The Democratic Culture of Unified Germany

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1 University Press Scholarship Online You are looking at 1-10 of 31 items for: keywords : democratic values The Democratic Culture of Unified Germany Dieter Fuchs in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government Published in print: 1999 Published Online: November 2003 ISBN: eisbn: Taking the example of unified Germany, this chapter examines how a democratic culture can develop among people who have lived for decades in an autocratic state. The first section outlines the theoretical framework, starting with the concept of political support, and going on to consider various normative models of democracy in order to understand what type of democracy people in West and East Germany ultimately prefer. Discusses the formation of democratic attitudes within state socialist systems, comparing demonstration and socialization hypotheses on the influence of the social structure on political attitudes. On this basis, expectations about attitudes towards democracy among the East German population are formulated. Develops the empirical analysis further by examining trends in democratic attitudes among West and East Germans including the commitment to democratic values and principles, support for democratic institutions, and satisfaction with democratic performance. The conclusion summarizes the most important findings and considers their consequences for the prospects of democracy in a unified Germany. Learning Democracy: Democratic and Economic Values in Unified Germany Robert Rohrschneider Published in print: 1999 Published Online: October 2011 ISBN: eisbn: Item type: book acprof:oso/ The fall of the Berlin wall raised many questions about Germany and post-socialist countries. Given East Germany's authoritarian history, how democratic are its citizens now? What kind of democracy do they Page 1 of 6

2 want a liberal or socialist democracy? What economic system do they prefer? How have they reacted to democratic and market systems since 1989? This book shows how individual institutional learning may be offset by the diffusion of democratic values. The book uses public opinion surveys to compare attitudes of MPs and the general public, and in-depth interviews with parliamentarians in east, and west Berlin to show the persistence of socialist views in the east as well as lower levels of political tolerance. Moreover, the book argues, these values have changed fairly little since unification. The book presents evidence and develops implications for other post-socialist nations, arguing that while post-socialist citizens do not yearn for the old socialist order, their socialist values frequently lower enthusiasm for new democratic and market institutions. The implications being that ideological values are primarily shaped by individual exposure to institutions and that democratic and market values are diffused only in specific conditions. The Economic Performance of Governments Ian McAllister in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government Published in print: 1999 Published Online: November 2003 ISBN: eisbn: A major conclusion of this book is that there are few consistent trends in popular support for the political community but there is high and perhaps even growing support for democratic values and declining support for regime institutions and political leaders. Earlier chapters have traced these patterns with respect to democracy worldwide, and, in particular, regions of the world. This one focuses specifically on the role of public policy in shaping popular support for democratic institutions among OECD countries. The data are aggregate indicators across twenty four of the twenty nine member countries of the OECD in 1997, as well as individual level data from the same twenty four countries based on the World Values Survey. The different sections of the chapter are: Explaining Institutional Confidence; Evidence for Trends in Institutional Confidence; The Role of Democratic Experience; Policy Outputs and Confidence: A Macro Analysis; Policy Outputs and Confidence: A Micro Analysis; and Discussion and Conclusions. Page 2 of 6

3 Value Change and Political Support Russell J. Dalton in Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies Published in print: 2004 Published Online: May 2009 ISBN: eisbn: acprof:oso/ This chapter examines how the changing political values of contemporary publics alter perceived images of government and support for the democratic process. Postmaterialists are less trustful of government and more supportive of democratic values and ideals. Decrease of Political Disillusionment and Apathy? Margit Tavits in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter? Published in print: 2008 Published Online: January 2009 ISBN: eisbn: acprof:oso/ Chapter 6 addresses a third prevalent issue regarding presidential elections the extent to which direct elections strengthen democratic practices. Empirical analyses using global and European samples of parliamentary systems with elected heads of state demonstrate that citizens' satisfaction with government, political disillusionment, their commitment to democratic values and level of political involvement are not significantly affected by introducing direct presidential elections. In fact, the additional election increases voter fatigue and decreases turnout in parliamentary elections by about seven percentage points. Since direct presidential elections are no more likely to decrease citizen disillusionment with the government and strengthen democratic practices than indirect elections, this chapter concludes that these systems have indistinguishable effects on democratic attitudes. The noticeable effect of introducing additional elections on voter behavior, however, merits the attention of institutional designers. Page 3 of 6

