Hunting and Gathering

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Hunting and Gathering"

Transcription

1 Agriculture The deliberate modification of earth s surface through cultivation of plants and rearing of animals to obtain sustenance and economic gain.

2 Hunting and Gathering Hunting Fishing Gathering plants, nuts, or berries Small groups <50 Nomadic Gender division of labor Men hunt Women gather Still ¼ million hunters and gatherers in isolated locations worldwide!

3 Invention of Agriculture Observation of seeds growing, effects of water and natural fertilizer Accidental or deliberate experiment? Women were gatherers role in domestication? Domesticated animals for protection, pets, and food Prehistoric (before recorded history)

4 Multiple Origins Theory Hearths places of origin Multiple independent hearths Food produced in distinctive ways in different regions Based on local wild plants and animals, climatic conditions, and cultural preferences Diffusion to other areas through contact Dependent on where particular plants and animals thrive

5 Vegetative Planting and Seed Agriculture Carl Sauer s Theory Vegetative Planting Cutting stems and dividing roots Southeast Asia Taro, yam, banana, palm Fishing was main food source, so more sedentary Seed Agriculture Annual planting of seeds Practiced by most farmers today Eastern Hemisphere Southwest Asia: wheat, barley Raised cattle, sheep, goats that were also used to plow China: soybean Africa: coffee, cotton Western Hemisphere Mexico: maize, beans, squash Peru: potato

6

7

8 Agriculture Today Subsistence Agriculture: production of food primarily for consumption by the farmer s family or village LDCs Commercial Agriculture: production of food primarily for sale off the farm MDCs

9

10 Agricultural Regions Subsistence Agriculture Shifting cultivation Pastoral Nomadism Intensive Subsistence, Rice Dominant Intensive Subsistence, other than rice dominant Plantation Commercial Agriculture Mixed Crop and Livestock Dairying Grain Ranching Mediterranean Commercial Gardening

11 Agricultural Regions Note the locations of each type of agriculture

12 Climate Influences on Agriculture Pastoral Nomadism: dry climates Shifting Cultivation: tropical wet climates Crops take more water than grazing Some crops take less water, like wheat Some crops need a long growing season, like cotton

13 Rural Settlements Clustered: agricultural community with families and public building together and fields surrounding the settlement New England irregular shaped fields Linear French Long Lots Circular Masai, early Europe Dispersed: farmers live on individual farms isolated from neighbors Modern North America

14

15

16

17

18

19 Masai Kraal animal corral in center, houses surrounding it with gardens, grazing area or fields outside

20

21 Comparing Subsistence and Commercial Agriculture Subsistence High percentage of farmers 50% or more in LDCs Small farms LDCs average size 1,7 acres Few machines LDCs have abundant labor force Machinery too expensive Commercial Low percentage of farmers Less than 10%, U.S. only 2% Large farms U.S. average size 444 acres Many machines High capital investment Tractors, combines, milking machines Refrigeration, transportation Fertilizers, pesticides

22 Labor Force Engaged in Agriculture

23 Tractors per 1000 Hectares of Cropland

24 Subsistence Agriculture Regions LDCs Type of agriculture dependent on climate Shifting Agriculture in wet lands Pastoral Nomadism in dry lands Asia s large population clusters practice intensive subsistence agriculture Areas of abundant rainfall

25 Shifting Cultivation Also called slash-and-burn or swidden Tropical rainforest areas warm, wet South America, Southeast Asia Burning releases natural fertilizer in the ash Only good for about 3 years Rains leach out nutrients, no new decaying plants Villagers move to another location

26 Brazil

27 Pastoral Nomadism Herding of domesticated animals Transhumance: moving with the seasons Dry regions (arid and semiarid) Africa, Middle East, Central Asia Bedouins: camels, Masai: cattle Meat, milk, hides from animals Grain consumed as well, products from trade Number of animals is measure of wealth 15 million people today, 20% of earth s land

28 Masai

29 Intensive Subsistence Areas of high agricultural density Ratio of farmers to arable land is high Small farms must feed a lot of people East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia Work by hand or with animals Wet rice: seedling started in nursery, later moved to flooded fields by hand Flat paddies or terraced hillsides Other crops and animals raised besides Chinese system carp, ducks, pigs, vegetables, fruit

30 Rice Production

31 Plantation Large farm specializing in one or two crops Cotton, sugar cane, coffee, rubber, tobacco Tropics or Sub-Tropics Warm, wet climate Latin America, Africa, Asia U.S. South prior to Civil War with slave labor Located in LDCs, but owned by MDCs Crops grown for sale in MDCs Often low pay for workers Actually commercial agriculture in regions of subsistence agriculture

32 Malaysian Tea Plantation

33 Commercial Agriculture Regions Six main types Found in MDCs Influenced by physical geography (climate) Large farms/ranches Low percentage of farmers in population High usage of machinery For sale in the market in MDCs

