Option C: Energy. Greenhouse effect

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Option C: Energy. Greenhouse effect"

Transcription

1 Option C: Energy C.5 Environmental Impact: Global Warming Greenhouse effect Natural greenhouse effect: absorption of infrared radiation by natural greenhouse gases (CO 2 and H 2 O vapour) in the atmosphere warming the earth if not surface would be 30K cooler. Anthropogenic greenhouse effect: caused by gases emitted by human activities. 1

2 solar radiation spectrum natural greenhouse effect Greenhouse Analogy:Energy from the sun in the form of some ultraviolet and visible light (short wavelength) passes through the glass of the greenhouse. As the light strikes various surfaces in the greenhouse they are heated. These surfaces in turn re-radiate the heat in the form of infrared radiation (long wavelength). However, the IR radiation is blocked from escaping by the glass. IR is not able to pass through the glass, hence the greenhouse air heats up fairly dramatically. The greenhouse gases have the same property as the glass towards the IR radiation. Think of the greenhouse gases acting as an invisible glass shield around the earth. 2

3 T 1950 present day 3

4 Where will it occur primarily? terminology greenhouse effect= the absorbing of some of the infra-red radiation radiated from the Earth in the atmosphere which is then reradiated back to Earth; this results in global warming= a gradual increase in planet-wide temperatures 4

5 Global warming:evidence Global warming: Historic CO 2 levels Ice core from 2874 m depth, years old Thin slice of ice gas bubbles are dark 5

6 What does ice core data tell us? Global warming: CO 2 emissions 6

7 Global warming effects (1) World wide rise in sea levels resulting from: Partial melting of glaciers and polar ice caps Thermal expansion of water (as a result of heating). Changes in crop yields: some crops will grow better, other worse. Global warming effects (2) Changes in distribution of commercial crops Changes in the distribution of pests and diseasecarrying organisms e.g. malaria. More severe weather conditions: floods in particular of coastal areas; more severe storms e.g. monsoon floods in Pakistan 2010 More severe droughts e.g worst drought in Amazon 7

8 Local effects will differ why? Greenhouse factor Compares ability of a greenhouse gas to absorb IR to the same amount of carbon dioxide which has a factor of 1. Example: greenhouse factor of methane is 30 which means it absorbs as much as 30 molecules of carbon dioxide or 1 molecule of methane absorbs 30 times more as 1 molecule of carbon dioxide. 8

9 Greenhouse gases: H 2 O Sources: Human: combustion of hydrocarbons Natural: evaporation Relative effect: 0.1 -Least effective in trapping radiation but is most abundant. Sources: greenhouse gas: CO 2 Human: burning fossil fuels and wood, forest fires, burning waste Natural: respiration, decay of organic matter, natural forest fires Relative effect: Most important greenhouse gas (50% contribution) because of its great abundance (second largest after water vapour) and the large range of wavelengths over which it absorbs IR. 9

10 Greenhouse gases: CH 4 Sources: Human: cattle farming, rice paddies (wet soil means any organic matter in it is decomposed without oxygen), petroleum and natural gas production. Natural: digestive tracts of ruminants, cattle, bogs or marshes, bacterial fermentation when organic matter is decomposed anaerobically, methane gas is produced. Relative effect: 30 - Low abundance in atmosphere but it is more effective in absorbing infrared radiation, however, its atmospheric lifespan in the atmosphere is short. Greenhouse gases: N 2 O Sources: Human: use of nitrogen based fertilizers Natural: bacterial action Relative effect: 160 -Very effective in absorbing radiation, fairly long atmospheric life. 10

11 Sources: Greenhouse gases: CFCs Human: refrigerators, air-conditioning, aerosols in spraying cans, foaming agents Natural: none!!!! Relative effect: Very effective in absorbing radiation, long atmospheric life but low abundance. Greenhouse gases: SF 6 Human source: electrical insulators Greenhouse effect:

12 Greenhouse gases CO 2 released into the atmosphere combines with water according the equation above, leading to ocean acidification. The inhibits shell growth in animals and causes reproductive issues in fish. Ocean Acidification: CO 2 + H 2 O H 2 CO 3 12

