Influence of Various Cover Crop Species on Winter and Summer Annual Weed Emergence

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Influence of Various Cover Crop Species on Winter and Summer Annual Weed Emergence"

Transcription

1 Influence of Various Cover Crop Species on Winter and Summer Annual Weed Emergence

2

3 From a weed scientist s perspective 1. We must be able to effectively kill whatever cover crop species we are planting. 2. We must have a real understanding of what cover crops actually do for weed control. 3. We must know which corn or soybean herbicides are most likely to carryover and cause injury to cover crop species.

4 Objectives To determine the effects of various cover crop species on cumulative winter and summer annual weed emergence in soybean. Kevin Bradley, University of Missouri

5 My Perspective Based on our research and the results of other PUBLISHED studies, the ability of cover crops to reduce the emergence of WINTER ANNUAL weed species: Is variable and rarely 100% Is dependent on the time of winter annual weed emergence Is dependent on the cover crop species and/or mix selected

6 Influence of Cover Crops vs. Herbicide Treatments on Cumulative Winter Annual Weed Density (results summarized across 9 site-years in Missouri) Non-treated Control a Fall Herbicide Only g Austrian Pea Hairy Vetch bcd bcd Crimson Clover Tillage Radish bc bc Oats cd Italian Ryegrass e Cereal Rye/Hairy Vetch f Cereal Rye f Wheat e Cumulative Winter Annual Weed Emergence (#/m 2 ) *Bars followed by the same letter are not different, LSD 0.05

7 Influence of Vetch and Cereal Rye Cover Crops on Winter Annual Weed Density in Maryland Winter Annual Weeds Cover Crop Species Plants / m Non-treated Control 431 a 1,120 a Vetch 108 b 500 b Cereal Rye/Vetch Mix 123 b 323 b Cereal Rye 48 b 364 b *Means followed by the same letter are not different. Hayden et al Weed Technology 26:

8 Conclusions: Influence of Cover Crops on Winter Annual Weed Density All cover crop species reduced winter annual weed densities by 20 to 74% compared to the nontreated control: Cereal rye: 70% Cereal rye/vetch: 74% Wheat: 47% Fall herbicide: 99%

9 Integration of a Cereal Rye Cover Crop and Herbicides for the Control of Horseweed/Marestail % Horseweed Control at Plan5ng No Cover Crop Cereal Rye Cover Glyphosate + Fierce 4 Weeks Prior to Plan5ng

10 My Perspective Based on our research and the results of other PUBLISHED studies, the ability of cover crops to reduce the emergence of SUMMER ANNUAL weed species is determined by the: 1. Cover crop species selected 2. Amt. of cover crop biomass accumulated 3. Time of cover crop termination 4. Type of weed species

11 Influence of Cover Crops vs. Herbicide Treatments on Early-season Summer Annual Weed Emergence (results summarized across 9 site-years in Missouri) Non-treated Control bc Non-residual Burndown cde Fall Herbicide f Full Residual Program ef Austrian Pea a Hairy Vetch ab Crimson Clover ab Tillage Radish ab Oats ab Italian Ryegrass cd Cereal Rye/Hairy Vetch def Cereal Rye f Wheat bc Weed Emergence (#/m 2 ) *Bars followed by the same letter are not different, LSD 0.05

12 Influence of Cover Crops vs. Herbicide Treatments on Late-season Summer Annual Weed Emergence (results summarized across 9 site-years in Missouri) Non-treated Control a Non-residual Burndown bc Fall Herbicide Only d Full Residual Program d Austrian Pea bc Hairy Vetch abc Crimson Clover abc Tillage Radish abc Oats abc Italian Ryegrass abc Cereal Rye/Hairy Vetch a-d Cereal Rye c Wheat ab Weed Emergence (#/m 2 ) *Bars followed by the same letter are not different, LSD 0.05

13 Influence of Cover Crops vs. Herbicide Treatments on Early Season Waterhemp Emergence (results summarized across 9 site-years in Missouri) Non-treated Control Non-residual Burndown Fall Herbicide Only Full Residual Program Austrian Pea Hairy Vetch Crimson Clover Tillage Radish Oats Italian Ryegrass Cereal Rye/Hairy Vetch Cereal Rye Wheat g g fg ef de de a ab ab ab abc cde bcd Waterhemp Emergence (#/m 2 ) *Bars followed by the same letter are not different, LSD 0.05

14 Influence of Cover Crops vs. Herbicide Treatments on Late Season Waterhemp Emergence (results summarized across 9 site-years in Missouri) Non-treated Control a Non-residual Burndown bc Fall Herbicide Only d Full Residual Program d Austrian Pea bc Hairy Vetch abc Crimson Clover abc Tillage Radish abc Oats bc Italian Ryegrass ab Cereal Rye/Hairy Vetch abc Cereal Rye c Wheat bc Waterhemp Emergence (#/m 2 ) *Bars followed by the same letter are not different, LSD 0.05

15 Influence of Cover Crops on Palmer Amaranth Emergence in Georgia Palmer Amaranth Density (#/m2) No Cover Crop Cereal Rye Cereal Rye + Vetch Cereal Rye + Crimson Clover Cereal Rye + Winter Pea 0 Early Season Late Season Webster et al Crop Protection 52:

16 Conclusions: Influence of Cover Crops on Summer Annual Weed Density Cereal rye, the mix of cereal rye + hairy vetch, and Italian ryegrass provided density reductions similar to the residual herbicide program Few cover crops provided any substantial reduction in late-season weed emergence compared to the full residual program (90%)

17 My Perspective Based on our research and the results of other PUBLISHED studies, the ability of cover crops to reduce the emergence of SUMMER ANNUAL weed species is determined by the: 1. Cover crop species selected 2. Amt. of cover crop biomass accumulated 3. Time of cover crop termination 4. Type of weed species

18 Influence of Cereal Rye Seeding Rate on Weed Biomass 10 Weeks after Cereal Rye Termination Seeding Rate (lb/a) Mirsky et al Weed Science 59:

19 Non-Treated Cereal rye

20 My Perspective Based on our research and the results of other PUBLISHED studies, the ability of cover crops to reduce the emergence of SUMMER ANNUAL weed species is determined by the: 1. Cover crop species selected 2. Amt. of cover crop biomass accumulated 3. Time of cover crop termination 4. Type of weed species

21 Relationship Between Inhibitory Potential of Cover Crops and Various Weed Species Cover Crop Inhibitory Potential à Winter Annual Weed 1 Winter Annual Weed 2 Cover Crop Species Summer Annual Weed 1 Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Time à Adapted from Kruidhof et al Weed Research 51:

22 My Perspective Based on our research and the results of other PUBLISHED studies, the ability of cover crops to reduce the emergence of SUMMER ANNUAL weed species is determined by the: 1. Cover crop species selected 2. Amt. of cover crop biomass accumulated 3. Time of cover crop termination 4. Type of weed species

23 Different Weed Seeds are Affected Differently by: soil cover, light, temperature, soil depth, etc.

HOSPIRA (HSP US) HISTORICAL COMMON STOCK PRICE INFORMATION

HOSPIRA (HSP US) HISTORICAL COMMON STOCK PRICE INFORMATION 30-Apr-2004 28.35 29.00 28.20 28.46 28.55 03-May-2004 28.50 28.70 26.80 27.04 27.21 04-May-2004 26.90 26.99 26.00 26.00 26.38 05-May-2004 26.05 26.69 26.00 26.35 26.34 06-May-2004 26.31 26.35 26.05 26.26

More information

Median and Average Sales Prices of New Homes Sold in United States

Median and Average Sales Prices of New Homes Sold in United States Jan 1963 $17,200 (NA) Feb 1963 $17,700 (NA) Mar 1963 $18,200 (NA) Apr 1963 $18,200 (NA) May 1963 $17,500 (NA) Jun 1963 $18,000 (NA) Jul 1963 $18,400 (NA) Aug 1963 $17,800 (NA) Sep 1963 $17,900 (NA) Oct

More information

THE UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON

THE UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON JANUARY Jan 1 6.44 8.24 12.23 2.17 4.06 5.46 Jan 2 6.44 8.24 12.24 2.20 4.07 5.47 Jan 3 6.44 8.24 12.24 2.21 4.08 5.48 Jan 4 6.44 8.24 12.25 2.22 4.09 5.49 Jan 5 6.43 8.23 12.25 2.24 4.10 5.50 Jan 6 6.43

More information

AT&T Global Network Client for Windows Product Support Matrix January 29, 2015

AT&T Global Network Client for Windows Product Support Matrix January 29, 2015 AT&T Global Network Client for Windows Product Support Matrix January 29, 2015 Product Support Matrix Following is the Product Support Matrix for the AT&T Global Network Client. See the AT&T Global Network

More information

NAV HISTORY OF DBH FIRST MUTUAL FUND (DBH1STMF)

NAV HISTORY OF DBH FIRST MUTUAL FUND (DBH1STMF) NAV HISTORY OF DBH FIRST MUTUAL FUND () Date NAV 11-Aug-16 10.68 8.66 0.38% -0.07% 0.45% 3.81% 04-Aug-16 10.64 8.66-0.19% 0.87% -1.05% 3.76% 28-Jul-16 10.66 8.59 0.00% -0.34% 0.34% 3.89% 21-Jul-16 10.66

More information

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS*

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS* COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) 2 Fixed Rates Variable Rates FIXED RATES OF THE PAST 25 YEARS AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LENDING RATE - 5 YEAR* (Per cent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun

More information

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS*

COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) CHARTERED BANK ADMINISTERED INTEREST RATES - PRIME BUSINESS* COMPARISON OF FIXED & VARIABLE RATES (25 YEARS) 2 Fixed Rates Variable Rates FIXED RATES OF THE PAST 25 YEARS AVERAGE RESIDENTIAL MORTGAGE LENDING RATE - 5 YEAR* (Per cent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun

More information

Analysis One Code Desc. Transaction Amount. Fiscal Period

Analysis One Code Desc. Transaction Amount. Fiscal Period Analysis One Code Desc Transaction Amount Fiscal Period 57.63 Oct-12 12.13 Oct-12-38.90 Oct-12-773.00 Oct-12-800.00 Oct-12-187.00 Oct-12-82.00 Oct-12-82.00 Oct-12-110.00 Oct-12-1115.25 Oct-12-71.00 Oct-12-41.00