34 Mixed Crop and Livestock Corn most common crop, then soybeans Fed to livestock Crop rotation

35 Corn Production

36 Dairy Farming Located near urban areas in MDCs For rapid transport to market Highly mechanized and controlled Use of milking machines Use of growth hormones Milk production in LDCs is growing Higher standard of living can buy more milk

37

38 Milk Production

39 World Milk Production

40 Grain Farming Sometimes called cereal crops Usually located in areas too dry for mixed crop and livestock Plains states in the U.S. large farms Grown primarily for consumption by humans Wheat is the most important in U.S. Can grow in dry areas, can be double-cropped Completely mechanized from plowing to harvesting Grain is the least labor-intensive type of farming

41 Wheat Production

42 Livestock Ranching Ranching: the commercial grazing of livestock over an extensive area MDCs have very large herds on enormous ranches U.S., Argentina, and Brazil cattle Australia, British Isles sheep Arid or semi-arid land where soil is too poor or water too scarce to support crops Now part of the meat processing industry Not the romantic days of the cowboys driving the Texas herds up north to market!

43 Meat Production

44 Commercial Gardening and Fruit Farming U.S. southeast, warm and wet Truck farming from old English word for barter Vegetables Fruits, nuts, citrus orchards High value, small quantities Small farms

45 Peanut Crop

46 Mediterranean Like California! Or Italy... Mediterranean Climate Hot dry summers, cool wet winters Only 5 places in the world have this climate Mediterranean Basin, California, Chile, Southern Australia, and Capetown, South Africa All are wine producers, so look at Trader Joes Hilly land Grapes and olives, wine Many other crops if water is available Bread and Wine culture wheat in hot/dry climate

47 Vineyard

48 Olive Groves

49 Subsistence Agriculture and Population Growth Four strategies to increase food production 1. Expand agriculture Only 11% of earth s land now cultivated 2. Increase productivity Green Revolution: miracle crops (high yield), expand use of fertilizer and pesticides 3. Identify new food sources Acceptance, cultural preferences, hybrids 4. Expand exports MDCs exporting more to LDCs Africa is facing strong challenges to produce enough food for its growing population

50 World Agricultural Land

51 Grain Imports and Exports

52 Daily Calories Consumed per Person

53 Africa s Food Supply Crisis Overuse of land has led to desertification, the permanent destruction of arable land as it is overtaken by the desert. At the same time, the population is growing rapidly, leading to famine.

54 VON THÜNEN s MODEL

55 Commercial Agriculture and Market Forces Agribusiness commercial farming in MDCs Includes tractor mfg, fertilizer prod, seed dist Controlled by large corporations Food production has increased in MDCs but demand has remained the same Leads to low prices, market saturation Government subsidies Paid to leave fields fallow (not planted) Paid if prices are too low Donated to foreign government or given to low-income Americans Agricultural Dumping negative result of subsidized agriculture in MDCs, puts poor farmers out of business in LDCs

56 Agribusiness: Dairy Farming

57 Fewer cows now in U.S., but milk production is higher. Yield per cow tripled since 1960s. Good or bad?

58

59

60

61

62

63 Sustainable Agriculture Sensitive land management Ridge tillage to reduce erosion Limited use of chemicals Mechanical weed control instead of pesticides Integrated crop and livestock Animals consume crops grown on the farm reducing transportation expense and leaving animals to graze naturally, fewer crowded pens Organic farming how to define and identify Sustainable agriculture at its best!

64

AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY UNIT 2 Textbook Chapter 11

AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY UNIT 2 Textbook Chapter 11 AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY UNIT 2 Textbook Chapter 11 1. Agriculture The purposeful tending of crops and raising of livestock in order to produce food and fiber. 2. Hunting and Gathering Before agriculture humans

More information

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed.

Farming. In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Types of Farming In the Standard Grade Geography exam there are three types of farming you need to know about arable, livestock and mixed. Arable farms are ones where the main way of making money is by

More information

ACTIVITY 3.1 The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution

ACTIVITY 3.1 The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution ACTIVITY 3.1 The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution Between 10,000 and 3000 B.C.E., people in several areas around the earth developed new agricultural methods and machines, such as the plow pulled by horses

More information

Status and trends in perception of Organic vegetable and fruit production in China

Status and trends in perception of Organic vegetable and fruit production in China Chinese-Danish Networking Status and trends in perception of Organic vegetable and fruit production in China Yuhui Qiao Dr. Associate Professor Department of Ecology and Ecological Engineering China Agricultural

More information

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank Read Section 2.3. Write one or two sentences describing the type of thematic map you read about. Then match the physical features in the Word Bank to their correct locations on the illustration. An example

More information

Peru, Argentina, and Brazil: Economic Factors

Peru, Argentina, and Brazil: Economic Factors Peru, Argentina, and Brazil: Economic Factors PERU Grade 6 Economic Overview: Peru's economy reflects its varied geography - an arid coastal region, the Andes further inland, and tropical lands bordering

More information

Agriculture Mongolia. Mongolian Farmers Association. Presented by: Perenlei Chultem (M.Sc.) President of Mongolian Farmers Association