13 Global Dimming The release of particulates into the atmosphere from incomplete combustion of fossil fuel use blocks light. This can lead to a reduction in global temperatures, although with consequences. 13

14 Strategies for Reducing CO 2 Levels Increased energy efficiency Reduced dependence on carbon-based fuels Capture and storage of carbon from fossil fuels. 14

15 Increased energy efficiency Reduced dependence on carbon-based fuels Capture and storage of carbon from fossil fuels. 15

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

More information

ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases. Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June

ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases. Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June ATM S 111: Global Warming Greenhouse Gases Jennifer Fletcher Day 4: June 24 2010 What are the Major Greenhouse Gases? Our atmosphere is mostly nitrogen (N 2, 78%), oxygen (O 2, 21%), and argon (Ar, 0.9%)

More information

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth.

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth. The Earth is wrapped in a blanket of air called the atmosphere, which is made up of several layers of gases. The sun is much hotter than the Earth and it gives off rays of heat (radiation) that travel

More information

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to:

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to: Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements

More information

Worksheet A Environmental Problems

Worksheet A Environmental Problems Worksheet A Environmental Problems Vocabulary Can you talk about Environmental issues in English? With a partner, try to explain the terms in the diagram below. Why are the words divided into two groups

More information

ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast

ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast DARGAN M. W. FRIERSON DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES DAY 2: OCTOBER 6, 2015 In the News India submits climate action plan Will have 40% renewable

More information

Climate Control and Ozone Depletion. Chapter 19

Climate Control and Ozone Depletion. Chapter 19 Climate Control and Ozone Depletion Chapter 19 Global Warming and Global Cooling Are Not New Over the past 4.5 billion years the climate has been altered by Volcanic emissions Changes in solar input Movement

More information

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test

How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles. Multiple Choice Test How Ecosystems Work: Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycles Multiple Choice Test 1. The flow of solar energy through an ecosystem is marked by a) plants converting light energy to chemical energy via photosynthesis

More information

The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming. Student Activity Sheet. Name Date Class

The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming. Student Activity Sheet. Name Date Class The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming Student Activity Sheet Name Date Class The greenhouse effect results from the heat energy of sunlight being absorbed by the Earth and molecules in the Earth's atmosphere.

More information

Heating the Atmosphere. Dr. Michael J Passow

Heating the Atmosphere. Dr. Michael J Passow Heating the Atmosphere Dr. Michael J Passow Heat vs. Temperature Heat refers to energy transferred from one object to another Temperature measures the average kinetic energy in a substance. When heat energy

More information

READING COMPREHENSION I SIR ISAAC NEWTON

READING COMPREHENSION I SIR ISAAC NEWTON READING COMPREHENSION I SIR ISAAC NEWTON Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was an English scientist who made great contributions to physics, optics, maths and astronomy. He is known for his Three Laws of Motion

More information

Grantham Briefing Note 6 (Version 2) September 2013 Climate change, greenhouse gases and radiative forcing

Grantham Briefing Note 6 (Version 2) September 2013 Climate change, greenhouse gases and radiative forcing Grantham Briefing Note 6 (Version 2) September 2013 Climate change, greenhouse gases and radiative forcing DR FLORA MACTAVISH AND DR SIMON BUCKLE Overview Human emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and

More information

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved.

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

The Earth s Atmosphere

The Earth s Atmosphere THE SUN-EARTH SYSTEM III The Earth s Atmosphere Composition and Distribution of the Atmosphere The composition of the atmosphere and the way its gases interact with electromagnetic radiation determine

More information

Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases Reading Assignment

Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases Reading Assignment What is global warming? Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases Imagine you live in a timber shack in Alaska. It's chilly up there, so you build yourself a huge log fire and pile on all the wood you can find.

