Kentucky Forage News Current Crop Conditions Waters of the United States (WOTUS) Update

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Kentucky Forage News Current Crop Conditions Waters of the United States (WOTUS) Update"

Transcription

1 Hopkins County Agriculture Today September, 2015 By: Curtis Dame, County Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources In this issue: Current Pest News (Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp Continue to Expand Across Kentucky) Kentucky Forage News Current Crop Conditions Waters of the United States (WOTUS) Update Hopkins County Cooperative Extension Service 75 Cornwall Drive Madisonville, KY CURRENT PEST NEWS Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp Continue to Expand Across Kentucky Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) and waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus) continue to spread across Kentucky. Initially these pigweed species were thought to be present primarily in the west end of the state (Purchase Area and along the lower Ohio River Region), but they have now been found in over 50 counties throughout Kentucky (Figure 1). These sightings would indicate that Palmer amaranth and waterhemp continue to be a growing threat to grain crop production within the state. Figure 1. Palmer amaranth and waterhemp distribution in Kentucky (August 2015) Weed Sources It appears that the introduction of these weeds on farms have come from a variety of sources. The seed size is extremely small, which allows seed to be easily spread. It is known that some Palmer amaranth seed was introduced when cotton seed hulls were fed to livestock and the subsequent manure spread on crop fields. Other possible routes for introduction can be from: Purchasing used combines, headers, and farm equipment from another state Trucks hauling supplies from the southern regions of the U.S. where Palmer amaranth is widespread or the Midwest where waterhemp is more prevalent Transport of farm equipment from farm to farm. Planting cover crop seed that is not inspected or cleaned of unwanted weed seed. 1 Page

2 Identifying Amaranth Species Unfortunately, it is easier to find Palmer amaranth and waterhemp populations in grain crops later into the season after the plants have begun to produce new seed. Unlike the more common pigweed (Amaranthus hybridus) found in Kentucky, Palmer amaranth and waterhemp have smooth stems and often a longer seedhead. However, it can often be very difficult to distinguish between these two Amaranth species. If you notice a plant that has the general appearance of a pigweed, but looks somewhat different, you may need to confirm its identification. You can contact your local county Extension office for assistance or to report its occurrence. Detection and Management Detecting the presence of these weeds before large populations become established in crop fields can help minimize a larger economic impact in the future. After Palmer amaranth or waterhemp become established they can be very difficult to control because many populations of this plant are already resistant to glyphosate, and the cost for weed control in these crops can more than double. When only a few plants are spotted in a field, it can be worthwhile to physically remove and destroy these individual plants. Fields or portions of fields with large infestations may justify destroying plants by mowing or tillage in order to limit the production or spread of seed. Growers who plan to harvest these heavily infested areas would be advised to combine these areas last to minimize the introduction of new seed into other fields. Furthermore, an attempt to clean the combine, grain carts, trucks, and other equipment used to destroy or harvest the crop would be advised, but it will not be easy since the small round seed size are not much bigger than a period. By JD Green and Jim Martin, Extension Weed Scientists KENTUCKY FORAGE NEWS Managing Cereal Rye and Annual Ryegrass Winter annuals, such as cereal rye and annual ryegrass, can provide a high-quality forage alternative to traditional winter feeding programs that rely heavily on stored forages. These forages can provide valuable grazing time in late fall and early winter, and again in early spring. Cereal rye has been a traditional winter cover crop grown in rotation with corn and soybeans. Rye is the most winter hardy of all small grains. It can be sown in late August to provide fall grazing, excellent winter cover, and spring grazing. Rye s rapid growth makes it the most productive small grain for pasture and it can be grazed as quickly as 4 to 6 weeks after planting. Annual ryegrass is a fast-growing bunchgrass that is a great companion forage when seeded with small grains, such as cereal rye, and is one of the highest quality cool-season grasses. Some annual ryegrass varieties are not as winter hardy as cereal rye, but new varieties have been produced that dependably survive Kentucky winters (see UK Forage Variety Trials). This grass is best adapted to fertile, welldrained soils, but it can survive and produce good growth on wetter soils. For best results, annual ryegrass needs to be seeded into a prepared seedbed or no-tilled into killed sod, crop fields, dormant bermudagrass, or pastures with a lot of crabgrass. Note: annual ryegrass should not be 2 Page