More information

Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 1 of 138. Exhibit 8

Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 1 of 138. Exhibit 8 Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 1 of 138 Exhibit 8 Case 2:08-cv-02463-ABC-E Document 1-4 Filed 04/15/2008 Page 2 of 138 Domain Name: CELLULARVERISON.COM Updated Date: 12-dec-2007

More information

ANNEXURE 1 STATUS OF 518 DEMAT REQUESTS PENDING WITH NSDL

ANNEXURE 1 STATUS OF 518 DEMAT REQUESTS PENDING WITH NSDL ANNEXURE 1 STATUS OF 518 DEMAT REQUESTS PENDING WITH NSDL Sr. No. Demat Request No.(DRN) DP ID Client ID Date of Demat Request Received Quantity Requested Date of Demat Request Processed No. of days of

More information

Enhanced Vessel Traffic Management System Booking Slots Available and Vessels Booked per Day From 12-JAN-2016 To 30-JUN-2017

Enhanced Vessel Traffic Management System Booking Slots Available and Vessels Booked per Day From 12-JAN-2016 To 30-JUN-2017 From -JAN- To -JUN- -JAN- VIRP Page Period Period Period -JAN- 8 -JAN- 8 9 -JAN- 8 8 -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- 8-JAN- 9-JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -JAN- 8-JAN- 9-JAN- -JAN- -JAN- -FEB- : days

More information

COE BIDDING RESULTS 2009 Category B Cars >1600 cc

COE BIDDING RESULTS 2009 Category B Cars >1600 cc Quota System A COE BIDDING RESULTS 2009 B Jan-2009 Quota 1,839 1,839 1,100 1,099 274 268 409 411 767 758 Successful bids 1,784 1,832 1,100 1,097 274 260 401 386 763 748 Bids received 2,541 2,109 1,332

More information

S&P Year Rolling Period Total Returns

S&P Year Rolling Period Total Returns S&P 500 10 Year Rolling Period Total Returns Summary: 1926 June 2013 700% 600% 500% 400% 300% 200% 100% 0% 100% Scatter chart of all 931 ten year periods. There were 931 ten year rolling periods from January

More information

Ashley Institute of Training Schedule of VET Tuition Fees 2015

Ashley Institute of Training Schedule of VET Tuition Fees 2015 Ashley Institute of Training Schedule of VET Fees Year of Study Group ID:DECE15G1 Total Course Fees $ 12,000 29-Aug- 17-Oct- 50 14-Sep- 0.167 blended various $2,000 CHC02 Best practice 24-Oct- 12-Dec-

More information

Grain Stocks Estimates: Can Anything Explain the Market Surprises of Recent Years? Scott H. Irwin

Grain Stocks Estimates: Can Anything Explain the Market Surprises of Recent Years? Scott H. Irwin Grain Stocks Estimates: Can Anything Explain the Market Surprises of Recent Years? Scott H. Irwin http://nationalhogfarmer.com/weekly-preview/1004-corn-controversies-hog-market http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/sb10001424052970203752604576641561657796544

More information

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime T ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime producers. No matter what size operation, good pasture management

More information

Effects of N amount and timing of N injection fertilisation to cereals compared to broadcast surface application

Effects of N amount and timing of N injection fertilisation to cereals compared to broadcast surface application Effects of N amount and timing of N injection fertilisation to cereals compared to broadcast surface application Einfluss von N-Menge und Injektionszeitpunkt bei der N-Injektionsdüngung zu Getreide im

More information

CENTERPOINT ENERGY TEXARKANA SERVICE AREA GAS SUPPLY RATE (GSR) JULY 2015. Small Commercial Service (SCS-1) GSR

CENTERPOINT ENERGY TEXARKANA SERVICE AREA GAS SUPPLY RATE (GSR) JULY 2015. Small Commercial Service (SCS-1) GSR JULY 2015 Area (RS-1) GSR GSR (LCS-1) Texarkana Incorporated July-15 $0.50690/Ccf $0.45450/Ccf $0.00000/Ccf $2.85090/MMBtu $17.52070/MMBtu Texarkana Unincorporated July-15 $0.56370/Ccf $0.26110/Ccf $1.66900/Ccf

More information

Conservation Agriculture

Conservation Agriculture Conservation Agriculture Quantative Analysis of Cropping and Grassland Systems (PPS30806) Derk van Balen, 03-25-2013 Wiepie Haagsma, Steve Crittenden, Bert Vermeulen, Wijnand Sukkel Subjects Conservation

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 4 NWS Call Sign: Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 1 Number of s (3) Jan 59.3 41.7 5.5 79 1962

More information

Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible?

Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible? Can Grazing Make Organic No-Till Possible? Harun Cicek, Caroline Halde, Kristen Podolsky, Martin Entz, Keith Bamford, Joanne Thiessen Martens and David Feindel WCCA, Winnipeg 2014 ICARDA reduced tillage

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 6 NWS Call Sign: SAN Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 100 Number of s (3) Jan 65.8 49.7 57.8

More information

College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension

College of Agricultural Sciences Agricultural Research and Cooperative Extension Start Farming Introduction to Soils Fact 4 Determining Nutrient Applications for Small Farms Basic Calculations Conventional Generally production systems in Pennsylvania use a mixture of nutrient sources.

