GARDENER S SUPPLY, INC.

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1 GARDENER S SUPPLY, INC LANDCO DRIVE #2 BAKERSFIELD, CA HOURS: 8:00 AM 5:00 PM TUES-SAT PHONE (661) ON THE WEB: OCTOBER 2012 It s Time for Ryegrass! Over the last twenty-five years, Gardener s Supply has found perennial ryegrass (not annual ryegrass) the best for overseeding bermuda lawns. Here s why: PERENNIAL RYE CURES BALDNESS! Were there dead spots or bald spots in your bermuda lawn last spring? Perennial rye will persist in the spring until the bermuda fills in! This means no spring dead spots in your lawns. Perennial ryegrass also cures shady bald spots. That s right it lives year round in the shade (you still need at least 30% sunlight) where bermuda will not grow. THERE IS NO BROWN TIME WITH PERENNIAL RYEGRASS. With annual ryegrass, there is a period of time in the spring, lasting about 1-2 months, where annual turns off-color, gets a very rank crabgrass looking growth habit and begins to burn out. If you cut the lawn short to get rid of this undesirable look, the bermuda is not yet out of dormancy. No amount of water or fertilizer will turn it green without warm temperatures. With perennial rye, there is no transition time or off-color it always looks GOOD! PERENNIAL RYEGRASS HAS A DEEPER GREEN AND A FINER LEAF BLADE. Throughout the season perennial rye naturally has a dark green color and less fertilizer is needed to maintain its good looks. Because less fertilizer is used, perennial rye usually has no winter fungus problems. Always mow perennial ryegrass with a rotary lawn mower at 2-2 ½ of height for the best look. Its finer leaf blade also results in less clippings than annual ryegrass (about ½ less) to haul off (that saves you time!) RYEGRASS PRICES Perennial ryegrass Annual Ryegrass 10# (1,000 square feet) 15# (1,000 square feet) $19.99 $ # (2,500 square feet) 25# (1,650 square feet) $39.99 $ # (5,000 square feet) 50# (3,300 square feet) $69.99 $32.99 Due to market conditions, perennial ryegrass is more expensive than last year. But Gardener s Supply still sells the same quality seed, 97% or better purity and maximum.01% weed seed.

2 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS WHEN OVERSEEDING What kind of fertilizer, if any, should I use when overseeding? The Oregon Ryegrass Commission and the Better Lawn and Turf Institute suggest the use of a balanced slow-release fertilizer when overseeding. A slow-release fertilizer releases nitrogen slowly for two to three months. Thus there is a continual supply of nitrogen for the ryegrass seedling during critical stages of growth. Also, a slow-release nitrogen fertilizer will not pump the bermuda if a heat wave hits after the rye has been planted. Gardener s Supply suggests our slow-release fertilizer, , Ultra Turf, to go down with the seed. The is approximately 72% slow-release nitrogen and should last past Thanksgiving if applied at 10#/1,000 sq. ft. Should I use manure when overseeding? Many people do use manure and old habits are hard to break. The Oregon Ryegrass Commission does not suggest the use of manure. Manure may also bring in weed seeds (especially nutgrass!), will contribute to an alkaline soil condition, and is loaded with salt! What is the best way to plant ryegrass when overseeding? Seed-to-soil contact is the most important factor in seed germination. If you plan to renovate, put down seed and fertilizer and mix into soil using the back side of a rake after renovation. Pack with a lawn roller and keep wet 5-6 applications of water per day are best. Do not allow the top layer of soil to dry out between applications or put too much water on at a time so that it floods and washes the seed away. If you scalp the lawn instead, a spiker-type aerator should be used to poke the seed down into the soil. Sow the seed, apply fertilizer, and then go over the lawn with the spiker aerator several times in several different directions. NOTE: We rent the spikers but this time of year they are in high demand and are rented on a first come, first served basis. Keep the seed wet with 5-6 applications, or as many as needed, of water for short intervals each day to keep the soil moist. YOU CAN RENOVATE A BERMUDA LAWN WITH A ROTARY MOWER! A SPECIAL BLADE CALLED A POWER RAKE BLADE IS ATTACHED TO A ROTARY MOWER. SPECIAL SPRINGS ATTACHED TO THE BLADE CHEW UP THE BERMUDA AND LEAVE IT READY TO BE RAKED UP AND HAULED OFF. NO MORE RENTING A SPECIAL PIECE OF EQUIPMENT! COST IS $14.99 AND INCLUDES AN EXTRA SET OF SPRINGS. NOTE: BLADE DOES NOT WORK WITH ELECTRIC LAWN MOWERS. What if I do not have a rotary lawnmower? You can still plant ryegrass seed. Be sure to scalp the lawn as low as possible. We suggest that you use the spiker aerator to get good seed-to-soil contact. If you still have too much thatch, it is probably time to renovate. When is the best time to plant ryegrass? If you are planting perennial ryegrass, the optimal time is the last week of September through mid-october, but for best results do not go any later than the second week of October. Annual ryegrass, designed to be a forage crop for winter cattle pasture, can be planted anytime during the winter, preferably after the middle of October.