3 seeded into fields that may be seeded to wheat in the future, as there are no effective herbicides to control volunteer annual ryegrass plants in wheat. Annual Ryegrass Cereal Rye Seeding Rate lbs/acre lbs/acre Seeding Depth 1/4-1/2" 1-2 inches Seeding Date Mid-Aug. to Oct 1 Mid-Aug to Oct Begin Grazing 8-10 inches tall 6-12 inches tall End Grazing 2-3 inches 3-4 inches Yield (on a 2-5 tons/acre 2-5 tons/acre dry matter For more information on other options for fall and winter grazing see the full article in the August issue of Grazing News on the Master Grazer website, CURRENT CROP CONDITIONS Kentucky experienced below normal temperatures and rainfall over the past week. Precipitation for the week totaled 0.09 inches, 0.66 inches below normal. Temperatures averaged 69 degrees for the week, 6 degrees below normal. Topsoil moisture was rated 3 percent very short, 22 percent short, 70 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture was rated 2 percent very short, 16 percent short, 77 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Days suitable for fieldwork averaged 6.6 out of a possible seven. Normally, the month of August brings the Commonwealth warm temperatures and high humidity. August 2015 has been quite the opposite and that didn t change over the last week of the month. Cool conditions pushed the state to a fourth straight week of below normal temperatures. Behind a strong cold front early on Monday, surface high pressure built into the region for the remainder of the work week. Up until Thursday, afternoon highs were only rising into the mid 70s to low 80s, before dropping into the low to mid 50s at night. In fact, some locations even saw the upper 40s. High pressure kept the area dry with any clouds developing in the afternoon quickly clearing after sunset. In addition, low dewpoints made it feel more like fall. The high shifted east by Friday and into the weekend, leading to both moisture and temperatures on the increase. Within a moderately unstable atmosphere, scattered showers and storms developed each day over the weekend. While that was the case, rainfall was still much below normal for the week with many stations not even recording a trace. Primary activities this week included cutting hay, topping and cutting tobacco. Disease and insect pressure remains a concern for field crops. There were reports of southern rust and gray leaf spot in corn. Most locations are in need of rain as crops are showing signs of stress due to lack of moisture. Soybeans are at a critical stage of development and yields could be hampered if dry conditions continue. Yields are expected to be light for grapes due to the harsh winter. Pastures remain in mostly good condition, but are starting to decline due to dry weather. Housed tobacco is reportedly curing well. Producers continue to prepare equipment for the upcoming harvest. 3 Page

4 Waters of the United States (WOTUS) Update What does the temporary injunction of WOTUS mean for farmers? By: Amy Millmier Schmidt, UNL Livestock Bioenvironmental Engineer Implementation of the Clean Water Rule: Definition of Waters of the United States (usually referred to as the WOTUS rule) was set to become effective on August 28, Several lawsuits were filed by agricultural groups, among others, requesting a preliminary injunction, or order, to halt the rule s implementation until lawsuits could be settled. Late in the afternoon on August 27, a District Court judge in North Dakota issued a preliminary injunction stopping the WOTUS rule from going into effect for thirteen states, including Nebraska. For all other states who didn t have preliminary injunctions issued, the rule took effect as planned on August 28. WHY WERE LAWSUITS FILED AGAINST THE EPA AND ARMY CORP OF ENGINEERS (CORP) FOLLOWING RELEASE OF THE FINAL WOTUS RULE? Several lawsuits were filed following publication of the final WOTUS rule in the Federal Register. Twenty-seven states, along with industries from petroleum to construction, and agricultural groups such as the American Farm Bureau Federation, National Cattlemen s Beef Association, National Corn Growers Association, and National Pork Producers Council all filed separate lawsuits. These numerous lawsuits have since been consolidated into a single lawsuit that identifies three arguments for vacating the rule. The first argument is that the finalized WOTUS rule exceeds the intended purposes of the Clean Water Act and represents an unconstitutional overreach by the federal government on land. Second, the rule-making process is designed to give the public an opportunity to comment on all aspects of a rule. In this case, EPA added items to the final rule that were not in the proposed rule. The third, and perhaps most concerning argument, is that the EPA may have inappropriately worked with environmental activists to lobby for the rule and support the agency s agenda. If true, this represents an abuse of the federal rulemaking process by the EPA. WHAT DOES THE TEMPORARY INJUNCTION MEAN FOR NEBRASKA FARMERS? It means that, for now, the status quo will be maintained. So current guidance documents and existing regulations for making jurisdictional determination will continue to be used by the Corp. New definitions and parameters outlined in the WOTUS rule will not be part of the Corp s checklist when making these determinations in Nebraska. Jurisdictional determination simply means that the Corp reviews the necessary checklist regarding features of a water body, and possibly conducts an on-site inspection, to make a decision about whether the water body should be under their jurisdiction as waters of the U.S. The temporary injunction does not halt the rule entirely; it simply postpones implementation of the rule until legal proceedings are completed (which could take months or even years as we saw with the new AFO/CAFO regulations a few years back). If the pending lawsuits are not successful, and the WOTUS rule is eventually implemented in Nebraska, it remains to be seen what parts of the rule will remain and which will not. In Nebraska, we ll cross that bridge when we get there. 4 Page

5 5 Page

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING Jimmy C. Henning A good rotational grazing system begins with a forage system that allows the maximum number of grazing days per year with forages that are

More information

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime T ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime producers. No matter what size operation, good pasture management

More information

Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas

Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas r r r rr EDUCATION RESEARCH EXTENSION The Texas A&M University System Soil & Crop Sciences Managing of Annual Winter Forages in Southwest Texas Mr Charles Stichler Assocaite Professor and Extension Agronomist

More information

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP.

CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. CORN IS GROWN ON MORE ACRES OF IOWA LAND THAN ANY OTHER CROP. Planted acreage reached a high in 1981 with 14.4 million acres planted for all purposes and has hovered near 12.5 million acres since the early

More information

Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations

Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations Food plots are a way the sportsman or nature enthusiast can provide nutrients for deer. Currently, Illinois game law prohibits any other means of feeding whitetail

More information

SCHEDULE C FORAGE PRODUCTION PLAN

SCHEDULE C FORAGE PRODUCTION PLAN SCHEDULE C FORAGE PRODUCTION PLAN This Schedule C, Forage Production Plan forms an integral part of the PRODUCTION INSURANCE AGREEMENT and as such contains supplementary information specific to insurance

More information

Establishing Bermudagrass for Forage

Establishing Bermudagrass for Forage DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE R E S E A R C H & E X T E N S I O N University of Arkansas System Agriculture and Natural Resources Establishing Bermudagrass for Forage FSA19 John Jennings Professor Animal Science

More information

3.7 Implied Labor Hours

3.7 Implied Labor Hours 3.7 Implied Labor Hours USDA data for the period 1990 through 2011 is presented to describe the implied amount of labor that is used to produce an acre and unit of output (e.g., labor hours per bushel

More information

Corn Production in Tennessee

Corn Production in Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service The University of Tennessee PB443 Corn Production in Tennessee 1 Corn Production in Tennessee Wayne T. Flinchum, Professor Plant & Soil Sciences Contents Corn Land 4 Corn

More information

Novel Endophyte Varieties: What s the Difference

Novel Endophyte Varieties: What s the Difference Novel Endophyte Varieties: What s the Difference S. Ray Smith and Tim Phillips Forage Extension Specialist and Tall Fescue Breeder University of Kentucky Over the past few decades forage producers have

More information

Summer Stress Arrives Early on Cool Season Lawns

Summer Stress Arrives Early on Cool Season Lawns Summer Stress Arrives Early on Cool Season Lawns Figure 1. A fall installed tall fescue sod showing the first signs of summer stress following the arrival of record setting heat in central Virginia in

More information

Improving Existing Pasture

Improving Existing Pasture Improving Existing Pasture I. Introduction The first thought of many is to plow up and reseed old pasture areas. However in most cases it may be best to try to work with and improve some or all of the

More information

Drought Damaged Lawns Need Help

Drought Damaged Lawns Need Help September 2012 Prepared by David Minner, extension turfgrass specialist Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Drought Damaged Lawns Need Help While the drought of 2012 may be remembered more for

More information

Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN. isafarmnet.com

Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN. isafarmnet.com Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN Peter Kyveryga, Ph.D. Operations Manager of Analytics On-Farm Network, Iowa Soybean Association Technical Editor-Precision Agriculture of the Agronomy

More information

Irrigated Pastures for Grass-Fed Beef Managing Irrigation for a Quality Product. Robert M. (Bob) Scriven 1 Grazing Consultant Kearney, Nebraska

Irrigated Pastures for Grass-Fed Beef Managing Irrigation for a Quality Product. Robert M. (Bob) Scriven 1 Grazing Consultant Kearney, Nebraska 45 Irrigated Pastures for Grass-Fed Beef Managing Irrigation for a Quality Product Robert M. (Bob) Scriven 1 Grazing Consultant Kearney, Nebraska Irrigating pastures for grazing livestock is rapidly becoming

More information

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University!

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Outline! Understanding weeds! Behavior of wandering perennials! Tillage and emergence cues! Life and death of weed seeds in the soil!

