Assignment Notebook. Homework: Study for Test!!!!! In Class: Test Review DUE! Journal #1 is due! TEST NEXT TIME! Flashcards for Ex.

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1 Assignment Notebook Wednesday, November 21st Day 1 In Class: Test Review DUE! Journal #1 is due! TEST NEXT TIME! Homework: Study for Test!!!!! Flashcards for Ex. Credit 1

2 1.Describe and illustrate the relationships among producers, consumers and decomposers in a food web. 2

3 2. Explain how the number of populations an ecosystem can support depends on the biotic & abiotic factors available. 3

4 3. Compare and contrast predator/prey, parasite/host and producer/consumer/decomposer relationships. predator/prey parasite/host producer/consumer/decomposer 4

5 4. Choose a specific variety of populations and communities in an ecosystem and describe their relationships in an ecosystem. Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism Competition Predation Adaptations Symbiosis 5

6 Day 14 Human Body Systems Reveiw2.notebook 5. Explain how life functions are carried out in a similar ways in all organisms, including, animals, plants, fungi & bacteria 6

7 6. How do variations in a population help or hinder an organism s ability to survive. Natural Selection 7

8 Day 14 Human Body Systems Reveiw2.notebook 7. Explain why all cells in the human do not look alike. 8

9 Day 14 Human Body Systems Reveiw2.notebook 8. Describe how the organs in the respiratory, circulatory, digestive, nervous and immune systems interact to serve the needs of vertebrate organisms? Heart & Blood Brain & Nerves Lungs Small Intestine & Oxygen & Nutrients Protection & White blood cells???? 9

10 What is the definition of ecology? The study of the interactions between organisms with one another and their environment 10

11 All areas of life science build upon something simpler and smaller. Give the order of each level of organization from smallest to largest Cells Tissue Organs Organ Systems Organism Population Community Ecosystem Biosphere 11

12 Abiotic: (The non living parts of an environment) 12

13 Biotic: (The living parts of an environment) 13

14 Describe ways that human activities can change the number of populations and communities in an ecosystem. Possible Answers: Pollution Destroying the land water and air animals and plants need to survive. If pollution causes a population of fish to die then the birds who depend on those fish for food will either have to move away or die from starvation. The larger animals which eat those birds will then lose their source of food also causing them to either die or have to move away. Over hunting/ Poaching Killing a species of animals that other animals depend on for food. Deforestation Removing the trees which animals depend on for food and shelter. 14

15 What do you call the interaction between animals when one animal benefits from their relationship and the other is not affected at all? Commensalism What do you call the nonliving parts of an organism s environment? Abiotic What do you call an animal that eats other animals to survive? Predator or Carnivore 15

16 Day 14 Human Body Systems Reveiw2.notebook What do you call an animal that lives off of another animal usually harming the animal it is living on? Parasite What do you call the interaction where one organism kills and eats another organism for food? Predator What do you call the living parts of an organism s environment? Biotic 16

17 Day 14 Human Body Systems Reveiw2.notebook What do you call Behaviors or physical characteristics that allow organisms to live successfully in their environment? Adaptations What do you call a close relationship between two species that benefits at least one of the species? Symbiosis What do you call the interaction where there is a struggle between organisms to survive as they attempt to use the same limited resource? Competition 17

18 The purpose of the 11 organ systems is for the human body to maintain Homeostasis. What is homeostasis? The bodies maintenance of a stable internal environment Give an example of how the body performs homeostasis: Possible Answers: Body temperature When we get hot we sweat when we get cold we shiver Blood sugar levels Too much sugar in the blood, pancreas secretes insulin to lower the amount of sugar Blood pressure When blood pressure rises, the heart slows down to reduce pressure in the blood vessels 18

19 Name the 8 organs that make up the digestive system and describe their function. Mouth To chew and grind up food. It produces saliva Esophagus Pipe connecting the mouth to the stomach Stomach Secretes a strong acid to break down food. Pancreas Liver Produces the hormone insulin to regulate blood sugar levels Produces bile, which breaks down fats in food. Gallbladder Pouch like organ that stores bile for future use. Small Intestine Absorbs nutrients from food into the bloodstream Large Intestine Removes water from food and gets waste ready for excretion 19

20 What are the digestive organs that make up the digestive track? (in order) Mouth Esophagus Stomach Small Intestine Large Intestine 20