More information

Introduction to the Greenhouse Effect

Introduction to the Greenhouse Effect Introduction to the Greenhouse Effect Planetary Temperature by Arthur Glasfeld and Margret Geselbracht ver the past 10-15 years there has been growing concern over changes in the climate and the possibility

More information

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives

Ecosystem Ecology. Community interacts with abiotic factors. Objectives Ecosystem Ecology Community interacts with abiotic factors Objectives Compare the processes of energy flow and chemical cycling as they relate to ecosystem dynamics. Define and list examples of producers,

More information

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth This chapter is concerned with the nature of energy and how it interacts with Earth. At this stage we are looking at energy in an abstract form though relate it to how it affect

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 x 1 mark) (i) climate the average weather of an area over a 25 30 year period (ii) maritime

More information

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid What Is Integrated Solid Waste Management? This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid waste, identifies the important issues you should consider when planning for solid waste management,

More information

Understanding weather and climate

Understanding weather and climate Understanding weather and climate Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence

More information

1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K

1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K 1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K 2. How does the amount of heat energy reflected by a smooth, dark-colored concrete

More information

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to creating

More information

Fact Sheet Series for Key Stages 2 & 3

Fact Sheet Series for Key Stages 2 & 3 Atmosphere, Climate & Environment Information Programme, Manchester Metropolitan University Chester Street, Manchester M1 5GD Tel: 0161 247 1590 Fax: 0161 247 6332 E-Mail: @mmu.ac.uk Internet: http://www.ace.mmu.ac.uk/

More information

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

More information

Q1. In the carbon cycle the amounts of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the air are changed by several processes.

Q1. In the carbon cycle the amounts of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the air are changed by several processes. Q. In the carbon cycle the amounts of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the air are changed by several processes. (a) The names of some processes are given in the box below. combustion decomposition neutralisation

More information

P1-3 Long Answer Ideas

P1-3 Long Answer Ideas P1-3 Long Answer Ideas Use the collection of points for each question to help check that you have covered the key points when answering questions for revision. Use it as a ticklist to check over the questions

More information

Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium.

Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium. Lesson Plan Simulating the Greenhouse Effect in a Terrarium. Content Standards: 1. Matter and Energy in the Earth System Central Concepts 1.1 Identify Earth s principal sources of internal and external

More information

The Atmosphere. Introduction Greenhouse Effect/Climate Change/Global Warming

The Atmosphere. Introduction Greenhouse Effect/Climate Change/Global Warming Introduction Greenhouse Effect/Climate Change/Global Warming The Atmosphere The terms Greenhouse Effect, Climate Change, and Global Warming are often used interchangeably, yet they really refer to three

More information

Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere

Energy Pathways in Earth s Atmosphere BRSP - 10 Page 1 Solar radiation reaching Earth s atmosphere includes a wide spectrum of wavelengths. In addition to visible light there is radiation of higher energy and shorter wavelength called ultraviolet

More information

Sustainable Living Student Worksheets

Sustainable Living Student Worksheets Sustainable Living Student Worksheets Stage 4 Design & Technology FW4DT1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to keep

More information

degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it's human activity that's driving the temperatures up, a process

degrees Fahrenheit. Scientists believe it's human activity that's driving the temperatures up, a process Global Warming For 2.5 million years, the earth's climate has fluctuated, cycling from ice ages to warmer periods. But in the last century, the planet's temperature has risen unusually fast, about 1.2

More information

Planetary Energy Balance

Planetary Energy Balance Planetary Energy Balance Electromagnetic Spectrum Different types of radiation enter the Earth s atmosphere and they re all a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. One end of the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum

More information

AP* Environmental Science: Atmosphere and Air Pollution Answer Section

AP* Environmental Science: Atmosphere and Air Pollution Answer Section AP* Environmental Science: Atmosphere and Air Pollution Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: B Stratospheric ozone, found roughly 11-16 miles above sea level keeps about 95% of the sun s harmful UV radiation

More information

GLOBAL WARMING: THE SIGNS AND THE SCIENCE

GLOBAL WARMING: THE SIGNS AND THE SCIENCE GLOBAL WARMING: THE SIGNS AND THE SCIENCE PBS Home Video Host: Alanis Morissette Corporate Funding (always check out sponsors to determine the possibility of advocacy and influence by sponsors) Toyota

More information

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1 MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1. The volume of a given mass of water at a temperature of T 1 is V 1. The volume increases to V 2 at temperature T 2. The coefficient of volume expansion of water may be calculated

More information

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability Non-renewable and renewable resources Provided by Sponsored by INTRODUCTION We use energy for everything we do, whether it is heating our homes, cooking a meal,

More information

Teacher notes for activity: What is global warming?

