, and turtles. 7

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11 Thinking and Reasoning Task - Classifying Animals 1 Redraw this table in your workbook. It should take up a full A4 page. VERTEBRATES INVERTEBRATES Cut out the pictures and place them under the correct headings. You may need to do some research if you are unsure. Remember, vertebrates have a backbone and invertebrates do not. Total: 15 Research and Recording/Creativity Task - Classifying Animals 2 Create an informational poster, like the ones on page 7 and 8, to describe an amphibian. Try to include at least 5 facts. Use your ipad to do research. Total: 10 10

12 Thinking and Reasoning Task - Classifying Animals 3 Fill in the missing words using the ones provided in the block below: vertebrate birds oxygen cold amphibians skin food live red fish lungs warm fur frogs webbed two invertebrate three milk gills 1. An animal that has a backbone is called a and an animal without a backbone is called an. 2. There are five main groups of vertebrates: mammals, birds, fish, reptiles and. 3. Mammals breathe using and fish breathe using. 4. Most reptiles and fish are blooded. Mammals and birds are blooded. 5. Vertebrates such as and lay eggs. All invertebrates lay eggs. 6. A mammal s body is covered with either or. 7. A mammal does not lay eggs. Instead it gives birth to young and feeds them. 8. Birds have legs. 9. An amphibian has feet. Total: 15 Was your amphibian poster correct? Click on this link to find out: 11

13 Animal Habitats - Sand Dunes Desert Rain Forest Forest Ocean Arctic Grassland Coastal (e.g. the Cape Coastal Dune System) Wetlands Plants and animals choose where they live mostly because of the water, food and climate of a specific area. The place that a plant or animal lives in is called a habitat. Some plants and animals choose to live in the hot, dry desert. These plants and animals do not need as much water as other types of plants and animals. Some animals and plants live in a forest or cave habitat because they prefer cooler, shady areas. Other plants and animals choose to live along the shoreline where the water meets the land. This is because they prefer a wet environment, but are also able to live on land. Some animals chose to always be in the water in marine habitats. There are even animals and plants that live in the very cold regions near the arctic poles or in very high mountains. Some animals rely on their habitat to escape danger or to hide from the food they are trying to catch! To help them do this they, blend in with their surroundings. This is called camouflage. 12

14 Animals use camouflage to hide from their prey. When they are hunting it helps them to sneak up on other animals without being seen. A chameleon can change its skin colour to blend in with its surroundings. Animals also use camouflage to hide from the predators that eat them. The endangered Western Leopard Toad, found in the Western Cape, uses spots to blend into its surroundings and hide from predators. 13

15 Consolidation Task - Classifying Animals 4 Step 1: Collect data on a habitat in your co-operative group. Your teacher will give each group a different habitat. You will need to use your ipads to search for information. NAME OF HABITAT SHORT DESCRIPTION OF HABITAT 3 ANIMALS FROM HABITAT 3 PLANTS/TREES FROM HABITAT 2 AREAS WHERE HABITAT IS FOUND Total: 10 Step 2: The Reporter from each co-operative group will visit each group to: Teach them about his/her habitat. Each co-operative group must copy down all of the visiting Reporter s information. Record the information for each habitat on his/her sheet. Step 3: The Reporter will return to his/her group. Groups will revise the work learnt. The Organiser will ensure that each group member has all of the information copied down correctly. 14

16 NAME OF HABITAT SHORT DESCRIPTION OF HABITAT 3 ANIMALS FROM HABITAT 3 PLANTS/TREES FROM HABITAT 2 AREAS WHERE HABITAT IS FOUND 15

17 NAME OF HABITAT SHORT DESCRIPTION OF HABITAT 3 ANIMALS FROM HABITAT 3 PLANTS/TREES FROM HABITAT 2 AREAS WHERE HABITAT IS FOUND Extension - What is Habitat Destruction? What can we do to preserve natural habitats? 16

18 Sun Valley Group of Schools 2015 xvii

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