Agriculture Mongolia. Mongolian Farmers Association. Presented by: Perenlei Chultem (M.Sc.) President of Mongolian Farmers Association Mongolian Farmers Association Agriculture Mongolia Presented by: Perenlei Chultem (M.Sc.) President of Mongolian Farmers Association Co-Presenter: Boldsaikhan Usukh (PhD.Agri.) President of Ensada Holding

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information

AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS OF JAPAN

AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS OF JAPAN AGRICULTURAL PROBLEMS OF JAPAN Takeshi Kimura, Agricultural Counselor Embassy of Japan, Washington, D. C. I would like, first, to sketch the Japanese agricultural situation and, second, to review Japan's

More information

Five Themes of Geography

Five Themes of Geography Five Themes of Geography Studying the geography of the entire world is a huge task. You can make that task easier by using the five themes of geography: location, regions, place, movement, and humanenvironment

More information

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8

Grasslands. Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grasslands Environmental Science Chapters 8 Grassland Biome A grassland ecosystem is an area that receives more rainfall than a desert, but not enough to support the trees of a forest. These usually exist

More information

Crop production. 0 5 10 15 million ha. 0 5 10 15 20 million tonnes PART 1. CHART 7: Harvested area of the most important crops in Central Asia (2010)

Crop production. 0 5 10 15 million ha. 0 5 10 15 20 million tonnes PART 1. CHART 7: Harvested area of the most important crops in Central Asia (2010) PART 1 Crop production is the most important crop in the region of Europe and Central Asia. More than 80 million hectares of land are dedicated to growing wheat, of which 240 were produced in 2010. is

More information

Chapter 4: The Development of the 13 Colonies. Manufacturing : making things by hand or by machine.

Chapter 4: The Development of the 13 Colonies. Manufacturing : making things by hand or by machine. Chapter 4: The Development of the 13 Colonies Economic Problems: More Than Basic Needs Economic Activities in the 13 Colonies Some countries, besides England, that were in the British Empire were : Wales,

More information

EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE. THE FUTURE OF ORGANIC PRODUCTION IN EUROPE Second panel National perspectives.

EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE. THE FUTURE OF ORGANIC PRODUCTION IN EUROPE Second panel National perspectives. ENVIRONMENTAL AND TERRITORY AREA EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE THE FUTURE OF ORGANIC PRODUCTION IN EUROPE Second panel National perspectives Annalisa Saccardo Bruxelles september 15th 2014 ITALIAN

More information

U.S. Agriculture and International Trade

U.S. Agriculture and International Trade Curriculum Guide I. Goals and Objectives A. Understand the importance of exports and imports to agriculture and how risk management is affected. B. Understand factors causing exports to change. C. Understand

More information

Small Farm Modernization & the Quiet Revolution in Asia s Food Supply Chains. Thomas Reardon

Small Farm Modernization & the Quiet Revolution in Asia s Food Supply Chains. Thomas Reardon Small Farm Modernization & the Quiet Revolution in Asia s Food Supply Chains Thomas Reardon Part 1 of Talk: Introduction to research issues and method 1. Introduction to Research Issues 1. Research past

More information

China and the WTO: Implications for Grain Trade. Dr. Thomas I. Wahl IMPACT Center Washington State University

China and the WTO: Implications for Grain Trade. Dr. Thomas I. Wahl IMPACT Center Washington State University China and the WTO: Implications for Grain Trade Dr. Thomas I. Wahl Center Washington State University Overview of Presentation Background Why are we interested in China Current trade situation Demographics

More information

Member States Factsheets I T A L Y CONTENTS. Main figures - Year 2014 59 685 227 inhabitants Area 302 069 km 2

Member States Factsheets I T A L Y CONTENTS. Main figures - Year 2014 59 685 227 inhabitants Area 302 069 km 2 January 2015 Member States Factsheets I T A L Y CONTENTS Main figures 2014 1. KEY DATA 2. POPULATION & ECONOMY 3. FINANCIAL ASPECTS 4. ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS 5. AGRICULTURAL TRADE 6. FARM STRUCTURE 1 2 3 4-5

More information

Create a Colony Project

Create a Colony Project Create a Colony Project 1. Colony Location - Where is your colony located? -New England/Middle/Southern Colonies/Backcountry -Why choose there? List 7 positives and 7 negatives of that option *Colony Comparison

More information

Each Day is scheduled for a block/90 minute class. 45/50-minute classes would split the lesson into two parts.