Teacher notes for activity: What is global warming? Teacher notes for activity: What is global warming? Resources for this activity Powerpoint slides to support activity, available on www.ashdenawards.org/schools/activities. 5-minute Ashden Awards films,

More information

KS3 Renewable Energy. EcoStyle.co.uk. Introductory Presentation

KS3 Renewable Energy. EcoStyle.co.uk. Introductory Presentation Introductory Presentation Energy Energy is a vital to our way of life. Here are a some examples of where energy is used: Homes: central heating, powering electrical appliances, and heating water Public

More information

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE

GETTING TO THE CORE: THE LINK BETWEEN TEMPERATURE AND CARBON DIOXIDE DESCRIPTION This lesson plan gives students first-hand experience in analyzing the link between atmospheric temperatures and carbon dioxide ( ) s by looking at ice core data spanning hundreds of thousands

More information

7. Use the dead tree in Fig 3-10 to describe the processes of detritus feeders and decomposers.

7. Use the dead tree in Fig 3-10 to describe the processes of detritus feeders and decomposers. APES Miller 17th ed. Chapter 3 Questions 5. Describe the 2 chemical equations used by autotrophs and heterotrophs to gain energy for chemical functions. Compare/contrast respiration to fossil fuel combustion

More information

ChangE. PolICIEs. not the ClIMatE!

ChangE. PolICIEs. not the ClIMatE! ChangE PolICIEs not the ClIMatE! IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change s (IPCC) reports are the most comprehensive global overview to date of the science behind climate change. These climate

More information

The Science and Ethics of Global warming. Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of

The Science and Ethics of Global warming. Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of The Science and Ethics of Global warming Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of our time. It holds a fascination for scientists because of the tremendous complexity

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education *8258350877* ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 0680/23 Paper 2 October/November 2013 1 hour 45 minutes

More information

Peacehaven Community School, East Sussex Independent KS3 study task: Impact of humans on global warming

Peacehaven Community School, East Sussex Independent KS3 study task: Impact of humans on global warming Independent KS3 study task: Impact of humans on global warming Newspaper article: Will polar bears become extinct? Polar bear by Ansgar Walk Polar bears live in the northern (Arctic) parts of Alaska, Canada,

More information

Using Real-Life Data to Understand Climate Change By: Margy Goodman

Using Real-Life Data to Understand Climate Change By: Margy Goodman Using Real-Life Data to Understand Climate Change By: Margy Goodman INTRODUCTION This lesson is aimed at increasing students general knowledge of climate change on local, national, and global scales, and

More information

Clouds and the Energy Cycle

Clouds and the Energy Cycle August 1999 NF-207 The Earth Science Enterprise Series These articles discuss Earth's many dynamic processes and their interactions Clouds and the Energy Cycle he study of clouds, where they occur, and

More information

The Greenhouse Effect. Lan Ma Global Warming: Problems & Solutions 17 September, 2007

The Greenhouse Effect. Lan Ma Global Warming: Problems & Solutions 17 September, 2007 The Greenhouse Effect Lan Ma Global Warming: Problems & Solutions 17 September, 2007 What to cover today: How do we calculate the Earth s surface temperature? What makes a gas a greenhouse gas and how

More information

Chapter 1.9 Global Environmental Concerns

Chapter 1.9 Global Environmental Concerns Chapter 1.9 Global Environmental Concerns Part I Objective Type Questions 1. The spread of the Stratosphere above the Earth s surface is a) Below 15 km b) 10 to 50 km c) above 50 km d) above 100 km 2.