More information

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS Dr. Marvin Pritts, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca, NY 14853 (For more information visit www.fruit.cornell.edu)

More information

Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas

Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas B-6053 04-01 Crop Nutrient Needs in South and Southwest Texas Charles Stichler and Mark McFarland* Crop fertilization is not an exact science. The soil is a dynamic, changing, and complex mixture of organic

More information

Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that

Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that Chapter V Crop Residue Management Practices Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that involves fewer and/or less intensive tillage operations and preserves more residue from the previous

More information

Estimating Cash Rental Rates for Farmland

Estimating Cash Rental Rates for Farmland Estimating Cash Rental Rates for Farmland Tenant operators farm more than half of the crop land in Iowa. Moreover, nearly 70 percent of the rented crop land is operated under a cash lease. Cash leases

More information

Science of Life Explorations

Science of Life Explorations Science of Life Explorations Celebrate the Growing Year: The Farmer s Year A Farmer s Year While you are in school or on a vacation, farmers are working hard to provide us with the foods we eat and the

More information

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grasslands Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grassland Biome A grassland ecosystem is an area that receives more rainfall than a desert, but not enough to support the trees of a forest. These usually exist

More information

Annual Winter Pastures for East Texas

Annual Winter Pastures for East Texas Forages SCS-2006-05 Annual Winter Pastures for East Texas J. Vendramini, G.W. Evers, and L. Redmon Soil and Crop Sciences Department Warm-season perennial grasses dominate most of the pastures in East

More information

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs Forage Economics Geoffrey A. Benson, Professor Emeritus, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, and James T. Green, Jr., Professor Emeritus, Department of Crop Science, NC State University

More information

Number 389 February 15, 2013

Number 389 February 15, 2013 Number 389 February 15, 2013 1. When to take cattle off wheat pasture 2. Spring planting of alfalfa 3. Spring planting of spring oats 4. Winter Canola Risk Management Schools planned in February 5. Comparative

More information

Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a

Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a 1 introduction Hunters and land managers are always seeking new and more innovative ways to improve the quality and attractiveness

More information

Maintaining a Healthy Lawn

Maintaining a Healthy Lawn Maintaining a Healthy Lawn in Western Oregon A.M. VanDerZanden and T. Cook EC 1521 Reprinted February 2001 $1.50 The typical home lawn is an evolving ecosystem that gets more complex each year. At first,

More information

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland Wheat in Poland Cereals are cultivated on 7859 kha, in which 22,9% is covered by wheat. Winter wheat monoculture in Poland Monoculture effects

More information

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL.

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. WHERE WE HAVE BEEN CANOLA PRODUCTION HAS SURPASSED THE INDUSTRY TARGET OF 15 MMT. This was achieved

More information

BENEFITS OF USING IPM

BENEFITS OF USING IPM Edward J. Bechinski and William H. Bohl Potato growers who use IPM consider all available pest control tools. Alternatives to conventional pesticides are the foundation of every IPM plan. Pesticides play

More information

Ukraine Crop Update. Spring Sowing Ahead of Average. CROP-UKR14-01 May 8, 2014

Ukraine Crop Update. Spring Sowing Ahead of Average. CROP-UKR14-01 May 8, 2014 May 8, 2014 Ukraine Crop Update Ukraine spring seeding is ahead of both last year and average having 6.6 million hectares planted by May 7. Ukraine s weather this spring has been favorable for both fieldwork

More information

Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management

Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management Extension Bulletin E-3137 New February 2011 Advanced Soil Organic Matter Management Managing Soils Soil organic matter (SOM) is the foundation for productive soil. It promotes healthy crops, supplies resources

More information

Unit A: General Agricultural Machinery. Lesson 1: Machinery and Equipment

Unit A: General Agricultural Machinery. Lesson 1: Machinery and Equipment Unit A: General Agricultural Machinery Lesson 1: Machinery and Equipment Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1. Explain

More information

2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide

2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide 2015 Certified Bermudagrass Preliminary Buyers Guide IMPORTANT NOTICE! Final certification is contingent only on a satisfactory field inspection. This publication has been prepared to provide a list of

More information

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed.

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Types of Farming In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Arable farms are ones where the main way of making money is by

More information

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE

ENERGY IN FERTILIZER AND PESTICIDE PRODUCTION AND USE Farm Energy IQ Conserving Energy in Nutrient Use and Pest Control INTRODUCTION Fertilizers and pesticides are the most widely used sources of nutrients and pest control, respectively. Fertilizer and pesticides

More information

Managing Healthy Pastures in Clallam County

Managing Healthy Pastures in Clallam County Managing Healthy Pastures in Clallam County What is Pasture Management? This guide will help you learn how to take care of your pastures so you can grow more feed for your livestock. Think of yourself

More information

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Seed Production: A Specialized Form of Crop Production Seed Production is the activity, science, and

More information

PREMIUM RATE ADJUSTMENT

PREMIUM RATE ADJUSTMENT PREMIUM RATE ADJUSTMENT Background on Process Section 508(i) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (Act) requires the Risk Management Agency (RMA) to set premium rates and implement rate changes in a timely

More information

I. RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BASED ON GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES (GMP)

I. RECOMMENDED PRACTICES BASED ON GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) AND GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICES (GMP) CAC/RCP 51-2003 Page 1 of 8 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR THE PREVENTION AND REDUCTION OF MYCOTOXIN CONTAMINATION IN CEREALS, INCLUDING ANNEXES ON OCHRATOXIN A, ZEARALENONE, FUMONISINS AND TRICOTHECENES CAC/RCP

More information

The ABCs of Pasture Grazing

The ABCs of Pasture Grazing L P E S Small Farms Fact Sheet series Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship < L P E S > Curriculum By Ben Bartlett, Michigan State University Summary Well-managed pastures are Always the Best

More information

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it.