Each Day is scheduled for a block/90 minute class. 45/50-minute classes would split the lesson into two parts. Agriculture Unit Plan Intro Page Charlie Henry 9 th Grade-AP Human Geography Each Day is scheduled for a block/90 minute class. 45/50-minute classes would split the lesson into two parts. The last two

More information

Science of Life Explorations

Science of Life Explorations Science of Life Explorations Celebrate the Growing Year: The Farmer s Year A Farmer s Year While you are in school or on a vacation, farmers are working hard to provide us with the foods we eat and the

More information

Member States Factsheets I R E L A N D CONTENTS. Main figures - Year 2014 4 591 087 inhabitants Area 69 798 km 2

Member States Factsheets I R E L A N D CONTENTS. Main figures - Year 2014 4 591 087 inhabitants Area 69 798 km 2 January 2015 Member States Factsheets I R E L A N D CONTENTS Main figures 2014 1. KEY DATA 2. POPULATION & ECONOMY 3. FINANCIAL ASPECTS 4. ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS 5. AGRICULTURAL TRADE 6. FARM STRUCTURE 1 2

More information

AG R I C U LT U R E GREEN ECONOMY

AG R I C U LT U R E GREEN ECONOMY THIS IS THE STORY OF AG R I C U LT U R E GREEN ECONOMY We need to make the global economy green. provides significant opportunities for growth, investment and jobs to help make this happen. $ Everyone

More information

The Approach of U.S. Agricultural Co-operatives to Competing in Global Markets

The Approach of U.S. Agricultural Co-operatives to Competing in Global Markets The Approach of U.S. Agricultural Co-operatives to Competing in Global Markets 38 th ICOS National Conference The Role of Co-operatives in Improving Producer Influence in the Global Food Supply Chain Michael

More information

Fayette County Appraisal District

Fayette County Appraisal District Fayette County Appraisal District Agricultural Guidelines July 7, 2010 A SUPPLEMENT TO THE STATE OF TEXAS PROPERTY TAX MANUAL FOR THE APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTUAL LAND AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES AND

More information

Physiography, Geography and Climate of Latin America (Lecture 3)

Physiography, Geography and Climate of Latin America (Lecture 3) Physiography, Geography and Climate of Latin America (Lecture 3) Natural Landmarks in Latin America World's longest and second highest mountain range, and the world's highest active volcanoes. Biggest

More information

The Geographv of Ancient Rome

The Geographv of Ancient Rome The Geographv of Ancient Rome Italy is a rocky, mountainous peninsula 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. The Apennine Mountains form its "backbone" and stretch from north to south, with the Tiber River

More information

Chemical Leasing in Agriculture

Chemical Leasing in Agriculture Chemical Leasing in Agriculture Presentation developed by Lakmini Edirisinghe, Vojislavka Satric, Reinhard Joas, Aleksander Startzev, Aleksander Uzunov, Maria Grineva Table of content 1. Background to

More information

WATER HARVESTING AND AQUACULTURE FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION TO AQUACULTURE

WATER HARVESTING AND AQUACULTURE FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION TO AQUACULTURE WATER HARVESTING AND AQUACULTURE FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT INTRODUCTION TO AQUACULTURE 2 INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AQUACULTURE AND AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS AUBURN UNIVERSITY 3 INTRODUCTION More than one-fourth

More information

No. 04 Nebraska s First Farmers Nebraska s First Farmers

No. 04 Nebraska s First Farmers Nebraska s First Farmers No. 04 Nebraska s First Farmers Nebraska s First Farmers At least 1,000 years ago Indian women tended small fields of corn. By the 1700s corn continued to be an important food for the Oto, Pawnee and Omaha

More information

300431 Timişoara, Romania, Str. Agricultorilor nr. 40 Tel: 0747-047.800 Fax: 0356-414.175 office.armand@gmail.com

300431 Timişoara, Romania, Str. Agricultorilor nr. 40 Tel: 0747-047.800 Fax: 0356-414.175 office.armand@gmail.com 300431 Timişoara, Romania, Str. Agricultorilor nr. 40 Tel: 0747-047.800 Fax: 0356-414.175 office.armand@gmail.com Pagina1 Pagina2 INVEST IN ROMANIA 300431 Timişoara, Romania, Str. Agricultorilor nr. 40

More information

FIFTEEN LARGEST CORN IMPORTING. FIFTEEN LARGEST SOYBEAN PRODUCING COUNTRIES est.

FIFTEEN LARGEST CORN IMPORTING. FIFTEEN LARGEST SOYBEAN PRODUCING COUNTRIES est. FIFTEEN LARGEST CORN IMPORTING FIFTEEN LARGEST CORN PRODUCING COUNTRIES - 2011 est. COUNTRIES - 2011 est. (Marketing year - thousands of hectares, tons per hectare, and thousands of metric tons) (Marketing

More information

Section 4 Soil Conservation

Section 4 Soil Conservation Section 4 Soil Conservation Key Concept Soil is a nonrenewable resource that can be endangered if it is used unwisely. What You Will Learn Soil is important for plants and animals and for the storage of

More information

ANALYSIS OF LEBANON S FOOD MARKET

ANALYSIS OF LEBANON S FOOD MARKET ANALYSIS OF LEBANON S FOOD MARKET Table of Contents World Food Market 3 Lebanon s Food Production 8 Lebanon s Food Imports and Exports 11 Evolution of Food Imports 11 Food Imports by Type 12 Food Imports

More information

Chapter 12 The South Section Notes Video Maps History Close-up Images Quick Facts

