1. Which describes Paul Berg s research to use recombinant DNA to combine the genetic material of two viruses? NCCTE.9_12.AE.AU71.BA07.

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1 Student Name: Teacher: Date: District: Robeson Assessment: 9_12 Agriculture AU71 - Biotech and Agrisci Rsch I Test 3 Description: Obj Intro to Biotechnology Form: Which describes Paul Berg s research to use recombinant DNA to combine the genetic material of two viruses? NCCTE.9_12.AE.AU71.BA07.01 A. Not very useful as his experiment could not be repeated B. Of no real use in the field of production agriculture C. Conducted at Stanford University in the 1970 s D. The first real application of genetics in agriculture occurring in the 1950 s 2. Gregor Mendel studied the inheritance of characteristics in pea plants to become the first scientist to describe the: NCCTE.9_12.AE.AU71.BA07.01 A. Cellular composition of herbaceous leguminous plants. B. Impact of beneficial organisms in Integrate Pest Management. C. Impact of genetic engineering on crop production. D. Process of heredity and the field of genetics. 3. James Watson and Francis Crick first described what structure as having a double helix shape connected in the middle by nitrogenous bases that unzip during the process of replication? NCCTE.9_12.AE.AU71.BA07.01 A. Deoxyribonucleic Acid B. Mitochondria C. Nucleus D. Sugar and Phosphate Molecules

2 4. Genetically modified organisms are found: A. In foods in certain states that have passed laws approving genetic engineering. B. In many of the substances people eat each day. C. In no animal or human food products. D. Only in foods used for consumption by animals. 5. Compared to 2002, the 2003 trend for biotechnology crop production worldwide was a: A. 2% increase. B. 7% decrease. C. 15% increase. D. 17% decrease. 6. Which BEST indicates the increased interest and controversy surrounding biotechnology research? A. Annual income from research stations B. California s $300 billion research referendum C. Mendel s research being contested D. Private corporation refusal to be involved 7. According to the NC Biotech Center, what is the trend for state s ANNUAL revenue from the biotechnology industry for the next 25 years? A. Exceed $25 billion B. Reach approximately $10 billion C. Reduce to only $500 million D. Surpass the annual income of tobacco

3 8. Compared to Europe, the United States: A. Is equal in production of biotechnology crops. B. Is slightly behind in biotechnology crops, but trending upward. C. Produces less biotechnology crops. D. Produces more biotechnology crops. 9. The average American consumes food products containing genetically engineered organisms: A. Every day. B. Never. C. Once each week. D. Once each year. 10. The creation of new enzymes that can slow bacterial growth are an example of the continued use of biotechnology to improve methods of: A. Environmental cleanup. B. Evaluation of food safety. C. Food preservation. D. Nutritional fortification. 11. Biotechnology first emerged in ancient efforts to produce what foods using yeast and bacteria? A. Cheese and milk B. Cheese and yogurt C. Tea and yogurt D. Wine and tea

4 12. One of the MOST common biotechnology practices throughout history has been the conversion of sugars in fruits and grains to alcohol through the process of: A. Acidification. B. Fermentation. C. Insemination. D. Vinnification. 13. Which is true of both the traditional cheese making method using certain varieties of mold and the more modern technique that creates new enzymes in labs? A. Add nutritional value to food B. Alter the chemical composition of substances C. Clean the environment D. Preserve food 14. Scientists have recently utilized a BT gene occurring naturally in certain plants by inserting the gene in production crops to: A. Increase the growth rate of plants. B. Increase the productivity of crops in utilizing macronutrients. C. Provide plants with a biological resistance to certain insects. D. Provide plants with a greater ability to adjust to environmental factors. 15. Which plant variety is the BEST example of a pest resistant genetically modified organism (GMO)? A. BC potatoes B. BT Corn C. FlavrSavor tomatoes D. Roundup ready corn

5 16. What field studies heredity and the manner by which inheritable traits are passed between generations of organisms? A. Aesthetics B. Biolistics C. Genetics D. Prosthetics 17. A genetically altered organism with DNA altered by the removal of genes is considered to be a: A. Bacterium. B. Clone. C. Mutated organism. D. Transgenic organism. 18. The substance found in the nucleus of most cells that carries the genetic information of the organism is: A. Deoxyribonucleic acid. B. Messenger RNA. C. Mitochondrial DNA. D. Ribonucleic acid. 19. The process through which scientists isolate and remove genes coding for a specific trait from one organism for insertion into the DNA sequence of other organisms is: A. Cross breeding. B. DNA analysis. C. Electrophoresis. D. Genetic engineering.