21 Liver Gallbladder Mouth Esophagus Stomach Pancreas Large Intestine Small Intestine 21

22 The nervous system controls the 5senses which are: Sight, Touch, Taste, Smell, Hearing 32. The nervous system is made up of two systems. Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System 22

23 What 2 organs make up the CNS? Brain Spinal Cord What is the overall function of the CNS? Control Center 23

24 What makes up the PNS? Nerves What is the overall function of the PNS? Carries Information throughout the body 24

25 What are the three parts of the human brain and what do they control? Cerebrum Memory, Problem solving, Thinking & Feeling. It also controls movement. Brain Stem Automatic functions such as Breathing, Digestion, Heart rate and Blood pressure. Cerebellum Coordination and Balance. 25

26 What are the nine organs (in order) that make up the respiratory system and what are their functions? Nose Entry and exit point for air Pharynx Passage way for both air and food(back of throat) Epiglottis Skin flap that covers the trachea when we swallow Larynx "Voicebox" Helps you speak using vocal chords Trachea "Windpipe" Connects your pharynx to your lungs Bronchial Tubes Give oxygen to the blood Alveoli Small round sacs which meet up with your blood vessels found at the end of your bronchial tubes. Lungs 2 large organs in the chest that hold oxygen Diaphragm Muscles that cause you to breath 26

27 Pharynx Bronchial Tubes Nose Epiglottis Larynx Trachea Please write in Lungs Alveoli Diaphragm 27

28 What is the major muscle of the circulatory system? Heart How many chambers does the human heart have? Four Right Atrium Left Atrium Right Ventricle Left Ventricle 28

29 What are the three types of blood vessels and what are their functions? Arteries Away Carry blood the heart and to the major organs of the body. Veins Towards Carry blood the heart, away from the major organs of the body. Capillaries Small blood vessels where occurs. Gas exchange 29

30 Day 14 Human Body Systems Reveiw2.notebook What are the three types of blood cells and what are their functions? Red Blood Cellscells contain hemoglobin, an iron rich protein that carries oxygen. White Blood Cells cells function in the immune system Platelets help in blood clotting 30

31 What are 7 reasons why bones are so important? 1. Structure 2. Support 3. Protection 4. Make Red Blood Cells 5. Make White Blood Cells 6. Make Platelets 7. Store Minerals How many bones do we have in our adult bodies? 206 How many bones doe we have when we are born?

32 Day 14 Human Body Systems Reveiw2.notebook All of the different cells in our body look completely different. Explain one reason why Nerve Cells and Red Blood Cells look so different. They look different because they do different jobs inside of the body. The Nerve Cells have to transport information to one another with chemicals and electricity. The Red Blood Cell works by itself to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the different cells of the body. 32

33 How do all cells in the body rely on the respiratory system? All cells in the body need oxygen to work and the respiratory system supplies the body's cells with oxygen How do all cells in the body rely on the digestive system? All cells in the body need nutrients to work and the digestive system supplies the body's cell with nutrients How do all cells in the body rely on the skeletal system? All cells in the body need oxygen and nutrients to work and the skeletal system makes the blood which delivers oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells. 33

34 How do all cells in the body rely on the circulatory system? All cells in the body need oxygen and nutrients to work and the circulatory system delivers blood which brings oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells. How do all cells in the body rely on the nervous system? The nervous system controls all of the organ systems and organs in the body making the delivery of information possible What system is the most important and why? There is no one system that is the most important. They all require each other in order to function properly. 34

35 Vertebrate Sternum Humerus Coccyx Carpals Femur Fibula Cranium Maxilla Mandible Clavicle Scapula Ribs Pelvis Ulna Radius Patella Tibia Metacarpals Phalanges Metatarsals Phalanges Tarsals 35

36 Pretend you are a red blood cell. Describe the journey you would go on during your lifetime I am made in the bone marrow of an animals body. I am then sent to the right atriumand then flow down to the right ventriclẹ I then travel to the lungs to pick up oxygen before I make my long trip around the body. The lungs send me back to the heart I then enter the left atrium which sends me down to the left ventricleso it can pump me down through the arteries to the organs and cells that need oxygen. Once I reach the cappilaries I perform gas exchange by giving up the oxygen I have been carrying. Now that I don't have any more oxygen I hitch a ride up the veins, back to the lungs so I can grab some more. I then repeat my journey until it is my time to die. 36

37 37

38 Attachments Jeopardy bubbled.ppt

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