Chapter 12 The South Section Notes Video Maps History Close-up Images Quick Facts Chapter 12 The South Section Notes Growth of the Cotton Industry Free Southern Society The Slave System History Close-up Southern Plantation Quick Facts Chapter 12 Visual Summary Video Regional Economies

More information

Outlook for the 2013 U.S. Farm Economy

Outlook for the 2013 U.S. Farm Economy Outlook for the 213 U.S. Farm Economy Kevin Patrick Farm and Rural Business Branch Resource and Rural Economics Division Highlights Net farm income in 213 forecast: $128.2 billion Net cash income in 213

More information

CHAPTER 11: AGRICULTURE. APHUG BHS Ms. Justice

CHAPTER 11: AGRICULTURE. APHUG BHS Ms. Justice CHAPTER 11: AGRICULTURE APHUG BHS Ms. Justice Key Questions: Chapter 11 11.1 What is agriculture and where did agriculture begin? 11.2 How did agriculture change with industrialization? 11.3 What imprint

More information

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited 11 Africa Can Help Feed Africa Africa has considerable variation in its climatic conditions

More information

3.2 Extent of food losses and waste

3.2 Extent of food losses and waste 4 3. Extent of food losses and waste 3.1 Food volumes produced Figure 1 illustrates the 2007 production volumes of all commodity groups in their primary form, including animal feed products (which are

More information

Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen, Technical consultant, SDCC Ltd., Vietnam

Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen, Technical consultant, SDCC Ltd., Vietnam Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen, Technical consultant, SDCC Ltd., Vietnam Dr.-Ing. Ngoc Luan Nguyen is technical consultant for an independent company, SDCC Ltd. He has been involving mainly in the areas of

More information

Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1. Describe aspects of a geographic topic at a global scale

Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1. Describe aspects of a geographic topic at a global scale Exemplar for internal assessment resource Geography for Achievement Standard 91013 Exemplar for Internal Achievement Standard Geography Level 1 This exemplar supports assessment against: Achievement Standard

More information

NAME SCHOOL Part III DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION

NAME SCHOOL Part III DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION NAME SCHOOL Part III DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents

More information

Deforestation in the Amazon

Deforestation in the Amazon Deforestation in the Amazon By Rhett A Butler Rainforests once covered 14% of the earth's land surface; now they cover a mere 6% and experts estimate that the last remaining rainforests could be consumed

More information

JOB ANNOUNCEMENT. Nursery Manager DEGREE AND CURRICULUM:

JOB ANNOUNCEMENT. Nursery Manager DEGREE AND CURRICULUM: Horticulture Nursery Manager Associate degree in Horticulture or related degree. Will consider all qualified agriculture degrees. Manages nursery to grow horticultural plants, such as trees, shrubs, flowers,

More information

Management of wetlands for improved food security

Management of wetlands for improved food security Management of wetlands for improved food security Willy Kakuru 1, Teddy Tindamanyire 2, Paul Mafabi 2 and Lucy Iyango 2 1 Makerere University 2 Ministry of Water and Environment, Uganda Aspects of food

More information

Population Cartogram: size of countries is based on population instead of land area. Which countries are largest in terms of population?

Population Cartogram: size of countries is based on population instead of land area. Which countries are largest in terms of population? Population Cartogram: size of countries is based on population instead of land area. Which countries are largest in terms of population? Population Concentrations Wet lands Dry lands Cold Lands High Lands

More information

Company profile. Figure 1. The Dairy herd at Mgolole Intensive farm and at new Kidago farm and an improved mango/forage project

Company profile. Figure 1. The Dairy herd at Mgolole Intensive farm and at new Kidago farm and an improved mango/forage project Introduction Company profile Mgolole Agro-processing Company Ltd is an agribusiness company registered in Tanzania for the purpose of farming, food processing and consultancy (Registration 62599 of 2007).

More information

Global Development of Camel Populations, Production Systems, and Systems Productivity

Global Development of Camel Populations, Production Systems, and Systems Productivity Global Development of Camel Populations, Production Systems, and Systems Productivity H. J. Schwartz, MSc, PhD, Professor em. Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture Humboldt University of Berlin schwartzhj@gmail.com

More information

298,320 3,041 107,825. Missouri Economic Research Brief FARM AND AGRIBUSINESS. Employment. Number of Agribusinesses.

298,320 3,041 107,825. Missouri Economic Research Brief FARM AND AGRIBUSINESS. Employment. Number of Agribusinesses. Missouri Economic Research Brief FARM AND AGRIBUSINESS Missouri s Farm and Agribusiness Missouri s farm and agribusiness sectors include crops, livestock, industries supporting farm production and farm-related

More information

Methods of Supporting Farm Prices and Income

Methods of Supporting Farm Prices and Income Methods of Supporting Farm Prices and Income By Arthur Mauch When the level of support has been decided, the cost of the program has pretty well been determined. The second major decision involves how

More information

FEED 2011. The International Forum on Strategic Studies for Agriculture and Livestock Development and Respect for the Climate. Deborah La Franchi