6 20. Which is true of the field of biotechnology? A. Includes only studies related to genetics and genetic engineering B. Involves the manipulation of living organisms for human well being C. Is only useful in agriculture in the production of plants D. Is illegal in much of the world, including Europe 21. The method of reproduction resulting in genetically identical offspring is: A. Artificial insemination. B. Cloning. C. Grafting. D. Sexual reproduction. 22. Transgenic animals have in MOST instances: A. Been developed with little effort and expense. B. Gained wide spread use in livestock production. C. Suffered from terrible deformities and genetic defects. D. Proven much to expensive to utilize in normal agricultural production. 23. While biotechnology has led to many positive achievements, cases of misuse have occurred including, the: A. Cloning of the CEO of a major European biotechnology company. B. Escape of a group of genetically altered insects in Ohio. C. Release of genetically modified cockroaches in New York to kill other cockroaches. D. Use of a genetically modified corn hybrid called Starlink in consumer foods.

7 24. DNA paternity tests are a biotechnology technique used in the selective breeding of livestock to insure that: A. A particular offspring is from a specific set of parents. B. A particular offspring expresses a particular genetic trait. C. Livestock are receiving the proper nutrition requirements for growth. D. Livestock have no genetic disorders that would lesson their value. 25. Rapid improvements in the genetics of many livestock breeds in recent years is MOST likely: A. A result of increased use of biotechnology applications including invitro-fertilization and cloning. B. A result of increased isolation of breeds and individual animals in small agricultural markets. C. A serious problem for producers, as better animals are more costly to purchase and care for. D. Attributable to the formation of purebred associations founded in the 1990 s to encourage better breeding management. 26. How has genetically modified bacteria been used in the field of agriculture? A. As a feed substitute providing substantial protein for the livestock industry. B. As a cover crop to prevent soil erosion in fallow fields. C. In a new method of pasteurization for milk used in dairy products. D. To breakdown waste materials from agricultural production processes. 27. Immunoassays tests are MOST often used in agriscience to: A. Evaluate the quality of plants and animals produced for human consumption. B. Determine the level of macronutrients in a soil media mix. C. Detect various levels of pollution or dangerous compounds in soil and water. D. Diagnose nutritional deficiencies in livestock feed plans.

8 28. Combining horticulture, animal science, and medicine in an attempt to create plants and animals that produce compounds needed in medicine is BEST known as: A. Biological medicine. B. Mediculture. C. Microbiology. D. Pharming. 29. Biotechnology has had the GREATEST impact on the agriscience field of: A. Agricultural engineering. B. Forestry. C. Horticulture. D. Soil science. 30. Which encourages the application of biotechnology techniques in agriscience and natural resources? A. Ethical concerns surrounding the genetic manipulation of living organisms B. Expense for research and development of genetically engineered organisms C. Increased demand for pesticide resistant crops and other transgenic organisms D. Hesitance of consumers towards the safety of genetically engineered foods 31. Concerns over recent outbreaks of infectious diseases in livestock and increasing fear of bioterrorism has prompted many agricultural production facilities to: A. Begin importing cattle from the United Kingdom. B. Install biological barriers limiting the introduction of microorganisms. C. Stop exporting livestock to other states and countries. D. Test every beef steer slaughtered for mad cow disease.

9 32. Biotechnology has impacted divisions between various fields of agriculture by: A. Forcing researchers to become more narrowly focused on a particular field. B. Helping to merge unrelated fields through common techniques and goals. C. Limiting the impact of the biological sciences in new research. D. Making scientists less aware of the work of others. 33. Research in the field of agriscience biotechnology is LEAST likely to include studies on: A. Diagnosing genetic disorders in plants and animals. B. Pesticide resistance in insects. C. The impact of farm subsidies on rural poverty. D. Treatment of soils contaminated by hazardous materials.

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