4 Changing Citizen Orientations Russell J. Dalton in Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies Published in print: 2004 Published Online: May 2009 ISBN: eisbn: acprof:oso/ This chapter assembles an array of cross-national public opinion data to track the decline in political trust in advanced industrial democracies. Contemporary publics are less trustful of politicians, political parties, and political institutions. However, support for democratic values has increased over time, and support for the nation and political community remain strong. Why Are There So Many (or So Few) Electoral Reforms? Richard S. Katz in The Politics of Electoral Systems Published in print: 2005 Published Online: February 2006 ISBN: eisbn: Electoral reforms are surprisingly rare in established political systems. This chapter analyses the reasons why political actors might attempt to change an electoral system to one that more closely matches their own interests, and the reasons why they might decide not to attempt to do this. It discusses the limitations of the rational actor paradigm. It identifies the circumstances under which electoral reform becomes more likely. It discusses fashions in electoral reform, particularly the adoption of mixed systems in a number of countries and moves to widen voters intraparty candidate choice, and emphasises the important role of democratic values. Introduction: Democracy and Institutional Design Adrian Vermeule in Mechanisms of Democracy: Institutional Design Writ Small Published in print: 2007 Published Online: January 2009 ISBN: eisbn: acprof:oso/ Page 4 of 6

5 This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of institutional design writ small. It considers the mechanisms of democracy, and proposes mechanisms that advance four core values of democratic constitutionalism: impartiality, accountability, transparency, and deliberation. The chapter then discusses the advancement of democratic values, disagreements about democratic values, the limiting conditions for democratic mechanisms, and the feasibility constraints on democratic reform. An overview of the subsequent chapters is presented. The Public Interest in Regulation Mike Feintuck Published in print: 2004 Published Online: March 2012 ISBN: eisbn: Item type: book acprof:oso/ The concept of the public interest is often used in legal and political discourse, lending an air of legitimacy and respectability to exercises of power. However, the term is rarely defined in any meaningful sense. Even where it has the appearance of a term of art in legal or regulatory usage, it may, in reality be no more than an empty vessel, waiting to be filled with whatever values the user wishes. This lack of definition renders the concept vulnerable to capture by interest groups, quite contrary to the collective values that the term seems to imply. This book considers whether these problems with the concept's current usage are inevitable and inherent, or whether it is possible to reinvigorate it. It begins by considering a variety of abstract concepts of public interest from the literature of law, political science, and economics. This exploration suggests a close relationship between a meaningful model of public interest and central democratic values such as citizenship. However, the dominant models fail to reflect these expectations satisfactorily. Using a series of case studies of current regulatory activity in Britain and the United States, the book then goes on to explore how the concept is used in practice. Finally, the actual and potential utility of the concept of public interest is evaluated. The book then considers the legal forms in which the public interest might be manifested in order to offer legitimate and effective protection to vulnerable democratic values by the regulation of private power. Page 5 of 6

6 Elections and Democracy Richard S. Katz in Democracy and Elections Published in print: 1997 Published Online: October 2011 ISBN: eisbn: acprof:oso/ This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the relation between elections and democracy. The result reveals that there are two classes of democratic theories each encompassing a number of alternative models of democracy and each are dependent on alternative assumptions about the character of elites and social structure. The chapter describes the best or most democratic electoral systems based on the analysis of democratic values and of the operation and consequences of electoral institutions. Page 6 of 6

Department Political Science School Loyola Schools. Course No. PoS 53 Course Title Qualitative Methods in the Social Sciences No.

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