More information

How to Construct a Seasonal Index

How to Construct a Seasonal Index How to Construct a Seasonal Index Methods of Constructing a Seasonal Index There are several ways to construct a seasonal index. The simplest is to produce a graph with the factor being studied (i.e.,

More information

Market will worry about demand later Weekly Corn Review for May 11, 2016 By Bryce Knorr

Market will worry about demand later Weekly Corn Review for May 11, 2016 By Bryce Knorr Market will worry about demand later Weekly Corn Review for May 11, 2016 By Bryce Knorr USDA didn t do much to help the corn market in its May 10 reports other than give soybeans a big lift. That could

More information

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS Dr. Marvin Pritts, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca, NY 14853 (For more information visit www.fruit.cornell.edu)

More information

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Seed Production: A Specialized Form of Crop Production Seed Production is the activity, science, and

More information

Characterization of Pasture- Based Dairy Farms in Florida and Georgia

Characterization of Pasture- Based Dairy Farms in Florida and Georgia Characterization of Pasture- Based Dairy Farms in Florida and Georgia Fei Du Department of Animal Sciences University of Florida Master s defense July 1, 2013 Introduction Most dairy farms in the Southeast

More information

New Era Marketing 2015

New Era Marketing 2015 Know how. Know now. New Era Marketing 2015 It s Not A Game Anymore Using Seasonal Trends to improve returns University of Nebraska Lincoln Know how. Know now. Know how. Know now. The image cannot be displayed.

More information

US Inflation Rate Consumer Price Index

US Inflation Rate Consumer Price Index 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 US Inflation Rate Consumer Price Index 14.0% 13.0% 12.0% 11.0%

More information

Impacts of Government Jobs in Lake County Oregon

Impacts of Government Jobs in Lake County Oregon Impacts of Government Jobs in Lake County Oregon April 2011 Prepared by Betty Riley, Executive Director South Central Oregon Economic Development District Annual Average Pay Based on Oregon Labor Market

More information

Cellulosic Feedstocks: Mitigating Risk and Cost Through a Portfolio Approach

Cellulosic Feedstocks: Mitigating Risk and Cost Through a Portfolio Approach Cellulosic Feedstocks: Mitigating Risk and Cost Through a Portfolio Approach World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology April 20, 2016 Sam Jackson, VP Business Development Genera Energy Privately held

More information

CAFIS REPORT 2015.10

CAFIS REPORT 2015.10 CAFIS REPORT 2015.10 INDEX Message CAFIS Inbound 03-06 07-08 CAFIS Arch 09-10 CAFIS Brain 11-12 CAFIS Global 13-14 What We Do 15-16 About CAFIS 17-18 Services for Member Stores 19-34 Services for Card

More information

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000

Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971-2000 Climate Division: CA 2 NWS Call Sign: SAC Month (1) Min (2) Month(1) Extremes Lowest (2) Temperature ( F) Lowest Month(1) Degree s (1) Base Temp 65 Heating Cooling 100 Number of s (3) Jan 53.8 38.8 46.3

More information

P/T 2B: 2 nd Half of Term (8 weeks) Start: 25-AUG-2014 End: 19-OCT-2014 Start: 20-OCT-2014 End: 14-DEC-2014

P/T 2B: 2 nd Half of Term (8 weeks) Start: 25-AUG-2014 End: 19-OCT-2014 Start: 20-OCT-2014 End: 14-DEC-2014 2014-2015 SPECIAL TERM ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR SCRANTON EDUCATION ONLINE (SEOL), MBA ONLINE, HUMAN RESOURCES ONLINE, NURSE ANESTHESIA and ERP PROGRAMS SPECIAL FALL 2014 TERM Key: P/T = Part of Term P/T Description

More information

P/T 2B: 2 nd Half of Term (8 weeks) Start: 26-AUG-2013 End: 20-OCT-2013 Start: 21-OCT-2013 End: 15-DEC-2013

P/T 2B: 2 nd Half of Term (8 weeks) Start: 26-AUG-2013 End: 20-OCT-2013 Start: 21-OCT-2013 End: 15-DEC-2013 2013-2014 SPECIAL TERM ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR SCRANTON EDUCATION ONLINE (SEOL), MBA ONLINE, HUMAN RESOURCES ONLINE, NURSE ANESTHESIA and ERP PROGRAMS SPECIAL FALL 2013 TERM Key: P/T = Part of Term P/T Description

More information

P/T 2B: 2 nd Half of Term (8 weeks) Start: 24-AUG-2015 End: 18-OCT-2015 Start: 19-OCT-2015 End: 13-DEC-2015

P/T 2B: 2 nd Half of Term (8 weeks) Start: 24-AUG-2015 End: 18-OCT-2015 Start: 19-OCT-2015 End: 13-DEC-2015 2015-2016 SPECIAL TERM ACADEMIC CALENDAR For Scranton Education Online (SEOL), Masters of Business Administration Online, Masters of Accountancy Online, Health Administration Online, Health Informatics