FEED 2011. The International Forum on Strategic Studies for Agriculture and Livestock Development and Respect for the Climate. Deborah La Franchi FEED 2011 The International Forum on Strategic Studies for Agriculture and Livestock Development and Respect for the Climate Deborah La Franchi CEO & President, Strategic Development Solutions Financing

More information

Kai Becker Waukon Senior High Waukon, IA

Kai Becker Waukon Senior High Waukon, IA Kai Becker Waukon Senior High Waukon, IA East Timor: A Look to the Future The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor, is a tiny island nation in Southeast Asia. East Timor has suffered

More information

SHANGHAI: TRENDS TOWARDS SPECIALISED AND CAPITAL-INTENSIVE URBAN AGRICULTURE

SHANGHAI: TRENDS TOWARDS SPECIALISED AND CAPITAL-INTENSIVE URBAN AGRICULTURE SHANGHAI: TRENDS TOWARDS SPECIALISED AND CAPITAL-INTENSIVE URBAN AGRICULTURE Cai Yi-Zhong and Zhang Zhangen 1. Introduction The Chinese are famous for their highly intensive urban cropping systems and

More information

Biological assets Agricultural produce Products that are the result of processing after harvest

Biological assets Agricultural produce Products that are the result of processing after harvest International Accounting Standard 41 Agriculture Objective The objective of this Standard is to prescribe the accounting treatment and disclosures related to agricultural activity. Scope 1 This Standard

More information

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Crop Production Capacity In North America - G.K. Pompelli CROP PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Crop Production Capacity In North America - G.K. Pompelli CROP PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA CROP PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA G.K. Pompelli Economic Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, USA Keywords: Supply, policy, yields. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Past Trends in Demand

More information

Rwanda Agricultural Sector and its Impact on Food Security and Economy

Rwanda Agricultural Sector and its Impact on Food Security and Economy Rwanda Agricultural Sector and its Impact on Food Security and Economy Workshop on Asian Lessons and Agriculture Transformation in Rwanda J.J. Mbonigaba Muhinda Rwanda Agriculture Board jj.mbonigaba@rab.gov.rw

More information

Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that

Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that Chapter V Crop Residue Management Practices Crop residue management (CRM), a cultural practice that involves fewer and/or less intensive tillage operations and preserves more residue from the previous

More information

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests.

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests. Tropical Rainforests Reasons for their Destruction Tropical Rainforests are found in the Amazon Basin of South America, (e.g. Brazil) Central Africa (e.g. Congo) and South East Asia (e.g. Indonesia). There

More information

History Grade 5: Term 1 2016 Topic: The first farmers in Southern Africa

History Grade 5: Term 1 2016 Topic: The first farmers in Southern Africa Page 1 of 10 History Grade 5: Term 1 2016 Topic: The first farmers in Southern Africa Contents: Unit 1: Timelines. Where the first farmers settled. The Iron Age. Unit 2: The first farmers meet the San

More information

Water sustainability of agribusiness activities in South Africa

Water sustainability of agribusiness activities in South Africa 9 Water sustainability of agribusiness activities in South Africa 9.1 Water challenges 9.1.1 Water availability South Africa is a water scarce country where the demand for water is in excess of natural

More information

LOAN ANALYSIS. 1 This is drawn from the FAO-GTZ Aglend Toolkits 1 5 for the training purpose.

LOAN ANALYSIS. 1 This is drawn from the FAO-GTZ Aglend Toolkits 1 5 for the training purpose. LOAN ANALYSIS AGLEND1 is a financial institution that was founded in the early nineties as a microcredit NGO. In the beginning, its target clientele were micro- and small entrepreneurs in the urban area.

More information

Farm Credit s Mission to serve Young, Beginning, and Small Farmers. New loans made in 2010 to: Young: $7.3 billion Beginning: $10.

Farm Credit s Mission to serve Young, Beginning, and Small Farmers. New loans made in 2010 to: Young: $7.3 billion Beginning: $10. Farming s Future: The Next Generation Gary Matteson, Farm Credit Council VP Young, Beginning, Small Farmer Programs and Outreach Looking to the Future must know where beginning farmers are what beginning

More information

Farming in the. A modern business. Occupational Outlook Quarterly Spring 2005

Farming in the. A modern business. Occupational Outlook Quarterly Spring 2005 Farming in the A modern business 18 Occupational Outlook Quarterly Spring 2005 21st century in a modern world by Arlene Dohm In the 21st century, farmers and ranchers are likely to know as much, or more,

More information

Water Footprint Calculations for Pasture Based Beef Production

Water Footprint Calculations for Pasture Based Beef Production Water Footprint Calculations for Pasture Based Beef Production Dr. Horst Jürgen Schwartz Professor (retired), Chair of Livestock Ecology Humboldt University of Berlin Faculty of Agriculture, Institute

More information

AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES. Question 4

AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES. Question 4 AP EUROPEAN HISTORY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 4 Analyze the effects of the Columbian exchange (the interchange of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old World and the New World) on the population

