POP QUIZ (COLD WAR)!

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1 U.S. History Mr. Boothby 3/29/2016 The Learning Target : THE STALEMATE 1970 s NIXON/ DÉTENTE/ STAGNATION/ BOMBING VIETNAM! POP QUIZ (COLD WAR)! Silently Read Pages ) What happened with the American economy in the 1970 s? What was happening in the shifting of the working class? 2) What was Nixon s proposal that was called Vietnamization? Did it work? Explain! #3 What was Nixon s détente and how did he begin to accomplish this? #4 & 5 Discuss and know the MAJOR SUPREME COURT CASES OF THE ERA AND BOMBONG NORTH VIETNAM INTO PEACE! Bombing North Vietnam to the Peace Table Nixon ordered a two-week bombing campaign of North Vietnam in an attempt to force the North Vietnamese to the peace table. On January 23, 1973, North Vietnamese negotiators agreed to a cease-fire agreement. This agreement was really just a disguised American retreat. BEGIN 1 st 5 MINUTES OF THE WATERGAME DAY! Tonight: READ PAGES Cornell Notes THE TAPE! SUPPORT BELOW!

2 POP QUIZ: #1 What was most responsible for China becoming Communist? #2 Name the first Communist leader of China. #3 What is the Domino Theory? CLICK TO UNLOCK! #4 What incident got the USA involved in Vietnam? #5 What were the Communist Soldiers of the North know as? #6 Who became President in 1968 and promised to win the war with honor? #7 What was the dividing line for KOREA? #8 What do the initials from the Cold War M.A.D. stand for? #9 What does Bert The Turtle say you should do in case of a Nuclear Attack? #10 What was NCS-68?

3 QUIZ ANSWER KEY! #1 What was most responsible for China becoming Communist? Mao Zedong or the fall and destabilization of China #2 Name the first Communist leader of China. Mao Zedong #3 What is the Domino Theory? #4 What incident got the USA involved in Vietnam? Gulf of Tonkin N. Korean Attacks! #5 What were the Communist Soldiers of the North know as? Vietcong! #6 Who became President in 1968 and promised to win the war with honor? Richard Nixon! ANSWER KEY! #7 What was the dividing line for KOREA? 38th Parallel! #8 What do the initials from the Cold War M.A.D. stand for? Mutual Assured Destruction! #9 What does Bert The Turtle say you should do in case of a Nuclear Attack? Duck and Cover! #10 What was NCS-68? National Security Council Report 68 (NSC-68) was issued to boost spending on troops and containment of the Cold War $$$$$$$$$

4 SUPPORT! 1) What happened with the American economy in the 1970 s? What was happening in the shifting of the working class? The growth of the American economy slowed down in the 1970s. More women and teens were entering the works force; these groups typically made less money than males. Deteriorating machinery and new regulations also hindered growth. The Vietnam War and on the Great Society program also contributed to inflation. Countries like Japan and Germany started to dominate industries that had traditionally been led by the Americans (steel, automobiles, and consumer electronics). 2) What was Nixon s proposal that was called Vietnamization? Did it work? Explain! President Nixon brought knowledge and expertise in foreign affairs to the presidency. Nixon started a policy called "Vietnamization," which was to withdraw 540,000 U.S. troops from South Vietnam. The South Vietnamese, with American money, weapons, training, and advice, would then gradually take over the war. Nixon did not want to end the war; he wanted to win it by other means. Nixon Doctrine: the United States would honor its existing defense commitments but in the future, Asians and other countries would have to fight their own wars without the support of large numbers of American troops. On November 3, 1969, Nixon delivered a televised speech to the "silent majority," who presumably supported the war; he hoped to gain supporters. #3 What was Nixon s détente and how did he begin to accomplish this? Nixon's Détente with Beijing (Peking) and Moscow In 1972, Nixon visited China and paved the way for improved relations between the United States and Beijing. In May 1972, Nixon traveled to Moscow and negotiated détente, or relaxed tensions between the Soviet Union and China. The United States agreed to sell the Soviets at least $750 million worth of wheat, corn, and other cereals. Two agreements also slowed the arms race between America and the Soviets: 1) An anti-ballistic missile (AMB) treaty limited the U.S. and the Soviet Union to two clusters of defensive missiles. 2) SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) froze the numbers of long-range nuclear missiles for 5 years Discuss and know the MAJOR SUPREME COURT CASES OF THE ERA AND BOMBONG NORTH VIETNAM INTO PEACE! #4 A New Team on the Supreme Bench Earl Warren was appointed as a Justice to the Supreme Court in 1953 and he made many controversial rulings: Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) struck down a state law that banned the use of contraceptives, even by married couples, creating a "right to privacy." Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) ruled that all criminals were entitled to legal counsel, even if they were unable to afford it.

5 Escobedo (1964) and Miranda (1966) ruled that those who were arrested had to the "right to remain silent." (Miranda warning) Engel v. Vitale (1962) and School District of Abington Township vs. Schempp (1963) ruled that public schools could not require prayers or Bible reading. Reynolds vs. Sims (1964) ruled that the state legislatures would be required to be reapportioned according to population. In an attempt to end the liberal rulings, President Nixon set Warren E. Burger to replace the retiring Earl Warren in The Supreme Court had four new Nixon-appointed members by the end of #5 DISCUSS Bombing North Vietnam to the Peace Table Nixon ordered a two-week bombing campaign of North Vietnam in an attempt to force the North Vietnamese to the peace table. On January 23, 1973, North Vietnamese negotiators agreed to a cease-fire agreement. This agreement was really just a disguised American retreat.

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