More information

1. Overview of VA Roller Demo Project. 2. What Is Cover Crop Rolling? Contacts for VA-USDA Roller Demonstration Project

1. Overview of VA Roller Demo Project. 2. What Is Cover Crop Rolling? Contacts for VA-USDA Roller Demonstration Project VIRGINIA RESOURCE CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT COUNCILS INTRODUCTION TO COVER CROP ROLLING & THE VA- USDA CRIMPER ROLLER DEMONSTRATION PROJECT September 2006 Long Version - available at: http://www.va.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/crop_agronomy.html

More information

Department of Public Welfare (DPW)

Department of Public Welfare (DPW) Department of Public Welfare (DPW) Office of Income Maintenance Electronic Benefits Transfer Card Risk Management Report Out-of-State Residency Review FISCAL YEAR 2012-2013 June 2013 (March, April and

More information

NTREIS MLS Area Housing Activity Report Compiled for North Texas Real Estate Information System. Current Month Summary for: July 2016

NTREIS MLS Area Housing Activity Report Compiled for North Texas Real Estate Information System. Current Month Summary for: July 2016 Use PDF Bookmarks for direct link to report tables. NTREIS MLS Area Housing Activity Report Compiled for North Texas Real Estate Information System Current Month Summary for: July 2016 Property Type Sales

More information

Radishes as biofumigants and weed suppressant cover crops. Joel Gruver Western Illinois University

Radishes as biofumigants and weed suppressant cover crops. Joel Gruver Western Illinois University Radishes as biofumigants and weed suppressant cover crops Joel Gruver Western Illinois University What comes to mind when you hear the word RADISH? They take radishes very seriously in Oaxaca, MX 11 threads,

More information

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University!

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Outline! Understanding weeds! Behavior of wandering perennials! Tillage and emergence cues! Life and death of weed seeds in the soil!

More information

Computing & Telecommunications Services Monthly Report March 2015

Computing & Telecommunications Services Monthly Report March 2015 March 215 Monthly Report Computing & Telecommunications Services Monthly Report March 215 CaTS Help Desk (937) 775-4827 1-888-775-4827 25 Library Annex helpdesk@wright.edu www.wright.edu/cats/ Last Modified

More information

Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a

Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a Food Plot Plantings f o r Wh i t e-t a i l e d De e r in Lo u i s i a n a 1 introduction Hunters and land managers are always seeking new and more innovative ways to improve the quality and attractiveness

More information

1. Introduction. 2. User Instructions. 2.1 Set-up

1. Introduction. 2. User Instructions. 2.1 Set-up 1. Introduction The Lead Generation Plan & Budget Template allows the user to quickly generate a Lead Generation Plan and Budget. Up to 10 Lead Generation Categories, typically email, telemarketing, advertising,

More information

a. mean b. interquartile range c. range d. median

a. mean b. interquartile range c. range d. median 3. Since 4. The HOMEWORK 3 Due: Feb.3 1. A set of data are put in numerical order, and a statistic is calculated that divides the data set into two equal parts with one part below it and the other part

More information

Illinois What s in Season

Illinois What s in Season Illinois What s in Season Apples Artichokes Asparagus Beans Bell Peppers Berries Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Cherries Corn Cucumbers Eggplant Garlic Grapes Greens Herbs Horseradish Lettuce Melons Nectarines

More information

BERACHAH CHURCH MEDIA CATALOG 2016

BERACHAH CHURCH MEDIA CATALOG 2016 BERACHAH CHURCH MEDIA CATALOG 2016 MP3 AUDIO Please order by Series and number Limit: 2 discs per month Series #100 INVESTITURE SERVICE 1 1 28 Mar 2004 Series #101 MEMORIAL SERVICES 1 1 Col. Thieme 23

More information

2015-16 BCOE Payroll Calendar. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Jun 29 30 Jul 1 2 3. Full Force Calc

2015-16 BCOE Payroll Calendar. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Jun 29 30 Jul 1 2 3. Full Force Calc July 2015 CM Period 1501075 July 2015 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 August 2015 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

More information

Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields

Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields Soybean roulette: improving the odds for maximizing soybean yields Larry C. Purcell University of Arkansas Indiana CCA Conference December 15, 2015 Why Is Maximizing Soybean Yield Similar to Roulette?

More information

Consumer Horticulture

Consumer Horticulture Purdue Extension Consumer Horticulture Container and Raised Bed Gardening HORT-186-W Purdue Extension Consumer Horticulture Indiana Vegetable Planting Calendar Michael N. Dana and B. Rosie Lerner HO-186-W

More information

Detailed guidance for employers

Detailed guidance for employers April 2015 3 Detailed guidance for employers Appendix A: Pay reference periods This document accompanies: Detailed guidance no. 3 Assessing the workforce Pay reference period calendars where the definition

More information

2008 - Mint Weed Research Report. Rick Boydston, Weed Scientist, USDA-ARS,

2008 - Mint Weed Research Report. Rick Boydston, Weed Scientist, USDA-ARS, 2008 - Mint Weed Research Report Rick Boydston, Weed Scientist, USDA-ARS, Statement of Research. Weeds lower mint oil yield and quality and controlling weeds is a major production cost for growers. The

More information

2013-2014. oct 03 / 2013 nov 12 / 2013. oct 05 / 2013. oct 07 / 2013. oct 21 / 2013. oct 24 / 2013. nov 07 / 2013 nov 14 / 2013.