More information

ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation

ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation ESCI 107/109 The Atmosphere Lesson 2 Solar and Terrestrial Radiation Reading: Meteorology Today, Chapters 2 and 3 EARTH-SUN GEOMETRY The Earth has an elliptical orbit around the sun The average Earth-Sun

More information

BBC Learning English Talk about English Insight plus Part 3 Global Warming

BBC Learning English Talk about English Insight plus Part 3 Global Warming BBC Learning English Insight plus Part 3 Global Warming Jackie: Welcome to BBC Learning English dot com and another chance to hear Insight Plus - a series, first broadcast in 2001 that looks at the language

More information

Climate science of methane

Climate science of methane 14 Chapter 2: Climate science of methane Climate science of methane 2.1 Introduction Methane is the most abundant reactive trace gas in the atmosphere and arises from both natural and anthropogenic sources.

More information

BRSP-7 Page 1. A Open B Covered C Covered / Water. Two different experiments are presented, each experiment using a different pair of models:

BRSP-7 Page 1. A Open B Covered C Covered / Water. Two different experiments are presented, each experiment using a different pair of models: BRSP-7 Page 1 Perhaps you have heard of the greenhouse effect. In a greenhouse, short-wave radiation from sunlight passes freely through the glass and is converted to long-wave radiation inside. But the

More information

Chapter 7: Greenhouse gases and particulate matter

Chapter 7: Greenhouse gases and particulate matter Additional material for Fundamentals of Sustainable Development, Niko Roorda, 2012. Chapter 7: Greenhouse gases and particulate matter Debates on the anthropogenic greenhouse effect and climate change

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2007 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2007 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2007 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 4 Some scientists estimate that by 2025 over 60 percent of the global human population will live in urban areas. Urban residents experience a variety

More information

GREENHOUSE EFFECT & GLOBAL WARMING - The internet as the primary source of information

GREENHOUSE EFFECT & GLOBAL WARMING - The internet as the primary source of information GREENHOUSE EFFECT & GLOBAL WARMING - The internet as the primary source of information - The internet as a resource - Use reputable web sites Government agencies: EPA, NASA, DOE, etc Academic Institutions

More information

What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres

What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres What are the subsystems of the Earth? The 4 spheres Essential Questions What are the 4 spheres of the Earth? How do these spheres interact? What are the major cycles of the Earth? How do humans impact

More information

Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Review 1. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Review 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. When hydrogen nuclei fuse into helium nuclei a. the nuclei die. c. particles collide. b. energy

More information

Spring 2014 California State University, Northridge. Understanding Global Warming

Spring 2014 California State University, Northridge. Understanding Global Warming Spring 2014 California State University, Northridge Understanding Global Warming Global Warming is Real The combined global land and ocean average surface temperature for January November 2013 was 0.62

More information

CO2 Absorption Spectrum

CO2 Absorption Spectrum CO2 Absorption Spectrum There is no Valid Mechanism for CO2 Creating Global Warming Proof one: Laboratory measurements show that carbon dioxide absorbs to extinction at its main peak in 10 meters under

More information

The concentration of water is a constant so we can combine it with Keq by dividing both sides of the equation by [H2O(l)].

The concentration of water is a constant so we can combine it with Keq by dividing both sides of the equation by [H2O(l)]. Dissolved Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Every atmospheric gas is in equilibrium with that gas dissolved in ocean water. The concentrations of two of these are particularly important. The concentration of oxygen

More information

Student Worksheets. Stage 4 Geography FW4G1. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW4G1

Student Worksheets. Stage 4 Geography FW4G1. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW4G1 Student Worksheets Stage 4 Geography FW4G1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to keep life on Earth going comes

More information

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2 Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to

More information

The Earth's Atmosphere. Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere

The Earth's Atmosphere. Layers of the Earth's Atmosphere The Earth's Atmosphere The atmosphere surrounds Earth and protects us by blocking out dangerous rays from the sun. The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that becomes thinner until it gradually reaches space.