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it. In the previous presentation on Human Health and Pesticides, we discussed some of the negative consequences associated with pesticide use. In this presentation we will focus on environmental degradation

More information

Pasture, Rangeland, and Forage Insurance: A Risk Management Tool for Hay and Livestock Producers

Pasture, Rangeland, and Forage Insurance: A Risk Management Tool for Hay and Livestock Producers October 2012 Pasture, Rangeland, and Forage Insurance: A Risk Management Tool for Hay and Livestock Producers Monte Vandeveer, Otoe County Extension Educator University of Nebraska-Lincoln Institute of

More information

Rain on Planting Protection. Help Guide

Rain on Planting Protection. Help Guide Rain on Planting Protection Help Guide overview Rain on Planting Protection allows growers to protect themselves from losses if rain prevents planting from being completed on schedule. Coverage is highly

More information

Bermudagrass is an integral component of

Bermudagrass is an integral component of The Bermudagrass Advantage News and Information on Seeded Forage Bermudagrass Pennington Offers Premium Line of Seeded Forage Bermudagrass Bermudagrass is an integral component of southern pasture and

More information

Fayette County Appraisal District

Fayette County Appraisal District Fayette County Appraisal District Agricultural Guidelines July 7, 2010 A SUPPLEMENT TO THE STATE OF TEXAS PROPERTY TAX MANUAL FOR THE APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTUAL LAND AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES AND

More information

Corn Information for Corn Growers

Corn Information for Corn Growers Corn Information for Corn Growers Vernon G. James Research and Extension Center, Plymouth, NC 27962 Irrigation Management in Corn Ron Heiniger Cropping Systems Specialist North Carolina State University

More information

WEED MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES

WEED MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES C 6 H A P TE R WEED MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completely studying this chapter, you should: Be able to define a weed and its four stages of development. Understand the differences between annual,

More information

Forage Value Chapter 2. Forage Value

Forage Value Chapter 2. Forage Value Forage Value Chapter 2 Forage Value 2 Livestock producers in the western United States, including Oregon, are at an economic disadvantage relative to those in some other regions in North America because

More information

Grass Legume Mixtures:

Grass Legume Mixtures: Mid Atlantic Dairy Grazing Conference Grass Legume Mixtures: Dairy grazing is high value grazing. Persistence (seedbank or root system), Quality (digestibility) Productivity per acre and per animal Perennials

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

NATURAL REGIONS OF KENTUCKY

NATURAL REGIONS OF KENTUCKY NATURAL WONDERS As you travel around Kentucky taking pictures, you are excited by what you see. Kentucky offers diverse and amazing sights. The Six Regions In the West, you see the Mississippi River, the

More information

Forage Bermudagrass: Selection, Establishment and Management. Introduction

Forage Bermudagrass: Selection, Establishment and Management. Introduction E-179 4-03 Forage Bermudagrass: Selection, Establishment and Management Charles Stichler and David Bade, Extension Agronomists The Texas A&M University System Introduction In April of 1943, with the introduction

More information

OBJECTIVES: To understand decisions farmers must make in order to stay in business and how the government actions can impact these decisions.

OBJECTIVES: To understand decisions farmers must make in order to stay in business and how the government actions can impact these decisions. TITLE: Show Me the Money OBJECTIVES: To understand decisions farmers must make in order to stay in business and how the government actions can impact these decisions. TIME REQUIRED: 11/2 to 2 hours PREPARATION:

More information

primefacts Yield and digestibility of legume and oat forages Dr Brian Dear Principal Research Scientist

primefacts Yield and digestibility of legume and oat forages Dr Brian Dear Principal Research Scientist N S W D P I primefacts P R O F I T A B L E & S U S T A I N A B L E P R I M A R Y I N D U S T R I E S w w w. d p i. n s w. g o v. a u N O V E M B E R 2 0 0 5 P R I M E F A C T 5 2 Yield and digestibility

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field Crops

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field Crops United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service Agricultural Handbook Number 628 Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field s Introduction Usual planting and harvesting