2013-2014. oct 03 / 2013 nov 12 / 2013. oct 05 / 2013. oct 07 / 2013. oct 21 / 2013. oct 24 / 2013. nov 07 / 2013 nov 14 / 2013. 2013- ACADEMIC CALENDARS SOUTH UNIVERSITY 2013- ACADEMIC CALENDAR Fall 2013 Winter Spring Summer New Student Orientation Session II (Mid ) oct 03 / 2013 nov 12 / 2013 jan 09 / feb 18 / apr 03 / may 13

More information

GRAIN SORGHUM. Preemergence

GRAIN SORGHUM. Preemergence Grain Sorghum 67 GRAIN SGHUM See page 23 for PRECAUTIONS on use of atrazine containing products near ground and surface water. See comments in the corn section for detailed information on each of the herbicides

More information

Consumer ID Theft Total Costs

Consumer ID Theft Total Costs Billions Consumer and Business Identity Theft Statistics Business identity (ID) theft is a growing crime and is a growing concern for state filing offices. Similar to consumer ID theft, after initially

More information

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field Crops

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field Crops United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service Agricultural Handbook Number 628 Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates for U.S. Field s Introduction Usual planting and harvesting

More information

2016 Examina on dates

2016 Examina on dates Please note the following informa on: The following exams are available throughout the year: Please click on the exam for which you wish to see the dates. When you have finished, you can select to return

More information

Grain Marketing 101. University of Maryland Extension

Grain Marketing 101. University of Maryland Extension Grain Marketing 101 Jenny Rhodes Shannon Dill John Hall Extension Educators, Agriculture & Natural Resources Marketing terminology CBOT futures Basis Contracts Forward Contract Hedge to Arrive Basis Contract

More information

2015 Examination dates

2015 Examination dates Please note the following information: The following exams are available throughout the year: BULATS Paper-based: Please click on the exam for which you wish to see the dates. When you have finished, you

More information

Important Dates Calendar 2014-2015 FALL

Important Dates Calendar 2014-2015 FALL Important Dates Calendar 204-205 FALL Rev. 6-8-4 st 8 H st 0 2nd 0 st 5 2nd 5 3rd 5 LSC Advanced Registration Begins May 27 May 27 May 27 May 27 May 27 May 27 May 27 May 27 May 27 Returning Students Advanced

More information

Energy Savings from Business Energy Feedback

Energy Savings from Business Energy Feedback Energy Savings from Business Energy Feedback Behavior, Energy, and Climate Change Conference 2015 October 21, 2015 Jim Stewart, Ph.D. INTRODUCTION 2 Study Background Xcel Energy runs the Business Energy

More information

Accident & Emergency Department Clinical Quality Indicators

Accident & Emergency Department Clinical Quality Indicators Overview This dashboard presents our performance in the new A&E clinical quality indicators. These 8 indicators will allow you to see the quality of care being delivered by our A&E department, and reflect

More information

Illinois Job Index. Jan 2012 Negative. Talking Points. Illinois Notes. Nation Notes. www.real.illinois.edu

Illinois Job Index. Jan 2012 Negative. Talking Points. Illinois Notes. Nation Notes. www.real.illinois.edu Illinois Job Index Release Data Issue 01/31/2011 Jan 1990 / Dec 2011 2012.01 www.real.illinois.edu For November Illinois Job Index, the state and the Nation had positive job growth, the RMW had negative

More information

NATIONAL CREDIT UNION SHARE INSURANCE FUND

NATIONAL CREDIT UNION SHARE INSURANCE FUND NATIONAL CREDIT UNION SHARE INSURANCE FUND PRELIMINARY & UNAUDITED FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS RENDELL L. JONES CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW Balance Sheet Other - Insurance and Guarantee Program

More information

Overview. Metered. Recovery. Billing. Demand. Power & Light Tariffs OVERVIEW METERED ELEMENTS OF PL BILLS FUEL COST RECOVERY BILLING DEMAND

Overview. Metered. Recovery. Billing. Demand. Power & Light Tariffs OVERVIEW METERED ELEMENTS OF PL BILLS FUEL COST RECOVERY BILLING DEMAND Power & Light Tariffs Overview OVERVIEW Metered METERED ELEMENTS OF PL BILLS The Power & Light tariffs (PL-Small, PL-Medium, and PL-Large) are used by most commercial and industrial customers, as well

More information

Natural Gas Wholesale Prices at PG&E Citygate as of November 7, 2006

Natural Gas Wholesale Prices at PG&E Citygate as of November 7, 2006 QUARTERLY GAS ISSUES UPDATE December 26 I. Supply Issues Wholesale Natural Gas Prices Above normal temperatures and a lack of hurricane activity caused market prices to decrease in October. By November,

More information

Impact of fuel prices on machinery costs. Impact of fuel prices on farm-level costs. But, how well can prices be predicted?

Impact of fuel prices on machinery costs. Impact of fuel prices on farm-level costs. But, how well can prices be predicted? Managing High Input Costs in an Ever Changing Farm and World Economy Kevin C. Dhuyvetter -- kcd@ksu.edu -- 785-532-3527 Terry L. Kastens -- tkastens@ksu.edu -- 785-626-9 Department of Agricultural Economics

More information

National Renderers Association October 25, 2012

National Renderers Association October 25, 2012 National Renderers Association October 25, 2012 Source: USDA/FAS Down 500,000 Down 950,000 Down 480,000 2012-330,000 Head 2013-550,000 Head 2014-600,000 Head 2015-100,000 Head 2013F down 480,000 2014F

More information

January 7, 2014 1/10/2014. Genuine People. Creative Ideas. Valuable Results. Copyright Kennedy and Coe, LLC 2012 All rights reserved.