More information

Agricultural Industry in Schleswig-Holstein Facts and Figures

Agricultural Industry in Schleswig-Holstein Facts and Figures Ministry of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas of the Federal State of Schleswig-Holstein Imprint Published by: Ministry for Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas of Land Schleswig-Holstein

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

The Origin of Civilization

The Origin of Civilization The Origin of Civilization Around 10,000 7000 years ago (8000 5000 BC), humankind experienced perhaps its most important revolution. The Neolithic revolution, as it is called, forever changed the interaction

More information

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs Forage Economics Geoffrey A. Benson, Professor Emeritus, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, and James T. Green, Jr., Professor Emeritus, Department of Crop Science, NC State University

More information

STATISTICAL PROFILE OF CAPE BRETON. Prepared By: Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture

STATISTICAL PROFILE OF CAPE BRETON. Prepared By: Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture STATISTICAL PROFILE OF CAPE BRETON Prepared By: Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture 1.0 Introduction Agriculture in the Local Economy Agriculture in Cape Breton is characterized by a diversity of farm

More information

Mirror for Humanity by Kottack Quiz #5 C. Milner-Rose Chapter 5: Making a Living

Mirror for Humanity by Kottack Quiz #5 C. Milner-Rose Chapter 5: Making a Living Mirror for Humanity by Kottack Quiz #5 C. Milner-Rose Chapter 5: Making a Living 1. Which of the following is a characteristic shared by most present-day foragers? A. They primarily fish for subsistence.

More information

ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS

ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION OF NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS $76 BILLION Agriculture and Agribusiness, including the farming, processing, wholesaling and retailing of food, natural fiber and forestry

More information

INTRODUCTION. The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum.

INTRODUCTION. The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum. INTRODUCTION The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum. It followed the introduction of lower primary Environmental

More information

1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? 2. What were the religious beliefs of most Native American tribes?

1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? 2. What were the religious beliefs of most Native American tribes? Social Studies Standard 2 Test Review Native Americans, Explorers, & Colonization 1. How did the Native Americans make it into the Americas? The Native Americans crossed over the Land Bridge (Bering Strait)

More information

Nairobi 20 April 2009

Nairobi 20 April 2009 Regional Workshop on Biofuel Production and Invasive Species Nairobi 20 April 2009 Martin Nganje & Seynou Oumarou PRESENTATION PLAN : 1.! INTRODUCTION 3.! GENERAL CONTEXT OF SAHELIAN COUNTRIES 4.! BIOFUEL

More information

Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1. Identify components of a record.

Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1. Identify components of a record. Unit B: Understanding the Purpose of Record Keeping for Agribusinesses Lesson 2: Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1.

More information

Agricultural Risk Model for Water Scarcity

Agricultural Risk Model for Water Scarcity Agricultural Risk Model for Water Scarcity Klaus Wagner Landscape structures, functions and management: response to global ecological change International Conference on Landscape Ecology, IALE 2010, Brno

More information

Agricultural Mechanization Strategies in India

Agricultural Mechanization Strategies in India 050 India Agricultural Mechanization Strategies in India Dr. Champat Raj Mehta Project Coordinator, All India Co-ordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Farm Implements and Machinery (FIM), Central Institute

More information

Soil Erosion. Physics. Grade LEARNING OUTCOMES DESCRIPTION READINESS ACTIVITIES MATERIALS. Science

Soil Erosion. Physics. Grade LEARNING OUTCOMES DESCRIPTION READINESS ACTIVITIES MATERIALS. Science Soil Erosion Science Grade 10-12 Classroom Individual reading DESCRIPTION Soil erosion is a major problem in Agriculture. Tonnes of soil are lost from fields every year. This not only reduces crop production,

More information

WALLOON AGRICULTURE IN FIGURES

WALLOON AGRICULTURE IN FIGURES WALLOON AGRICULTURE IN FIGURES Update : February 2014 Warning : The sample s definition of the GDSIE s census has changed since 2011. Therefore, great caution is required in interpreting evolutions observed

More information

The impact of biofuels on the world fertilizer market

The impact of biofuels on the world fertilizer market The impact of biofuels on the world fertilizer market By Oliver Hatfield, Director Integer Research Ltd TFI Conference, November 2007 Presentation overview Definitions and scope Factors which translate

More information

July 10, USDA World Supply and Demand Estimates

July 10, USDA World Supply and Demand Estimates July 10, 2015 - World Supply and Demand Estimates Corn Projected 2015/16 U.S. feed grain supplies are lowered this month with reductions in corn beginning stocks and production. Corn beginning stocks for

More information

San Jacinto County Appraisal District PO Box 1170 Coldspring, Texas 77331 936-653-1450 936-653-5271 (Fax)

San Jacinto County Appraisal District PO Box 1170 Coldspring, Texas 77331 936-653-1450 936-653-5271 (Fax) San Jacinto County Appraisal District PO Box 1170 Coldspring, Texas 77331 936-653-1450 936-653-5271 (Fax) (Referenced) Property Tax Code Section 23.51 Guidelines to Qualify for 1-d-1 Open Space Land Appraisal