More information

Soil Sampling for Nutrient Management

Soil Sampling for Nutrient Management Soil Sampling for Nutrient Management Nutrient Management Factsheet No. 2 in Series Revised September 2010 Order Reference No. 631-500-1 For nutrient management, soil sampling is done to collect a soil

More information

Estimated Costs of Crop. Production in Iowa - 2016 File A1-20 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, Ag Decision Maker

Estimated Costs of Crop. Production in Iowa - 2016 File A1-20 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, Ag Decision Maker Estimated Costs of Crop Ag Decision Maker Production in Iowa - 2016 File A1-20 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, soybeans, alfalfa, and pasture maintenance in this report are based on data from

More information

OSU Extension FACT SHEET

OSU Extension FACT SHEET OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION! OSU Extension FACT SHEET Ohio State University Extension, 2120 Fyffe Road, Columbus, OH 43210 Shale Oil and Gas Development Fact Sheet Series A Landowner s Guide to Understanding

More information

Prepare for the wheat harvest by performing. Most wheat is harvested during a 4-6 WHEAT HARVEST, DRYING AND STORAGE HARVESTING

Prepare for the wheat harvest by performing. Most wheat is harvested during a 4-6 WHEAT HARVEST, DRYING AND STORAGE HARVESTING WHEAT HARVEST, DRYING AND STORAGE Most wheat is harvested during a 4-6 week period in Missouri beginning in late May in the south and ending in early July in the north. The timing of the wheat harvest

More information

Plant Needs Light, Water and Air

Plant Needs Light, Water and Air Plant Needs Light, Water and Air Objective Students will be able to list and describe the things plants need to grow and produce. Grade Level 1-3 4-6 TEKS: TEKS: S- 2.6C; 2.9B; 3.10A S- 4.10A; 5.6A,C;

More information

Kansas Crop Planting Guide

Kansas Crop Planting Guide Kansas Crop Planting Guide Kansas is agronomically rich, with diverse soils and growing conditions. The average number of freeze-free days ranges from 150 in the northwest to 200 in southeastern Kansas.

More information

3.3 Real Returns Above Variable Costs

3.3 Real Returns Above Variable Costs 3.3 Real Returns Above Variable Costs Several factors can impact the returns above variable costs for crop producers. Over a long period of time, sustained increases in the growth rate for purchased inputs

More information

Corn Stalks and Drought-Damaged Corn Hay as Emergency Feeds for Beef Cattle

Corn Stalks and Drought-Damaged Corn Hay as Emergency Feeds for Beef Cattle Contacts: Matt Poore, Science, 919.515.7798 Jim Turner, Science, 828.246.4466 North Carolina Cooperative Extension College of Agriculture and Life Sciences North Carolina State University or contact your

More information

Growth and Development Guide for Spring Wheat

Growth and Development Guide for Spring Wheat WWW F0 02547 Reviewed 1995 Growth and Development Guide for Spring Wheat S.R. Simmons, E.A. Oelke, and P.M. Anderson Copyright 1995, with the exception of Figure 1, Minnesota Extension Service, University

More information

Saving The Soil Skin, Thriving With No-Till

Saving The Soil Skin, Thriving With No-Till Saving The Soil Skin, Thriving With No-Till What began as an economic decision has morphed into a successful and profitable livestock and cropping operation for longtime South Dakota no-tiller Rick Bieber.

More information

Nutrient and Fertilizer Value of Dairy Manure

Nutrient and Fertilizer Value of Dairy Manure Agriculture and Natural Resources FSA4017 Nutrient and Fertilizer Value of Dairy Manure Jodie A. Pennington Professor - Dairy and Goats Karl VanDevender Professor - Waste Management John A. Jennings Professor

More information

Preparing for Success: Waterfowl Habitat Management Annual Planning by Houston Havens

Preparing for Success: Waterfowl Habitat Management Annual Planning by Houston Havens Preparing for Success: Waterfowl Habitat Management Annual Planning by Houston Havens While working with private landowners and wetland managers over the past several years, I ve noticed a common theme

More information

So far the effort, outlined in the state s Nutrient Reduction Strategy to reduce hypoxia in the Gulf, has been voluntary.