January 7, 2014 1/10/2014. Genuine People. Creative Ideas. Valuable Results. Copyright Kennedy and Coe, LLC 2012 All rights reserved. January 7, 2014 1 Alan Grafton University of Mississippi BBA Finance 1992 MBA University of Memphis 2004 United Agri Products 1995 2001 Ag Services of America 2001 2003 AgKnowledge 2003 2013 Kennedy &

More information

IRRIGATOR S HANDBOOK. Working with Volumetric Allocations

IRRIGATOR S HANDBOOK. Working with Volumetric Allocations IRRIGATOR S HANDBOOK Working with Volumetric Allocations Natural Resources South East 11 Helen Street, Mount Gambier PO Box 1046, Mount Gambier, SA 5290 Telephone National (08) 8735 1177 International+61

More information

Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change

Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change Agro-meteorological Indicators of Climate Change 2 nd Ed. 1 st Rev. (Galashiels) for Climate Change Opportunity or Threat? event in St Boswells, 4 th May 27 LADSS Research Project (www.macaulay.ac.uk/ladss),

More information

Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt

Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt Comparison of Weed Management Strategies with Roundup Ready Corn. J. A. Ferrell and W. W. Witt Introduction Corn weed management during the past several years in Kentucky has centered around two herbicide

More information

Cover crops as a soil improvement strategy

Cover crops as a soil improvement strategy Cover crops as a soil improvement strategy Eric Johnson, 1999, updated 2007, 2010 Why cover crops? -- cover crops add organic matter to the soil when chopped and incorporated. In this way, they create

More information

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application

various P levels for the past two years. Treatments were a one time application SOIL FERTILITY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CROP PRODUCTION COST IN NO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS J.T. Touchton The rapidly increasing cost of crop production is forcing an interest in practices that reduce or eliminate

More information

Equipping your Forecasting Toolkit to Account for Ongoing Changes

Equipping your Forecasting Toolkit to Account for Ongoing Changes Equipping your Forecasting Toolkit to Account for Ongoing Changes Presented by: Roger Parlett Supply Chain Manager January 23, 2014 Overview Forecast Set-up Objectives of Creating a Forecast Identify Critical

More information

Effect of Halosulfuron (Permit), CGA362622, Glyphosate (Roundup Ultra) and Pyrithiobac (Staple) on Purple Nutsedge Growing in a Fallow Field

Effect of Halosulfuron (Permit), CGA362622, Glyphosate (Roundup Ultra) and Pyrithiobac (Staple) on Purple Nutsedge Growing in a Fallow Field Effect of Halosulfuron (Permit), CGA362622, Glyphosate (Roundup Ultra) and Pyrithiobac (Staple) on Purple Nutsedge Growing in a Fallow Field 2 Maren E. Veatch and William B. McCloskey 2 Graduate Research

More information

Corn and Soybean Production Calendar

Corn and Soybean Production Calendar COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, LEXINGTON, KY, 40546 ID-159 Corn and Soybean Production Calendar Chad Lee, James Herbek, Lloyd Murdock, Greg Schwab, J.D. Green,

More information

Passive Solar Systems Crop Selection, Planning, Scheduling and Planting

Passive Solar Systems Crop Selection, Planning, Scheduling and Planting Passive Solar Systems Crop Selection, Planning, Scheduling and Planting John Biernbaum and Adam Montri Michigan State University How do vegetable crops stay alive and grow during the winter in a Passive

More information

The introduction of new methods for price observations in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) New methods for airline tickets and package holidays

The introduction of new methods for price observations in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) New methods for airline tickets and package holidays Statistics Netherlands Economics, Enterprises and NA Government Finance and Consumer Prices P.O.Box 24500 2490 HA Den Haag The Netherlands The introduction of new methods for price observations in the

More information

2014 2015 University-Wide Academic Calendar

2014 2015 University-Wide Academic Calendar 2014 2015 University-Wide Academic Calendar Guide to Abbreviations UGD = Undergraduate Day GS = Graduate Schools LAW = School of Law CPS = College of Professional Studies Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday

More information

Architectural Services Data Summary March 2011

Architectural Services Data Summary March 2011 Firms Typically Small in Size According to the latest U.S. Census Survey of Business Owners, majority of the firms under the description Architectural Services are less than 500 in staff size (99.78%).