3 PRE-EMERGENT REMINDER If you have not yet applied your pre-emergent, whether in the flowerbed or the non-overseeded lawn, there is still time! The window for application to get 90% or better control ends in October. For lawns, our fall pre-emergent special will run through October both the (20#) and our Trophy Blend (2,500 square feet) for $39.99 a savings of $5.00 (enough for approximately 2,500 square feet). Use this combination in bermuda lawns that are not going to be overseeded. In fescue, perennial ryegrass or Bakersfield Mix lawns use pre-m. Remember use pre-emergent and for the flowerbeds and shrub areas to prevent unwanted ryegrass from germinating in those areas (but get it down 2 weeks before overseeding begins). GALLERY PRE-EMERGENT HERBICIDE FOR BROADLEAF WEEDS This pre-emergent acts very effectively on broadleaf weeds but is not effective on grassy-type weeds, such as crabgrass or annual bluegrass (poa annua). Gallery can be applied at heavy rates and gives up to six months of weed protection. It is safe to use on turf and can be applied around trees, shrubs, woody-stemmed plants and established groundcovers (not for use on annual bedding plants). In lawns, Portrait, which contains Gallery, should be used in conjunction with other pre-emergents that control grassy-type weeds (such as 0-0-5) for total protection. In flowerbeds, Snapshot blends both pendimethalin (0-0-5) and isoxaben (Portrait ) into one product for both grassy and broadleaf weed control. WHY SHOULD YOU APPLY FERTILIZER TO A BERMUDA GRASS LAWN GOING DORMANT? There are several reasons: A fertilizer high in phosphorus (middle number) will promote root growth over the winter. Yes the top is brown but roots remain alive and active. A fertilizer high in potash (last number) prolongs bermuda color in the fall. Your lawn will stay green up to the first actual frost. Your bermuda will come out earlier and stronger in the spring. So fertilize in the fall! NOTE: Do not use a fertilizer high in nitrogen (the first number) that will stress the grass and damage turf health.

4 WEED CONTROL FROM 6 MONTHS TO ONE YEAR In areas where you have nothing planted, i.e., around garbage cans, along fence lines, in the alley, or RV parking areas, you can use pre-emergents such as Weed Impede (containing the active ingredient surflan) at the non-crop rate, Snapshot (containing surflan and isoxaben for both grassy and broadleaf weed control), or the soil sterilant Gordon s Pronto (which itself gives you up to one year control of weeds and other vegetation). Use soil sterilants only in areas where there is no desirable vegetation nearby. APPLY THIS FALL 1-2 WEEKS BEFORE THE RAINS COME Remember: First Rains = First Weeds *For sterilization of very large areas there is another excellent product called Krovar available. FALL WEED CONTROL FOR LARGE AREAS Gardener s Supply has 14- & 25-gallon tank sprayers to go on an ATV or in pickups. Use to apply post-emergents to kill fall weeds or to apply pre-emergents around your property. As always, we can help you get the right sprayer and help you to calibrate it! Unwanted grass in the flowerbeds? You can kill unwanted grasses without killing your shrubs and flowers! Bermuda grass or other grassy weeds can (and do!) invade flowerbeds and shrub areas. You can kill these grassy weeds without killing your flowers and shrubs by using a selective weed killer. Grass Getter is a concentrate to mix with water in a pressure sprayer. It is good for multiple uses or for large areas.

5 October 1 st, 2012 We Have a Winner! As promised, we wish to announce the winner of $200 that is to go toward the blood, sweat, tears, and dollars that it takes to raise an animal and put it in the Fair. There are some here at Gardener s Supply who worked with animals or who have supported those who work with animals. Even our owner s children pargcipated in raising animals. So, we are proud to be able to contribute, even if only in a small way. Thank you to those who came in and let us know about your project. We wish you well and God Bless. Our winner is Hannah Havens. CongratulaGons! Her barrows (male hogs) are named Bacon and Pork Chop. One is a Blue BuI cross and the second is a full breed Yorkshire. Apparently they both love graham crackers! We will look for you and all our pargcipants at the fair this year. Thank you for the example you set of hard work and determinagon.

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