So far the effort, outlined in the state s Nutrient Reduction Strategy to reduce hypoxia in the Gulf, has been voluntary. Push is on for Iowa to clean up its water State leaders are counting on farmers to adopt conservation practices to protect waterways, soil By Donnelle Eller, Des Moines Register; Nov. 9, 2013 EAGLE GROVE,

More information

2014 Flax Weed Control Trial

2014 Flax Weed Control Trial 2014 Flax Weed Control Trial Dr. Heather Darby, UVM Extension Agronomist Susan Monahan, Erica Cummings, Julian Post, and Sara Ziegler UVM Extension Crops and Soils Technicians 802-524-6501 Visit us on

More information

for Sweet Corn Joe Masabni UKREC Princeton, KY Joe Masabni

for Sweet Corn Joe Masabni UKREC Princeton, KY Joe Masabni Herbicide Recommendations for Sweet Corn UKREC Princeton, KY Preemergence Herbicides Aatrex 4L Rate: 1 2 qt / A PRE for annual grasses and broadleaves weed control Apply after planting but before weeds

More information

Wheat farming in the UK

Wheat farming in the UK Wheat farming in the UK Grain Chain 2016 Wheat farming UK farmers supply most of the requirements of UK millers. Flour millers depend on farmers to grow enough grain of the right type for milling different

More information

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Seed Production: A Specialized Form of Crop Production Seed Production is the activity, science, and

More information

This report summarizes estimated costs of improving

This report summarizes estimated costs of improving Estimated Costs of Ag Decision Maker Pasture and Hay Production File A1-15 This report summarizes estimated costs of improving pasture by five different systems. For each system, both the initial cost

More information

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training

Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Humidtropics Kiboga/Kyankwanzi Soybean production training Makerere University and Humidtropics collaboration Soybean Seed production Training of Kiboga-Kyankwanzi platform members in Soybean Seed Production

More information

Wheat Farming: Then and Now

Wheat Farming: Then and Now Wheat Farming: Then and Now Written by Lisa Cocca California Education and the Environment Initiative History-Social Science Standard 2.4.1. Farming has changed in many ways. In 1900, farms needed many

More information

The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed

The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed Learn the champions secret winning formula, click the link below to learn more www.pigeonracingformula.com Table of Contents Ingredients... 3 Peas... 3 Corn... 3 Pop Corn...

More information

FNE14-791 Using invasive Eurasian milfoil as an organic soil amendment: Effect on yield of tomato crop

FNE14-791 Using invasive Eurasian milfoil as an organic soil amendment: Effect on yield of tomato crop New York FNE14-791 Using invasive Eurasian milfoil as an organic soil amendment: Effect on yield of tomato crop Ian Ater, Fledging Crow Vegetables, Keeseville NY Eurasian milfoil is an invasive aquatic

More information

Costs and Returns on Dry-Land Wheat Farms

Costs and Returns on Dry-Land Wheat Farms Costs and Returns on Dry-Land Wheat Farms (Waico- Gautttif., QietfOti, 1952) D. Curtis Mumford Agricultural Experiment Station Oregon State College Corvallis Circular of Information 541 April 1954 Costs

More information

Comparison of beef cattle management systems: pasture versus drylot year 1 ( )

Comparison of beef cattle management systems: pasture versus drylot year 1 ( ) Comparison of beef cattle management systems: pasture versus drylot year 1 (2009-2010) B. R. Ilse and V. L. Anderson NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center Introduction Land is an expensive and limited

More information

An Introduction to Industrial Hemp, Hemp Agronomy, and UK Agronomic Hemp Research

An Introduction to Industrial Hemp, Hemp Agronomy, and UK Agronomic Hemp Research An Introduction to Industrial Hemp, Hemp Agronomy, and UK Agronomic Hemp Research D.W. Williams, UK Department of Plant and Soil Sciences Rich Mundell, Kentucky Tobacco Research and Development Center.

More information

Emerging BioFuel Crops and Technology Kurt Thelen Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan ABSTRACT

Emerging BioFuel Crops and Technology Kurt Thelen Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan ABSTRACT Emerging BioFuel Crops and Technology Kurt Thelen Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan ABSTRACT United States energy policy requires 36 billion gallons of ethanol by the year 2022, with 21

More information

EVALUATION OF SEED TREATMENTS FOR ORGANIC CORN: 2006 Janet Hedtcke, Bill Stangel, Gregg Sanford, John Hall

EVALUATION OF SEED TREATMENTS FOR ORGANIC CORN: 2006 Janet Hedtcke, Bill Stangel, Gregg Sanford, John Hall EVALUATION OF SEED TREATMENTS FOR ORGANIC CORN: 2006 Janet Hedtcke, Bill Stangel, Gregg Sanford, John Hall INTRODUCTION In 2003, to comply with the National Organic Program (NOP) standards, we started

More information

Using Bermudagrass Forage Systems to Mine Phosphorus from High Soil-Test Phosphorus Soils

Using Bermudagrass Forage Systems to Mine Phosphorus from High Soil-Test Phosphorus Soils Agriculture and Natural Resources Using Bermudagrass Forage Systems to Mine Phosphorus from High Soil-Test Phosphorus Soils Wayne K. Coblentz Associate Professor of Animal Science and Extension Livestock

More information

Fodder Beet Growing & Grazing Guide

Fodder Beet Growing & Grazing Guide Introduction. Fodder Beet is potentially the highest yielding winter forage options available to farmers currently. Some of the advantages of growing fodder beet include: High dry matter yield Not in the

More information

Participants to develop their business without making great efforts; to use modern machinery to be implemented over the years in agriculture.