More information

Global Warming. Charles F. Keller

Global Warming. Charles F. Keller Global Warming Charles F. Keller Smokestacks at an industrial plant. Introduction Global warming is in the news. While scientists agree that temperatures are rising, they disagree as to the causes and

More information

Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment

Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment Stage 4 Science FW4S1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to

More information

Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future

Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future Diana Ma, Ph.D. Vice President, SunPower Corp. October 24, 2009 Chung Tai Zen Center of Sunnyvale 1 Contents 1. The Vital Natural Processes: 2. The Imbalance

More information

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming

Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Chapter 6 Impacts of global warming Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities, which focus on the reasons for and the consequences of global warming and ways of preventing it. The activities

More information

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below)

Materials Needed: Time Needed: Adaptations: 2 flyswatters (optional) Vocabulary Definitions (below) Vocabulary Scramble Sheets (below) Vocabulary Slap Game ( Flyswatter Game ) Directions: Project a Vocabulary Scramble sheet on a projection screen or Smart Board. Divide the class into two teams. Each team sends one person up to the screen.

More information

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles Interdependence within Environmental Systems. Carbon the Element

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles Interdependence within Environmental Systems. Carbon the Element Carbon the Element The element carbon is one of the most essential elements on our planet. All living organisms contain carbon, making it a critical component of all life on planet earth. In fact, the

More information

Extracting Energy from Biomass

Extracting Energy from Biomass Key Terms cellular respiration fermentation greenhouse gases 1.3 Extracting Energy from Biomass greenhouse effect acid precipitation cellular respiration a process that releases energy from organic molecules,

More information

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A.

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A. Earth s Cycles 1. Models are often used to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results. A model of the carbon cycle is shown below. Which of the following can be determined based on this model?

More information

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Test 2 f14 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Carbon cycles through the Earth system. During photosynthesis, carbon is a. released from wood

More information

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants Biomass Basics Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants This is the same energy we use as food This is the same energy that made fossil fuels; fossil fuels are concentrated over time by the heat

More information

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy Assessment Bank Matter and Energy in Living Things SC.8.L.18.4 1. What is energy? A. anything that takes up space B. anything that has mass C. the ability to conduct current D. the ability to do work 2.

More information

Reduction of Global Warming By Using Renewable Energy Resources: A Mathematic Approach

Reduction of Global Warming By Using Renewable Energy Resources: A Mathematic Approach International Journal of Computer Science and Telecommunications [Volume 3, Issue 2, February 2012] 37 ISSN 2047-3338 Reduction of Global Warming By Using Renewable nergy Resources: A Mathematic Approach

More information

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science.

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. A SHORT GUIDE TO climate science This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. For more information and to view the full report, visit royalsociety.org/policy/climate-change

More information

Geography - Junior Cert

Geography - Junior Cert Geography - Junior Cert Energy forms the core of geography and yet it is often overlooked in the race for points. At the Junior Certificate level all the main areas are covered: the means and sources of

More information

Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint

Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint Regional Workshop on Metrology and Technology Challenges of Climate Change and Renewable Energy Guatemala City, Guatemala

More information

Geogg124 The Terrestrial Carbon Cycle P. Lewis

Geogg124 The Terrestrial Carbon Cycle P. Lewis Geogg124 The Terrestrial Carbon Cycle P. Lewis Professor of Remote Sensing UCL Geography & NERC NCEO Aims of lecture In this lecture, we will: consider the importance of understanding the science of climate

More information

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests.

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests. Tropical Rainforests Reasons for their Destruction Tropical Rainforests are found in the Amazon Basin of South America, (e.g. Brazil) Central Africa (e.g. Congo) and South East Asia (e.g. Indonesia). There

More information

What Is Heat? What Is Heat?

