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1 1. One goal of the eclaration of Independence was to. establish a new monarchy for the independent states.. convince the ritish Parliament to prevent the start of war.. explain why the colonists felt the need to be free from ritish rule.. outline an economic system to raise money for the revolution. 2. What effect did the Enlightenment have on political thought in the colonies?. olonial leaders began extending voting rights to all citizens.. The First ontinental ongress determined a need for a federal bill of rights.. olonial leaders began advocating the adoption of a state supported church.. olonists began to question the authority of the ritish monarchy. 3. Use the following information to complete the statement. We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their reator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. The eclaration of Independence The idea included in the excerpt from the eclaration of Independence can be attributed to. John Locke.. Montesquieu.. Voltaire.. Jean Jacques Rousseau. 4. One day, at a part of the creek where it was practicable, the ritish [soldier] asked the merican, who was nearly opposite him, if he could give him a chew of tobacco: the latter, having in his pocket a piece of a thick twisted roll, sent it across the creek to the ritish [soldier], who after taking off his bite, sent it back again. This story was in a letter written by George Washington to his brother during the merican Revolution. Which conclusion can be supported by this story?. The ritish soldier could not afford to buy tobacco. Washington thought the merican soldier should be punished.. The merican and ritish soldiers did not always hate one another. The merican soldier did not realize that the ritish soldier was the enemy. 5. When Thomas Jefferson wrote, ll men are created equal, he meant everyone should. be entitled to the same rights.. have the same abilities.. make the same income.. have the same education. 6. t the beginning of the Revolutionary War, the mericans had the advantage of having. a strong navy.. experienced troops.. motivation for independence.. highly paid soldiers. page 1

2 7. s a result of the Revolutionary War, the ritish agreed to 9. Use the diagram below to answer the following question.. recognize the United States as a ritish colony.. recognize the United States as a free and independent nation.. allow mericans to have representatives in Parliament.. seek new allies against the United States. 8. Put the number for each of the following events in the correct box on the time line below to help answer the following question. 1. The merican Revolution began. 2. The ritish passed the Stamp ct in The colonies signed the eclaration of Independence. 4. The colonists protested against ritish laws by throwing tea into oston Harbor. The ideas in this diagram were first reflected in which merican document?. the Fundamental Orders of onnecticut. the Mayflower ompact. the eclaration of Independence. the rticles of onfederation 10. John Locke, aron de Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Voltaire all had what important influence on the United States? Which answer below lists the four events in the correct chronological order?. 2, 3, 1, 4. 2, 4, 1, 3. 2, 1, 4, 3. 2, 1, 3, 4. They were Europeans who came to help the mericans fight the ritish in the Revolution.. They were European political thinkers who influenced the ideas of merican leaders at the time of the Revolution.. They were Europeans whose inventions sparked the merican Industrial Revolution around They were European philosophers who met with Thomas Jefferson to draft the eclaration of Independence. page 2

3 11. What was the main contribution of Marquis de Lafayette during the merican Revolution? 14.. He supplied money to the ontinental rmy.. He introduced new weapons to the merican colonists.. He convinced France to join the fight against the ritish.. He helped George Washington decide military strategies. 12. The eclaration of Independence was written in In which century was that?. the 17th century. the 18th century. the 19th century. the 20th century 13. elow is an excerpt from a poem written in 1860, about 85 years after Paul Revere made his famous ride. Use your own knowledge and the poem to answer the following question(s). North arolina played a role in the revolt against the ritish. How does the flag show this role?. The stripes stand for North arolina battles against the ritish.. The dates of the Mecklenburg eclaration and the Halifax Resolves are on the flag.. The dates of the Edenton Tea Party and the attle of entonville are on the flag.. The stripes stand for North arolina statehood and the Mecklenburg eclaration. 15. The Halifax Resolves were written in North arolina. How did they lead to the writing of the eclaration of Independence? Why did the ritish plan a surprise march on oncord in pril of 1775?. to arrest Paul Revere. to seize olonial supplies. to enforce olonial trade with England. to stop the ontinental ongress from meeting. They led other states to give freedom to slaves.. They led other states to give women voting rights.. They led other states to remain loyal to the king.. They led other states to seek freedom from Great ritain. 16. The eclaration of Independence reflected the merican colonists belief in which principle?. federalism. states rights. self-government. checks and balances page 3

4 17. In drafting the eclaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson proposed the following criticism of King George III, which was not included in the final version: He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of distant people who never offended him, captivating and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death.... The most likely reason why this statement was not included in the eclaration of Independence was to 19. What was one idea that the leaders of the merican Revolution shared with Enlightenment thinkers?. olonies exist to provide raw materials and markets for mother countries.. The people have the right to overthrow their government if it abuses its powers.. Governments may restrict freedom of speech and of the press during times of crisis.. Factories and businesses should be owned by the government rather than by individuals.. prevent France from getting involved in the war.. avoid losing the support of the southern colonies.. ensure the support of free blacks in northern colonies.. persuade merican Indians to help fight against the ritish. 20. direct cause of the merican Revolution was. being taxed by England without representation.. the repeal of the Stamp ct by England.. the need for more farmland to the west.. losing the French and Indian War. 18. Which of the following statements does not describe a purpose of the eclaration of Independence?. to list the colonies grievances against the English king. to provide reasons for separating from England. to formally declare the colonies free and independent states. to establish the rights of merican citizens under federal law 21. loyalist during the Revolutionary War may have participated in which of these activities?. Speaking in support of the English King. Housing patriot soldiers. Writing a pamphlet protesting the Stamp ct. Joining the ontinental rmy 22. Which statement best describes the role of partisans during the merican Revolution?. They served as messengers for ritish troops.. They cared for wounded Patriot soldiers.. They fought the ritish by using guerilla war tactics.. They served in the ontinental ongress. page 4

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