Participants to develop their business without making great efforts; to use modern machinery to be implemented over the years in agriculture. TITLE: MODERN MACHINES IN AGRICULTURE INTRODUCTION: Modern agriculture depends heavily on engineering, technology and the biological and physical sciences. Irrigation, drainage, conservation and channelling

More information

Information contained herein is available to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin.

Information contained herein is available to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin. _ F Information contained herein is available to all persons without regard to race, color, sex, or national origin. Russell Bermudagr s, DONALD M. BALL, ROBERT AB RDE, AND MARCUS M. EICHIR, JR JR. BERMUDAGRASS

More information

The Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Production

The Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Production The Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Production Zoran Dimov Faculty of Agricultural Sciencies and Food Facing with Unprecedented Conditions Climate Change are recognized as a serious environmental

More information

Organic farming in private protected area, Russia

Organic farming in private protected area, Russia Organic farming in private protected area, Russia Compiled by: Carolin Kugel, with support from Elena and Sergei Smirenski Short title: Organic farming in Russia Key Message: Important lessons can be learned

More information

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Lawn Care FAQ s Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Why do we have so many weeds? Dandelions in particular, weeds in general, do not seem concerned about how long lawn has

More information

Agriculture & Business Management Notes...

Agriculture & Business Management Notes... Agriculture & Business Management Notes... Crop Share Lease Agreements Quick Notes... 1. Crop share lease agreements reduce risks for both parties. 2. Input costs are shared by both parties. 3. Local share

More information

The estimated costs of corn, corn silage,

The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, Estimated Costs of Crop Ag Decision Maker Production in Iowa - 2015 File A1-20 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage, soybeans, alfalfa, and pasture maintenance in this report are based on data from

More information

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application SOIL FERTILITY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CROP PRODUCTION COST IN NO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS J.T. Touchton The rapidly increasing cost of crop production is forcing an interest in practices that reduce or eliminate

More information

Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt

Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt Introduction Corn weed management during the past several years in Kentucky has centered around two herbicide

More information

CropCast Daily Agri-Highlights Don Keeney Wednesday, June 22, 2016

CropCast Daily Agri-Highlights Don Keeney Wednesday, June 22, 2016 VHI Image Date: Jun 17, 2016 USA Corn Soybeans Vegetative Health Index Map and Crop Condition Tendency EUROPE Rapeseed BLACK SEA INDIA Soybeans Groundnuts CHINA Corn Soybeans ARGENTINA Corn Soybeans BRAZIL

More information

FLOOD DAMAGE LOSSES TO AGRICULTURAL CROPS IN COLORADO. Norman L. Dalsted, John Deering, Rebecca Hill, and Martha Sullins 1

FLOOD DAMAGE LOSSES TO AGRICULTURAL CROPS IN COLORADO. Norman L. Dalsted, John Deering, Rebecca Hill, and Martha Sullins 1 FLOOD DAMAGE LOSSES TO AGRICULTURAL CROPS IN COLORADO by Norman L. Dalsted, John Deering, Rebecca Hill, and Martha Sullins 1 The period from September 9 16, 2013 saw unprecedented rainfall in many parts

More information

Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible?

Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible? Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible? Harun Cicek, Caroline Halde, Kristen Podolsky, Martin Entz, Keith Bamford, Joanne Thiessen Martens and David Feindel WCCA, Winnipeg 2014 ICARDA reduced tillage

More information

Goat Program at Langston University Web site www2.luresext.edu Research Nutrient Requirements Vegetative Mgt Internal Parasites Quarterly newsletter F

Goat Program at Langston University Web site www2.luresext.edu Research Nutrient Requirements Vegetative Mgt Internal Parasites Quarterly newsletter F Build a Comprehensive Management Plan Steve Hart Langston University Goat Program at Langston University Web site www2.luresext.edu Research Nutrient Requirements Vegetative Mgt Internal Parasites Quarterly

More information

Protecting Louisiana s Waters using. Best Management Practices (BMPs)

Protecting Louisiana s Waters using. Best Management Practices (BMPs) Protecting Louisiana s Waters using Best Management Practices (BMPs) INTRODUCTION American agriculture enjoys an international reputation for efficient, high-quality food production. Louisiana farmers

More information