More information

Tropical Deforestation

Tropical Deforestation November 1998 FS-1998-11-120-GSFC The Earth Science Enterprise Series These articles discuss Earth s many dynamic processes and their interactions Tropical he clearing of tropical forests across the T

More information

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug)

Farming at dairy farms (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Farming at dairy (produktion på mælkelandbrug) Process description The present data refer to production on eight typical Danish Dairy in 2000, which combines dairy and (cash) crop production in a mixed

More information

Page 1 Bayer CropScience Increase of productivity in Agriculture

Page 1 Bayer CropScience Increase of productivity in Agriculture Bayer CropScience Increase of productivity in Agriculture Dr. F. Zurmühlen Frankfurt 16.7.2014 Page 1 Bayer CropScience Increase of productivity in Agriculture 114,928 employees Full year sales: 40.2 billion

More information

agriculture, forestry & fisheries Department: Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

agriculture, forestry & fisheries Department: Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA 2013 agriculture, forestry & fisheries Department: Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA Contents Trends in the Agricultural Sector 2013 ECONOMIC REVIEW FOR THE 12 MONTHS THAT ENDED

More information

Activity 7: Fuels We Use: Biodiesel and Ethanol

Activity 7: Fuels We Use: Biodiesel and Ethanol Activity 7: Fuels We Use: Biodiesel and Ethanol Concepts Biomass is any organic material we can use for energy. Biomass is a carbohydrate that contains chemical energy. We can release and use the chemical

More information

Statistical Profile of Lunenburg County

Statistical Profile of Lunenburg County Statistical Profile of Lunenburg County Prepared by the Nova Scotia Federation of Agriculture 1 Contents 1.0 Introduction... 2 Agriculture in the Local Economy... 2 2.0 Population and Population Change...

More information

agricultural economy agriculture CALIFORNIA EDUCATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE I Unit 4.2.6. I Cultivating California I Word Wall Cards 426WWC

agricultural economy agriculture CALIFORNIA EDUCATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT INITIATIVE I Unit 4.2.6. I Cultivating California I Word Wall Cards 426WWC agricultural economy agriculture An economy based on farming or ranching. The practice of growing crops and raising animals for food, fiber, or other uses by humans. archaeological site archaeology A place

More information

Estimating Cash Rental Rates for Farmland

Estimating Cash Rental Rates for Farmland Estimating Cash Rental Rates for Farmland Tenant operators farm more than half of the crop land in Iowa. Moreover, nearly 70 percent of the rented crop land is operated under a cash lease. Cash leases

More information

Benin. GAIN Report Number: Lagos

Benin. GAIN Report Number: Lagos THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary - Public Date: 1/29/2013 GAIN Report Number:

More information

Guide to Cereals in the UK

Guide to Cereals in the UK Guide to Cereals in the UK WHEAT Wheat is the most widely grown arable crop in the UK. On average, it covers around 2 million hectares of land and produces about 15 million tonnes of wheat each year with

More information

3.7 Implied Labor Hours

3.7 Implied Labor Hours 3.7 Implied Labor Hours USDA data for the period 1990 through 2011 is presented to describe the implied amount of labor that is used to produce an acre and unit of output (e.g., labor hours per bushel

More information

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups:

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups: The agricultural statistics series will be based on the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that is located in the resource section and available from the Wikipedia web page (wiki.asfoc.ibge.gov.br).

More information

Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability

Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability GATEKEEPER SERIES No. 2 International Institute for Environment and Development Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Livelihoods Programme Cash Crops, Food Crops and Agricultural Sustainability EDWARD B.

More information

National Family Farm Coalition FOOD SOVEREIGNTY

National Family Farm Coalition FOOD SOVEREIGNTY National Family Farm Coalition FOOD SOVEREIGNTY Join the local, national and international movement to regain control of our food and farm system Food Sovereignty: Putting Farmers First ALL PEOPLE HAVE

More information

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing:

Sustainability in Agricultural Marketing: International Journal of scientific research and management (IJSRM) Special Issue On National Level Conference Business Growth and Social Development Pages 19-24 2014 Website: www.ijsrm.in ISSN (e): 2321-3418

More information

The Growing Role of Contract Farming in Agri-food Systems Development: Drivers, Theory and Practice

The Growing Role of Contract Farming in Agri-food Systems Development: Drivers, Theory and Practice The Growing Role of Contract Farming in Agri-food Systems Development: Drivers, Theory and Practice Carlos Arthur B. da Silva, Ph.D. FAO Agricultural Management, Marketing and Finance Service Agricultural

More information

March, Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency Telephone: /8 or /7 P. O. Box C. Y. 342 Fax:

March, Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency Telephone: /8 or /7 P. O. Box C. Y. 342 Fax: March, 2016 Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency Telephone: 263-4-706681/8 or 263-4-703971/7 P. O. Box C. Y. 342 Fax: 263 4 792494 Causeway, Harare Email: info@zimstat.co.zw Zimbabwe Website: www.zimstat.co.zw

More information