What Is Heat? What Is Heat? What Is Heat? Paul shivered inside the wood cabin. It was cold outside, and inside the cabin it wasn t much warmer. Paul could hear the rain beating down on the roof. Every few minutes there would be a

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2013 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2013 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2013 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 (a) Identify the type of solar radiation that is absorbed by stratospheric ozone and describe one human health benefit that results from the

More information

Name Date. Cycling WebQuest

Name Date. Cycling WebQuest Name Date Cycling WebQuest Directions: Visit the following websites and answer the related questions. Your goal is to gain a better understanding of the carbon and nitrogen cycles. Background: In biogeochemical

More information

Photosynthesis Reactions. Photosynthesis Reactions

Photosynthesis Reactions. Photosynthesis Reactions Photosynthesis Reactions Photosynthesis occurs in two stages linked by ATP and NADPH NADPH is similar to NADH seen in mitochondria; it is an electron/hydrogen carrier The complete process of photosynthesis

More information

THE WATER CYCLE. Ecology

THE WATER CYCLE. Ecology THE WATER CYCLE Water is the most abundant substance in living things. The human body, for example, is composed of about 70% water, and jellyfish are 95% water. Water participates in many important biochemical

More information

Greening Fossil Fuels

Greening Fossil Fuels Greening Fossil Fuels Joan F. Brennecke University of Notre Dame American Chemical Society Summer School on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy July 23, 2013 Outline World energy demand Role of fossil

More information

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:

More information

Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide

Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide Biomes: Extreme Climate: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Ecology Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Travel to the Arctic with a team of environmental research scientists

More information

Chapter 15 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Figure 15-1

Chapter 15 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Figure 15-1 Chapter 15 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Figure 15-1 1. Use Figure 15-1. A daily measurement of toxic emissions in Maine measures 0.070

More information

global warming Encyclopedic Entry

global warming Encyclopedic Entry This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Apple Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Encyclopedic Entry global warming

More information

The Earth System. The geosphere is the solid Earth that includes the continental and oceanic crust as well as the various layers of Earth s interior.

The Earth System. The geosphere is the solid Earth that includes the continental and oceanic crust as well as the various layers of Earth s interior. The Earth System The atmosphere is the gaseous envelope that surrounds Earth. It consists of a mixture of gases composed primarily of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor. The atmosphere and

More information

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 33: Combustion air calculation

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 33: Combustion air calculation 1 P age Module 5: Combustion Technology Lecture 33: Combustion air calculation 2 P age Keywords: Heat of combustion, stoichiometric air, excess air, natural gas combustion Combustion air calculation The

More information

CHAPTER 3 Heat and energy in the atmosphere

CHAPTER 3 Heat and energy in the atmosphere CHAPTER 3 Heat and energy in the atmosphere In Chapter 2 we examined the nature of energy and its interactions with Earth. Here we concentrate initially on the way in which energy interacts with the atmosphere

More information

Oxygen Give and Take. Correlation to National Science Education Standards

Oxygen Give and Take. Correlation to National Science Education Standards Chemistry and Environmental Sciences Oxygen Give and Take Summary This is a series of three activities followed by a worksheet. The concepts taught include gas production (O 2 and CO 2 ), chemical reactions,

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 marks) (i) climate (ii) maritime (iii) temperate (iv) tropical (b) Match the description with

More information

COST OF GREENHOUSE GAS MITIGATION [21jun, 10jul 1pm]

COST OF GREENHOUSE GAS MITIGATION [21jun, 10jul 1pm] 5 COST OF GREENHOUSE GAS MITIGATION [21jun, 10jul 1pm] Fix of Section 5 tables, but no change needed. EEH 955am 11nov00: The cost of greenhouse gas mitigation using renewable energy technologies depends

More information

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 1 P age Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 2 P age Keywords: Coal preparation, purification, gasification, gasifier, syngas 2.6 Coal gasification Coal gasification technology

More information

Facts on CO 2 Capture and Storage

Facts on CO 2 Capture and Storage Facts on CO 2 Capture and Storage A Summary of a Special Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change A summary by: CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) is a technique by which CO2 could

More information

Climate Change A Relevant Risk of Change

Climate Change A Relevant Risk of Change Climate Change A Relevant Risk of Change Risk Prevention Congress 3 February 2007 - Bruxelles Ernst Rauch Head of Department Windstorm/Weather/Climate Risks Geo Risks Research Munich Re Climate Change

More information