More information

Jeff Haby, P.E. Director Sewer System Improvements. September 15, 2015. Agenda

Jeff Haby, P.E. Director Sewer System Improvements. September 15, 2015. Agenda SAWS Sanitary Sewer Overflow Reduction Program Jeff Haby, P.E. Director Sewer System Improvements SA Military Engineers Meeting Agenda SAWS Overview Consent Decree CD Compliance Programs Program Transition

More information

Educational Efforts With FAST Tools

Educational Efforts With FAST Tools Educational Efforts With FAST Tools By Paul N. Ellinger 1 farmdoc companion project initiated in 1999 FAST Tools Development of spreadsheet-based tools to aid decisions for producers, lenders, consultants

More information

Supervisor Instructions for Approving Web Time Entry

Supervisor Instructions for Approving Web Time Entry Supervisor Instructions for Approving Web Time Entry Time Approval Deadlines by Category Local 2110 Members members submit time by NOON on Monday of the pay week. Time should be approved no later than

More information

Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN. isafarmnet.com

Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN. isafarmnet.com Soybean Marketing & Production College, Minneapolis, MN Peter Kyveryga, Ph.D. Operations Manager of Analytics On-Farm Network, Iowa Soybean Association Technical Editor-Precision Agriculture of the Agronomy

More information

Kansas Crop Planting Guide

Kansas Crop Planting Guide Kansas Crop Planting Guide Kansas is agronomically rich, with diverse soils and growing conditions. The average number of freeze-free days ranges from 150 in the northwest to 200 in southeastern Kansas.

More information

Brazil February Production Update and Weekly Crop Condition Report

Brazil February Production Update and Weekly Crop Condition Report February 27, 2014 Informa Economics South American Crop Reporting Service Brazil February Production Update and Weekly Crop Condition Report The Informa Economics staff in Brazil conducted its survey between

More information

Proposal to Reduce Opening Hours at the Revenues & Benefits Coventry Call Centre

Proposal to Reduce Opening Hours at the Revenues & Benefits Coventry Call Centre Proposal to Reduce Opening Hours at the Revenues & Benefits Coventry Call Centre Proposal To change the opening hours of the Revenues & Benefits Call Centre to 9am until 5pm Monday to Friday with effect

More information

Employers Compliance with the Health Insurance Act Annual Report 2015

Employers Compliance with the Health Insurance Act Annual Report 2015 Employers Compliance with the Health Insurance Act Annual Report 2015 ea Health Council Health Council: Employers Compliance with the Health Insurance Act 1970 Annual Report 2015 Contact us: If you would

More information

Reverse Transfer on a National Scale: Why? How?

Reverse Transfer on a National Scale: Why? How? Reverse Transfer on a National Scale: Why? How? Registrars and Provosts Meeting Charleston, West Virginia March 11, 2015 3/17/2015 1 What is reverse transfer? 3/17/2015 2 It s a big issue 3/17/2015 3 How

More information

Choosing a Cell Phone Plan-Verizon

Choosing a Cell Phone Plan-Verizon Choosing a Cell Phone Plan-Verizon Investigating Linear Equations I n 2008, Verizon offered the following cell phone plans to consumers. (Source: www.verizon.com) Verizon: Nationwide Basic Monthly Anytime

More information

DHS BUDGET REQU~ST FOR FY 2015-2016

DHS BUDGET REQU~ST FOR FY 2015-2016 DHS BUDGET REQU~ST FOR FY 2015-2016 ($ Amounts in Thousands) Page # of Governor's Executive Budget: APPROPRIATION: Pp. C1.8, E30.5, E30.16, E30.17 Payment to Federal Govt. - Medicare Drug Progr~m l. SUMMARY

More information

Cash Flow Projection for Operating Loan Determination

Cash Flow Projection for Operating Loan Determination E-19 RM-7.0 02-09 Risk Management Cash Flow Projection for Operating Loan Determination Danny Klinefelter and Dean McCorkle* A cash flow statement can be simply described as a record of the dollars coming

More information

The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed

The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed The Ultimate Guide to Pigeon Feed Learn the champions secret winning formula, click the link below to learn more www.pigeonracingformula.com Table of Contents Ingredients... 3 Peas... 3 Corn... 3 Pop Corn...

More information

Using INZight for Time series analysis. A step-by-step guide.

Using INZight for Time series analysis. A step-by-step guide. Using INZight for Time series analysis. A step-by-step guide. inzight can be downloaded from http://www.stat.auckland.ac.nz/~wild/inzight/index.html Step 1 Click on START_iNZightVIT.bat. Step 2 Click on

More information

36832

36832 EFFECTS OF ROLLING/CRIMPING RYE AND CLOVER WITH DIFFERENT HERBICIDE TYPES AND RATES ON THEIR TERMINATION RATE, COTTON POPULATION AND YIELD IN A NO TILL SYSTEM Ted S. Kornecki 1 * and Andrew J. Price 1

More information

Commodity Price Outlook & Risks

Commodity Price Outlook & Risks Commodity Outlook & Risks Research Department, Commodities Team January, 2 www.imf.org/commodities commodities@imf.org This monthly report presents a price outlook and risk assessment for selected commodities

More information

Deep Security/Intrusion Defense Firewall - IDS/IPS Coverage Statistics and Comparison

Deep Security/Intrusion Defense Firewall - IDS/IPS Coverage Statistics and Comparison Deep Security/Intrusion Defense Firewall - IDS/IPS Trend Micro, Incorporated A technical brief summarizing vulnerability coverage provided by Deep Security and Intrusion Defense Firewall. The document

More information

Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations

Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations Whitetail Deer Food Plot Considerations Food plots are a way the sportsman or nature enthusiast can provide nutrients for deer. Currently, Illinois game law prohibits any other means of feeding whitetail

More information